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Philippine Culture and
Tourism Geography
Contents
●Attendance
●Discussion
●Question and Answer
●Reading Activity
Intended Learning
Outcomes
Discuss the political
structures and subdivisions,
geographical characteristics,
major attractions,
gastronomy, culture and
traditions.
GEOGRAPHY
OF
NATIONAL CAPITAL REGION
Metro Manila
Metro Manila, otherwise known as National Capital
Region, is the center of Luzon and the Capital Region of
the Philippines. Unlike other regions, NCR does not
have any provinces. It covers 1 municipality, as well as
16 highly urbanized cities. The regional center is the
City of Manila.
GEOGRAPHY OF THE REGION
CITY OR MUNICIPALITY
Caloocan Muntinlupa
Las Piñas Navotas
Makati Parañaque
Malabon Pasay
Mandaluyong Pasig
Manila (Regional Center) Pateros*
Marikina Quezon City
San Juan Taguig
Valenzuela ---------
This region is surrounded by the province
of Bulacan to the north, Rizal to the east,
Cavite and Laguna to the south, and
Manila Bay to the west.
GEOGRAPHY OF THE REGION
Metro Manila, the capital region of the Philippines, is a large metropolitan
area that has several levels of subdivisions.
Administratively, the region is divided into seventeen primary local
government units with their own separate elected mayors and councils who
are coordinated by the Metropolitan Manila Development Authority, a
national government agency headed by a chairperson directly appointed by
the Philippine president.
The cities and municipality that form the region's local government units are
further divided into several barangays or villages (formerly called barrios)
which are headed by an elected barangay captain and barangay council.
The region as a whole is geographically divided into four districts, of which
the first district is the central capital City of Manila, the second and third
districts located to the east and north of the City, respectively, and the fourth
district covering the remaining areas of the region south of the City and the
Pasig River.
GEOGRAPHY OF THE REGION
Administrative Divisions of Metro Manila
Unlike other administrative regions in the Philippines, Metro Manila is
not composed of provinces.
Instead, the region is divided into four geographic areas called
"districts.”
The districts have their district centers at the four original cities in the
region:
the city-district of Manila (Capital District), Quezon City (Eastern
Manila), Caloocan (Northern Manila, also informally known as
Camanava), and Pasay (Southern Manila).
The districts serve mainly to organize the region's local government
units for fiscal and statistical purposes.
GEOGRAPHY OF THE REGION
Administrative divisions of Metro Manila
GEOGRAPHY OF THE REGION
Districts
It is located in the southwestern portion of Luzon,
directly below Central Luzon. Lying along the flat alluvial
and deltaic plains draining the Pasig River and Laguna de
Bay, its territory extends eastward and up the rolling hills
of Marikina Valley and stops short at the low-lying edges
of Rizal province.
The region is geographically divided into 4 zones: the
Coastal Margin, Guadalupe Plateau, Marikina Valley, and
the Laguna Lowlands.
GEOGRAPHY OF THE REGION
The Coastal Margin that faces the Manila Bay possesses resources for offshore fisheries and
fishpond development.
The various reclamation projects in the area are meant for mixed-use urban development.
The Guadalupe Plateau is the most adaptable to urban development activities not only
because of its solid geographical foundations but also because of its existing infrastructure
links with the rest of Luzon.
The Marikina Valley has fertile land suitable for crop cultivation while the Marikina River
provides water for industrial uses and discharge.
The Laguna Lowlands is not only suitable for agriculture and aquaculture but also for
industrial activity.
GEOGRAPHY OF THE REGION
Metro Manila is prone to earthquakes because it is surrounded by active faults
including the Marikina Valley Fault System.
Other distant faults such as the Philippine Faults, Lubang Faults, Manila
Trench and Casiguran Faults, are a threat as well.
Because of the natural disasters that poses a threat to Metro Manila, Manila
was ranked as the second riskiest capital city after Tokyo to live in according
to Swiss Re.
GEOGRAPHY OF THE REGION
According to Presidential Decree No. 940, Metro Manila id the Philippines’
seat of government but the City Manila is the Capital.
The Malacañang Palace, the official office and residence of the President of
the Philippines, and the buildings of the Supreme Court of the Philippines are
based in Metro Manila.
GEOGRAPHY OF THE REGION
Metro Manila, is composed of almost all the cultural groups of the Philippines.
The Primary language used is Tagalog with English as the secondary
language.
Manila's wide range of cultural influences spanning different historical and
cultural periods – American, Spanish, Chinese, and Malay – clearly reflect the
turbulent history of the city and country as binds the rich cultural heritage
towards the latest contemporary art developments.
CULTURE
Metro Manila is widely celebrated in popular lore, frequently the setting for
mostly Filipino books, movies, and television programs. Flores de Mayo is
widely celebrated throughout all the places in Metro Manila. The yearly
Metro Manila Film Festival, inaugurated in 1966, is the forerunner of all
Philippine film festivals.
CULTURE
SPORTS
Metro Manila's, and in general the country's main sport is basketball.
Another popular sport in the city are cue sports, and billiard halls are found in
many places. Baseball, volleyball, football and swimming are also widely
played sports. The region has been the champion of the Palarong Pambansa
for 13 straight years.
SPORTS
Two national sports complex is located in the region, the Rizal Memorial
Sports Complex and the PhilSports Complex. The Wack Wack Golf and
Country Club has hosted major tournaments such as the Philippine Open
and the World Cup. Prominent sporting venues in Metro Manila include the
Smart Araneta Coliseum, Mall of Asia Arena, Filoil Flying V Arena and the
Cuneta Astrodome. The Greater Manila Area is also home to the Philippine
Arena, the world's largest indoor arena. It is located in Bocaue, Bulacan and
it has a maximum capacity of 55,000 people.
Metro Manila is the home to the National Museum of the Philippines, the
national museum of the country. It operates a chain of museums located in
the grounds of Rizal Park just outside Intramuros, such as the National
Museum of Fine Arts, the National Museum of Anthropology and the National
Museum of Natural History. The National Museum complex occupies the
place and buildings that were a part of a new capital center proposed by
Daniel Burnham in 1901.
ARTS
"Spoliarium", displayed at the
National Museum of the
Philippines
Prominent museums in Metro Manila include the Ayala Museum, Bahay
Tsinoy, Casa Manila, Lopez Museum, Metropolitan Museum of Manila, The
Mind Museum, Museo Pambata, Museo Valenzuela, Museum of Philippine
Political History, Pasig City Museum and the Rizal Shrine. Museums
established by educational institutions are the Ateneo Art Gallery, Jorge B.
Vargas Museum and Filipiniana Research Center, Museum of Contemporary
Art and Design, UP Museum of a History of Ideas, and the UST Museum of
Arts and Sciences.
ARTS
The national theater of the Philippines, known as the "Tanghalang
Pambansa", is situated on a 62 hectares (150 acres) cultural center called the
Cultural Center of the Philippines Complex. The complex is located between
the cities of Manila and Pasay.
Roman Catholicism is the predominant religion in Metro Manila. Other
Christian denominations, Muslims, Anitists, animists, and atheists are the
minority.
Among the most important religious sites in the region are Manila Cathedral,
San Sebastian Church (Manila), Tondo Church, San Agustin Church (Manila),
Quiapo Church and Baclaran Church.
RELIGION
Best Time to Visit
For the best combination of agreeable temperatures of around 27° C (80° F) and as little rain
as possible, the best time to visit this region is between February and March. The first months
of dry season can still be rainy, while the last months are usually pretty hot and humid.
GEOGRAPHY OF THE REGION
Getting Here
The fastest and most convenient method of travel a far distance in the Philippines is most
often by plane, however in some cases, traveling by sea or land may be a better option and
more cost-effective.
GEOGRAPHY OF THE REGION
Getting Around
The following are the modes of transportation available in this region.
GEOGRAPHY OF THE REGION
INFORMATIONS ABOUT
THE
CITY/MUNICIPALITES
IN
NATIONAL CAPITAL
REGION
City of Manila
Pearl of the Orient
Manila, capital and chief city of the Philippines.
The city is the centre of the country's economic,
political, social, and cultural activity. It is located
on the island of Luzon and spreads along the
eastern shore of Manila Bay at the mouth of the
Pasig River.
The city's name, originally Maynilad, is derived
from that of the nilad plant, a flowering shrub
adapted to marshy conditions, which once grew
profusely along the banks of the river; the name
was shortened first to Maynila and then to its
present form.
Caloocan
Caloocan as a toponym comes from the Tagalog root word
lo-ok; kalook-lookan (or kaloob-looban) means "innermost
area". The city's name is colloquially spelled as Kalookan.
Caloocan known as Motorcycle Capital of the Philippines
because of the many motorcycle dealers in the City. It was
also known for its Monumento/Monuments. It has 188 no. of
barangay in this city and it's tourist assets was their
historical past.
Makati City
Business Capital of the Philippines
February 28, 1914, the Philippine Legislature passed Act 2390 thus
shortening its name from San Pedro de Macati to simply Makati.
