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Reference Librarians Toolkit:
           Maps

William (Bill) Miller & Michael Howser

       University of Connecticut Libraries
 Map and Geographic Information Center - MAGIC
Session Outline


Overview
Print Maps Challenge
Why Digitize Maps?
GIS Data & Digital Cartography Challenge
Q&A
Quick Overview: MAGIC

Historical maps for    USGS Topographic
Connecticut            Maps for the US
Connecticut GIS        Aerial Photography
Data
                       Focus: Provide public
Print map collection   access to Maps &
of over 220,000        GIS data
maps


                         magic.lib.uconn.edu
magic.lib.uconn.edu
Quick Poll

How frequently do you use maps, aerial photos
and/or GIS data to answer questions?
  Daily
  Weekly
  Monthly
  A few times a year
  Never
Ready? Let’s Explore!
Print Maps Challenge
The Print Map Challenge


When to use maps to answer questions
Where can you find maps
What information can be unique to maps
Is geographical place important to the researcher
Historical Maps

Include roads, houses,
businesses, towns....
Difficult to search for due to:
  Not being cataloged
  Minimal subjects and/or notes
  Unable to determine if a
  location is “on the map”
Historical Map Collections

MAGIC
Boston Public Library
University of Southern Maine
Library of Congress
David Rumsey Historical Map Collection
Yale University Map Collection
                                 and many more...
David Rumsey Map Collection




                    davidrumsey.com
Flickr - Boston Public Library
Gazetteers

Include place descriptions, Lat/Long information
in “modern” versions
Sources to search
  Google Books
  Internet Archive
  Library Catalogs
Atlases
Include more than just maps!
  Images/drawings/sketches of businesses
  Descriptions of places, government officials
Topics include: Historical, Environment,
Political, Transportation....
  Google Books
  Internet Archive
  Library Catalogs
STATE GO V ER N M E NT .

                                                                                                                                          ... TT ....TI( .... OF TOl'"X"-Contiullf.. i1.
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                                                                                                                                                             Pope
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                                                                                                         ... ta.tford Ton..-d                                        ISo.s. takeu               Bolton, Population. 1890. 1lo,SoS.         'd ll ersHeld t Hartford CoUDt)' ·)..-Popul&tioa,
                                                                                                       4-515- Gra.od liA,:', 2;S,Y.l>      Gra.udl,q,tofbor"oa,h     GnuNI list.,                  Gra.od list of cit)' of Roc:k-        1!WJo.2,271. Graod JUt, $1.350,619.

                                                                                                          "' lalllrnrd           Couaty t -Populatioo, IbcJO.                                 Xew London CooDt)'J.-Samtd lIay.
                                                                                                       to."a., 1;.;.10; boruagh,:1Jf4.. Grand list.. f ,lI],6.p.     Ii lr&.   Popnlation., 1"90. 1,060. GnlDd list. $l j3·9.':'..          Vilton ( Pai riiteld                       May.
                                                                                                                                                                                           SewH.,"enCouuty ).- J>OpulaUOD,               , Sal; taken from :Sorwa1k..   Population,     ',7 22.
                                                                                                                        iadbam Coanty -Iucorporated lby,
                                                                                                       I:'''; takeofrom'·ol utlto'lrlJ. Popalatiou..ISrJo. ',0;' ,
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     I   Gra.ad list.,$U8.V56.
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         )lay.I77'- Population. 18cp, 6,183; (No oeusta o f
                                                                                                         ... t oD in!rton XewLoudooCotml1 -locorpor.ated                    takellfromKenL POpalaUOD, I b90.41i. Grand                   theb<Jrougb ofWins.tm ha5 beeulakeo .ilSee 1860.)
                                                                                                                                                                     run.i-zJJ.4 6 1.                                                    Grand list. $2,8 13.312. Gt1Dd liit of borough of
                                                                                                      - ,1'4,.                            BotougbiDdebudoe5l5.,                     ...tlJu LitclJ6eld Couutyj.-Iucorpora!ed             Winsted in         $z.406,88I.

