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National Capital Region Diverse Culture


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This ppt talks about the brief history and diverse culture of the National Capital region's 17 provinces, which you can use in your EDUC 8A classes (Social Dimension) and Philippine History Classes.

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National Capital Region Diverse Culture

  1. 1. National Capital Region (NCR) Diverse Culture
  2. 2. Metro Manila, otherwise known as National Capital Region, is the center of Luzon and the capital region of the Philippines. Unlike the other 17 Philippine regions, NCR does not have any provinces. N C R Introduction
  3. 3. Metro Manila is bounded by the Cordillera Mountains on the east, Laguna de Bay on the southeast, Central Luzon on the north and Southern Tagalog Region on the south. N C R Introduction
  4. 4. Metro Manila is composed of almost all the cultural groups of the Philippines. The primary language used is Tagalog with English as the secondary language. Introduction N C R
  5. 5. Metro Manila lies entirely within the tropics and because of its proximity to the equator, the temperature range is very small. N C R Introduction
  6. 6. The region is considered as the political, economic, social, and cultural center of the Philippines and is one of the more modern metropolises in Southeast Asia. Introduction N C R
  7. 7. According to Presidential Decree No. 940, Metro Manila is the Philippines’ seat of government but the City of Manila is the capital. The Malacanan Palace, the official office and residence of the President of the Philippines, and the buildings of the Supreme Court of the Philippines are based in Metro Manila. N C R Introduction
  8. 8. • Metro Manila is the shopping center of the Philippines • Metro Manila is a place of economic extremes • Metro Manila is rich in historical landmarks and recreational areas • In terms of educational institutions, there are 511 elementary schools and 220 secondary schools in Metro Manila. There are around 81 colleges and universities, thus it is considered as the educational center of the country. Many students from all parts of the Philippines head to Metro Manila to study. Facts About Metro Manila N C R
  9. 9. Cities of Metro Manila
  10. 10. Caloocan City
  11. 11. Caloocan City Highly Urbanized City Island Group Luzon Region National Capital Region Province Third District Area 53.33 km² Barangays 188 PSGC 137501000 ZIP 1408 Population - Total 1,378,856 - Density/km² 25,855.20 Income class 1 Urbanization urban
  12. 12. CALOOCAN CITY or Kalookan is one of the cities and municipalities that comprise Metro Manila in the Philippines. The City is situated just north of and adjacent to the City of Manila C A L O O C A N C I T Y
  13. 13. Southern Caloocan City lies directly north of the City of Manila and is bounded by Malabon City and Valenzuela City to the north, Navotas to the west, and Quezon City to the east; and Northern Caloocan City and lies to the east of Valenzuela City, north of Quezon City, and south of San Jose del Monte City in the province of Bulacan. C A L O O C A N C I T Y Two Areas
  14. 14. North Caloocan South Caloocan
  15. 15. During the Spanish era, Caloocan used to be a small barrio named Aromahan or Libis Espina. Chinese, mestizos or Indians were the first inhabitants of Caloocan. C A L O O C A N C I T Y History
  16. 16. The arable portions of Libis Espina owned by the Augustinians were leased to the 500 inhabitants at that time. C A L O O C A N C I T Y History Caloocan originated from the Tagalog word “lo- ok” meaning Bay as the place is near Manila Bay 1802- the residents of the barrio grew Caloocan was converted into a town in 1815 First Gobernadorcillo was Mariano Sandoval, while the first curate was Fray Manuel Vaquerro, a Recollect
  17. 17. February 23, 1892, the railway project from Manila to Mabalacat, Pampanga was inaugurated C A L O O C A N C I T Y History A few years later, export products produced by Caloocan entrepreneurs were in great demand in Manila to meet the commitments of the Philippine traders to Acapulco November 23, 1892 the railroad line from Manila to Dagupan was finally opened bringing economic opportunities for the people of Caloocan.
  18. 18. In 1961, through a plebiscite, the municipality of Caloocan became a city. C A L O O C A N C I T Y History
  19. 19. THE LAND The total land area of Caloocan City is 55.8 square kilometers. The land use is primarily in residential, commercial establishments, facilities, parks, among many other land uses. C A L O O C A N C I T Y Profile
  20. 20. THE PEOPLE Caloocan is the country's third most populous city with a population of 1,177,604. C A L O O C A N C I T Y Profile
  21. 21. ARTS & CULTURE The City’s Foundation Day showcases annually the festival of “Pamaypay ng Caloocan”, with the use of “Pamaypay” or fan as it is showcased on techno-modern Folk Street dancing competition. C A L O O C A N C I T Y Profile