“From grass to class”, as what they call it, Makati City proved it
throughout the years by being a great contributor to the
development of the Philippine economy.
Dubbed as the “Financial Capital of the Philippines,” Makati is a
highly-urbanized powerhouse located northeast of Metro Manila.
Makati lies in the heart of the Metro Manila. The city is known for its
upscale shopping malls with high fashion brands, restaurants, hotels
and is home to many affluent Filipinos. Makati is considered to be
the center of financial, commercial and economic hubs and home to
the Philippine Stock Exchange (PSE).
Malabon City
According to legend, Malabon got its name from the words
“maraming labong” (plenty of bamboo shoots). This was
originally called as Tambobong and was founded by the
Augustinian friars as a “Visita” of Tondo on May 21, 1599.
The City of Malabon is a place famous for its Pancit Malabon
and its predominantly Atlantic ambience. It is also famous
for other variety of foods (kakanin), such as puto sulot, puto
bumbong, sapin-sapin, broad, bibingka and camachile. The
culinary delights are abundant in its specialty eateries.
Its most famous festival is the “Pagoda-Caracol”, a fluvial
procession with street dancing to commemorate the Feast
of the Immaculate Conception every December 8.
Mandaluyong City
Tiger City
Legend says that the city was named after the romance of a
tribal couple, Manda and Luyong. Manda was a lovely
daughter of a Barangay chieftain, while Luyong was a
Maharlika despised by Manda's father.
From a forestal town to a progressive municipality,
Mandaluyong is now a highly urbanized city known to host
most of the country's best companies and corporations,
shopping malls and hotels which are certainly world class in
status.
Marikina City
Shoe Capital of the Philippines
Marikina is named after the town of Mariquina in Spain.
Based on historical documents held by the Marikina city
government, Marikina is originally called Mariquit-na
(Marikit-na) before it is renamed after Félix Berenguer de
Marquina.
Marikina City known as the shoe capital of the Philippines
because of the booming industry of shoe factories in the
city.
Las Piñas City
Once a fishing village known for its salt beds and
jeepney factories, it has transformed into one of the
most forward moving cities of Metro Manila. By Virtue
of a legislative fiat in 1997, Las Piñas was granted
cityhood status after 90 years of its foundation as
independent municipality.
The story about the true origin of the city's name, "Las
Piñas", varies. One version mentioned, that traders
from the province of Cavite and Batangas shipped their
first piñas (Spanish for pineapples) for sale to this town
before they were distributed to nearby markets.
Valenzuela
City
The City of Valenzuela is known as the “Northern
Gateway to Metropolitan Manila” due to two major
highways traversing it – the MacArthur Highway and
the North Luzon Expressway.
habitational name from any of the places called
Valenzuela in Córdoba and Ciudad Real. The
placename is a diminutive of Valencia (see Valencia )
literally 'Little Valencia'.
San Juan City
Tiangge Capital of the Philippines
The city is known historically for the site of the first battle of the
Katipunan, the organization which led the 1896 Philippine Revolution
against the Spanish Empire. Notable landmarks today such as
Pinaglabanan Shrine and heritage homes are located in the city
San Juan City is a hub of history, culture and commerce throughout the
years. It has played host to several key moments in the history of the
nation. It is where the first battle of the Philippine Revolution, known as
the Battle of San Juan Del Monte, took place in 1896 which ignited the
patriotism of our forebears and led to the Philippine Independence in
1898. When it comes to leisure and entertainment, San Juan plays host
to a variety of shopping and dining facilities. It is also known as the
“tiangge” (flea market) capital of the Metro with the presence of a
pioneer shopping center found in the city – the Greenhills Shopping
Center. The shopping center has become a landmark and pride of the
City.
Muntinlupa
City
Emerald City
Muntinlupa is an old term, which refers to a village now known
as the Poblacion. As early as 1800, the Catholic priest Father
Joaquin de Zuniga chronicled it as La Poblacion que Sigue se
Llama Muntinlupa. As early as 1601, Muntinlupa was under the
religious supervision of the Augustinians.
Currently, this city holds the most reputable establishments and
the biggest prime residential communities such as Filinvest City,
Madrigal Business Center District, Ayala Alabang Village,
Medical Center Muntinlupa, Asian Hospital and Medical Center,
and of course, one of our favorite go-to malls a little bit outside
of EDSA traffic, Alabang Town Center.
Navotas City
Fishing Capital of the Philippines
At low tide, the waters from inland flowed out into the sea. This
geographical change prompted the people to refer to the place
as “nabutas” which means breached or pierced through. This
developed into a regular waterway, now known as the Navotas
River. In later years, the whole place came to be known as
Navotas.
The whole Navotas was once part of Malabon. According to a
legend, there was once a long and narrow delta extended
unbroken from north to south along the seashore. The strip of
land between the former district of Tondo and this town was
eaten away by the sea until as opening was made.
Parañaque City
One such story stated that long ago, at the mouth of what is now
known as the Parañaque River, there stood a balete tree that, when
viewed from afar, looked like a majestic ship. This earned it the
name Palanyag, taken from the term 'palayag', which means “point
of navigation”.
Palanyag, the old name for the city of Parañaque, generally means
"my beloved", among other definitions, for as far as its residents are
concerned, this best describes their affection for their hometown.
Parañaque is a growing destination for gambling, and can be called
a "Little Las Vegas of Metro Manila" for being home to enormous
resorts and casinos that became integral to the city's economy.
Integrated resorts and casinos are being built in the Entertainment
City development on reclaimed portion of Manila Bay.
Pasay City
Travel City
Pasay, also known as the travel city, is one of the most populated
cities in Metro Manila filled with busy markets, karaoke bars,
shopping malls and world-class art galleries. Located six kilometres
from Manila and close to Makati, Taguig and Paranaque, Pasay is
known for its amazing nightlife, adventures and shopping.
Known as the "Travel City," it is the country's center of
transportation, having four airports that are gateways to the
Philippine islands and the major parts of the world.
Pasig City
Pasig City was once known primarily as an industrial center, but in
recent years, it has developed into a thriving residential-commercial
community with countless business centers, prominent schools,
renowned restaurants, and lifestyle developments.
Pasig was a part before of Rizal province and served as its capital.
However in 1975, it was carved out of Rizal and became part of Metro
Manila when the Metro manila Commission was created by President
Ferdinand Marcos through Presidential Decree 824.
The Green City - Known as “the green city” for its environment-friendly
initiatives led by its local government, Pasig was recognized as one of
the most livable cities in the world in 2013.
Pateros
This municipality is famous for its duck-raising industry and especially
for producing balut, a Filipino delicacy, which is a boiled, fertilised duck
egg. Pateros is also known for the production of red salty eggs and
"inutak", a local rice cake. Moreover, the town is known for
manufacturing of "alfombra", a locally-made footwear with a carpet-
like fabric on its top surface. Pateros is bordered by the following highly
urbanized cities of Pasig to the north, Makati to the west, and Taguig to
the south.
Pateros is the smallest municipality both in population and in land area,
in Metro Manila, but it is the second most densely populated at around
29,000 people per square kilometer after Manila.
Quezon City
The City of Stars
Quezon City, chartered city and capital of the Philippines from
1948 to 1976. The city is located immediately northeast of Manila,
in central Luzon. Named for President Manuel Luis Quezon, who
selected the site (formerly a private estate) in 1939, it officially
replaced Manila as the capital in 1948.
Taguig City
Taguig contains the Bonifacio Global City (popularly known simply as
BGC), Metro Manila's second most important business district and a
major tourism, shopping, dining and entertainment destination. Other
attractions include the Manila American Cemetery and the affluent
neighbourhood of McKinley Hill.
FAMOUS ATTRACTIONS
IN
NATIONAL CAPITAL
REGION
Intramuros, urban district and historic walled city within Metropolitan Manila,
in the Philippines. The name, from the Spanish word meaning “within walls,”
refers to the fortified city founded at the mouth of the Pasig River shortly
after 1571 by the Spanish conquistador Miguel López de Legazpi.
FAMOUS ATTRACTIONS
Manila Cathedral is recognized as the main Roman Catholic Church in the
Philippines. Located in the Plaza de Roma, Intramuros, its official name is
Manila Metropolitan Cathedral-Basilica and is the seat of the Archbishop of
the Archdiocese of Manila.
FAMOUS ATTRACTIONS
Founded in 1571, San Agustin Church is originally made of bamboo and nipa
but got destroyed by a fire in 1574 when the forces of Chinese pirate
Limahong invaded Manila. It was rebuilt made of wood, but again, it was
destroyed by a fire during the Spanish era.
FAMOUS ATTRACTIONS
The one currently standing is the church’s third structure. It was constructed
from 1586 to 1607 using hewn adobe stones from the province of Bulacan and
Rizal. It features ornate interiors adorned with moldings and carvings. The
vaulted ceilings showcase the splendid paintings in the trompe l’oeil by two
Italian artists. Recognized as the oldest stone church in the Philippines, San
Agustin church houses a grand pipe organ, 17th century carved choir seats
made from molave, 16th century crucifix, and 16 sets of chandeliers from
Paris. The church is an image of grandeur and beauty making it an in demand
venue for weddings, photoshoots, and tours.