                                                                                                                          Pairfield Coatlty .-Settled. 1639- Pop-
                                                                                                      al.a.t.¥JQ. I""'. 2.60... Gran<tlin.:-;:;l, 141.               list. f"6i.oj5.
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                              beT. :: tUna (,<mJ. -CW' Fairfield. "lIpu1alicm.                        11:ar.I:':''). POpulatiOD,           J. 1f>9. Graadlist.$I,.
                              I       66!. "ra.!ld.,;st,. S'.4r
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                              1 .... GrudliJ,t,$ 10lJ.4                                               lby           uketJ frrnn Plymouth. Popc.l.atioo, 1590.
                                'om .. r-. Tolla1ld CoI:lntJ" -Ineorponr.tcd Jilly.                   -z-::- '
                              1;j4 t.,-lf.-.c-ba.iU aonuC"ilOC01loectictrt.llay,                        Thomp'4)D Windham Coullty).-lncotpOraLed
                                                                                                      llir     ukea from KiUiDgly. POjJllIatiOIl, I¥ .
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                                                    t.keD fr<;>m FarmiJlli:oJl.       f'opulatioD,   October, 'j.;o.     Poptllatiotl.             Gr.lDd Iw.,
                             1                .. r .... ·Dt,ill,· lJ6    BorougbllfSoDth.             $t.9 Ii,6JO.
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                                ...... uch                   fHart(OTd County .-Jooorpo-n.            tober li9i· takeoftom Stn.Lfol'd.       Pllpulation, 18o}o,
                                        .• }          .. n:.fromE.utWiodl.oo" r'opalatioo,                       Gntod list, $XlI,O;, .
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                                                                                                                                                                     1'SatlU:dlda,.,l!.:o6.



                                                                                                                                                        •     _      4




                                                                                                                      SF
                             And Prominent Financial and Indu trial In titution that haye Aided in the Publication of the
                                                                                      TOWN AND CITY ATLAS OF CONNECTICUT.
                                                                                                                        BHRTFORO COU f'l TY.




Atlas of the State of Connecticut - 1893
Topographic Maps

Elevation information
Railroads
Roads
Buildings (in less dense areas)
Water features (wetlands,
rivers...)
Topographic Map Sources



MAGIC - Connecticut
University of New Hampshire - New England
United States Geological Survey - US
Topographic Maps @ MAGIC
Transportation Maps

Road names - locations
of places
Peripheral information!
Basic background
information
  streams, rivers, places
Transportation Map Sources


Library of
Congress
David Rumsey
Historical Map
Collection
Flickr!
Aerial Photography Map Sources
 MAGIC - CT
 Connecticut State
 Library - CT
 MassGIS - MA
 RGIS - Rhode Island
 Google Maps
 Google Earth
 Bing Maps
Aerial Photography
Additional Sources



How to Read Maps - U of Indiana
Map Catalogers Toolbox - U of Buffalo
Perry-Castaneda Map Collection - UT Austin
Why Digitize Maps?
Just a few reasons....

Preserve the original map
Increase discoverability of
maps
Increase access to
materials
Basis for scholarly
research
Enable new scholarship
GIS Data & Digital Challenge
GIS Data Challenge


How can GIS data help answer questions
What software/resources do I need to view GIS
data
Should I use GIS data instead of a print map
What is GIS Data?


GIS - Geographic Information Systems
Data used to create digital maps
Popular format - Shapefile (.shp)
    Multiple Projections
    Requires software to use - typically
Where Can I find GIS Data?


MAGIC - Connecticut
MassGIS - Massachusetts
GRANIT - New Hampshire
RGIS - Rhode Island
US Census Bureau - US coverage

                          and many more places...
Viewing GIS Data - Options


ArcGIS Explorer - Free
(similar to Google Earth)
ArcExplorer - Free
Google Earth - view
KML files
Digital Cartography Challenge


Creating a map may be the best answer for:
    Identifying sites/historical locations
    Highlighting change over time
    Focusing on study area
    When a print map is not available
Tools to Create Maps

Google Maps
ArcGIS Explorer - Free
(similar to Google Earth)
Google Earth - view
KML files
ArcGIS - High End/
Complete Custom Maps
You Can Do It!
Making Maps can be Fun!
Coming Attractions
Connecticut Water Resource Maps
Geology of Connecticut
New York, New Haven & Hartford Railroad



1920s Valuation Maps
Includes: NY, CT, RI, MA
Each map is georeferenced
Mosaic and individual
images
GIS Data


Connecticut School
Districts
Census Data - 1990
Census Projections
Aerial Photo Indexes
On The Line: Hartford




        Jack Dougherty - Trinity College
Maps Enable
Collaboration
Collaboration Opportunities


Interested in Collaborating with MAGIC on a
digitization project?
Want to make your map collections accessible to
the public?
Contact us! magic@uconn.edu
And Remember...
Questions?

     magic@uconn.edu

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Reference Librarians Toolkit: Maps

