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1©Sensinode 2013
May 22nd, 2013
Standards Drive the Internet of Things
Zach Shelby, Chief Nerd
©Sensinode 2013
2©Sensinode 2013
The Business Case
• Cellular + WSN: Accessible market of 500 X more devices
 M2M players must look past just Cellular to grow
• Enable new business models
• Proprietary market >>> Global market
• Rapid time to market = faster growth & lower cost
• Truly inexpensive micro-controller & radio technologies
• Re-use standard IT and Web infrastructure
• Tap into a huge developer community (IP… Web…)
• Permissionless Innovation!
3©Sensinode 2013
Is the Internet Protocol enough?
Internet
Requires full
Internet devices
TCP
IPv6
Internet of Things
UDP
6LoWPAN
Optimized IP
access
Device
Layer
Huge overhead,
difficult parsing
Inefficient content
encoding
100s - 1000s of bytes
XML
HTTP
10s of bytes
Efficient
Objects
Web Objects
CoAPTLS
DTLS
Efficient Web
Services
Layer
Web of Things
Web
4©Sensinode 2013
The Web of Things
5©Sensinode 2013
Key Standardization Activities
• IETF
 IPv6 and 6LoWPAN networking
 Routing algorithms (e.g. RPL)
 Web of Things (REST for IoT, CoAP, Resource Directory etc.)
 Security (DTLS, TLS, Cipher suites)
• OMA / IPSO Alliance
 OMA Lightweight M2M Enabler Standard (CoAP)
 IPSO Web Objects
• OneM2M
 Ongoing work on M2M system standardization (CoAP, HTTP binding)
• ZigBee & WiSun
 ZigBee IP - An open-standard 6LoWPAN stack for Home Area Networks
 ZigBee IP NAN – 6LoWPAN stack for Sub-GHz large area applications
 WiSun - Sub-GHz 802.15.4g/e and 6LoWPAN consortium
6©Sensinode 2013
How to Build a Web of Things?
AAA,
Admin
AAA,
Admin
BillingBilling
M2M Devices Backend – Private or Public Cloud
HTTP / TLS
Web Applications
6LoWPAN,
ZigBee IP,
CoAP / DTLS
Lightweight M2M
CoAP / DTLS
Cellular
7©Sensinode 2013
The 6LoWPAN Map
Home Area Networks
Building Area Networks Neighborhood Area Networks
Industrial Control
ISA 100.11AZigBee IP
ZigBee NAN
8©Sensinode 2013
CoAP: The Web of Things Protocol
• Compact 4-byte Header
• UDP, SMS, (TCP)
• DTLS Security
• Subscription
• Discovery
©Sensinode 2013
9©Sensinode 2013
IPSO Web Objects
• We need semantics to build a Web of Things
• IPSO defines Web Object guidelines (join us!)
• IPSO Application Framework published in 2012
• New IPSO Web Objects will be published soon!
 Compatible with OMA Lightweight, CoAP and HTTP
 General purpose IO
 General sensors, Temperature, Light, Humidity, Actuators
 Light control, Power control, Set Points
• Great roadmap of Objects for the future, e.g.
 Smart Cities
 Connected Home
10©Sensinode 2013
OMA Lightweight M2M
©Sensinode 2013
11©Sensinode 2013
OneM2M

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Standards Drive the Internet of Things

  • 1. 1©Sensinode 2013 May 22nd, 2013 Standards Drive the Internet of Things Zach Shelby, Chief Nerd ©Sensinode 2013
  • 2. 2©Sensinode 2013 The Business Case • Cellular + WSN: Accessible market of 500 X more devices  M2M players must look past just Cellular to grow • Enable new business models • Proprietary market >>> Global market • Rapid time to market = faster growth & lower cost • Truly inexpensive micro-controller & radio technologies • Re-use standard IT and Web infrastructure • Tap into a huge developer community (IP… Web…) • Permissionless Innovation!
  • 3. 3©Sensinode 2013 Is the Internet Protocol enough? Internet Requires full Internet devices TCP IPv6 Internet of Things UDP 6LoWPAN Optimized IP access Device Layer Huge overhead, difficult parsing Inefficient content encoding 100s - 1000s of bytes XML HTTP 10s of bytes Efficient Objects Web Objects CoAPTLS DTLS Efficient Web Services Layer Web of Things Web
  • 5. 5©Sensinode 2013 Key Standardization Activities • IETF  IPv6 and 6LoWPAN networking  Routing algorithms (e.g. RPL)  Web of Things (REST for IoT, CoAP, Resource Directory etc.)  Security (DTLS, TLS, Cipher suites) • OMA / IPSO Alliance  OMA Lightweight M2M Enabler Standard (CoAP)  IPSO Web Objects • OneM2M  Ongoing work on M2M system standardization (CoAP, HTTP binding) • ZigBee & WiSun  ZigBee IP - An open-standard 6LoWPAN stack for Home Area Networks  ZigBee IP NAN – 6LoWPAN stack for Sub-GHz large area applications  WiSun - Sub-GHz 802.15.4g/e and 6LoWPAN consortium
  • 6. 6©Sensinode 2013 How to Build a Web of Things? AAA, Admin AAA, Admin BillingBilling M2M Devices Backend – Private or Public Cloud HTTP / TLS Web Applications 6LoWPAN, ZigBee IP, CoAP / DTLS Lightweight M2M CoAP / DTLS Cellular
  • 7. 7©Sensinode 2013 The 6LoWPAN Map Home Area Networks Building Area Networks Neighborhood Area Networks Industrial Control ISA 100.11AZigBee IP ZigBee NAN
  • 8. 8©Sensinode 2013 CoAP: The Web of Things Protocol • Compact 4-byte Header • UDP, SMS, (TCP) • DTLS Security • Subscription • Discovery ©Sensinode 2013
  • 9. 9©Sensinode 2013 IPSO Web Objects • We need semantics to build a Web of Things • IPSO defines Web Object guidelines (join us!) • IPSO Application Framework published in 2012 • New IPSO Web Objects will be published soon!  Compatible with OMA Lightweight, CoAP and HTTP  General purpose IO  General sensors, Temperature, Light, Humidity, Actuators  Light control, Power control, Set Points • Great roadmap of Objects for the future, e.g.  Smart Cities  Connected Home
  • 10. 10©Sensinode 2013 OMA Lightweight M2M ©Sensinode 2013