The remains of famous names in Philippine history such as Miguel López de
Legazpi and Juan Luna, are buried within the premises of the church.
San Agustin Church was named a National Historical Landmark and
designated as the World Heritage Site by UNESCO.
FAMOUS ATTRACTIONS
The Minor Basilica of the Black
Nazarene, known canonically as the
Parish of Saint John the Baptist and
also known as Quiapo Church, is a
prominent basilica in the district of
Quiapo in the city of Manila,
Philippines. The basilica is famous
home for the Black Nazarene, a dark
statue of Jesus Christ said to be
miraculous.
FAMOUS ATTRACTIONS
Masjid Al-Dahab is situated in the
predominantly Muslim section of the
Quiapo district in Manila, Philippines,
and is considered the largest mosque in
Metro Manila
FAMOUS ATTRACTIONS
Binondo Church, formally known as
the Minor Basilica and National
Shrine of Saint Lorenzo Ruiz -
Parish of Our Lady of the Most Holy
Rosary, is located in the District of
Binondo, Manila fronting Plaza San
Lorenzo Ruiz, in the Philippines. This
church was founded by Dominican
priests in 1596 to serve their Chinese
converts to Christianity.
FAMOUS ATTRACTIONS
Rizal Park, located in Manila is one of
the most significant landmarks in the
Philippines. Also known as Luneta
Park and originally referred to as
Bagumbayan during the Spanish era,
Rizal Park is where the country’s
national hero Jose Rizal got executed in
1896. It is where his remains are
enshrined and is recognized as the
Philippines’ main kilometer zero.
FAMOUS ATTRACTIONS
Malacañang Palace (Museum), officially known as Malacañan Palace, is the
official residence and principal workplace of the president of the Philippines.
It is located in the Manila district of San Miguel, and is commonly associated
with Mendiola Street.
FAMOUS ATTRACTIONS
Binondo, Manila's Chinatown, is the
oldest of its kind in the world. More
than 400 years since it was
established, the district still
continues to thrive. Derived from the
Filipino word binundok
(“mountainous”), Binondo was
established in 1594 as a permanent
settlement for Chinese-Catholic
immigrants.
FAMOUS ATTRACTIONS
Fort Santiago, built in 1571, is a citadel built
by Spanish navigator and governor Miguel
López de Legazpi for the newly established
city of Manila in the Philippines. The
defense fortress is located in Intramuros,
the walled city of Manila. The fort is one of
the most important historical sites in Manila.
Several people died in its prisons during the
Spanish Empire and World War II. José Rizal,
one of the Philippine national heroes, was
imprisoned here before his execution in
1896.
FAMOUS ATTRACTIONS
Libingan ng mga Bayani is a national
cemetery within Fort Andres Bonifacio in
Metro Manila, Philippines. First established
in May 1947 as a fitting resting place for
Philippine military personnel from privates
to generals who served during World War II,
it eventually became designated as the
official place of burial for deceased
Philippine presidents, national heroes,
patriots, National Artists and National
Scientists.
FAMOUS ATTRACTIONS
The National Museum, located in Metro Manila, a Trust of the Government, is an
educational, scientific and cultural institution that acquires, documents, preserves, exhibits,
and fosters scholarly study and public appreciation of works of art, specimens, and cultural
and historical artifacts representative of our unique to the cultural heritage of the Filipino
people and the natural history of the Philippines.
FAMOUS ATTRACTIONS
The Manila Zoo, formally known
as the Manila Zoological and
Botanical Garden, is a 5.5-hectare
zoo located in Malate, Manila,
Philippines.
FAMOUS ATTRACTIONS
The Bonifacio Shrine, also known as
the Kartilya ng Katipunan or
Heroes Park, is a public park and
plaza in Ermita, Manila, Philippines
located just north of the Manila City
Hall and south of Mehan Garden and
Liwasang Bonifacio.
Its centerpiece is the monument to
Filipino revolutionary Andrés
Bonifacio and the Philippine
Revolution fronting Padre Burgos
Avenue.
FAMOUS ATTRACTIONS
The Cultural Center of the
Philippines Complex, also
known as the CCP Complex, is an
88-hectare reclaimed property
owned by the Cultural Center of
the Philippines located along
Roxas Boulevard in Pasay, Metro
Manila, Philippines.
FAMOUS ATTRACTIONS
Star City is a 35,000 m²
amusement park in Pasay City,
Metro Manila, Philippines. It is
located in the reclaimed area of
the Cultural Center of the
Philippines Complex, part of Bay
City.
FAMOUS ATTRACTIONS
SM Mall of Asia, also
abbreviated as SM MoA, or
simply Mall of Asia or MoA, is a
large shopping mall in the
Philippines, located at Bay City,
Pasay, M.M. Philippines, within
the SM Central Business Park, a
reclaimed area within Manila
Bay, and the southern end of
Epifanio de los Santos Avenue.
FAMOUS ATTRACTIONS
The Dessert Museum
Offbeat museum showcasing
large, colorful sculptures of
dessert items, plus sweets to
sample, located in Pasay City.
FAMOUS ATTRACTIONS
Coconut Palace, also known as
Tahanang Pilipino, is a government
building located in the Cultural Center of
the Philippines Complex in Pasay City
Manila, Philippines.
It was the official residence and the
principal workplace of the vice president
of the Philippines during the term of
Jejomar Binay.
It was commissioned in 1978 by First Lady
Imelda Marcos as a government guest
house and offered to Pope John Paul II
during his papal visit to the Philippines in
1981, but the Pope refused to stay there
because it was too opulent given the level
of poverty in the Philippines.
FAMOUS ATTRACTIONS
The Quezon Memorial Circle is a
national park located in Quezon
City, Metro Manila, Philippines.
The park is located inside a large
traffic circle in the shape of an
ellipse and bounded by the
Elliptical Road and is the main
park of Quezon City.
FAMOUS ATTRACTIONS
The La Mesa Ecopark is a public
park located in Greater Lagro,
Quezon City, Metro Manila, the
Philippines.
FAMOUS ATTRACTIONS
The Ninoy Aquino Parks and Wildlife
Center is a 23.85-hectare Protected
Area located in Diliman, Quezon City,
Philippines. It was named after Benigno
"Ninoy" Aquino Jr. The Ninoy Aquino
Parks & Wildlife Center has a lagoon, an
aquarium, a playground, botanical
garden and a Wildlife Rescue Center,
which the Department of Environment
and Natural Resources uses as a
temporary shelter where confiscated,
retrieved, donated, sick, abandoned,
and injured wild animals are placed to
be taken care of.
FAMOUS ATTRACTIONS
Art In Island: 3D Art Gallery is an
interactive art exhibition, or
"selfie museum", in Cubao in
Quezon City, Metro Manila,
Philippines.
FAMOUS ATTRACTIONS
Uptown Mall is a lifestyle mall in
Taguig City, located at the
northern part of Fort Bonifacio. It
is located along 9th and 11th
avenue, 36th and 11th drive, in
Fort Bonifacio, Taguig City.
FAMOUS ATTRACTIONS
The Ayala Museum is a museum
in Makati, Metro Manila,
Philippines. It is run privately by
the Ayala Foundation and houses
archaeological, ethnographic,
historical, fine arts, numismatics,
and ecclesiastical exhibits.
FAMOUS ATTRACTIONS
The Nuestra Señora de Gracia
Church, also known as
Guadalupe Church/Guadalupe
Parish, is a Baroque Roman
Catholic church in Makati City,
Philippines.
FAMOUS ATTRACTIONS
Circuit Makati is a riverfront
redevelopment project by Ayala
Land on the site of the former
Santa Ana Race Track in Makati,
Metro Manila, Philippines. The
21-hectare site located in the
northwest portion of Makati, on
the south bank of the Pasig River,
is planned to contain a mixed-use
entertainment complex which
would include an indoor theater,
a shopping mall, hotels and
residential and office
skyscrapers.
FAMOUS ATTRACTIONS
Museo ng Muntinlupa also
known as the Muntinlupa
Museum is a history city museum
in Centennial Avenue, Tunasan,
Muntinlupa, Metro Manila,
Philippines.
FAMOUS ATTRACTIONS
FAMOUS ATTRACTIONS
Museo ng Katipunan (transl. Museum of the
Katipunan) is a history museum in the city of
San Juan in Metro Manila, Philippines
dedicated to the Katipunan. It is situated within
the grounds of the Pinaglabanan Shrine.
FESTIVALS
IN
NATIONAL CAPITAL
REGION
Feast of the Black Nazarene
This feast is celebrated at the heart
of Manila- Quiapo. Devotees come
from all over the metropolis to
participate in this annual event
honoring the hundred-year-old
statue of the Black Nazarene.
