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A MAJOR PROJECT REPORT ON
POWER GENERATION BY FOOT STEP
SUBMITTED TO
PUNJAB TECHNICAL UNIVERSITY, JALANDHAR
In the partialfulfilment of the requirement for
The award of the degree
BACHELOR OF TECHNOLOGY
IN
MECHANICHAL ENGINEERING(7TH
SEM)
BY
VINAY KUMAR GARG 1303833
Under the esteemed guidance of
Er. Arshdeep Singh
Mechanical Engineering Department
BABA FARID COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING &
TECHNOLOGY, DEON, BATHINDA, PUNJAB.
ACKNOWLEDGEMENT
Acknowledgements are always inadequate in a working of this kind and we
wish to express our heart full gratitude to all those who have made it possible
for us to do this project and submit this report.
We would like to extend our sincere thanks to Er. Arshdeep Singh,
Associate professor our project guide, in Mechanical Engineering
Department , for guiding us in carrying out project. We are great full to her
for the valuable support and encouragement given to us at all the stages of the
project and ensuring that we work in systematic way. We consider
ourselves extremely Fortunate to have the opportunity of associating with
him.
It is our Privilege to thanks Dr. TEJINDERPAL SINGH, Hod, Department
of MECHANICAL ENGINGINEERING ,for his encouragement during
the progress of this project work.
we would like to express our deepest gratitude to Er. MANISH GOYAL,
principal of BABA FARID COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING AND
TECHNOLOGY, BATHINDA, For helping us to develop self-perspective
and work towards well defined goals.
We would like to thanks our friends for being supportive all the time, and we
are very much obliged to them.
A MAJOR PROJECT REPORT OF
POWER GENERATION USING FOOT STEP
INDEX
 ABSTRACT
 INTRODUCTION
BASIC PRINCIPAL
 NEED FOR NON-CONVENTIONAL ENERGY
 FOOT STEP ARRAGEMENT
 LAYOUT OF THE POWER GENRATE BY FOOT STEP
 PARTS
 SPECIFICATION OF PROJECT
 WORKING
 ADVANTAGES, DISADVANTAGES AND APPLICATIONS
 BLOCK DIAGRAM
 ACTUAL PHOTOS OF POWER GENRATION BY FOOT STEP
 CONCLUSION
POWER GENERATION USING FOOT STEP
ABSTRACT-:
In this project we are generating electrical power as non-conventional method
by Simply running on the train in the foot step. Non-conventional energy
system is very essential at this time to our nation. Non-conventional energy
using foot step needs no fuel input power to generate the output of the
electrical power. This project using simple drive mechanism such as rock and
pinion assemble and chain drive mechanism.
For this project the conversion of the force energy in to electrical energy. The
Control mechanism carries the rack & pinion, D.C generator, battery and
inverter control. We have discussed the various applications and further
extension also. So this project is implemented to all foot step, the power
generation is very high. The initial cost of this arrangement is high.
INTRODUCTION-:
Man has needed and used energy at an increasing rate for his sustenance and
well being ever since he came on the earth a few million years ago. Primitive
man required energy primarily in the form of food. He derived this by eating
plants or animals, which he hunted. Subsequently he discovered fire and his
energy needs increased as he started to make use of wood and other bio mass
to supply the energy needs for cooking as well as for keeping himself warm.
With the passage of time, man started to cultivate land for agriculture. He
added a new dimension to the use of energy by domesticating and training
animals to work for him.
With further demand for energy, man began to use the wind for sailing ships
and for driving windmills, and the force of falling water to turn water for
sailing ships and for driving windmills, and the force of falling water to turn
water wheels. Till this time, it would not be wrong to say that the sun was
supplying all the energy needs of man either directly or indirectly and that
man was using only renewable sources of energy.
BASIC PRINCIPLE
The downward movement of the plate results in rotation of the shaft of an
electrical alternator, fitted in the device, to produce electrical energy. The top
plate reverts back to its original position due to negating springs provided in
the device.
