Nelson mandela 011

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Nelson mandela 011

  1. 1. Group No. 1<br />Presents<br />
  2. 2. 7/19/2007<br />By Group :- 1<br />Nelson Mandela <br />2<br />
  3. 3. 7/19/2007<br />By Group :- 1<br />3<br />Long Walk to Freedom<br />
  4. 4. 7/19/2007<br />By Group :- 1<br />4<br />Summary<br />Apartheid is a political system that separates people according to their race.<br />This system existed in south Africa until very recently . This country remained under the British rule for more than three centuries. The blacks of Africa bitterly opposed such discrimination.<br />At last after a long struggle democratic elections were held in south Africa in which Nelson Mandela was elected the first black president of south Africa.<br />In this lesson, Mandela recalls briefly how he was sworn in as the president on May 10,1994 and how the day was celebrated. <br />
  5. 5. 7/19/2007<br />By Group :- 1<br />5<br />He also pays a tribute to thousands of South African patriots who suffered endlessly and sacrificed their lives for the cause of freedom.<br />In spite of all those sacrifices Mandela has no ill will against the Whites. According to him the oppressor is as much a prisoner as the oppressed. <br />His another important observation is that courage is not the absence of fear but the triumph over fear.<br />
  6. 6. Vocabulary for use<br />Match the words with their meanings:<br /> words Meanings<br />Opening Prejudice<br />Supremacy Oppression<br />Liberty Triumph <br />Beautiful Inauguration<br />Formation Domination<br />Faithfulness Freedom<br />Torture Glorious<br />Victory Installation<br />Narrow-mindedness Loyalty<br />7/19/2007<br />By Group :- 1<br />6<br />
  7. 7. 7/19/2007<br />By Group :- 1<br />7<br />Make pairs of the words having similar meanings <br />Overwhelmed Dark-skinned Harsh Inhumane<br />Assembled Swear Despise Animate<br />Transform Discover Obstruct Pledge<br />Gathered Black Overjoyed Hard<br />Brutal Prevent Find out Change<br />Hate Enliven <br />
  8. 8. Match the words with their opposites<br />7/19/2007<br />By Group :- 1<br />8<br />word<br />Criminal<br />Bondage<br />Humane<br />Racial<br />Bold<br />Oppressor<br />Brutality<br />Opposite<br />Frightened<br />Humanity<br />Law-abiding<br />Emancipation<br />Inhumane<br />Non-racial<br />Oppressed<br />
  9. 9. 7/19/2007<br />By Group :- 1<br />9<br />Pick out nouns, verbs and adjectives <br />from the box below:<br />nouns<br />verbs<br />adjectives <br />------- -------- --------------<br />------- -------- --------------<br />------- -------- --------------<br />
  10. 10. 7/19/2007<br />By Group :- 1<br />10<br />Fill in the blanks with the words given in the box<br />There was a government based on ------------ in South Africa before Mandela took over as the black President.<br />Netaji, Bhagat Singh and Azad were great-------------- who --------------themselves for their nation.<br />Mohan wanted to cheat me in the disguise of a salesman but I ------------him.<br />A time of ten years is called a -----------------.<br />We should not make a --------------- of our talent.<br />
  11. 11. 7/19/2007<br />By Group :- 1<br />11<br />Form verbs from nouns given below:<br />Nouns Verbs<br />Constitution ------------ <br />Installation ------------ <br />Liberty ------------ <br />Oppression ------------ <br />Transformation ------------ <br />Triumph ----------- <br />Obligation ----------- <br />Prevention ----------- <br />
  12. 12. 7/19/2007<br />By Group :- 1<br />12<br />Comprehension<br /> Part I<br />Read the passages given below and answer the questions that follow:<br />“Tenth May dawned bright and clear……………………….South Africa’s first democratic, non-racial government.” <br />(Page 17)<br />Q. 1. On which date was the inauguration held?<br />Q. 2. Where did the ceremony take place?<br />Q. 3. Why did the people of all races gather there?<br />(Page 17)<br />Q. 1. Who is “I” in the passage?<br />Q. 2. By whom Mandela accompanied?<br />Q. 3. Who was sworn in as first deputy president of South Africa?<br />Q. 4. Who was sworn in as first black president of South Africa? <br />
