<ul><li>Bush people were the original inhabitants of Botswana. They originated in the north and have gradually migrated southwards. Approximately 2,000 years ago the Hottentots followed the Bush people who were then followed by Bantu speakers. The three groups coexisted happily and there was a flourishing trade between them. Shona speakers settled in the north east of Botswana in around the 10th century AD. </li></ul><ul><li>The first Tswana settled in the south east of Botswana in approximately the 15th century possibly having migrated from the south. By the 18th century the Tswana were very well established in the area. </li></ul><ul><li>In 1820 various clans began to form into a string of nations along what is now the border between Botswana and South Africa this was prompted because the clans felt the need to defend themselves against the tide of humanity fleeing from the Transvaal and Natal between 1820 and 1840 as a result of Zulu militancy and Boer expansionism. </li></ul>HISTORY
People Most of Botswana’s people come from neighbouring countries such as South Africa, Zimbabwe, Zambia, Angola and Namibia. The population is 1,639,833.
Charity Work sponsor a child The Republic of Botswana is in southern Africa, north of South Africa and to the west of Zimbabwe, with Namibia on its eastern border. Since independence in 1966 there have been many impressive social and economic improvements. Ninety-seven per cent of the 1.5 million population have access to safe water, and with free primary education access to learning is high with over 84 per cent of children enrolled. However, the highest HIV/AIDS infection rate in the world is creating enormous problems. Close to 22 per cent of the population is HIV positive and life expectancy has dropped from 65 to 38 years. The number of orphans under the age of 15, because of AIDS, is estimated to be nearly 80,000.
<ul><li>SAFARI </li></ul>Wildlife is a favourite destination for people who want to see the big cats. Big cats are generally the biggest animal attraction of Botswana's safari areas. The big cats in Botswana include lion, leopard and cheetah.
.. Terrian Botswana's terrain is predominantly flat with gently rolling hills and occasionally rocky tablelands, its highest point reached at the Tsodilo Hills (1,489 m). The country's climate is semiarid, and the Kalahari Desert is, thus, characterized by plentiful bush flora and fauna.
<ul><li>There is only deserts in Botswana , the deserts are called ; Kalahari Desert . This desert is very big ! </li></ul><ul><li>The Kalahari Desert was once a much wetter place. The ancient dominated the area, covering the Makgadikgadi Pan and other areas, until its final drainage some 10,000 years ago. It may have once covered as much as 275,000 km² and was approximately 30 m deep. </li></ul>Landmarks
<ul><li>Thabo Mvuyelwa Mbeki was born on 18 June 1942 in Idutywa in the Eastern Cape province of South Africa. Both his parents were teachers and activists. Govan Mbeki, his father was a university graduate and there were many books at home, which Mbeki from an early age. He was famous for Govan Mbeki spent long periods away from home, as he was a leading figure in the activities of the African National Congress in the Eastern Cape. Being activists, his parents assumed that their arrest was imminent, and therefore they decided that family and friends would also be co-responsible for rearing their children. Mbeki was 14 when he joined the ANC's Youth League and soon found himself active in student politics. </li></ul>famous people
<ul><li>In 2000–2006 the average GDP per capita growth in SSA was 2.0%, up from –0.7 </li></ul><ul><li>% in 1990–1999. </li></ul><ul><li>In Chad, 23% of one-year olds are immunized against measles; in Mauritius and the Seychelles the rate is 99%. </li></ul>interesting facts