NEED FOR NON-CONVENTIONAL ENERGY-:
Fuel deposit in the will soon deplete by the end of 2020Fuel scarcity will
be maximum. Country like India may not have the chance to use petroleum
products. Keeping this dangerous situation in mind we tried to make use of
nonpollutant natural resource of petrol energy.
The creation of new source of perennial environmentally acceptable, low
cost electrical energy as a replacement for energy from rapidly depleting
resources of fossil fuels is the fundamental need for the survival of mankind.
We have only about 25 years of oil reserves and 75 – 100 years of coal
reserves. Resort to measure beginning of coal in thermal electric stations to
serve the population would result in global elementic change in leading to
worldwide drought and decertification.
The buzzards of nuclear electric-stations are only to will. Now electric
power beamed directly by micro-wave for orbiting satellite. Solar power
stations (s.p.s) provide a cost-effective solution even though work on solar
photo voltaic and solar thermo electric energy sources has been extensively
pursued by many countries. Earth based solar stations suffer certain basic
limitations.
It is not possible to consider such systems and meeting continuous
uninterrupted concentrated base load electric power requirements. Energy
plays an important role in the material, social and cultural life of man kind.
The energy needs are increasing day by day. This is the result of population
growth and increase in the standard of living which is directly proportional to
energy consumption.
As we know that mankind will be never lacking in energy. Today, it is
liquid fluid, tomorrow it may be uranium with an element of risk. Risk exists
where ever there is human activity and production of energy. Just as the
supply of fossil fuel is finite thus there will be the supply of uranium.
Perhaps, uranium would be exhausted quickly if it is used on a large scale.
It is therefore, harnessing the gigantic inexhaustible solar energy source
reduces the dependence on fossil fuels. For the environmental concerned, the
solar energy harnessing system offers advantages in that, it emits no
pollutants in to the atmosphere as they are with the combustion of fossil
fuels. Thus, as a long term option solar energy system can be considered as
an alternate to all the finite fuel system. Therefore, there is no energy
shortage today nor will there be in the near future.
The lifting of water for drinking or irrigation purposes is of great Impor-
tance in widely distributed villages with little or no rural electrification and
where underground water is available. Solar energy is converted to
mechanical energy to drive small water pumps it would be of great help to
the rural inhibitions.
In our project we use solar photo voltaic cells for pumping water. The photo
voltaic modules convert sunlight direct to electricity which is used to run a dc
motor pump for bailing of water. It consists of solar photo voltaic modules,
power conditioner to protect storage batteries from over charging during non-
sun shine and a dc water pump.
FOOT STEP ARRANGEMENT-:
This is made up of mild steel. The complete set up is fixed in this model FOOT
STEP. The two L-shapes frame is fixed in the above two ends of the track. Bellow
this lshapes window, the actual power generation arrangement is constructed. This
L-shapes window pushes the rack when the time of train wheelmoving on these
arrangement.
LAYOUT OF THE POWER GENRATE BY FOOT STEP
MAIN PARTS OF POWER GENRATE BY FOOT STEP-:
 BATTERY
 SHAFT
 SPRING
 BEARING
 GEAR
 RACK PINION
 BELT
 LED LIGHT
THE SHOW ABOVE PARTS ARE DETAIL IN THE BELOW-:
A. BATTERY:
Battery (electricity), an array of electrochemical cells for electricity storage,
either individually linked or individually linked and housed in a single unit.
An electrical battery is a combination of one or more electrochemical cells,
used to convert stored chemical energy into electrical energy. Batteries may
be used once and discarded, or recharged for years as in standby power
applications. Miniature cells are used to power devices such as hearing aids
and wristwatches; larger batteries provide standby power for telephone
exchanges or computer data centers.
