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Plastics and Health

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Potential Health hazards of Plastics
Identifying Food Grade Plastics and Safety Codes

Plastics and Health

  1. 1. What are Plastics  Organic polymers  Mostly from petrochemicals  Also contain additives , fillers and artificial colours  Cadmium, antimony , Zinc oxides  Oily Plasticisers
  2. 2. Plastics….1800 AD till date
  3. 3. Medical equipment
  4. 4. Types of Plastics  Seven Types of Plastics used in Day-to-Day Life  Not all are Reusable or Recyclable  Plastic Recycling Code for identification
  5. 5. Polyethylene Terephthalate (PET) Preferably Single Use Leaching in Hot Water Bacterial Growth if not Clean
  6. 6. HDPE (High Density Polyethylene) Detergent Containers Milk Containers NEVER REUSE
  7. 7. PVC (Polyvinyl Chloride) NO FOOD CONTACT Not Recycled
  8. 8. LDPE (Low Density Poly Ethylene) Safe - Food Grade Plastics
  9. 9. Polypropylene (PP) Good Quality Plastic Safe for Use Heat Resistant
  10. 10. Polystyrene (Styrofoam) (PS) Highly Toxic
  11. 11. Others (Polycarbonates, Polyacids)
  12. 12. How Safe are Plastics  Conflicting Reports….Not Very Many Conclusive Studies  NO ONE REALLY KNOWS  Potential Hazards  Additives  Colours and Dyes  Metals- Lead, Cadmium, Antimony
  13. 13. Potential Effects
  14. 14. Potential Medical Issues  Direct Toxicity during manufacturing  Colouring agents, dyes can cause Organ Damage  HORMONAL DISRUPTIONS  Reproductive Disorders  Nervous Growth Retardation  Birth Defects  ???? CANCERS
  15. 15. Potential hazards  Burning of Plastics – Toxins in Air  Lead Poisoning  Cadmium poisoning  Immune System Suppression
  16. 16. Main Culprits Bisphenol A Phthalates Styrofoam Lead
  17. 17. BPA in plastics  Bisphenol A (BPA )  In Polycarbonate plastics(#7)  Canned Food  Microwaving of Plastics  Thermal Receipts , ECG paper  Potential Chromosomal Disorders  Birth Defects  Growth Retardation- Physical and Mental
  18. 18. Pthalates  In PVC  Implicated in Breast Cancers  Endocrine (hormonal) Disruptions  Liver Damage  Attention Deficit Disorders
  19. 19. How they enter our system •Leaching in Soil •Direct Ingestion •Water •Food….Sea Food
  20. 20. Whom to Believe  U.S. Food And Drug Administration (FDA)  Centre for Disease Control(CDC)  Mayo Clinic  India No guidelines till now Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS) Indian Standards Institute (ISI)
  21. 21. How Do We Protect Ourselves
  22. 22. Use Food Grade Plastic Safe for Food Products
  23. 23. Microwave Safe Plastic •Avoid Microwaving Plastics •Use Microwave safe Glassware •Always Check for Microwave safe Symbol
  24. 24. Freezer and Dishwasher Safe Plastics
  25. 25. REUSE
  26. 26. Alternatives to Plastics

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