  • 1. Reference Librarians Toolkit: Maps William (Bill) Miller & Michael Howser University of Connecticut Libraries Map and Geographic Information Center - MAGIC
  • 2. Session Outline Overview Print Maps Challenge Why Digitize Maps? GIS Data & Digital Cartography Challenge Q&A
  • 3. Quick Overview: MAGIC Historical maps for USGS Topographic Connecticut Maps for the US Connecticut GIS Aerial Photography Data Focus: Provide public Print map collection access to Maps & of over 220,000 GIS data maps magic.lib.uconn.edu
  • 5. Quick Poll How frequently do you use maps, aerial photos and/or GIS data to answer questions? Daily Weekly Monthly A few times a year Never
  • 8. The Print Map Challenge When to use maps to answer questions Where can you find maps What information can be unique to maps Is geographical place important to the researcher
  • 9. Historical Maps Include roads, houses, businesses, towns.... Difficult to search for due to: Not being cataloged Minimal subjects and/or notes Unable to determine if a location is “on the map”
  • 10. Historical Map Collections MAGIC Boston Public Library University of Southern Maine Library of Congress David Rumsey Historical Map Collection Yale University Map Collection and many more...
  • 11.
  • 12. David Rumsey Map Collection davidrumsey.com
  • 13. Flickr - Boston Public Library
  • 14. Gazetteers Include place descriptions, Lat/Long information in “modern” versions Sources to search Google Books Internet Archive Library Catalogs
  • 15. Atlases Include more than just maps! Images/drawings/sketches of businesses Descriptions of places, government officials Topics include: Historical, Environment, Political, Transportation.... Google Books Internet Archive Library Catalogs
  • 16. STATE GO V ER N M E NT . ... TT ....TI( .... OF TOl'"X"-Contiullf.. i1. " ... XC"W LooJoa Cc _"': l1io1 I I i.al.oa. . frOlJl, LDboa a.n.d fraDklia. u 06. GBDdltlt.! J9,.]; Pope I ... ta.tford Ton..-d ISo.s. takeu Bolton, Population. 1890. 1lo,SoS. 'd ll ersHeld t Hartford CoUDt)' ·)..-Popul&tioa, 4-515- Gra.od liA,:', 2;S,Y.l> Gra.udl,q,tofbor"oa,h GnuNI list., Gra.od list of cit)' of Roc:k- 1!WJo.2,271. Graod JUt, $1.350,619. "' lalllrnrd Couaty t -Populatioo, IbcJO. Xew London CooDt)'J.-Samtd lIay. to."a., 1;.;.10; boruagh,:1Jf4.. Grand list.. f ,lI],6.p. Ii lr&. Popnlation., 1"90. 1,060. GnlDd list. $l j3·9.':'.. Vilton ( Pai riiteld May. SewH.,"enCouuty ).- J>OpulaUOD, , Sal; taken from :Sorwa1k.. Population, ',7 22. iadbam Coanty -Iucorporated lby, I:'''; takeofrom'·ol utlto'lrlJ. Popalatiou..ISrJo. ',0;' , CraDdliu..!'l!J,'b.4. 1&90.6.514- Gra.ad list., !-:,6519#- Grand lU;lOf boroug:b. $1,7-15.935- " -arre n Lltda6eld llay. I Gra.ad list.,$U8.V56. Vi ll c b estcr (Litch6etJ Couuty)_lncorpor-at.ed )lay.I77'- Population. 18cp, 6,183; (No oeusta o f ... t oD in!rton XewLoudooCotml1 -locorpor.ated takellfromKenL POpalaUOD, I b90.41i. Grand theb<Jrougb ofWins.tm ha5 beeulakeo .ilSee 1860.) run.i-zJJ.4 6 1. Grand list. $2,8 13.312. Gt1Dd liit of borough of - ,1'4,. BotougbiDdebudoe5l5., ...tlJu LitclJ6eld Couutyj.-Iucorpora!ed Winsted in $z.406,88I. Pairfield Coatlty .-Settled. 1639- Pop- al.a.t.¥JQ. I""'. 2.60... Gran<tlin.:-;:;l, 141. list. f"6i.oj5. --;;:::=::: "lIffi ("ld Hanfonl fuy, "'b.-rUMD f'tr"...dd C'l'Illlty - '.,. llu5acb1alet.U; aDtlaed. to CoooC'Ctinlt. beT. :: tUna (,<mJ. -CW' Fairfield. "lIpu1alicm. 11:ar.I:':''). POpulatiOD, J. 1f>9. Graadlist.$I,. I 66!. "ra.!ld.,;st,. S'.4r ... jrn .. bllry -Pcrpa.Iatioa.I890. Tboma...... tOD LitclJfield COQot,. .-looorpont.ed 1 .... GrudliJ,t,$ 10lJ.4 lby uketJ frrnn Plymouth. Popc.l.atioo, 1590. 