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Peter the Great: Tsar of Russia

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Peter the Great transformed Russia from an Eastern-oriented landlocked nation into a modern, Western-oriented empire. After touring Europe for several months, Peter returned in Russia to reform the military, the civil service, and the Church. His conquests gave Russia access to warm water ports.

Published in: Education

Peter the Great: Tsar of Russia

  1. 1. .‘iv1T‘- V I‘ T . ‘ ' lit '2'’ r. J" , _ . _ , . PETEREEREAT Tsar of Tgsia T
  2. 2. Peter’s reign can be slimmed . up with one letter. ~Tfrr ' - M . ' it
  3. 3. L'lI'((. |l'| ’ IV NINE I ~ _. ”
  4. 4. . , . ‘ 7 7 , V -in - ‘V J «. v/ T 1*. .. 1 r Aqh‘. <r. ——m . "F L . :. ‘ ’ ‘. ,-P .1 , ' ‘I m ’ " . '-" urn ‘U’ I ICI , f"‘ EUROPE m 1648 Englush Miles . :T*3-' &
  5. 5. L'lI'((. |l'| ’ IV NINE I ‘ 7- T/ ’ C’ an pr’: rm T/ u/ ~ —‘f. t I ‘ / ..
  6. 6. |“. '¢‘ 1/‘ ~r. _ 1/
  7. 7. ""“1i EUROPE I LLUSTRATI NG WARS OF Cl: lAllI. IZSHln. PL"I’. El'l1'xxGREAT brgnuuu. (Scan .5 Go. [anion-. New Had: I Iiulbqv.
  8. 8. |11|L| TAR| " REFIJRFIS "T ,3 L _ "*'T1m . . Peter created a professional military force based on the Prussian model. Carl Rochling (d. 1920), Attack of the Prussian Infant/ y H ’-'~ ~. '-'‘‘ . ‘
  9. 9. “‘ e A V‘ n «F. V . : ~'- 1 v’ . vf’ " , ’ 3 ‘ . u. ’ 4 ‘E 1 * ‘ 1 1 V. J! ; . v '« 4 " ~' . 1-. - E EA l]F AZUV Peter the Great VS. the Ottoman Empire Map credit: N ormanEinste'1n
  10. 10. ‘Q g UK’ . ._ '7 ROMANIA °“"‘5é r°M"_D°" * / - Svu 13/ Kem«h'Ir)' ‘ RUSSIA SERBIA * , ‘ Sevastopol . N» . .y’sk ‘Constanta "value $ BULGARIA V3” Black Sea seem“ MACEDONIA °Bur9a-S GEORGIA ‘ Jstanbul 4920" Id k Batumié ‘U M, gu a Q (‘C’) H. II : ),'. ,-I san'SUn It 3:4, Trabzon (9 Aegean Sea TURKEY “Athens
  11. 11. ": .." It I" ‘ll “ 3/ ’ “ . ' ‘ l ‘. 's/ 0. , F») I . 'g r’ , : _, / V 4 2 '2 Photo by Sonny Abesamis
  12. 12. Peter’s first attempt to take Azov with a land army ended in failure. Photo by Sonny Abesamis
  13. 13. A 3»: Eugene Lanceray. Fleet‘ of Peter the Great(I‘709) ' ' ~ " " - ‘ ‘
  14. 14. ‘I : ‘ I . «A it ; :»: <" 1:1, _ ‘V’ , I. , i ‘= I'i; ‘fJrTI’>’. - ‘aft, ~ . ». Peter returned the following spri supported by a fleet 0 ships. Eu gene Lanceray. F Ieet of Peter the Great(I709) ; /7» nga
  15. 15. Emblem of the Russian Navy
  16. 16. Dutch Flag ussian Flag
  17. 17. /, zbn ‘Wa Iach'ua—' Bulgaria
  18. 18. Open Photo by Ricardo Liberato
  19. 19. 5H| PBlJ| LD| |1l: I I Z_’%d'Z' g/ .5? / V‘ )3‘, ‘ / ' . 7‘ " Amsterdam & England 12, -had the best shipyards ~ :5 ‘ ’/ J’? in Europe. ‘+ I l II! ‘ e Egg’ . ‘ , , I . ..': :»H, . iPhoto by anura gs ' otri» v- I H