Venue: Quiapo, Manila
Date: January 9
FESTIVALS
Feast of San Diego De Alcala
Feast of San Diego De Alcala is the feast
of the oldest church in Valenzuela, which
includes annual boat racing, street
dancing and different fabulous activities
of the festival.
Venue: Barangay Poblacion, Valenzulea
Date: November 12
FESTIVALS
Mano Po San Roque Festival
In Valenzuela, San Roque is also known as the patron
saint of the unmarried. There are countless tales of
single girls who danced and prayed in the procession
and who claim to have found their husband during the
fiesta. The festival is almost similar to Obando Fertility
Rites where romantic hopefuls dance to San Roque
requesting to find their true love. Street dancing and
procession along the city are the major thoroughfares
in commemoration of the feast of San Roque,
highlighting the customs and traditional celebration of
the festival. This also commemorates townsfolk victory
after the British departed the country following the end
of Seven Years' War with Spain.
Venue: Barangay Mabolo, Valenzulea
Date: May 12
FESTIVALS
Putong Polo Festival
A part of the San Diego de Alcala Feast Day, it is
one of the unique food festivals in the country
which features the famous putong Polo, the small
but classy “kaka in” which was originally created
in the town of Polo, Valenzuela. This rice cake was
a recipient of the Manuel Quezon Presidential
Award in 1931, which was cited for having an
exotic taste and amazingly long shelf-life. The
celebration includes a parade featuring artistic
creations from the rice cake which showcases
creativity among the residents.
Venue: Barangay Polo, Valenzulea
Date: November 12
FESTIVALS
Aliwan Fiesta
is an annual event that gathers
different cultural festivals of the
Philippines in Star City Complex in
Pasay wherein contingents compete
in dance parade and float
competitions.
Venue: Pasay City
Date: Every April
FESTIVALS
Pangisdaan Festival
also called Navotas City Founding
Anniversary and Navotas Day, is the
annual commemoration of the
founding of the city of Navotas in
Metro Manila, Philippines every
January 16. A week-long affair, it is
also a thanksgiving celebration for
abundant fish harvest and the
invaluable contribution of fisher folks
to the local economy.
Venue: Navotas City
Date: January 16
FESTIVALS
Metro Manila Film Festival (MMFF)
Launched in 1975, the Metro Manila
Film Festival (MMFF) holds an annual
competition for local cinema every
December, organized by mayors in
the metropolis. Its goal is to upgrade
the quality of Filipino cinema and
convince viewers to patronize local
products made by major production
houses.
Venue: Manila City
Date: Every December
FESTIVALS
La Loma Lechon Festival
The district of La Loma in Quezon City has for the
longest time the home of Metro Manila’s
lechonan. Lechon is a famous delicacy which is
the center of every Filipino festivity meal. In
Quezon City, the festival is celebrated every May
of each year and it is a gathering of multitude and
attended by thousands of spectators. During the
festival, a parade of costumed lechons
representing every barangay from the district
were shown to the public. Highlight of the
festivity is a boodle fight with lechon as the main
dish.
Venue: Quezon City
Date: Every May
FESTIVALS
International Bamboo Organ
Festival
The International Bamboo Organ Festival is
a week-long series of cultural celebrations
that highlights the world’s spectacular
instrument - Bamboo Organ, invented by
Fray Diego de la Cera in 1824. The festival is
celebrated during the month of February in
Las Piñas City.
Many local musicians and performers gather
together in this festival. They play different
kinds of music such as classic and
contemporary, showcasing the famous
bamboo organ. They organize a concert
which is free for everyone, but they also
accept donations for the benefit of the
locals.
Venue: Las Pinas City
Date: February
FESTIVALS
The Caracol Festival
is the official street festival of Makati
just south of the capital city of Manila
in the Philippines. The festival is held
annually on the last Sunday of
February to promote public
awareness of environmental issues
and cultural heritage.
Venue: Makati City
Date: Last Sunday of February
FESTIVALS
Baile de los Arcos
Baile de los Arcos (Dance of the
Arches), is a distinctive living
tradition in Makati in honor of its
Patrons, Sts. Peter and Paul and the
Virgen de la Rosa.
Venue: Makati City
Date: Every June
FESTIVALS
Balut sa Puti Festival
On the 31st of January, the town holds an
annual event called the Balut sa Puti Festival.
It is a food festival featuring a cooking
competition of the famous Philippine
delicacy known as Balut. It is one of the
highlights of the Pateros Town Fiesta
celebration where it brings the best of one of
the country’s original exotic food. It is also
held to promote the image of Pateros as a
producer of the best quality Balut in the
world. People of Pateros gather to have a
street party with a live band, plus drinking
ice cold beer together with Balut.
Venue: Pateros City
Date: January 31
FESTIVALS
Wattah Wattah Festival or Basaan
Festival
(literally: dousing of water) is the
feast of St. John the Baptist, patron
saint of San Juan, Metro Manila, and
of many other communities
throughout the Philippines, held
every 24 June.
Venue: San Juan City
Date: June 24
FESTIVALS
Lavendero Festival
in Mandaluyong City Mandalenos used
to wash their clothes in the clean
waters of Pasig City. In remembrance
of this old tradition, folks hold the
Lavandero Festival every February.
This is a much-anticipated event by
local wives because festival
participants are men doing the
laundry!
Venue: Mandaluyong City
Date: February
FESTIVALS
Luglugan Pancit Malabon Festival
held on the 10th of December,
considered as one of its kind culinary
festival in Metro Manila. The main
feature of the event other than street
dancing, and marching band exhibition
is the presentation of the Giant Bilaos
of Pancit Malabon.
Venue: Malabon City
Date: December 10
FESTIVALS
Pagoda-Caracol
Its most famous festival is the
“Pagoda-Caracol”, a fluvial procession
with street dancing to commemorate
the Feast of the Immaculate
Conception every December 8.
Venue: Malabon City
Date: December 8
FESTIVALS
The Grand Bambino Festival
is Pasig's local celebration to honor the
Sto. Niño. The festival is observed as a
“reminder of the simplicity, purity in
spirit, love, mercy, and strength” of the
Blessed Child Jesus.
is the Pasig City's version of Sto. Niño
festivals such as Sinulog of Cebu and
Dinagyang of Iloilo City.
Venue: Pasig City
Date: Every January
FESTIVALS
Itik-Itik festival Pasig City
This festival is a week-long party
celebrated every last week of February
in Brgy. Kalawaan, Pasig City. The
festival features the “Itik” or native
duck. The occasion is highlighted with
colorful props, exciting activities, and
extravagant food with Itik as the main
ingredient.
Venue: Brgy. Kalawaan, Pasig City
Date: Every February
FESTIVALS
CUISINES
IN
NATIONAL CAPITAL
REGION
Bibingkang Abnoy
is an Omelet with an extra kick. It is an exotic delicacy made
with unfertilized rotten duck egg then fried (or steamed or
baked over and under a coal). This Bibingka is good when
dipped in spicy vinegar to neutralize the indescribable rotten
egg taste.
CUSINES
Pancit Malabon
is a Filipino dish that is a type of pancit which originates from
Malabon, Metro Manila, Philippines. It uses thick rice
noodles. Its sauce has a yellow-orange hue, attributable to
achuete, shrimp broth, and flavor seasoned with patis and
taba ng talangka.
Sapin-sapin
is a Filipino rice cake made of glutinous rice flour and
coconut milk (gata) and is topped with toasted coconut curd
(latik). The chewy colorful layers also have flavors: the yellow
has langka (jackfruit) flavors, the violet layer is ube-flavored,
while the white layer is often coconut-flavored.
CUSINES
Putong Pulo
is a popular Filipino delicacy native in Valenzuela City, which
is formerly known as Polo town in the 1920s. This local rice
cake was a recipient of the Manuel Quezon Presidential
Award as a native delicacy known for its exotic taste and
long shelf life at the Manila Carnival in 1931. It is made from a
small rice cake, steamed and mixed with achuete that gives
its well-known distinctive reddish-brown color. It is then
topped with a small, thin slice of cheese. This is a perfect side
dish for every type occasion, or a snack whenever you feel
hungry.
Inutak
is a popular native delicacy originated from Tatay Ernesto of
Taguig and has been handed down from generation to
generation. They call it Inutak because when you broiled the
coconut cream it bubbles up and turns dark spots that looks
like a brain.
CUSINES
Balut
is a fertilized bird egg (usually a duck) which is incubated for
a period of 14 to 21 days, depending on the local culture, and
then steamed
CUSINES
Salted Egg
is a preserved food product made by soaking duck or chicken
eggs in brine, or packing each egg in damp, salted charcoal
Kare-kare
This is a classic Filipino stew, consisting of oxtail, tripe,
eggplant and Chinese veges. It has a strong peanut flavour
and is served with shrimp paste on the side. It’s one of the
flagship dishes here in The Philippines, but I can’t say I
particularly enjoyed it. An acquired taste, perhaps.
