Zimbabwe Project

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SLIDE 1

Introduction


SLIDE 2

Zimbabwe is located at the southern part of the continent sharing its border with South Africa and Zambia

SLIDE 3

FLOW OF THE PRESENTATION

SLIDE 4

HISTORY

SLIDE 5

Political situation of Zimbabwe was similar to that of India. It suffered from british colonialism, like we had gandhiji as the pioneer of independence , they had Robert mugabe as a national hero who played a vital role in makind Zimbabwe independent from the glitches of the britishers

SLIDE 6

The post independent story Zimbabwe consisted of Robert mugabe being assigned to the post of prime minister and after a rule of 7 years he gained the presidentship of Zimbabwe in 1987

SLIDE 7

POLITICAL UPHEAVAL: the basic political reasons that led to the degradation of politics in Zimbabwe

SLIDE 8

Project murambitswina was a major cause of resentment amongst the people as under this project , in the wake of cleaning Zimbabwe of poverty and diseases, he actually inflicted terror upon the people and tortured the local populace . this project was a major cause for fuelling the hatred amongst the Zimbabweans

SLIDE 9

Instead of advising mugabe to stop the violence on the population , the then south African prime minister Mbeki maintained a QUIET DIPLOMACY to not involve in the issues of Zimbabwe.

SLIDE 10

Due to the reasons mentioned there was an overall movement and people within and beyond Zimbabwe wanted mugabe to be removed from power

SLIDE 11

Due to the strong opposition of mugabe the internal politics of Zimbabwe grew active and more and more political groups started to form a strong anti mugabe political party to contest in the elections that were goin to be held

SLIDE 12

The main opposition party against mugabe was MDC . mugabe feared that he would loose power and started inflicting physical harm on the opposition leaders and party members.

SLIDE 13

In his last pathetic efforts to win the elections, he manipulated the election process by corrupting the election officers and thus finding an easy solution to his problems.

SLIDE 14

Despite the efforts laid by mugabe to gain dominance over Zimbabwe he lost the election as MDC won 105 seats while mugabe won 93 seats…a clear indicator of the miserable defeat faced by ZANU P.F.

SLIDE 15

But due to the loss in the elections , mugabe was totally frustrated and didn’t want to leave the power over Zimbabwe so he declared the elections to be void and carried out in a corrupted manner and retained power



SLIDE 16

So we can definitely infer that mugabe became despotic and is dismantling the constitution thus indirectly pushing Zimbabwe into the slumber it experienced before independence

SLIDE 17

Till date mugabe’s dictatorial rule prevails in Zimbabwe. In world conferences he proudly talks about the prosperity of Zimbabweans but the prosperity that they actually experience will be realized only after we go through the economic position of Zimbabwe and the factors or decisions or shuld I say, blunders that contributed to its downfall

SLIDE 18

THE ECONOMIC BLUNDERS:

SLIDE 19

A brief account of the economic blunders can be summarized as follows:-
 Inconsistency of exchange rates

 Freezing basic commodity prices

 Nationalize sectors of economy without compensation

 Black markets

 Land expropriation, obviation of property rights, and unrealistic price control

SLIDE 20
 Inconsistency of exchange rates
Black markets of currency exchange sold their currency at a very cheaper rate than the fixed rates by government and so the value of their currency reduced drastically as time passed by.

SLIDE 21

Freezing basic commodity prices

 Maintained subsidies and price controls for key commodities:-
Mugabe freezed the basic commodity prices at a fixed level. He allowed no one to increase the prices. The persons increasing the prices would be arrested…. He didn’t allow any price to be changed irrespe