  20. 20. “T: _. _.L. . L —_-. --- . .-—— .3.‘ uo{€oV§‘kAvI A ‘(ti § I Rti$SlA: Ij_Lg)KAJ ‘ J . v;. ¢.; ’w . __. .., ._. ... w. -s «--t-U-F "“"‘ A —A ; ~ ~.9.; w~su-a4%- Photo by Janis Petranis
  21. 21. A EIFT FOR THE K| l'| E [IF E| '|ELA|1|] Portrait of Peter I by Godfrey Kneller (1698)
  22. 22. [ULTURAL REVIJLLITIIIITI
  23. 23. Young Peter the Great Wearing a TRA| ]|T| [l| '|AL EASTERN KAFTAI1 '. ‘.«)»' 1w’. In-'I's'. I. I-. HE1.l'n_
  24. 24. 1 . Those who ‘ -- paid Peter’s Beard Tax carried tokens to prove it.
  25. 25. I tam IIIII<| ))GJ 2 ‘TzI). McrV)/1 Hmy 50(CY'~‘i>C'I‘l’| I‘Zb- “
  26. 26. Peter paid fer T the sons of t 4.1."; . '-‘ , ‘;>: ‘< i . ... ... I— -. :—»--- Illiflr. .-; -—-= --mus! -—‘___. ~'= —-.2: 4: , ,.= 4;‘; ;_. _a, r'__. :,_. ,.- x 4 . "_, c;n. .--‘I‘i¥r’(l_'| :§-‘E: -:_= ( "‘, S: I‘ In "If >: f4J NW“ ‘C to study abroad‘ I 3‘, in ‘Western A Europe Kr, - In-I * 7"" ‘ I«. ? . _ _. .-. __. .- 34.--‘ , _u_ss1an I101’) GS? ’ ; ;;. _ jfi-. I'. ... ,-; .«'. §fi§'_f; _:. §;§E'j: i=. EET-fii'F1C I 1 Photo by Esparta Palma
  27. 27. THE | "EAR STARTS HERE Before 1700, the Russians had observed the New Year in September.
  28. 28. RESISTAIT to Westernization
  29. 29. FRDTIT | l.| ASH| lTETU| T’5 FAREIIJELL ADDRESS “Against the 5 insidious wiles of P ‘$39.4 , r foreign influence. .. E333‘. - . I I the Jealousy of a i; .. W free people ought to be constantly : awake. ..” '
  30. 30. Photo by Ah/ esgasgar EITTREEEIJ ELASSES Pym o. ..'. ;;. . XTVVI-EXVII no Bums 5TRE| i.TS| -' (Nobility) (Musketeers)
  31. 31. 9 Q‘-~s Q3; we‘; ' . ‘T (E4 ’ ll‘, ‘f% -4*. M 1 « '. < I E‘ )5 ll 1- — Ii? !‘ ‘ ’. .. '."i “f -. . , I II: ' I , TU. Q J .252.. . “The1raleaders, ‘with several of‘the1r/ ,officePrs III * O - I 7‘. _' Q I and-priestsffivere. cond’§§mned; ,to death; some_ _. .%vv_e: reé_Ibrok; en_; upon the and two 3,: ;-*women, ’vv_V_ere. buried alive; ui'pv'vardsI‘of. two' thousand ofthe Streltzy were executed, part of whom weit'_éj. «hanged round about the walls of the city. ..” ex — Voltaire
  32. 32. EEI1. PATRICK EflR[I[l| '| El rebellion was put down by Gen. 3 J : Patrick Gordon, a ‘E : Scottish general I -” z 2 _ who westernized Peter’s army. The Streltsy P oto by Ghirlandajo
  33. 33. 5‘; -I " M . - X’, K "’ , ‘ / -, '2 I ' ti _ .2 I , . . ‘ , . W. » I . 5:2: I “ ’—‘ ‘ ‘ - rf ‘J ‘ 4», ’ V ‘f V / ‘v‘ _/ ""—-h 7 I W / I 1, _ / / ‘ / Photo by Saint Petersburg Orthodox Theo / /~ ‘*1,
  34. 34. THE Ru5sIAn nnmnnux EHLIREH The Russian Orthodox Church, 1 led a Patriarch, had not supported Peter’s reforms.