CUSINES
Adobo
is a popular Filipino dish and cooking process in Philippine
cuisine that involves meat, seafood, or vegetables marinated
in vinegar, soy sauce, garlic, bay leaves, and black
peppercorns, which is browned in oil, and simmered in the
marinade.
Lechon
The district of La Loma in Quezon City has for the longest
time the home of Metro Manila's lechonan. Lechon is a
famous delicacy which is the center of every Filipino festivity
meal.
Lechon, derived from a Spanish word for roasted suckling pig
is one of the most popular dishes in the Philippines. The
slowly-roasted suckling pig is usually stuffed with
lemongrass, tamarind, garlic, onions, and chives, and is then
roasted on a large bamboo spit over an open fire.

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Phil....National-Capital-Region-NCR.pptx

  • 2.
  • 4. Intended Learning Outcomes Discuss the political structures and subdivisions, geographical characteristics, major attractions, gastronomy, culture and traditions.
  • 6. Metro Manila Metro Manila, otherwise known as National Capital Region, is the center of Luzon and the Capital Region of the Philippines. Unlike other regions, NCR does not have any provinces. It covers 1 municipality, as well as 16 highly urbanized cities. The regional center is the City of Manila.
  • 7. GEOGRAPHY OF THE REGION CITY OR MUNICIPALITY Caloocan Muntinlupa Las Piñas Navotas Makati Parañaque Malabon Pasay Mandaluyong Pasig Manila (Regional Center) Pateros* Marikina Quezon City San Juan Taguig Valenzuela ---------
  • 8. This region is surrounded by the province of Bulacan to the north, Rizal to the east, Cavite and Laguna to the south, and Manila Bay to the west. GEOGRAPHY OF THE REGION
  • 9. Metro Manila, the capital region of the Philippines, is a large metropolitan area that has several levels of subdivisions. Administratively, the region is divided into seventeen primary local government units with their own separate elected mayors and councils who are coordinated by the Metropolitan Manila Development Authority, a national government agency headed by a chairperson directly appointed by the Philippine president. The cities and municipality that form the region's local government units are further divided into several barangays or villages (formerly called barrios) which are headed by an elected barangay captain and barangay council. The region as a whole is geographically divided into four districts, of which the first district is the central capital City of Manila, the second and third districts located to the east and north of the City, respectively, and the fourth district covering the remaining areas of the region south of the City and the Pasig River. GEOGRAPHY OF THE REGION Administrative Divisions of Metro Manila
  • 10. Unlike other administrative regions in the Philippines, Metro Manila is not composed of provinces. Instead, the region is divided into four geographic areas called "districts.” The districts have their district centers at the four original cities in the region: the city-district of Manila (Capital District), Quezon City (Eastern Manila), Caloocan (Northern Manila, also informally known as Camanava), and Pasay (Southern Manila). The districts serve mainly to organize the region's local government units for fiscal and statistical purposes. GEOGRAPHY OF THE REGION Administrative divisions of Metro Manila
  • 11. GEOGRAPHY OF THE REGION Districts
  • 12. It is located in the southwestern portion of Luzon, directly below Central Luzon. Lying along the flat alluvial and deltaic plains draining the Pasig River and Laguna de Bay, its territory extends eastward and up the rolling hills of Marikina Valley and stops short at the low-lying edges of Rizal province. The region is geographically divided into 4 zones: the Coastal Margin, Guadalupe Plateau, Marikina Valley, and the Laguna Lowlands. GEOGRAPHY OF THE REGION
  • 13. The Coastal Margin that faces the Manila Bay possesses resources for offshore fisheries and fishpond development. The various reclamation projects in the area are meant for mixed-use urban development. The Guadalupe Plateau is the most adaptable to urban development activities not only because of its solid geographical foundations but also because of its existing infrastructure links with the rest of Luzon. The Marikina Valley has fertile land suitable for crop cultivation while the Marikina River provides water for industrial uses and discharge. The Laguna Lowlands is not only suitable for agriculture and aquaculture but also for industrial activity. GEOGRAPHY OF THE REGION
  • 14. Metro Manila is prone to earthquakes because it is surrounded by active faults including the Marikina Valley Fault System. Other distant faults such as the Philippine Faults, Lubang Faults, Manila Trench and Casiguran Faults, are a threat as well. Because of the natural disasters that poses a threat to Metro Manila, Manila was ranked as the second riskiest capital city after Tokyo to live in according to Swiss Re. GEOGRAPHY OF THE REGION
  • 15. According to Presidential Decree No. 940, Metro Manila id the Philippines’ seat of government but the City Manila is the Capital. The Malacañang Palace, the official office and residence of the President of the Philippines, and the buildings of the Supreme Court of the Philippines are based in Metro Manila. GEOGRAPHY OF THE REGION
  • 16. Metro Manila, is composed of almost all the cultural groups of the Philippines. The Primary language used is Tagalog with English as the secondary language. Manila's wide range of cultural influences spanning different historical and cultural periods – American, Spanish, Chinese, and Malay – clearly reflect the turbulent history of the city and country as binds the rich cultural heritage towards the latest contemporary art developments. CULTURE
  • 17. Metro Manila is widely celebrated in popular lore, frequently the setting for mostly Filipino books, movies, and television programs. Flores de Mayo is widely celebrated throughout all the places in Metro Manila. The yearly Metro Manila Film Festival, inaugurated in 1966, is the forerunner of all Philippine film festivals. CULTURE SPORTS Metro Manila's, and in general the country's main sport is basketball. Another popular sport in the city are cue sports, and billiard halls are found in many places. Baseball, volleyball, football and swimming are also widely played sports. The region has been the champion of the Palarong Pambansa for 13 straight years.
  • 18. SPORTS Two national sports complex is located in the region, the Rizal Memorial Sports Complex and the PhilSports Complex. The Wack Wack Golf and Country Club has hosted major tournaments such as the Philippine Open and the World Cup. Prominent sporting venues in Metro Manila include the Smart Araneta Coliseum, Mall of Asia Arena, Filoil Flying V Arena and the Cuneta Astrodome. The Greater Manila Area is also home to the Philippine Arena, the world's largest indoor arena. It is located in Bocaue, Bulacan and it has a maximum capacity of 55,000 people.
  • 19. Metro Manila is the home to the National Museum of the Philippines, the national museum of the country. It operates a chain of museums located in the grounds of Rizal Park just outside Intramuros, such as the National Museum of Fine Arts, the National Museum of Anthropology and the National Museum of Natural History. The National Museum complex occupies the place and buildings that were a part of a new capital center proposed by Daniel Burnham in 1901. ARTS "Spoliarium", displayed at the National Museum of the Philippines
  • 20. Prominent museums in Metro Manila include the Ayala Museum, Bahay Tsinoy, Casa Manila, Lopez Museum, Metropolitan Museum of Manila, The Mind Museum, Museo Pambata, Museo Valenzuela, Museum of Philippine Political History, Pasig City Museum and the Rizal Shrine. Museums established by educational institutions are the Ateneo Art Gallery, Jorge B. Vargas Museum and Filipiniana Research Center, Museum of Contemporary Art and Design, UP Museum of a History of Ideas, and the UST Museum of Arts and Sciences. ARTS The national theater of the Philippines, known as the "Tanghalang Pambansa", is situated on a 62 hectares (150 acres) cultural center called the Cultural Center of the Philippines Complex. The complex is located between the cities of Manila and Pasay.
  • 21. Roman Catholicism is the predominant religion in Metro Manila. Other Christian denominations, Muslims, Anitists, animists, and atheists are the minority. Among the most important religious sites in the region are Manila Cathedral, San Sebastian Church (Manila), Tondo Church, San Agustin Church (Manila), Quiapo Church and Baclaran Church. RELIGION
  • 22. Best Time to Visit For the best combination of agreeable temperatures of around 27° C (80° F) and as little rain as possible, the best time to visit this region is between February and March. The first months of dry season can still be rainy, while the last months are usually pretty hot and humid. GEOGRAPHY OF THE REGION
  • 23. Getting Here The fastest and most convenient method of travel a far distance in the Philippines is most often by plane, however in some cases, traveling by sea or land may be a better option and more cost-effective. GEOGRAPHY OF THE REGION
  • 24. Getting Around The following are the modes of transportation available in this region. GEOGRAPHY OF THE REGION
  • 26. City of Manila Pearl of the Orient Manila, capital and chief city of the Philippines. The city is the centre of the country's economic, political, social, and cultural activity. It is located on the island of Luzon and spreads along the eastern shore of Manila Bay at the mouth of the Pasig River. The city's name, originally Maynilad, is derived from that of the nilad plant, a flowering shrub adapted to marshy conditions, which once grew profusely along the banks of the river; the name was shortened first to Maynila and then to its present form.
  • 27. Caloocan Caloocan as a toponym comes from the Tagalog root word lo-ok; kalook-lookan (or kaloob-looban) means "innermost area". The city's name is colloquially spelled as Kalookan. Caloocan known as Motorcycle Capital of the Philippines because of the many motorcycle dealers in the City. It was also known for its Monumento/Monuments. It has 188 no. of barangay in this city and it's tourist assets was their historical past.
