Those who attempted to rescue Jews and others from the Nazi death sentence did so at great risk to their own safety. 1944 Anyone found with a Jew, for example, was shot or publicly hung as a warning to others. In Denmark, 7,220 of its 8,000 Jews were saved by a citizenry who hid them, then ferried them to the safety of neutral Sweden.
A memorial to Raoul Wallenberg, the Swedish diplomat who led the effort that saved 100,000 Hungarian Jews in 1944
Over 13,000 men and women who risked their lives to rescue Jews have been honored as "Righteous Gentiles" at the Yad Vashem Holocaust Memorial in Jerusalem. Thousands more remain unrecognized.
A group of children who were sheltered in Le Chambon-sur-Lignon, a town in southern France . Le Chambon-sur-Lignon, France, hid and protected 5,000 Jews
1945 Allied troops who stumbled upon the Nazi concentration camps were shocked to find large ditches filled with bodies, rooms of baby shoes, and gas chambers with fingernail marks on the walls.
Inmates receive a truckload of bread from the United States Army after liberation.
Dachau inmates are ecstatic upon their liberation by the American soldiers in late April, 1945. About 30,000 men, women, and children were freed.