4.1 History of record


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4.1 History of record

  1. 1. The History of RECORD<br />By Syeda Sabrina Ali<br />
  2. 2. History of Printing<br />Printing started in Mesopotamia where they started duplicating images around 3,000 BC. Used round cylinder seals for rolling and pressing the image carved on the cylinder onto clay tablets. <br />In both China & Egypt they started block printing with small stamps for seals.<br />One of the earliest forms block printing originated in Arabic Egypt called ‘tarsh’ during the 9th- 10th century. <br />Print block where made out of wood, metals such as tine, lead and cats iron as well as stone, glass and clay.<br />Europeans adapted to wooden block printing from the Islamic world, initially for fabrics. And soon block printing reached the Islamic Central Asia.<br />http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_printing<br />
  3. 3. History of Audio<br />Timeline <br />1877 Thomas Alva Edison, working in his lab, succeeds in recovering Mary's Little Lamb from a strip of tinfoil wrapped around a spinning cylinder. He demonstrates his invention in the offices of Scientific American, and the phonograph is born. <br />1900Poulsen unveils his invention to the public at the Paris Exposition. Austria's Emperor Franz Josef records his congratulations. <br />Boston's Symphony Hall opens with the benefit of Wallace Clement Sabine's acoustical advice. <br />1910Enrico Caruso is heard in the first live broadcast from the Metropolitan Opera, NYC. <br />1919 The Radio Corporation of America (RCA) is founded. It is owned in part by United Fruit. <br />1990 ISDN telephone links are offered for high-end studio use. <br />Dolby proposes a 5-channel surround-sound scheme for home theater systems. <br />The write-once CD-R becomes a commercial reality. <br />3M introduces 996 mastering tape, a 13 dB improvement over Scotch 111. <br />1991 Wolfgang Ahnert presents, in a binaural simulation, the first digitally enhanced modeling of an acoustic space. <br />Alesis unveils the ADAT, the first "affordable" digital multi track recorder. <br />Apple debuts the "QuickTime" multimedia format. <br />1995 The first "solid-state" audio recorder, the Nagra ARES-C, is introduced. It is a battery-operated field unit recording on PCMCIA cards using MPEG-2 audio compression. <br />Iomega debuts high-capacity "Jaz" and "Zip" drives, useful as removable storage media for hard-disk recording. <br />1997 DVD videodiscs and players are introduced. An audio version with 6-channel surround sound is expected to eventually supplant the CD as the chosen playback medium in the home. <br />1999 Audio DVD Standard 1.0 agreed upon by manufacturers. <br />2000 on going success and development of sound development MP3, portable recording systems (Dictaphone)etc.<br />http://www.aes.org/aeshc/docs/audio.history.timeline.html<br />
  4. 4. History behind filming<br />The 1930’s decade and most of the 1940’s were mostly black and white movies. In the 30s was also the decade of the sound and color revolution, this is when the development of color was defiantly up for improvement. Loads of inventers were searching ways to include color in film and media. Videotape recorder (VTR) is the tool needed to film and the first one was invented by Charles P. Ginsburg. In the late 18th century film was the only medium available for recording television programs. <br />In the 1920’s an American engineer named Philo Taylor Farnsworth invented a television camera a tool that converts images captured into an electrical signal that could be viewed on screen.<br />http://inventors.about.com/library/inventors/blvideo.htm<br />http://www.filmsite.org/30sintro.html<br />
  5. 5. The World Wide Web! Internet <br />The internet can be accessed all over the world where ever you may be and this allows you to access documents and files and information on basically what ever you need to know. The internet became popular to the public around 1993-94; around then computers were very basic and were mainly used by universities and research institutions to share documents and information. And through time the internet expanded and became the world wide web (www). Now you can use the internet for many mediums of record such as film on websites like YouTube, iTunes for MP3’s and videos and Blogs for recording text there are also social networking types for pictures such as face book.<br />
  6. 6. Now & Then!<br />Technology in the early 19th century were very simple inventions and has rapidly developed to become more handy for us. For example in the late 1990’s we had big bulky computers and know we have laptops. The year 2000 was a big break in development of technology from TV boxes to plasma/flat screens to HD to 3D and know Blue ray. Technology is developing as we speak and who knows is there an end to it?<br />