  • 28. Makati City Business Capital of the Philippines February 28, 1914, the Philippine Legislature passed Act 2390 thus shortening its name from San Pedro de Macati to simply Makati. “From grass to class”, as what they call it, Makati City proved it throughout the years by being a great contributor to the development of the Philippine economy. Dubbed as the “Financial Capital of the Philippines,” Makati is a highly-urbanized powerhouse located northeast of Metro Manila. Makati lies in the heart of the Metro Manila. The city is known for its upscale shopping malls with high fashion brands, restaurants, hotels and is home to many affluent Filipinos. Makati is considered to be the center of financial, commercial and economic hubs and home to the Philippine Stock Exchange (PSE).
  • 29. Malabon City According to legend, Malabon got its name from the words “maraming labong” (plenty of bamboo shoots). This was originally called as Tambobong and was founded by the Augustinian friars as a “Visita” of Tondo on May 21, 1599. The City of Malabon is a place famous for its Pancit Malabon and its predominantly Atlantic ambience. It is also famous for other variety of foods (kakanin), such as puto sulot, puto bumbong, sapin-sapin, broad, bibingka and camachile. The culinary delights are abundant in its specialty eateries. Its most famous festival is the “Pagoda-Caracol”, a fluvial procession with street dancing to commemorate the Feast of the Immaculate Conception every December 8.
  • 30. Mandaluyong City Tiger City Legend says that the city was named after the romance of a tribal couple, Manda and Luyong. Manda was a lovely daughter of a Barangay chieftain, while Luyong was a Maharlika despised by Manda's father. From a forestal town to a progressive municipality, Mandaluyong is now a highly urbanized city known to host most of the country's best companies and corporations, shopping malls and hotels which are certainly world class in status.
  • 31. Marikina City Shoe Capital of the Philippines Marikina is named after the town of Mariquina in Spain. Based on historical documents held by the Marikina city government, Marikina is originally called Mariquit-na (Marikit-na) before it is renamed after Félix Berenguer de Marquina. Marikina City known as the shoe capital of the Philippines because of the booming industry of shoe factories in the city.
  • 32. Las Piñas City Once a fishing village known for its salt beds and jeepney factories, it has transformed into one of the most forward moving cities of Metro Manila. By Virtue of a legislative fiat in 1997, Las Piñas was granted cityhood status after 90 years of its foundation as independent municipality. The story about the true origin of the city's name, "Las Piñas", varies. One version mentioned, that traders from the province of Cavite and Batangas shipped their first piñas (Spanish for pineapples) for sale to this town before they were distributed to nearby markets.
  • 33. Valenzuela City The City of Valenzuela is known as the “Northern Gateway to Metropolitan Manila” due to two major highways traversing it – the MacArthur Highway and the North Luzon Expressway. habitational name from any of the places called Valenzuela in Córdoba and Ciudad Real. The placename is a diminutive of Valencia (see Valencia ) literally 'Little Valencia'.
  • 34. San Juan City Tiangge Capital of the Philippines The city is known historically for the site of the first battle of the Katipunan, the organization which led the 1896 Philippine Revolution against the Spanish Empire. Notable landmarks today such as Pinaglabanan Shrine and heritage homes are located in the city San Juan City is a hub of history, culture and commerce throughout the years. It has played host to several key moments in the history of the nation. It is where the first battle of the Philippine Revolution, known as the Battle of San Juan Del Monte, took place in 1896 which ignited the patriotism of our forebears and led to the Philippine Independence in 1898. When it comes to leisure and entertainment, San Juan plays host to a variety of shopping and dining facilities. It is also known as the “tiangge” (flea market) capital of the Metro with the presence of a pioneer shopping center found in the city – the Greenhills Shopping Center. The shopping center has become a landmark and pride of the City.
  • 35. Muntinlupa City Emerald City Muntinlupa is an old term, which refers to a village now known as the Poblacion. As early as 1800, the Catholic priest Father Joaquin de Zuniga chronicled it as La Poblacion que Sigue se Llama Muntinlupa. As early as 1601, Muntinlupa was under the religious supervision of the Augustinians. Currently, this city holds the most reputable establishments and the biggest prime residential communities such as Filinvest City, Madrigal Business Center District, Ayala Alabang Village, Medical Center Muntinlupa, Asian Hospital and Medical Center, and of course, one of our favorite go-to malls a little bit outside of EDSA traffic, Alabang Town Center.
  • 36. Navotas City Fishing Capital of the Philippines At low tide, the waters from inland flowed out into the sea. This geographical change prompted the people to refer to the place as “nabutas” which means breached or pierced through. This developed into a regular waterway, now known as the Navotas River. In later years, the whole place came to be known as Navotas. The whole Navotas was once part of Malabon. According to a legend, there was once a long and narrow delta extended unbroken from north to south along the seashore. The strip of land between the former district of Tondo and this town was eaten away by the sea until as opening was made.
  • 37. Parañaque City One such story stated that long ago, at the mouth of what is now known as the Parañaque River, there stood a balete tree that, when viewed from afar, looked like a majestic ship. This earned it the name Palanyag, taken from the term 'palayag', which means “point of navigation”. Palanyag, the old name for the city of Parañaque, generally means "my beloved", among other definitions, for as far as its residents are concerned, this best describes their affection for their hometown. Parañaque is a growing destination for gambling, and can be called a "Little Las Vegas of Metro Manila" for being home to enormous resorts and casinos that became integral to the city's economy. Integrated resorts and casinos are being built in the Entertainment City development on reclaimed portion of Manila Bay.
  • 38. Pasay City Travel City Pasay, also known as the travel city, is one of the most populated cities in Metro Manila filled with busy markets, karaoke bars, shopping malls and world-class art galleries. Located six kilometres from Manila and close to Makati, Taguig and Paranaque, Pasay is known for its amazing nightlife, adventures and shopping. Known as the "Travel City," it is the country's center of transportation, having four airports that are gateways to the Philippine islands and the major parts of the world.
  • 39. Pasig City Pasig City was once known primarily as an industrial center, but in recent years, it has developed into a thriving residential-commercial community with countless business centers, prominent schools, renowned restaurants, and lifestyle developments. Pasig was a part before of Rizal province and served as its capital. However in 1975, it was carved out of Rizal and became part of Metro Manila when the Metro manila Commission was created by President Ferdinand Marcos through Presidential Decree 824. The Green City - Known as “the green city” for its environment-friendly initiatives led by its local government, Pasig was recognized as one of the most livable cities in the world in 2013.
  • 40. Pateros This municipality is famous for its duck-raising industry and especially for producing balut, a Filipino delicacy, which is a boiled, fertilised duck egg. Pateros is also known for the production of red salty eggs and "inutak", a local rice cake. Moreover, the town is known for manufacturing of "alfombra", a locally-made footwear with a carpet- like fabric on its top surface. Pateros is bordered by the following highly urbanized cities of Pasig to the north, Makati to the west, and Taguig to the south. Pateros is the smallest municipality both in population and in land area, in Metro Manila, but it is the second most densely populated at around 29,000 people per square kilometer after Manila.
  • 41. Quezon City The City of Stars Quezon City, chartered city and capital of the Philippines from 1948 to 1976. The city is located immediately northeast of Manila, in central Luzon. Named for President Manuel Luis Quezon, who selected the site (formerly a private estate) in 1939, it officially replaced Manila as the capital in 1948.
  • 42. Taguig City Taguig contains the Bonifacio Global City (popularly known simply as BGC), Metro Manila's second most important business district and a major tourism, shopping, dining and entertainment destination. Other attractions include the Manila American Cemetery and the affluent neighbourhood of McKinley Hill.