  35. 35. r r» / I. i _. I. "- K 1 . , ’ ' I J; ‘K 1 ’ -2 .2 I _ ’ I I, I” . ‘ 5; f, I — / '1 l n. / 29‘. ’ 1/ Photo by Saint Petersburg Orthodox Theological Academy
  36. 36. '~' ‘.3 § 6'“ . -V The Russian Orthodox ‘ — -z I , ' -' ' Church banned the use of 3' tobacco, a Western import. , '77‘¢~'-.4*f~, il’ / Photo by Saint Petersburg Orthodox Theological Academy
  37. 37. EHLIREH REFORMS
  38. 38. Photo by Fr Maxim Massalitin
  39. 39. ~. Council of is i o is Photo by Fr Maxim Massalitin
  40. 40. ‘ V t, ’ _ : 2‘ ' __ ‘,1 ‘; ’“. VV Lruyuw L: ‘ . A ‘ Patriarchate Reinstated
  41. 41. ‘ ‘ v (/ /ll/1'/ Hat 4/r / ;'{/ nrr / n/4,-4/mr ‘ . . '5'. I ll -- 1 | - ‘ ‘ -_ ‘ E; « x . - ‘j , " ‘ ‘ <' '. V . "" -. y M» . , . .. ‘ , H . ‘ , . 5. _ ‘ i ‘3 x’ P I ; . , ~ E gt >> a It . -'2. EHR tum 1 lilL. |;Zli! ;A. I|EI for Foreigners rim 17.27 #22 ' 777.2 I"
  42. 42. SERVIEE | '|l]B| L|Tl‘
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  46. 46. |llER| T[IERAE| " People (theoretically) progressed through the Table of Ranks by merit rather than because of their family status or connections.
  47. 47. «IE EAT | l[lRTHER| '| l| .|AR Russia vs. Sweden {E N‘ ' . y.l. u‘| _, , / I l7[ll] -* l7E| 1; I '
  48. 48. CHARLES XII Kl| '|E DE 5lIlE| ]E| '|
  49. 49. Battle of N 0 ~ "- : . ¢- _. V 3." ‘- s. V=__ . ' . ,tr . .¢ ’. . ,
  50. 50. «- a or r . . l€vs . . 41‘ .1 . xv. . r. t , ..z. ... . . . ,1 _ . . I: . .4 x % . .. I . /. . ,. 1/ / I . .. : u. l.. / 1 Cu: /I2. I . .. . . .. II. t>JY<§ 3.. _. W I'M . . . .
  51. 51. 0 the West” % . _"; ;T, .;; : T
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  53. 53. A Monument for Posterity f / ’ _r1%u-an 1-ro .2‘ . —: - » —->- A. '. .4’ K» . —
  54. 54. ~; -.10, M. Photo by ninara
  55. 55. I11unumEnE TD PETER ‘ “THE EARPE| '|TER” St. Petersburg 3 ! ' 1 Photo by Alexxx Malev
  56. 56. H[lR5E|11Al'| _, .. ,1‘- , .— -‘.7-'~r'. r-4-. r-.4-r NET P5’ . n_n-Lnou 7. EKATEPPIHA norAy _ mun 1-mi. . . 1"" 5*‘: ' Photo by Godot13 I ‘
  57. 57. Ei7fs’is°3‘x? .ii"('-3 ‘flF*I. lLiH[lTi sf ET. 1760-2000 [ .1 ‘’<J'(-'I3f-), '_(3I97€‘» 1. L . *1 7 , = 35!! -Izlglslg ‘ I €15-1:¥3!k§l2Z£: ‘E : . , E, " 0 , E I‘ITIIigI1II‘. :,, ,, , J , H, ,, , , ‘,, , , ,,, J, ‘ 3,, ,, ,‘ , ,,, ,, ,“‘, ,, ,, J W, ‘ , , : ‘, ,,, , ,1, , ; E , ,, ,,, , . A_[, .fiau _. ;._u: u . _l; §u; :-. _I: p)y. .}:5.1.f _t: ):{u -‘L-in-5 I-Jqn LL-1.3‘ 4-)}; 54:19:. ‘
  58. 58. . . . . .~. y. .._. , t . V.. ..L: »,
  59. 59. THE RUSSIAN EMPIRE 1721-1917 Art Credit: Kate nom as
  60. 60. t, _ f. .l _. ‘Pnl. .¥. c=I. t1, #3 I. I.Em. r1r’1fm: ., c_1_rr_(_L I 1:I. _.-1,

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