The red stripes represent the blood shed for independence from Britain in 1965.
The yellow stripes represent the country’s mineral wealth in
gold, platinum, nickel, coal, tin, copper and lithium.
The green stripes represent the Zimbabwe’s agriculture and land.
The black stripe represents the African people.
The white area stands for peace.
The Great Zimbabwe bird is a national symbol and the red star represents socialism.
The flag was adopted April 18, 1980. Zimbabwe gained
independence from Britain and became Southern Rhodesia
in 1965. Fifteen years later, Zimbabwe gained independence
from Rhodesia on April 17, 1980.
The capital of Zimbabwe is Harare.
The absolute location of Zimbabwe is 20° S and 30° E.
total area: 390,580 sq km and land area: 386,670 sq km.
Zimbabwe is slightly larger than Montana.
Zimbabwe is bordered
by Mozambique on the
east, South Africa on the
south, Botswana on the
west, and Zambia in the
Zimbabwe is a
By 2003, the average income
per person was less than 400
Robert Mugabe has ruled
Zimbabwe for nearly three
decades and has led it to a
fallen state in poverty.
The population of Zimbabwe is 11,392,629.
The median age is 17.6 years old.
- males: 16.3 years old
- females: 18.8 years old
The population growth rate is about 1.53 percent.
Begun during the eleventh century A.D., the Bantu-speaking Shona
ancestors constructed Great Zimbabwe. For more than 300
years, Great Zimbabwe was established and expanded with terrific
structure. It has walls as high 36 feet extending 820 feet. Great
Zimbabwe is the largest ancient structure south of the Sahara
In the 1800s, European travelers and English colonizers were
amazed by Great Zimbabwe’s structure. There were as many as
1500 European settlers in this area by 1892. On September
12, 1923, Rhodesia became a self-governing crown colony.
The Shona have preserved their ancient customs
of prophecy, divination, and rainmaking. They believe
in Mwari (“He who is”), a supreme being like a god.
Great Zimbabwe has great religious significance and
was like a shrine. In the Shona religion, there are evil
spirits and witches who communicate with them.
In the last 50 years, Christian mission schools have
been established and have had much influence on
Sports in Zimbabwe
have experienced a
growth since 1980.
They use sports as a
way to put
Zimbabwe on the map
and to gain business
and help the economy.
Kirtsy Coventry The 2004 Olympic gold medalist from
Robert Mugabe Vice President
On the Zimbabwe
Vice President website, they call
J. Msika him “His
•Zimbabwe has a parliamentary democracy form of government.
•In the executive branch, the chief of state is Executive President Robert
Gabriel Mugabe, since December 31, 1987.
There are two vice presidents who assist him, Joyce Mujuru and Joseph
The head of government is Prime Minister Morgan Tsvangirai.
•In the legislative branch, the Parliament consists of a Senate with 93 seats
and a House of Assembly with 210 seats.
•In the judicial branch, there is a Supreme Court and a High Court.
•There are many political parties, including:
1. African National Party or ANP
2. Movement for Democratic Change or MDC
3. Peace Action is Freedom for All or PAFA
4. United People’s Party or UPP
5. Zimbabwe African National Union-Ndonga or ZANU-Ndonga
6. Zimbabwe African Peoples Union or ZAPU
7. Zimbabwe Youth in Alliance or ZIYA
“Over 25,000 people had been
killed in the struggle for
independence whose main
objective was to create a unitary
-From the article “Zimbabwe:
One Nation, Two Leaders”
dollars is equal to 1 US
•The government of Zimbabwe is facing economic problems as
the Zimbabwean dollar is overvalued, hyperinflation, and store
shelves are bare.
•In 1998-2002, its involvement with the war in the Democratic
Republic of the Congo drained hundreds of millions of dollars
from the economy.
•The EU and the US provide food aid on humanitarian
grounds, meaning to help the bad living conditions and prevent
unfair treatment to people.
•GDP (official exchange rate): $4.548 billion
•HDI: 0.513, ranking it 151st out of 177 countries
•Zimbabwe’s adult literacy rate is 89.4% (ages 15
•There are about 227 airports, only 20 are paved.
•There are 3,077 km of railways.
•There are 97,267 km of roadways, with only
18,481 km paved.
•There is a waterway on
HARARE, Zimbabwe (CNN) -- Zimbabwe's
health system, once the envy of many African
nations, is quot;in a state of collapsequot; -- with many
hospitals either completely shut down or
unable to admit new patients, a leading doctors'
group said Thursday.
The failure of medical services has
forced doctors to turn away
pregnant women and the sick. And
with a cholera epidemic sweeping
through the capital city of Harare
and surrounding areas, medical
officials say they fear they will be
faced with hundreds of normally
preventable deaths in the coming
corn, cotton, tobacco, wheat, coffee, sugarcane, peanuts;
sheep, goats, pigs
mining (coal, gold, platinum, copper, nickel, tin, clay,
numerous metallic and nonmetallic ores), steel; wood
products, cement, chemicals, fertilizer, clothing and
footwear, foodstuffs, beverages
Zimbabwe has a growing tourism industry, with a
number of world-class hotels, including
the Victoria Falls Hotel.
The urban growth rate has increased since
1955 up to 1990, but then decreased
drastically in 2000 and is still decreasing.
“The spread of HIV/AIDS will not be stopped unless the human rights of women and
girls are at the centre of the response.”
“Growing evidence shows that getting
and keeping young people in
school, particularly girls, dramatically
lowers their vulnerability to HIV...
Evidence from Zimbabwe shows that
among 15-18 year old girls, those who
are enrolled in school are more than five
times less likely to have HIV than those
who have dropped out.” – Global
Coalition on Women and AIDS
“Girls and young women are highly
vulnerable to HIV/AIDS, and a lack of
education makes them more so. Girls are at
greater risk than boys because of gender
inequalities in status, power, and access to
resources.” – World Bank