Lead-acid batteries are the most common in PV systems because their initial
cost is lower and because they are readily available nearly everywhere in the
world. There are many different sizes and designs of lead-acidbatteries, but
the most important designation is that they are deep cycle batteries. Lead-acid
batteries are available in both wet-cell (requires maintenance) and sealed no-
maintenance versions.
Lead acid batteries are reliable and cost effective with an exceptionally long
life. The Lead acid batteries have high reliabilitybecause of their ability to
withstand overcharge, over discharge vibration and shock. The use of special
sealing techniques ensures that our batteries are leak proof and non-spoilable.
The batteries have exceptional charge acceptance, large electrolyte volume
and low self-discharge, Which make them ideal as zero- maintenance
batteries lead acid batteries
Are manufactured/ tested using CAD (Computer Aided Design). These
batteries are used in Inverter & UPS Systems and have the proven ability to
perform under extreme conditions. The batteries have electrolyte volume, use
PE Separators and are sealed in sturdy containers, which give them excellent
protection against leakage and corrosion.
SPECIFICATION OF PROJECT-:
Material : Cast-Iron
Outside Material : Wood
Outer length : 17.5 inch
Outer width : 18 inch
Spring length : 5 inch
Spring Dia-: 1inch (approximate)
Clearance :0.1 inch
WORKING PRINCIPLE-:
The complete diagram of the power generation using FOOT STEP is
given below. L-shapes window is inclined in certain small angle which
is used to generate the power. The pushing power is converted into
electrical energy by proper driving arrangement.
The rack & pinion, spring arrangement is fixed at the FOOT STEP
which is mounded bellow the L-shapes window. The spring is used to
return the inclined Lshapes window in same position by releasing the
load. The pinion shaft is connected to the supporter by end bearings as
shown. The larger sprocket also coupled with the pinion shaft, so that I
is running the same speed of pinion. The larger sprocket is coupled to
the small cycle sprocket with the help of chain (cycle).
This larger sprocket is used to transfer the rotation force to the smaller
sprocket. The smaller sprocket is running same direction for the forward
an reverse direction of rotational movement of the larger sprocket. This
action locks like a cycle pedaling action.
The fly wheel and gear wheel is also coupled to the smaller sprocket
shaft. The flywheel is used to increase the rpm of the smaller sprocket
shaft. The gear wheel is coupled to the generator shaft with the help of
another gear wheel. The generator is used here, is permanent magnet
D.C generator. The generated voltage is 12Volt D.C. This D.C voltage is
stored to the Lead-acid 12 Volt battery. The battery is connected to the
inverter. This inverter is used to convert the 12 Volt D.C to the 230 Volt
A.C. This working principle is already explained the above chapter. This
230 Volt A.C voltage is used to activate the light, fan and etc.
By increasing the capacity of battery and inverter circuit, the power
rating is increased. This arrangement is fitted in FOOT STEPs; the
complete arrangement is kept inside the floor level except the pushing
arrangement.
NOW, POWER GENRATION BY FOOT STEP ARE DISCUSS OF
ADVANTAGES, DISADVANTAGES AND APPLICATIONS-:
ADVANTAGES
 Power generation is simply walking on the step.
 Power also generated by running or exercising on the step.
 No need fuel input.
 This is a Non-conventional system.
 Battery is used to store the generated power.
DISADVANTAGES
 Only applicable for the particular place.
 Mechanical moving parts are high.
 Initial cost of this arrangement is high.
 Care should be taken for batteries.
APPLICATIONS
Power generation using foot step can be used in most of the places such as
 Colleges.
 Schools.
 Cinema theatres.
 Shopping complex .
 Many other buildings.
BLOCK DIAGRAM-:
FONT VIEW OF MAJOR PROJECT
ACTUAL PROJECT PHOTO
CONCLUSION
In concluding the words of our project, since the power generation using
foot step get its energy requirements from the Non-renewable source of
energy. There is no need of power from the mains and there is less
pollution in this source of energy. It is very useful to the places all roads
and as well as all kind of foot step which is used to generate the non
conventional energy like electricity.