'om .. r-. Tolla1ld CoI:lntJ" -Ineorponr.tcd Jilly. -z-::- ' 1;j4 t.,-lf.-.c-ba.iU aonuC"ilOC01loectictrt.llay, Thomp'4)D Windham Coullty).-lncotpOraLed llir ukea from KiUiDgly. POjJllIatiOIl, I¥ . Se. n .. 'f1:'II CotuIt]" -IDcorpmalcd ( ,0- t.akea(rt;tm'cOObary. Popalalioo,'¥, TolJalld Tolaod COOIl1rJ.-Xamed. llay, I iI; 1 GTaDdlist.fJJ9,6.t 1. ...... uthJ.,!rt'Jll Jlvtf'c.ro CoaDtyl.-loC'orporalffl T ... Litchfield COllntYj.-Illcorpotatod t.keD fr<;>m FarmiJlli:oJl. f'opulatioD, October, 'j.;o. Poptllatiotl. Gr.lDd Iw., 1 .. r .... ·Dt,ill,· lJ6 BorougbllfSoDth. $t.9 Ii,6JO. 11J«1 'rano't!'-&,l.;r,s Tnllnbull Fairfield COUlltyt-JIlCOrpotaud Oc. ...... uch fHart(OTd County .-Jooorpo-n. tober li9i· takeoftom Stn.Lfol'd. Pllpulation, 18o}o, .• } .. n:.fromE.utWiodl.oo" r'opalatioo, Gntod list, $XlI,O;, . • """ I," ( rand lilA.. ... C .. 1'SatlU:dlda,.,l!.:o6. • _ 4 SF And Prominent Financial and Indu trial In titution that haye Aided in the Publication of the TOWN AND CITY ATLAS OF CONNECTICUT. BHRTFORO COU f'l TY. Atlas of the State of Connecticut - 1893
  • 17. Topographic Maps Elevation information Railroads Roads Buildings (in less dense areas) Water features (wetlands, rivers...)
  • 18. Topographic Map Sources MAGIC - Connecticut University of New Hampshire - New England United States Geological Survey - US
  • 20. Transportation Maps Road names - locations of places Peripheral information! Basic background information streams, rivers, places
  • 21. Transportation Map Sources Library of Congress David Rumsey Historical Map Collection Flickr!
  • 22. Aerial Photography Map Sources MAGIC - CT Connecticut State Library - CT MassGIS - MA RGIS - Rhode Island Google Maps Google Earth Bing Maps
  • 24. Additional Sources How to Read Maps - U of Indiana Map Catalogers Toolbox - U of Buffalo Perry-Castaneda Map Collection - UT Austin
  • 26. Just a few reasons.... Preserve the original map Increase discoverability of maps Increase access to materials Basis for scholarly research Enable new scholarship
  • 27. GIS Data & Digital Challenge
  • 28. GIS Data Challenge How can GIS data help answer questions What software/resources do I need to view GIS data Should I use GIS data instead of a print map
  • 29. What is GIS Data? GIS - Geographic Information Systems Data used to create digital maps Popular format - Shapefile (.shp) Multiple Projections Requires software to use - typically
  • 30. Where Can I find GIS Data? MAGIC - Connecticut MassGIS - Massachusetts GRANIT - New Hampshire RGIS - Rhode Island US Census Bureau - US coverage and many more places...
  • 31. Viewing GIS Data - Options ArcGIS Explorer - Free (similar to Google Earth) ArcExplorer - Free Google Earth - view KML files
  • 32. Digital Cartography Challenge Creating a map may be the best answer for: Identifying sites/historical locations Highlighting change over time Focusing on study area When a print map is not available
  • 33. Tools to Create Maps Google Maps ArcGIS Explorer - Free (similar to Google Earth) Google Earth - view KML files ArcGIS - High End/ Complete Custom Maps
  • 34. You Can Do It!
  • 35. Making Maps can be Fun!
  • 39. New York, New Haven & Hartford Railroad 1920s Valuation Maps Includes: NY, CT, RI, MA Each map is georeferenced Mosaic and individual images
  • 40. GIS Data Connecticut School Districts Census Data - 1990 Census Projections Aerial Photo Indexes
  • 41. On The Line: Hartford Jack Dougherty - Trinity College
  • 43. Collaboration Opportunities Interested in Collaborating with MAGIC on a digitization project? Want to make your map collections accessible to the public? Contact us! magic@uconn.edu
  • 45. Questions? magic@uconn.edu