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Understanding
Culture, Society
& Politics
09264178636
conan.rogador
@gmail.com
SHS
Faculty Member
Soc. Scie. Dept.
“Society as a
group of
people sharing
common culture “
At the end
of the
lesson
OBJECTIVES
1. Define society.
2. Enumerates
the elements, types
and characteristics
of society.
Guide
Questions
1. What is society?
2. What is the significance of
studying society?
3. What are the elements,
types and characteristics of
society?
- from Latin word
“societus” meaning
companionship
- refers to a group of people sharing a
common culture within a defined
territorial boundaries.
(Palispis 2007)
Significance
of
Studying Society
Representation
of our Identity
Characterize
the
totality of
a territory
Symbol of
political
independence
Avenue for economic interdependence
Elements of
Society
1. Mutual interaction of individuals
2. Mutual inter relationships
between individuals
3. A pattern of system
4. Reciprocal awareness is the
most important ingredient
5. Common propensity…”we”
feeling
6. Like mindedness
7. Implications of
differences/diversities/variations
8. Interdependence
9. Cooperation
Characteristics of Society
 Composed of people
 Mutual awareness, continuous reciprocal
interaction and inter relationship among
members
 Likeness and differences
 Members have cooperation and share
common interest.
 Desires are satisfied and interests fulfilled
with joined efforts promoting solidarity and
social cohesion.
 Responsibilities held by means of division of
labor and delegation of authority.
 Members shows a pattern of interdependence
necessary to meet social needs.
 Dynamic, changes takes place abruptly and
gradually.
 Has its own way of social control (formal or
informal)
 Each society has its distinct culture, its
expression of human behaviour like attitudes,
judgements, morals
Types of Society
Foraging
Pastoral
Agricultural
Types of Society
Agricultural
Industrial
Post-Industrial
Tribal Society Agrarian Society Industrial Society
- Common territory and
language but nomadic
in nature
- Blood relationship (family)
and kinship are the only
interconnected social
institutions
- Endogamy marriages
within the tribe
- Political organization are
not defined as all people
are considered to be
equal as they virtually
have no property.
- Religion is not developed
among these people in to a
complex institution
(believed in spirits)
- Dominant economic
activity was agriculture
- Characteristics of rural
communities
- Minimal division of
labor
- Family plays an
important role
- Sense of unity “we”
feeling
- Social control through
informal means
- Simplicity, homogeneity
and closeness nature
-Emergence of modern
family
-Manufacture and
services are the dominant
economic activities
- Multiple roles
-Impersonal relationships
-Class is more important
than caste
-Social mobility feasible
-Women are economically
and socially more
independent
Society as a group of people sharing common culture

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Society as a group of people sharing common culture

  • 2. “Society as a group of people sharing common culture “
  • 3. At the end of the lesson OBJECTIVES 1. Define society. 2. Enumerates the elements, types and characteristics of society. Guide Questions 1. What is society? 2. What is the significance of studying society? 3. What are the elements, types and characteristics of society?
  • 4. - from Latin word “societus” meaning companionship - refers to a group of people sharing a common culture within a defined territorial boundaries. (Palispis 2007)
  • 9. Avenue for economic interdependence
  • 10. Elements of Society 1. Mutual interaction of individuals 2. Mutual inter relationships between individuals 3. A pattern of system 4. Reciprocal awareness is the most important ingredient 5. Common propensity…”we” feeling 6. Like mindedness 7. Implications of differences/diversities/variations 8. Interdependence 9. Cooperation
  • 11. Characteristics of Society  Composed of people  Mutual awareness, continuous reciprocal interaction and inter relationship among members  Likeness and differences  Members have cooperation and share common interest.  Desires are satisfied and interests fulfilled with joined efforts promoting solidarity and social cohesion.  Responsibilities held by means of division of labor and delegation of authority.  Members shows a pattern of interdependence necessary to meet social needs.  Dynamic, changes takes place abruptly and gradually.  Has its own way of social control (formal or informal)  Each society has its distinct culture, its expression of human behaviour like attitudes, judgements, morals
  • 14. Tribal Society Agrarian Society Industrial Society - Common territory and language but nomadic in nature - Blood relationship (family) and kinship are the only interconnected social institutions - Endogamy marriages within the tribe - Political organization are not defined as all people are considered to be equal as they virtually have no property. - Religion is not developed among these people in to a complex institution (believed in spirits) - Dominant economic activity was agriculture - Characteristics of rural communities - Minimal division of labor - Family plays an important role - Sense of unity “we” feeling - Social control through informal means - Simplicity, homogeneity and closeness nature -Emergence of modern family -Manufacture and services are the dominant economic activities - Multiple roles -Impersonal relationships -Class is more important than caste -Social mobility feasible -Women are economically and socially more independent