It is able to extend this project by using same arrangement and construct
in the foot steps/speed breaker so that increase the power production rate
by fixing school and colleges, highways etc.
References-:
WIKIPEDIA
GOOGLE SEARCH
LINKDIN
BOOKS
AND EXTRA MANY SOURCES.

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power generation by footstep

  • 1. A MAJOR PROJECT REPORT ON POWER GENERATION BY FOOT STEP SUBMITTED TO PUNJAB TECHNICAL UNIVERSITY, JALANDHAR In the partialfulfilment of the requirement for The award of the degree BACHELOR OF TECHNOLOGY IN MECHANICHAL ENGINEERING(7TH SEM) BY VINAY KUMAR GARG 1303833 Under the esteemed guidance of Er. Arshdeep Singh Mechanical Engineering Department BABA FARID COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING & TECHNOLOGY, DEON, BATHINDA, PUNJAB.
  • 2. ACKNOWLEDGEMENT Acknowledgements are always inadequate in a working of this kind and we wish to express our heart full gratitude to all those who have made it possible for us to do this project and submit this report. We would like to extend our sincere thanks to Er. Arshdeep Singh, Associate professor our project guide, in Mechanical Engineering Department , for guiding us in carrying out project. We are great full to her for the valuable support and encouragement given to us at all the stages of the project and ensuring that we work in systematic way. We consider ourselves extremely Fortunate to have the opportunity of associating with him. It is our Privilege to thanks Dr. TEJINDERPAL SINGH, Hod, Department of MECHANICAL ENGINGINEERING ,for his encouragement during the progress of this project work. we would like to express our deepest gratitude to Er. MANISH GOYAL, principal of BABA FARID COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY, BATHINDA, For helping us to develop self-perspective and work towards well defined goals. We would like to thanks our friends for being supportive all the time, and we are very much obliged to them.
  • 3. A MAJOR PROJECT REPORT OF POWER GENERATION USING FOOT STEP INDEX  ABSTRACT  INTRODUCTION BASIC PRINCIPAL  NEED FOR NON-CONVENTIONAL ENERGY  FOOT STEP ARRAGEMENT  LAYOUT OF THE POWER GENRATE BY FOOT STEP  PARTS  SPECIFICATION OF PROJECT  WORKING  ADVANTAGES, DISADVANTAGES AND APPLICATIONS  BLOCK DIAGRAM  ACTUAL PHOTOS OF POWER GENRATION BY FOOT STEP  CONCLUSION
  • 4. POWER GENERATION USING FOOT STEP ABSTRACT-: In this project we are generating electrical power as non-conventional method by Simply running on the train in the foot step. Non-conventional energy system is very essential at this time to our nation. Non-conventional energy using foot step needs no fuel input power to generate the output of the electrical power. This project using simple drive mechanism such as rock and pinion assemble and chain drive mechanism. For this project the conversion of the force energy in to electrical energy. The Control mechanism carries the rack & pinion, D.C generator, battery and inverter control. We have discussed the various applications and further extension also. So this project is implemented to all foot step, the power generation is very high. The initial cost of this arrangement is high. INTRODUCTION-: Man has needed and used energy at an increasing rate for his sustenance and well being ever since he came on the earth a few million years ago. Primitive man required energy primarily in the form of food. He derived this by eating plants or animals, which he hunted. Subsequently he discovered fire and his energy needs increased as he started to make use of wood and other bio mass to supply the energy needs for cooking as well as for keeping himself warm. With the passage of time, man started to cultivate land for agriculture. He added a new dimension to the use of energy by domesticating and training animals to work for him. With further demand for energy, man began to use the wind for sailing ships and for driving windmills, and the force of falling water to turn water for sailing ships and for driving windmills, and the force of falling water to turn water wheels. Till this time, it would not be wrong to say that the sun was
