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The Philosophes (Enlightenment Thinkers)

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During the Age of Enlightenment, the "philosophes" (French for philosopher) championed enlightened values of empiricism, freedom, science, reason, progress, and religious toleration. The Philosophes hailed from several European nations, such as France (Voltaire, Diderot, Montesquieu, Rousseau), Prussia (Kant), Scotland (Smith), and the United States (Jefferson, Franklin, Paine).

This PowerPoint presentation was designed to accompany a lecture on the Enlightenment for courses in Western Civilization, World History, and European History.

For more instructional materials, check out my website: http://www.tomrichey.net

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The Philosophes (Enlightenment Thinkers)

  1. 1. Photo by Eric Hu_ brcchts
  2. 2. B H J L U)’ 9 PH 3
  3. 3. PHILOSOPHE (772111 id NOT a miaapelling.
  4. 4. Created by Monika Ciapala from the Noun Project
  5. 5. PHILQEOPHE j ENLIGHTENMENT PHILOSOPHER
  6. 6. WHO'S WHO of tlze Enlightenment
  7. 7. PRECIIRSORS % (/ Vewton £0:/ ee
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  10. 10. LOCKE / Qeligioud Joleration
  11. 11. LOCKE Ra tional View of Go Vemm em‘
  12. 12. j'J; t;jJJit£i3H Voltaire Diderot Montesquieu Rousseau j? U§Uiil: E. Kant S'D'_F_‘»_:3.si‘. |.'; .1 Smith Iefferson Franklin Paine
  13. 13. VOLTAIRE L; -renciz J-Dlzilodoplze, aqutnor, 5' J-Diaywrignt
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  15. 15. NOTABLE WORKS ° Letters on England E ° Pl11Yosopl1icaIDic'tionazy ffii ii a A ‘L’; ,. ° Elements of N e Wton ’l¢ Pbflosopby
  16. 16. oltaire writing lzid noole on (A/ ewtonid pnilodo/ zany
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  19. 19. II a great man wlzode only fault wad laeing I 61 1001126171. -- (ljoltaire
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  21. 21. ADVOCATE 3 of Eeligioud C’/ -oleration
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  24. 24. Jrencn aqutlzor anal Editor
  25. 25. E N CY CLOPE DIE , DICTIONNAIRE RAISONNE DES SCIENCES, DES ARTS ET DES METIERS, PAR UNE soc11_-’: :rE’ DE GENS DE LETTRES. Mis en ordre &' nublié nar M. DI DE R O T. dc l'Académic Rovalc dcs Sciences & dcs Belles-
  26. 26. E N CY CLOPE DIE , The Encyclope’die was a collaborative effort to compile and distribute a wide Variety of knowledge from an “enlightened” perspective. (H'j: 4,250 C0P| E5 PR| NTED / if/ /L , Z3§2fiZ/ ,ifi, ,/3/L337
  27. 27. "(poetry mudt lzave dometlzing in it that id barbaric, vadt anal wilci. " __ Diderot
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  34. 34. _ MONTESQIIIEII Jlze Spirit of tlze £61106
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  36. 36. f’i: tr — é —, ~ 14' ft” 4: ‘ ; _ ‘, . ‘r"-’v"'r ’ «w. '»}"‘u. r‘ H’ -J . . I «M1 LEGISLATIVE EXECUTIVE JUDICIAL Martha Ormiston {Noun Project}
  37. 37. * L! ‘ S a V3’ Each branch has oversight over the - V = I other branches. Erin Gillaspy (The Noun Project)
  38. 38. II‘-"E 0 » Executive Checks the Legislative
  39. 39. zpbotn by z/ Ivicalcla Llfi [rn—Llom: acu
  40. 40. ll/ lontesquieu’s work was based on empirical methods, studying history to find out what forms of government had worked best.
  41. 41. Universal experience, in all ages and countries, however, teaches that POWER can only be restrained by POWER and not by reason and justice. - - The S o utlz C arolina Exposition
  42. 42. WWW
  43. 43. ean acqued . itoltssinu 5, (7-be gocial Contract
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  46. 46. qtllzat id FREEDOM?
  47. 47. gubmiddion to tlze 5 e A. GENERAL Wlll ‘
  48. 48. if? '§v On Education
  49. 49. alcceptance of C GENDER nous ‘ "gopbie dlzould be a woman ad Emile II id a man. http: //historyhanover. edu/ courses/ excerpts/ I6jrouss-em. html GenericMan by Alex Berkostitz (Ihe Noun Project)
  50. 50. C) mm dfiuel KANT Prussian Philosophe
  51. 51. L ‘V i J l . : ‘J _ ‘ ; Q r F l la Kant’s 1784. essay is a great starting point for understanding the core principles of the Enlightenment. J‘ I
  52. 52. Critique of PIIRE REASON
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  54. 54. leelationdlzip Between REgON EXPERIENCE
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  56. 56. CATEGORICAL IMPERATIVE aniverdal [(/ l/loral/ Eaw
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  60. 60. “It is not from the benevolence of the * butcher, the brewer, or i the baker, that we expect our dinner, but . V - from their regard to ii their own interest. ” ‘A-‘iffy ‘l Photo by David Blackwell.
  61. 61. Self-love id tlze indtrument of our predervation. . . it id neceddary, it id dear to ud, it gived ud pleadure, and we mudt conceal it. -- (lloltaire A ’
  62. 62. WWW
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  64. 64. gnliglztened SELEISHNESS
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  66. 66. THE AMERIVCAN TE , 415' A Photo by Ed Uthman
  67. 67. JEFFERSON (7-lzomad A Politician & Philosopher
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  69. 69. John Jmmlmu. J, ad”: -0, a, ,<cJ, ,./ ¢,, z,, a
  70. 70. Politician & Inventor ‘
  71. 71. LIGHTNING V‘ ROD LIGHTNING ROD J-Drofecfd lauilalingd from ligkfning
  72. 72. Photo by liz west
  73. 73. Jhomaa PAINE - Profess1onal / Revolutionary *5
  74. 74. COMMON SENSE THE RIGHTS OF MAN THE AGE OF REASON
  75. 75. A ‘K - i . ‘ A x I ‘ cu. I ‘I
  76. 76. J T oM LEARNING. DELIVERED.

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