  • 44. Intramuros, urban district and historic walled city within Metropolitan Manila, in the Philippines. The name, from the Spanish word meaning “within walls,” refers to the fortified city founded at the mouth of the Pasig River shortly after 1571 by the Spanish conquistador Miguel López de Legazpi. FAMOUS ATTRACTIONS
  • 45. Manila Cathedral is recognized as the main Roman Catholic Church in the Philippines. Located in the Plaza de Roma, Intramuros, its official name is Manila Metropolitan Cathedral-Basilica and is the seat of the Archbishop of the Archdiocese of Manila. FAMOUS ATTRACTIONS
  • 46. Founded in 1571, San Agustin Church is originally made of bamboo and nipa but got destroyed by a fire in 1574 when the forces of Chinese pirate Limahong invaded Manila. It was rebuilt made of wood, but again, it was destroyed by a fire during the Spanish era. FAMOUS ATTRACTIONS
  • 47. The one currently standing is the church’s third structure. It was constructed from 1586 to 1607 using hewn adobe stones from the province of Bulacan and Rizal. It features ornate interiors adorned with moldings and carvings. The vaulted ceilings showcase the splendid paintings in the trompe l’oeil by two Italian artists. Recognized as the oldest stone church in the Philippines, San Agustin church houses a grand pipe organ, 17th century carved choir seats made from molave, 16th century crucifix, and 16 sets of chandeliers from Paris. The church is an image of grandeur and beauty making it an in demand venue for weddings, photoshoots, and tours. The remains of famous names in Philippine history such as Miguel López de Legazpi and Juan Luna, are buried within the premises of the church. San Agustin Church was named a National Historical Landmark and designated as the World Heritage Site by UNESCO. FAMOUS ATTRACTIONS
  • 48. The Minor Basilica of the Black Nazarene, known canonically as the Parish of Saint John the Baptist and also known as Quiapo Church, is a prominent basilica in the district of Quiapo in the city of Manila, Philippines. The basilica is famous home for the Black Nazarene, a dark statue of Jesus Christ said to be miraculous. FAMOUS ATTRACTIONS
  • 49. Masjid Al-Dahab is situated in the predominantly Muslim section of the Quiapo district in Manila, Philippines, and is considered the largest mosque in Metro Manila FAMOUS ATTRACTIONS
  • 50. Binondo Church, formally known as the Minor Basilica and National Shrine of Saint Lorenzo Ruiz - Parish of Our Lady of the Most Holy Rosary, is located in the District of Binondo, Manila fronting Plaza San Lorenzo Ruiz, in the Philippines. This church was founded by Dominican priests in 1596 to serve their Chinese converts to Christianity. FAMOUS ATTRACTIONS
  • 51. Rizal Park, located in Manila is one of the most significant landmarks in the Philippines. Also known as Luneta Park and originally referred to as Bagumbayan during the Spanish era, Rizal Park is where the country’s national hero Jose Rizal got executed in 1896. It is where his remains are enshrined and is recognized as the Philippines’ main kilometer zero. FAMOUS ATTRACTIONS
  • 52. Malacañang Palace (Museum), officially known as Malacañan Palace, is the official residence and principal workplace of the president of the Philippines. It is located in the Manila district of San Miguel, and is commonly associated with Mendiola Street. FAMOUS ATTRACTIONS
  • 53. Binondo, Manila's Chinatown, is the oldest of its kind in the world. More than 400 years since it was established, the district still continues to thrive. Derived from the Filipino word binundok (“mountainous”), Binondo was established in 1594 as a permanent settlement for Chinese-Catholic immigrants. FAMOUS ATTRACTIONS
  • 54. Fort Santiago, built in 1571, is a citadel built by Spanish navigator and governor Miguel López de Legazpi for the newly established city of Manila in the Philippines. The defense fortress is located in Intramuros, the walled city of Manila. The fort is one of the most important historical sites in Manila. Several people died in its prisons during the Spanish Empire and World War II. José Rizal, one of the Philippine national heroes, was imprisoned here before his execution in 1896. FAMOUS ATTRACTIONS
  • 55. Libingan ng mga Bayani is a national cemetery within Fort Andres Bonifacio in Metro Manila, Philippines. First established in May 1947 as a fitting resting place for Philippine military personnel from privates to generals who served during World War II, it eventually became designated as the official place of burial for deceased Philippine presidents, national heroes, patriots, National Artists and National Scientists. FAMOUS ATTRACTIONS
  • 56. The National Museum, located in Metro Manila, a Trust of the Government, is an educational, scientific and cultural institution that acquires, documents, preserves, exhibits, and fosters scholarly study and public appreciation of works of art, specimens, and cultural and historical artifacts representative of our unique to the cultural heritage of the Filipino people and the natural history of the Philippines. FAMOUS ATTRACTIONS
  • 57. The Manila Zoo, formally known as the Manila Zoological and Botanical Garden, is a 5.5-hectare zoo located in Malate, Manila, Philippines. FAMOUS ATTRACTIONS
  • 58. The Bonifacio Shrine, also known as the Kartilya ng Katipunan or Heroes Park, is a public park and plaza in Ermita, Manila, Philippines located just north of the Manila City Hall and south of Mehan Garden and Liwasang Bonifacio. Its centerpiece is the monument to Filipino revolutionary Andrés Bonifacio and the Philippine Revolution fronting Padre Burgos Avenue. FAMOUS ATTRACTIONS
  • 59. The Cultural Center of the Philippines Complex, also known as the CCP Complex, is an 88-hectare reclaimed property owned by the Cultural Center of the Philippines located along Roxas Boulevard in Pasay, Metro Manila, Philippines. FAMOUS ATTRACTIONS
  • 60. Star City is a 35,000 m² amusement park in Pasay City, Metro Manila, Philippines. It is located in the reclaimed area of the Cultural Center of the Philippines Complex, part of Bay City. FAMOUS ATTRACTIONS
  • 61. SM Mall of Asia, also abbreviated as SM MoA, or simply Mall of Asia or MoA, is a large shopping mall in the Philippines, located at Bay City, Pasay, M.M. Philippines, within the SM Central Business Park, a reclaimed area within Manila Bay, and the southern end of Epifanio de los Santos Avenue. FAMOUS ATTRACTIONS
  • 62. The Dessert Museum Offbeat museum showcasing large, colorful sculptures of dessert items, plus sweets to sample, located in Pasay City. FAMOUS ATTRACTIONS
  • 63. Coconut Palace, also known as Tahanang Pilipino, is a government building located in the Cultural Center of the Philippines Complex in Pasay City Manila, Philippines. It was the official residence and the principal workplace of the vice president of the Philippines during the term of Jejomar Binay. It was commissioned in 1978 by First Lady Imelda Marcos as a government guest house and offered to Pope John Paul II during his papal visit to the Philippines in 1981, but the Pope refused to stay there because it was too opulent given the level of poverty in the Philippines. FAMOUS ATTRACTIONS
  • 64. The Quezon Memorial Circle is a national park located in Quezon City, Metro Manila, Philippines. The park is located inside a large traffic circle in the shape of an ellipse and bounded by the Elliptical Road and is the main park of Quezon City. FAMOUS ATTRACTIONS
  • 65. The La Mesa Ecopark is a public park located in Greater Lagro, Quezon City, Metro Manila, the Philippines. FAMOUS ATTRACTIONS
  • 66. The Ninoy Aquino Parks and Wildlife Center is a 23.85-hectare Protected Area located in Diliman, Quezon City, Philippines. It was named after Benigno "Ninoy" Aquino Jr. The Ninoy Aquino Parks & Wildlife Center has a lagoon, an aquarium, a playground, botanical garden and a Wildlife Rescue Center, which the Department of Environment and Natural Resources uses as a temporary shelter where confiscated, retrieved, donated, sick, abandoned, and injured wild animals are placed to be taken care of. FAMOUS ATTRACTIONS
  • 67. Art In Island: 3D Art Gallery is an interactive art exhibition, or "selfie museum", in Cubao in Quezon City, Metro Manila, Philippines. FAMOUS ATTRACTIONS
  • 68. Uptown Mall is a lifestyle mall in Taguig City, located at the northern part of Fort Bonifacio. It is located along 9th and 11th avenue, 36th and 11th drive, in Fort Bonifacio, Taguig City. FAMOUS ATTRACTIONS
  • 69. The Ayala Museum is a museum in Makati, Metro Manila, Philippines. It is run privately by the Ayala Foundation and houses archaeological, ethnographic, historical, fine arts, numismatics, and ecclesiastical exhibits. FAMOUS ATTRACTIONS
  • 70. The Nuestra Señora de Gracia Church, also known as Guadalupe Church/Guadalupe Parish, is a Baroque Roman Catholic church in Makati City, Philippines. FAMOUS ATTRACTIONS
  • 71. Circuit Makati is a riverfront redevelopment project by Ayala Land on the site of the former Santa Ana Race Track in Makati, Metro Manila, Philippines. The 21-hectare site located in the northwest portion of Makati, on the south bank of the Pasig River, is planned to contain a mixed-use entertainment complex which would include an indoor theater, a shopping mall, hotels and residential and office skyscrapers. FAMOUS ATTRACTIONS
  • 72. Museo ng Muntinlupa also known as the Muntinlupa Museum is a history city museum in Centennial Avenue, Tunasan, Muntinlupa, Metro Manila, Philippines. FAMOUS ATTRACTIONS
  • 73. FAMOUS ATTRACTIONS Museo ng Katipunan (transl. Museum of the Katipunan) is a history museum in the city of San Juan in Metro Manila, Philippines dedicated to the Katipunan. It is situated within the grounds of the Pinaglabanan Shrine.
