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HIV AWARENESS LECTURE

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HIV Awareness Lecture

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HIV AWARENESS LECTURE

  1. 1. HIV/AIDS AWARENESS 01 Dec 14
  2. 2. Theme for 2014
  3. 3. What Actually Happens in HIV/ AIDS HIV infects White Blood Cells called CD4 cells and makes copies of itself Infects more CD4 Cells Number of CD4 Cells Reduce Body’s Immunity Reduces Multiple Severe Infections and Cancers ….AIDS
  4. 4. Modes of HIV Transmission
  5. 5. 1. Window Period • Time between Infection and appearance of antibodies in body fluids • 3 weeks to 3 months…..upto 6 months • No symptoms • HIV Test NEGATIVE
  6. 6. 2. Seroconversion
  7. 7. Acute Seroconversion Illness • Flu like Symptoms…Cough, cold, fever, sore throat • HIV Test Positive • Persists for 7-10 days
  8. 8. 3. Asymptomatic Phase • No symptoms for 2-8 years • Patient is INFECTIVE • HIV Test POSITIVE
  9. 9. AIDS • Last Stage of HIV Infection
  10. 10. 4. AIDS • Severe Unexplained Weight Loss • Severe Lung Infections….TB, Pneumocystis • Severe Skin Infections..Herpes • Rare types of Cancers…Kaposi’s sarcoma • Lymph Node Enlargement due to infections • HIV Test POSITIVE
  11. 11. LAB TESTS FOR HIV Screening Tests ELISA Rapid Tests Confirmation Western Blot
  12. 12. Specialized Tests Viral Load Specific Tests for Viral Antigens DNA PCR for detecting Viral presence
  13. 13. • Consent of Patient and Pretest Counseling Is a MUST before testing for HIV Testing • Absolute Secrecy about Results
  14. 14. PREVENTION AND CURE • As of now, NO DEFINITIVE CURE • PREVENTION IS BEST CURE FOR HIV • Medicines help in prolonging Life and Improve Quality of Life..DO NOT Cure
  15. 15. First Step In Prevention of HIV….AWARENESS
  16. 16. Prevent HIV
  17. 17. Medicines for Preventing HIV • Post Exposure Prophylaxis. • After exposure to infected fluids… • SOONER THE BETTER
  18. 18. Pregnancy and HIV • Preventable to some extent if Medication started during pregnancy • All babies born to HIV +ve Mothers will test +ve upto 18 months of age • Actual Status ascertained thereafter
  19. 19. Medicines If HIV +ve • Lifelong • Depending on CD4 Counts • Have Side Effects BUT Help in prolonging Life span and improving Quality of Life
  20. 20. Support for HIV +ve cases • Professional Counseling • Education and Awareness • Proper Medication • Psychological Support…Friends and Family, Support Groups

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