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Zimbabwe Project

  1. 1. A project on ZIMBABWE Prepared by :- Kartikey Jani
  2. 3. <ul><li>Introduction </li></ul><ul><li>History </li></ul><ul><li>Political upheaval </li></ul><ul><li>The Economic blunders </li></ul><ul><li>What it needs to do </li></ul><ul><li>Future scope </li></ul>
  3. 5. <ul><li>British colonialism </li></ul><ul><li>ROBERT MUGABE </li></ul><ul><li>National hero </li></ul>
  4. 6. <ul><li>ESTABLISHMENT OF REPUBLIC OF ZIMBABWE IN1979 </li></ul><ul><li>ROBERT MUGABE </li></ul><ul><li>- PRIME MINISTER IN 1980 </li></ul><ul><li>- PRESIDENT IN 1987. </li></ul>
  5. 19. <ul><li>Inconsistency of exchange rates </li></ul><ul><li>Freezing basic commodity prices </li></ul><ul><li>Nationalize sectors of economy without compensation </li></ul><ul><li>Black markets </li></ul><ul><li>Land expropriation, obviation of property rights, and unrealistic price control </li></ul>
  6. 20. <ul><li>Zimbabwe maintains an official exchange rate of Z$250 to US$1 </li></ul><ul><li>unofficial exchange market trades at Z$7,000 to the US$1 or even lower </li></ul><ul><li>1 $ </li></ul><ul><li>< </li></ul>
  7. 21. <ul><li>Maintained subsidies and price controls for key commodities </li></ul><ul><li>Anyone raising prices would be arrested and punished </li></ul>
  8. 25. <ul><li>Expropriation of 51 percent of all mines without providing any compensation </li></ul><ul><li>20,000 miners arrested in 2004-2006 </li></ul><ul><li>To clamp down on private mining </li></ul>
  9. 27. <ul><li>Occurrence of black markets shattered the economy </li></ul><ul><li>Government negligence resulted in furthering the black marketers in more illegal ventures </li></ul>
  10. 29. <ul><li>Seizures and Redistribution of Farmland </li></ul><ul><li>The land redistribution program </li></ul><ul><li>Wages have not kept pace with the rising costs </li></ul>
  11. 32. <ul><li>Shift from project based aid </li></ul><ul><li>Paris declaration 2005 </li></ul><ul><li>Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper </li></ul>
  12. 34. <ul><li>Implement Credible policies </li></ul><ul><li>Labor intensive rehabilitation </li></ul><ul><li>Maintenance of infrastructure </li></ul><ul><li>Facilitate return of migration </li></ul>
  13. 36. <ul><li>Economic recovery has to be Export driven </li></ul><ul><li>Projected imports : 65 % </li></ul><ul><li>Projected exports : 40 % </li></ul><ul><li>- Boost productivity </li></ul><ul><li>- lower transaction costs </li></ul><ul><li>- remove obstacles from F.I. </li></ul>
  14. 41. <ul><li>http://school.discoveryeducation.com/clipart/images/funny6-c.gif </li></ul><ul><li>http://africanhistory.about.com/library/bl/bl-Independence-SA2.htm </li></ul><ul><li>http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/africa/7304635.stm </li></ul><ul><li>http://blogs.reuters.com/rolfe-winkler/files/2009/08/hyperinflations.jpg </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.blackcommentator.com/219/219_images/219_cartoon_mugabe_nath_large.jpg&imgrefurl=http://www.blackcommentator.com/219/219_cartoon_mugabe_nath.html&usg=__-mmO05d4SRRei3yHmBMVm-MaeVM=&h=450&w=599&sz=61&hl=en&start=2&um=1&itbs=1&tbnid=oeHOdXOM2JHFiM:&tbnh=101&tbnw=135&prev=/images%3Fq%3Dcartoon%2Bmugabe%26hl%3Den%26sa%3DG%26um%3D1 </li></ul><ul><li>http://dekerivers.files.wordpress.com/2008/03/mugabe-cartoon1.jpg&imgrefurl=http://dekerivers.wordpress.com/2008/03/25/robert-mugabe-hoping-to-ruin-zimbabwe-for-another-term/&usg=__bTNESnEDMnMvCzJk-Sd-GHe8q4c=&h=320&w=500&sz=86&hl=en&start=3&um=1&itbs=1&tbnid=uIoWm9nPfWMLvM:&tbnh=83&tbnw=130&prev=/images%3Fq%3Dcartoon%2Bmugabe%26hl%3Den%26sa%3DG%26um%3D1 </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.mattwardman.com/blog/wp-content/uploads/20080618-zimbabwe-mugabe-cartoon-small.gif&imgrefurl=http://www.mattwardman.com/blog/series/zimbabwe-election-mugabe-monitor/&usg=__O2DoJGtbJ0TzMoo6vDXlz5SOS_o=&h=321&w=460&sz=40&hl=en&start=9&um=1&itbs=1&tbnid=nOIcf7hI6WLQtM:&tbnh=89&tbnw=128&prev=/images%3Fq%3Dcartoon%2Bmugabe%26hl%3Den%26sa%3DG%26um%3D1 </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.kelloggskorner.com </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.blackcommentator.com </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.cartoonstock.com </li></ul><ul><li>http://whiteafrican.com/wp-content/uploads/2008/03/zimbabwe_election_map.jpg&imgrefurl=http://whiteafrican.com/%3Fp%3D957&usg=__MzHLzboX2ovXyOKBFiKqF8K29Kc=&h=396&w=500&sz=61&hl=en&start=4&um=1&itbs=1&tbnid=Jqn-POXPswOPWM:&tbnh=103&tbnw=130&prev=/images%3Fq%3Dzimbabwe%2Bdata%26hl%3Den%26client%3Dfirefox-a%26channel%3Ds%26rls%3Dorg.mozilla:en-US:official%26sa%3DG%26um%3D1 </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.timeslive.co.za/multimedia/dynamic/00082/428259_2258037_jpg_82309b.jpg </li></ul>

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