  13. 13. 7/19/2007<br />By Group :- 1<br />13<br />3. Today, all of us do, by our presence here ……………….….God bless Africa!<br /> (Page 18)<br />Questions:<br />Whom Nelson Mandela was addressing to?<br />B. What is the definition of victory according to Nelson Mandela?<br />4. “The policy of apartheid …………..…………. purest diamonds.” <br />Questions:<br />What is apartheid?<br />Name some other patriots of South Africa?<br />What is the real wealth of his country according to Nelson Mandela? <br />
  14. 14. 7/19/2007<br />By Group :- 1<br />14<br />‘A few moments later ………………………..… Words by heart’.<br /> (Page 19)<br />Questions: <br />What did military forces do on that day?<br />Of which fact was Mandela mindful ?<br />Which two national anthems were sung ?<br />3. “It is from these comrades …………………..but never extinguished.”<br /> (Page 21) <br />Questions:<br />What is the definition of a brave man?<br />Why did Nelson Mandela say to learn hate?<br />
  15. 15. 7/19/2007<br />By Group :- 1<br />15<br />Part III<br />“In life, every man has ……………………..in a lawful life”<br /> (Page 21)<br />1. What two obligations does a man have?<br />In what way a man of colour was punished in South Africa?<br />In what way Nelson Mandela was born free?<br />2. “But then I slowly …………………………robbed of their humanity.”<br /> (Page 22)<br />Questions:<br />Which party did Nelson Mandela join?<br />Who is the prisoner of hatred?<br />
  16. 16. Answer within 30-40 words:- <br />7/19/2007<br />By Group :- 1<br />16<br />Who is the speaker of these lines and why was he besieged by world leaders?<br />Why has the ceremony / occasion global importance?<br />‘Out of the experience………………..human disaster’, which extraordinary human disaster he is talking about?<br />What does he want his people to liberate from?<br />
  17. 17. 7/19/2007<br />By Group :- 1<br />17<br />Part II<br />How was the occasion celebrated ? <br /> (demonstration of the military loyalty/ displayed the helicopters and troops)<br />2. What was Mandela aware of ?<br />3. Which two national anthem was sung and by whom? <br />Write the lines and phrases from the passage. ‘on the day…… …………………. their skin’, that describe extraordinary human disaster in South Africa?<br />Why dose Mandela call himself sum of all African patriots?<br />In what words does he pay respect to people of his country<br />What is courage according to him? (conquering the fear)<br />What is his message to the world?<br />
  18. 18. Part III<br />7/19/2007<br />By Group :- 1<br />18<br />1. What kinds of two obligations does every man have?<br /> (obligation to his family / people)<br />Describe sufferings of a man of colour who attempted to live as a human being. (Para I)<br />What did Mandela discover as a young man? (Para III)<br />What was Mandela's desire for his people? <br />(to live their lives with dignity)<br />What is the affinity between oppressor and oppressed ? <br />(robbed of their humanity) <br />
  19. 19. Long Answer Type Questions<br />7/19/2007<br />By Group :- 1<br />19<br />Answer the questions in about 100 words.<br />How did Mandela’s understanding of freedom change wit age and experience?<br />How did Mandela's ‘hunger for freedom’ change his life?<br />Sketch the character of Nelson Mandela. <br />4. Why had all the great leaders fro different countries assembled in Pretoria in South Africa? Explain.<br />
  20. 20. Indebtedness to<br />7/19/2007<br />By Group :- 1<br />20<br />Mrs Sudha Sharma <br /> Deputy Commissioner<br /> NVS (LR)<br />Mr. A. K. Shukla<br /> Asstt. Commissioner, NVS (LR)<br />Mr. Prabhakar Jha<br /> Principal, JNV, Bahraich<br />
  21. 21. 7/19/2007<br />By Group :- 1<br />21<br />Mr. S K. Dubey<br /> Principal, JNV, Balrampur<br />Mr. Vikram Joshi<br /> Principal, JNV US Nagar. <br />Ms. Veena Rawat<br /> PGT,Eng., JNV, Uttarkashi<br />
  22. 22. Presented By<br />7/19/2007<br />By Group :- 1<br />22<br />Manoj Kumar<br />JNV, Bahraich<br />S. Prasad<br />JNV, Bahraich<br />D. Ram<br />JNV, Etawah<br />Rashmi Tripathi<br />JNV, Barabanki<br />Sneha Darshini<br />JNV, Hathras<br />Sarita Khare<br />JNV, Sitapur<br />

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