  • 5. supplying all the energy needs of man either directly or indirectly and that man was using only renewable sources of energy. BASIC PRINCIPLE The downward movement of the plate results in rotation of the shaft of an electrical alternator, fitted in the device, to produce electrical energy. The top plate reverts back to its original position due to negating springs provided in the device. NEED FOR NON-CONVENTIONAL ENERGY-: Fuel deposit in the will soon deplete by the end of 2020Fuel scarcity will be maximum. Country like India may not have the chance to use petroleum products. Keeping this dangerous situation in mind we tried to make use of nonpollutant natural resource of petrol energy. The creation of new source of perennial environmentally acceptable, low cost electrical energy as a replacement for energy from rapidly depleting resources of fossil fuels is the fundamental need for the survival of mankind. We have only about 25 years of oil reserves and 75 – 100 years of coal reserves. Resort to measure beginning of coal in thermal electric stations to serve the population would result in global elementic change in leading to worldwide drought and decertification. The buzzards of nuclear electric-stations are only to will. Now electric power beamed directly by micro-wave for orbiting satellite. Solar power stations (s.p.s) provide a cost-effective solution even though work on solar photo voltaic and solar thermo electric energy sources has been extensively pursued by many countries. Earth based solar stations suffer certain basic limitations. It is not possible to consider such systems and meeting continuous uninterrupted concentrated base load electric power requirements. Energy plays an important role in the material, social and cultural life of man kind. The energy needs are increasing day by day. This is the result of population
  • 6. growth and increase in the standard of living which is directly proportional to energy consumption. As we know that mankind will be never lacking in energy. Today, it is liquid fluid, tomorrow it may be uranium with an element of risk. Risk exists where ever there is human activity and production of energy. Just as the supply of fossil fuel is finite thus there will be the supply of uranium. Perhaps, uranium would be exhausted quickly if it is used on a large scale. It is therefore, harnessing the gigantic inexhaustible solar energy source reduces the dependence on fossil fuels. For the environmental concerned, the solar energy harnessing system offers advantages in that, it emits no pollutants in to the atmosphere as they are with the combustion of fossil fuels. Thus, as a long term option solar energy system can be considered as an alternate to all the finite fuel system. Therefore, there is no energy shortage today nor will there be in the near future. The lifting of water for drinking or irrigation purposes is of great Impor- tance in widely distributed villages with little or no rural electrification and where underground water is available. Solar energy is converted to mechanical energy to drive small water pumps it would be of great help to the rural inhibitions. In our project we use solar photo voltaic cells for pumping water. The photo voltaic modules convert sunlight direct to electricity which is used to run a dc motor pump for bailing of water. It consists of solar photo voltaic modules, power conditioner to protect storage batteries from over charging during non- sun shine and a dc water pump. FOOT STEP ARRANGEMENT-: This is made up of mild steel. The complete set up is fixed in this model FOOT STEP. The two L-shapes frame is fixed in the above two ends of the track. Bellow this lshapes window, the actual power generation arrangement is constructed. This L-shapes window pushes the rack when the time of train wheelmoving on these arrangement.
  • 7. LAYOUT OF THE POWER GENRATE BY FOOT STEP
  • 8. MAIN PARTS OF POWER GENRATE BY FOOT STEP-:  BATTERY  SHAFT  SPRING  BEARING  GEAR  RACK PINION  BELT  LED LIGHT THE SHOW ABOVE PARTS ARE DETAIL IN THE BELOW-: A. BATTERY: Battery (electricity), an array of electrochemical cells for electricity storage, either individually linked or individually linked and housed in a single unit. An electrical battery is a combination of one or more electrochemical cells, used to convert stored chemical energy into electrical energy. Batteries may be used once and discarded, or recharged for years as in standby power applications. Miniature cells are used to power devices such as hearing aids and wristwatches; larger batteries provide standby power for telephone exchanges or computer data centers. Lead-acid batteries are the most common in PV systems because their initial cost is lower and because they are readily available nearly everywhere in the world. There are many different sizes and designs of lead-acidbatteries, but the most important designation is that they are deep cycle batteries. Lead-acid batteries are available in both wet-cell (requires maintenance) and sealed no- maintenance versions.