  • 75. Feast of the Black Nazarene This feast is celebrated at the heart of Manila- Quiapo. Devotees come from all over the metropolis to participate in this annual event honoring the hundred-year-old statue of the Black Nazarene. Venue: Quiapo, Manila Date: January 9 FESTIVALS
  • 76. Feast of San Diego De Alcala Feast of San Diego De Alcala is the feast of the oldest church in Valenzuela, which includes annual boat racing, street dancing and different fabulous activities of the festival. Venue: Barangay Poblacion, Valenzulea Date: November 12 FESTIVALS
  • 77. Mano Po San Roque Festival In Valenzuela, San Roque is also known as the patron saint of the unmarried. There are countless tales of single girls who danced and prayed in the procession and who claim to have found their husband during the fiesta. The festival is almost similar to Obando Fertility Rites where romantic hopefuls dance to San Roque requesting to find their true love. Street dancing and procession along the city are the major thoroughfares in commemoration of the feast of San Roque, highlighting the customs and traditional celebration of the festival. This also commemorates townsfolk victory after the British departed the country following the end of Seven Years' War with Spain. Venue: Barangay Mabolo, Valenzulea Date: May 12 FESTIVALS
  • 78. Putong Polo Festival A part of the San Diego de Alcala Feast Day, it is one of the unique food festivals in the country which features the famous putong Polo, the small but classy “kaka in” which was originally created in the town of Polo, Valenzuela. This rice cake was a recipient of the Manuel Quezon Presidential Award in 1931, which was cited for having an exotic taste and amazingly long shelf-life. The celebration includes a parade featuring artistic creations from the rice cake which showcases creativity among the residents. Venue: Barangay Polo, Valenzulea Date: November 12 FESTIVALS
  • 79. Aliwan Fiesta is an annual event that gathers different cultural festivals of the Philippines in Star City Complex in Pasay wherein contingents compete in dance parade and float competitions. Venue: Pasay City Date: Every April FESTIVALS
  • 80. Pangisdaan Festival also called Navotas City Founding Anniversary and Navotas Day, is the annual commemoration of the founding of the city of Navotas in Metro Manila, Philippines every January 16. A week-long affair, it is also a thanksgiving celebration for abundant fish harvest and the invaluable contribution of fisher folks to the local economy. Venue: Navotas City Date: January 16 FESTIVALS
  • 81. Metro Manila Film Festival (MMFF) Launched in 1975, the Metro Manila Film Festival (MMFF) holds an annual competition for local cinema every December, organized by mayors in the metropolis. Its goal is to upgrade the quality of Filipino cinema and convince viewers to patronize local products made by major production houses. Venue: Manila City Date: Every December FESTIVALS
  • 82. La Loma Lechon Festival The district of La Loma in Quezon City has for the longest time the home of Metro Manila’s lechonan. Lechon is a famous delicacy which is the center of every Filipino festivity meal. In Quezon City, the festival is celebrated every May of each year and it is a gathering of multitude and attended by thousands of spectators. During the festival, a parade of costumed lechons representing every barangay from the district were shown to the public. Highlight of the festivity is a boodle fight with lechon as the main dish. Venue: Quezon City Date: Every May FESTIVALS
  • 83. International Bamboo Organ Festival The International Bamboo Organ Festival is a week-long series of cultural celebrations that highlights the world’s spectacular instrument - Bamboo Organ, invented by Fray Diego de la Cera in 1824. The festival is celebrated during the month of February in Las Piñas City. Many local musicians and performers gather together in this festival. They play different kinds of music such as classic and contemporary, showcasing the famous bamboo organ. They organize a concert which is free for everyone, but they also accept donations for the benefit of the locals. Venue: Las Pinas City Date: February FESTIVALS
  • 84. The Caracol Festival is the official street festival of Makati just south of the capital city of Manila in the Philippines. The festival is held annually on the last Sunday of February to promote public awareness of environmental issues and cultural heritage. Venue: Makati City Date: Last Sunday of February FESTIVALS
  • 85. Baile de los Arcos Baile de los Arcos (Dance of the Arches), is a distinctive living tradition in Makati in honor of its Patrons, Sts. Peter and Paul and the Virgen de la Rosa. Venue: Makati City Date: Every June FESTIVALS
  • 86. Balut sa Puti Festival On the 31st of January, the town holds an annual event called the Balut sa Puti Festival. It is a food festival featuring a cooking competition of the famous Philippine delicacy known as Balut. It is one of the highlights of the Pateros Town Fiesta celebration where it brings the best of one of the country’s original exotic food. It is also held to promote the image of Pateros as a producer of the best quality Balut in the world. People of Pateros gather to have a street party with a live band, plus drinking ice cold beer together with Balut. Venue: Pateros City Date: January 31 FESTIVALS
  • 87. Wattah Wattah Festival or Basaan Festival (literally: dousing of water) is the feast of St. John the Baptist, patron saint of San Juan, Metro Manila, and of many other communities throughout the Philippines, held every 24 June. Venue: San Juan City Date: June 24 FESTIVALS
  • 88. Lavendero Festival in Mandaluyong City Mandalenos used to wash their clothes in the clean waters of Pasig City. In remembrance of this old tradition, folks hold the Lavandero Festival every February. This is a much-anticipated event by local wives because festival participants are men doing the laundry! Venue: Mandaluyong City Date: February FESTIVALS
  • 89. Luglugan Pancit Malabon Festival held on the 10th of December, considered as one of its kind culinary festival in Metro Manila. The main feature of the event other than street dancing, and marching band exhibition is the presentation of the Giant Bilaos of Pancit Malabon. Venue: Malabon City Date: December 10 FESTIVALS
  • 90. Pagoda-Caracol Its most famous festival is the “Pagoda-Caracol”, a fluvial procession with street dancing to commemorate the Feast of the Immaculate Conception every December 8. Venue: Malabon City Date: December 8 FESTIVALS
  • 91. The Grand Bambino Festival is Pasig's local celebration to honor the Sto. Niño. The festival is observed as a “reminder of the simplicity, purity in spirit, love, mercy, and strength” of the Blessed Child Jesus. is the Pasig City's version of Sto. Niño festivals such as Sinulog of Cebu and Dinagyang of Iloilo City. Venue: Pasig City Date: Every January FESTIVALS
  • 92. Itik-Itik festival Pasig City This festival is a week-long party celebrated every last week of February in Brgy. Kalawaan, Pasig City. The festival features the “Itik” or native duck. The occasion is highlighted with colorful props, exciting activities, and extravagant food with Itik as the main ingredient. Venue: Brgy. Kalawaan, Pasig City Date: Every February FESTIVALS
  • 94. Bibingkang Abnoy is an Omelet with an extra kick. It is an exotic delicacy made with unfertilized rotten duck egg then fried (or steamed or baked over and under a coal). This Bibingka is good when dipped in spicy vinegar to neutralize the indescribable rotten egg taste. CUSINES Pancit Malabon is a Filipino dish that is a type of pancit which originates from Malabon, Metro Manila, Philippines. It uses thick rice noodles. Its sauce has a yellow-orange hue, attributable to achuete, shrimp broth, and flavor seasoned with patis and taba ng talangka.
  • 95. Sapin-sapin is a Filipino rice cake made of glutinous rice flour and coconut milk (gata) and is topped with toasted coconut curd (latik). The chewy colorful layers also have flavors: the yellow has langka (jackfruit) flavors, the violet layer is ube-flavored, while the white layer is often coconut-flavored. CUSINES Putong Pulo is a popular Filipino delicacy native in Valenzuela City, which is formerly known as Polo town in the 1920s. This local rice cake was a recipient of the Manuel Quezon Presidential Award as a native delicacy known for its exotic taste and long shelf life at the Manila Carnival in 1931. It is made from a small rice cake, steamed and mixed with achuete that gives its well-known distinctive reddish-brown color. It is then topped with a small, thin slice of cheese. This is a perfect side dish for every type occasion, or a snack whenever you feel hungry.
  • 96. Inutak is a popular native delicacy originated from Tatay Ernesto of Taguig and has been handed down from generation to generation. They call it Inutak because when you broiled the coconut cream it bubbles up and turns dark spots that looks like a brain. CUSINES Balut is a fertilized bird egg (usually a duck) which is incubated for a period of 14 to 21 days, depending on the local culture, and then steamed
  • 97. CUSINES Salted Egg is a preserved food product made by soaking duck or chicken eggs in brine, or packing each egg in damp, salted charcoal Kare-kare This is a classic Filipino stew, consisting of oxtail, tripe, eggplant and Chinese veges. It has a strong peanut flavour and is served with shrimp paste on the side. It’s one of the flagship dishes here in The Philippines, but I can’t say I particularly enjoyed it. An acquired taste, perhaps.
  • 98. CUSINES Adobo is a popular Filipino dish and cooking process in Philippine cuisine that involves meat, seafood, or vegetables marinated in vinegar, soy sauce, garlic, bay leaves, and black peppercorns, which is browned in oil, and simmered in the marinade. Lechon The district of La Loma in Quezon City has for the longest time the home of Metro Manila's lechonan. Lechon is a famous delicacy which is the center of every Filipino festivity meal. Lechon, derived from a Spanish word for roasted suckling pig is one of the most popular dishes in the Philippines. The slowly-roasted suckling pig is usually stuffed with lemongrass, tamarind, garlic, onions, and chives, and is then roasted on a large bamboo spit over an open fire.