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An Assignment on
Subdivisions of
Hospital Pharmacy
Submitted by
Roll:-14308
Reg:-1086
Date of Submission:-13/03/21
Submitted to
Mrs Joushan Ara
Assistant professor
Department of Pharmacy,
University of Science and Technology
Chittagong (USTC)
Department of Pharmacy
Course Name: Hospital Pharmacy
Course No:-PHR-307
Hospital
The hospital is a complex organization utilizing combination of intricate, specialized scientific
equipment, and functioning through a corps of trained people educated to the problem of modern
medical science. These are all welded together in the common purpose of restoration
and maintenance of good health
Fig:-Hospital
Hospital Pharmacy
The department or service in a hospital which is under the direction of a professionally
competent, legally qualified pharmacist, and from which all medications are supplied to the
nursing units and other services, where special prescriptions are filled for patients in the hospital,
where prescriptions are filled for ambulatory patients and out-patients, where pharmaceuticals
are manufactured in bulk, where narcotic and other prescribed drugs are dispensed, where
injectable preparations should be prepared and sterilized, and where professional supplies are
often stocked and dispensed.
Introduction
The computerization of the pharmacy department makes it possible for the staff to participate in
patient education programs, poison control center activities, preparation of patient drug use
profiles, parenteral nutrition program participation, cooperating in the teaching and research
programs of the hospital, communicating new product information to nursing service and other
hospital personnel and dispensing radiopharmaceuticals
Fig:-Hospital Pharmacy
Filling and labelling of all drug containers from which medicines are to be administered.
Management of stores which includes purchase of drugs, proper storage conditions, and
maintenance of records.
Establishment and maintenance of "Drug Information Centre".
Providing co-operation in teaching and research programmes.
Discarding the expired drugs and containers worn and missing labels.
Just as any organization must have long-range goals toward which its daily activities are
directed, so must a profession, its members, and their representative societies. For example the
American Society of Hospital Pharmacists, in its Constitution and Bylaws, sets forth
the following objectives:
1. To provide the benefits of a qualified hospital pharmacist to patients and health care
institutions, to the allied health professions, and to the profession of pharmacy.
2. To assist in providing an adequate supply of such qualified hospital pharmacists.
3. To assure a high quality of professional practice through theestablishment and maintenance of
standards of professional ethics, education, and attainments and through the promotion of
economic welfare.
4. To promote research in hospital pharmacy practices and in the pharmaceutical sciences in
general.
5. To disseminate pharmaceutical knowledge by providing for interchange of information among
hospital pharmacists and with members of allied specialties and professions.
Functions of Hospital Pharmacy
Goals of Hospital Pharmacy
To ensure the availability of right medication, at right time, in the right dose at the
minimum possible cost.
To professionalize the functioning of pharmaceutical services in a hospital.
To act as a counseling department for medical staff, nurses and for patient.
To act as a data bank on drug utilization.
To participate in research projects.
In large hospitals the department of pharmacy has a more complex organization.There are many
subdivisions.Each of the subdivisions of the pharmacy department are assigned specific
responsibilities.These are described below:-
1. Plan and coordinate departmental activities.
2. Develop policies.
3. Schedule personnel and provide supervision.
4. Coordinate administrative needs of the Pharmacy and Therapeutics Committee.
5. Supervise departmental office staff.
1. Coordinate programs of undergraduate and graduate pharmacy students.
2. Participate in hospital-wide educational programs involving nurses,doctors etc.
3. Train newly employed pharmacy department personnel.
Objectives of Hospital Pharmacy
Subdivisions of Hospital Pharmacy
Administrative Service Division
Education and Training Division
1. Develop new formulations of drugs, especially dosage forms not commercially available, and
of research drugs.
2. Improve formulations of existing products.
3. Cooperate with the medical research staff of projects involving drugs.
1. Provide medications for all in-patients of the hospital on a 24-hour
per day basis.
2. Inspection and control of drugs on all treatment areas.
3. Cooperate with medical drug research.
Pharmaceutical Research Division
In-Patient Services Division
1. Compound and dispense out-patient prescriptions.
2. Inspect and control all clinic and emergency service medication
stations.
3. Maintain prescription records.
4. Provide drug consultation services to staff and medical students.
Out-Patient Services Division
1. Provide drug information on drugs and drug therapy to doctors, nurses, medical and nursing
students and the house staff.