  • 9. Lead acid batteries are reliable and cost effective with an exceptionally long life. The Lead acid batteries have high reliabilitybecause of their ability to withstand overcharge, over discharge vibration and shock. The use of special sealing techniques ensures that our batteries are leak proof and non-spoilable. The batteries have exceptional charge acceptance, large electrolyte volume
  • 10. and low self-discharge, Which make them ideal as zero- maintenance batteries lead acid batteries Are manufactured/ tested using CAD (Computer Aided Design). These batteries are used in Inverter & UPS Systems and have the proven ability to perform under extreme conditions. The batteries have electrolyte volume, use PE Separators and are sealed in sturdy containers, which give them excellent protection against leakage and corrosion. SPECIFICATION OF PROJECT-: Material : Cast-Iron Outside Material : Wood Outer length : 17.5 inch Outer width : 18 inch Spring length : 5 inch Spring Dia-: 1inch (approximate) Clearance :0.1 inch
  • 11. WORKING PRINCIPLE-: The complete diagram of the power generation using FOOT STEP is given below. L-shapes window is inclined in certain small angle which is used to generate the power. The pushing power is converted into electrical energy by proper driving arrangement. The rack & pinion, spring arrangement is fixed at the FOOT STEP which is mounded bellow the L-shapes window. The spring is used to return the inclined Lshapes window in same position by releasing the load. The pinion shaft is connected to the supporter by end bearings as shown. The larger sprocket also coupled with the pinion shaft, so that I is running the same speed of pinion. The larger sprocket is coupled to the small cycle sprocket with the help of chain (cycle). This larger sprocket is used to transfer the rotation force to the smaller sprocket. The smaller sprocket is running same direction for the forward an reverse direction of rotational movement of the larger sprocket. This action locks like a cycle pedaling action. The fly wheel and gear wheel is also coupled to the smaller sprocket shaft. The flywheel is used to increase the rpm of the smaller sprocket shaft. The gear wheel is coupled to the generator shaft with the help of another gear wheel. The generator is used here, is permanent magnet D.C generator. The generated voltage is 12Volt D.C. This D.C voltage is stored to the Lead-acid 12 Volt battery. The battery is connected to the inverter. This inverter is used to convert the 12 Volt D.C to the 230 Volt A.C. This working principle is already explained the above chapter. This 230 Volt A.C voltage is used to activate the light, fan and etc. By increasing the capacity of battery and inverter circuit, the power rating is increased. This arrangement is fitted in FOOT STEPs; the complete arrangement is kept inside the floor level except the pushing arrangement.
  • 12. NOW, POWER GENRATION BY FOOT STEP ARE DISCUSS OF ADVANTAGES, DISADVANTAGES AND APPLICATIONS-: ADVANTAGES  Power generation is simply walking on the step.  Power also generated by running or exercising on the step.  No need fuel input.  This is a Non-conventional system.  Battery is used to store the generated power. DISADVANTAGES  Only applicable for the particular place.  Mechanical moving parts are high.  Initial cost of this arrangement is high.  Care should be taken for batteries. APPLICATIONS Power generation using foot step can be used in most of the places such as  Colleges.  Schools.  Cinema theatres.  Shopping complex .  Many other buildings.
  • 14. FONT VIEW OF MAJOR PROJECT
  • 16. CONCLUSION In concluding the words of our project, since the power generation using foot step get its energy requirements from the Non-renewable source of energy. There is no need of power from the mains and there is less pollution in this source of energy. It is very useful to the places all roads and as well as all kind of foot step which is used to generate the non conventional energy like electricity. It is able to extend this project by using same arrangement and construct in the foot steps/speed breaker so that increase the power production rate by fixing school and colleges, highways etc.