2. Maintain the drug information center.
3. Prepare the hospital's pharmacy newsletter.
4. Maintain literature files.
1. Control and dispense intravenous fluids.
2. Control and dispense controlled substances.
3. Coordinate and control all drug delivery and distribution systems.
1. Maintain drug inventory control.
2. Purchase all drugs.
3. Receive, store and distribute drugs.
4. Interview medical service representatives.
Drug Information Services Division
Departmental Services Division
Purchasing and Inventory Control Division
1. Develop and coordinate distribution of medical supplies and
irrigating fluids
.
1. Perform analyses on products manufacturered and purchased.
2. Develop and revise assay procedures.
3. Assist research division in special formulations.
1. Manufacture wide variety of items in common use at the hospital.
2. Operate an overall drug packaging and prepackaging program.
3. Undertake program in product development.
4. Maintain a unit dose program.
1. Produce small volume parenterals.
2. Manufacture sterile ophthalmologic, irrigating solutions etc.
3. Prepare aseptic dilution of lyophylizal and other "unstable" sterile
injections for administration to patients.
Central Supply Services Division
Assay and Quality Control Division
Manufacturing and Packaging Division
Sterile Products Division
1. Centralize the procurement, storage and dispensing of radioisotopes
used in clinical practice.
1. Centralize the preparation of intravenous solution admixture.
2. Review each 1.V. admixture for physio-chemical incompatibilities.
The hospital Pharmacy is indispensible in the treatment of patients.
Each large hospital will need a pharmacy, with a well-qualified pharmacist in charge.
It is advantageous in efficient operations of the Hospital.
"The Pharmacy, despite its apparent autonomy, must not lose sight of its role as team
player in Hospital planning." - quoted by Benjamin and Kemppainess.
Conclusion
Radiopharmaceutical Services division
Intravenous Admixture Division
1. William E. Hassan, JR. (1986) "Hospital Pharmacy" Fifth Edition Lea and Febiger,
Philadelphia
2. Don A. Ballington, Mary M. Laughlin (2003)" Pharmacology for Technicians" Second
Edition EMC Paradigm
3. A.J. Winfield ,R.M.E. Richards, (1998) "Pharmaceutical Practice" Second edition,
Churchill Livingstone - London
References

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Sub divisions of hospital pharmacy

  • 1. An Assignment on Subdivisions of Hospital Pharmacy Submitted by Roll:-14308 Reg:-1086 Date of Submission:-13/03/21 Submitted to Mrs Joushan Ara Assistant professor Department of Pharmacy, University of Science and Technology Chittagong (USTC) Department of Pharmacy Course Name: Hospital Pharmacy Course No:-PHR-307
  • 2. Hospital The hospital is a complex organization utilizing combination of intricate, specialized scientific equipment, and functioning through a corps of trained people educated to the problem of modern medical science. These are all welded together in the common purpose of restoration and maintenance of good health Fig:-Hospital Hospital Pharmacy The department or service in a hospital which is under the direction of a professionally competent, legally qualified pharmacist, and from which all medications are supplied to the nursing units and other services, where special prescriptions are filled for patients in the hospital, where prescriptions are filled for ambulatory patients and out-patients, where pharmaceuticals are manufactured in bulk, where narcotic and other prescribed drugs are dispensed, where injectable preparations should be prepared and sterilized, and where professional supplies are often stocked and dispensed. Introduction
  • 3. The computerization of the pharmacy department makes it possible for the staff to participate in patient education programs, poison control center activities, preparation of patient drug use profiles, parenteral nutrition program participation, cooperating in the teaching and research programs of the hospital, communicating new product information to nursing service and other hospital personnel and dispensing radiopharmaceuticals Fig:-Hospital Pharmacy
  • 4. Filling and labelling of all drug containers from which medicines are to be administered. Management of stores which includes purchase of drugs, proper storage conditions, and maintenance of records. Establishment and maintenance of "Drug Information Centre". Providing co-operation in teaching and research programmes. Discarding the expired drugs and containers worn and missing labels. Just as any organization must have long-range goals toward which its daily activities are directed, so must a profession, its members, and their representative societies. For example the American Society of Hospital Pharmacists, in its Constitution and Bylaws, sets forth the following objectives: 1. To provide the benefits of a qualified hospital pharmacist to patients and health care institutions, to the allied health professions, and to the profession of pharmacy. 2. To assist in providing an adequate supply of such qualified hospital pharmacists. 3. To assure a high quality of professional practice through theestablishment and maintenance of standards of professional ethics, education, and attainments and through the promotion of economic welfare. 4. To promote research in hospital pharmacy practices and in the pharmaceutical sciences in general. 5. To disseminate pharmaceutical knowledge by providing for interchange of information among hospital pharmacists and with members of allied specialties and professions. Functions of Hospital Pharmacy Goals of Hospital Pharmacy
  • 5. To ensure the availability of right medication, at right time, in the right dose at the minimum possible cost. To professionalize the functioning of pharmaceutical services in a hospital. To act as a counseling department for medical staff, nurses and for patient. To act as a data bank on drug utilization. To participate in research projects. In large hospitals the department of pharmacy has a more complex organization.There are many subdivisions.Each of the subdivisions of the pharmacy department are assigned specific responsibilities.These are described below:- 1. Plan and coordinate departmental activities. 2. Develop policies. 3. Schedule personnel and provide supervision. 4. Coordinate administrative needs of the Pharmacy and Therapeutics Committee. 5. Supervise departmental office staff. 1. Coordinate programs of undergraduate and graduate pharmacy students. 2. Participate in hospital-wide educational programs involving nurses,doctors etc. 3. Train newly employed pharmacy department personnel. Objectives of Hospital Pharmacy Subdivisions of Hospital Pharmacy Administrative Service Division Education and Training Division
  • 6. 1. Develop new formulations of drugs, especially dosage forms not commercially available, and of research drugs. 2. Improve formulations of existing products. 3. Cooperate with the medical research staff of projects involving drugs. 1. Provide medications for all in-patients of the hospital on a 24-hour per day basis. 2. Inspection and control of drugs on all treatment areas. 3. Cooperate with medical drug research. Pharmaceutical Research Division In-Patient Services Division
  • 7. 1. Compound and dispense out-patient prescriptions. 2. Inspect and control all clinic and emergency service medication stations. 3. Maintain prescription records. 4. Provide drug consultation services to staff and medical students. Out-Patient Services Division
  • 8. 1. Provide drug information on drugs and drug therapy to doctors, nurses, medical and nursing students and the house staff. 2. Maintain the drug information center. 3. Prepare the hospital's pharmacy newsletter. 4. Maintain literature files. 1. Control and dispense intravenous fluids. 2. Control and dispense controlled substances. 3. Coordinate and control all drug delivery and distribution systems. 1. Maintain drug inventory control. 2. Purchase all drugs. 3. Receive, store and distribute drugs. 4. Interview medical service representatives. Drug Information Services Division Departmental Services Division Purchasing and Inventory Control Division
  • 9. 1. Develop and coordinate distribution of medical supplies and irrigating fluids . 1. Perform analyses on products manufacturered and purchased. 2. Develop and revise assay procedures. 3. Assist research division in special formulations. 1. Manufacture wide variety of items in common use at the hospital. 2. Operate an overall drug packaging and prepackaging program. 3. Undertake program in product development. 4. Maintain a unit dose program. 1. Produce small volume parenterals. 2. Manufacture sterile ophthalmologic, irrigating solutions etc. 3. Prepare aseptic dilution of lyophylizal and other "unstable" sterile injections for administration to patients. Central Supply Services Division Assay and Quality Control Division Manufacturing and Packaging Division Sterile Products Division
  • 10. 1. Centralize the procurement, storage and dispensing of radioisotopes used in clinical practice. 1. Centralize the preparation of intravenous solution admixture. 2. Review each 1.V. admixture for physio-chemical incompatibilities. The hospital Pharmacy is indispensible in the treatment of patients. Each large hospital will need a pharmacy, with a well-qualified pharmacist in charge. It is advantageous in efficient operations of the Hospital. "The Pharmacy, despite its apparent autonomy, must not lose sight of its role as team player in Hospital planning." - quoted by Benjamin and Kemppainess. Conclusion Radiopharmaceutical Services division Intravenous Admixture Division
  • 11. 1. William E. Hassan, JR. (1986) "Hospital Pharmacy" Fifth Edition Lea and Febiger, Philadelphia 2. Don A. Ballington, Mary M. Laughlin (2003)" Pharmacology for Technicians" Second Edition EMC Paradigm 3. A.J. Winfield ,R.M.E. Richards, (1998) "Pharmaceutical Practice" Second edition, Churchill Livingstone - London References