  22. 22. RELIGION The City has diverse religious groups, sects or affiliates such as Roman Catholic, Born-Again Christians, Iglesia ni Kristo, among many other groups. C A L O O C A N C I T Y Profile
  23. 23. Las Piñas City
  24. 24. City Of Las Piñas Highly Urbanized City Island Group Luzon Region National Capital Region Province Fourth District Area 32.69 km² Barangays 20 PSGC 137601000 ZIP 1740 Population - Total 532,330 - Density/km² 16,284.18 Income class 1 Urbanization urban
  25. 25. A city in the National Capital Region of the Philippines. The land is bounded by Parañaque City on its north and northeast side, Muntinlupa City on the east and southeast, Imus Cavite on the south side, Bacoor Cavite on the southwest and west side, and Manila Bay on the northwest. L a s P i ñ a s
  26. 26. Spanish era, the city used to be a small fishing port and a center for salt-making and eventually Las Piñas developed into a residential, commercial and industrial town of Metro Manila. L a s P i ñ a s
  27. 27. Las Piñas is known as one of the cleanest cities in Metro Manila and has also recently achieved a status of the “Most Competitive City” in the country. L a s P i ñ a s
  28. 28. • Las Piñas used to be a fishing settlement on Manila Bay Shores in between 1762 to 1797. • Name derived from the pineapples • Others say that it was “Las Penas” due to excavation of stones and adobe that was used for construction purposes in the early years. L a s P i ñ a s History
  29. 29. • 1822, a unique Bamboo Organ was built inside the St. Joseph Church of the Parish of Las Piñas, and was completed in 1824. • Las Piñas was also a major site in the Philippine Revolution in 1896 and was also occupied by the Japanese Forces during the World War II. • Became part of Rizal province pursuant to Philippine Act No. 137. L a s P i ñ a s History
  30. 30. Two years later, the municipality was combined with Parañaque and later became the seat of a new municipal government. L a s P i ñ a s History Las Piñas became a separate municipality on March 27, 1907 by virtue of Philippine Act 1625. On February 12, 1997, Las Piñas was declared as a city by then President Fidel V. Ramos. Then on March 26, 1997, the city formally became the 10th city of Metro Manila.
  31. 31. THE LAND The city occupies a total land area of 41.54 sq. kilometers. Half of the land area is developed for residential purposes and the remaining half portion of the land is used for industrial and commercial which comprised of about 36.47% of the total land area, institutional with 37.68% of the land, and the rest for recreational or park areas. L a s P i ñ a s Profile
  32. 32. THE PEOPLE • Las Piñas City has a total population of 528,011 with a growth rate of 1.54% yearly in 104,000 households. The population growth is due to the migration of other people from different regions outside of Metro Manila. • The predominant language used and spoken is Tagalog; the rest speaks Cebuano, Ilonggo, Bicolano, Waray, Pampangueño and other dialects. L a s P i ñ a s Profile
  33. 33. RELIGION 91.99% of the city residents are Catholics, the rest are other religious sects. L a s P i ñ a s Profile
  34. 34. City of Manila
  35. 35. City Of Manila Highly Urbanized City Island Group Luzon Region National Capital Region Province First District Area 38.55 km² Barangays 0 PSGC 133900000 ZIP 1000 Population - Total 1,660,714 - Density/km² 43,079.48 Urbanization Urban
  36. 36. MANILA CITY or in Filipino “Lungsod ng Maynila”, is the capital of the Philippines. The City is situated at the mouth of the Pasig River on the eastern shores of Manila Bay on Luzon western side. Manila stretches approximately 950 kilometers southeast of Hong Kong and 2,400 northeast of Singapore. C i t y o f M a n i l a
  37. 37. The city is bordered by several cities and municipalities such as Navotas and Caloocan City in the north, Quezon City in the northeast, San Juan and Mandaluyong City in the east, Makati City in the southeast, and Pasay City in the south side. C i t y o f M a n i l a
  38. 38. Manila has been classified as a "Gamma" global city by the Globalization and World Cities Study Group and Network and is also known as the National Capital Region (NCR) since the metropolis is currently a thriving metropolitan area which consists of 17 cities and municipalities. C i t y o f M a n i l a
  39. 39. • Manila began as a small Muslim settlement on the banks of the Pasig River along the shores of Manila Bay. • The city’s name was derived from a flowering mangrove plant “the nilad” that grew on the shores of the bay at that time, thus, of the name Maynilad. • The city was then a prosperous Islamic community under the governance of Rajah Sulayman. C i t y o f M a n i l a History
  40. 40. THE PEOPLE The City of Manila is second to the most populous city in the Philippines with a population of 1.5 million residents. • The main language is Filipino. However, many Manileños are fluent in English language. A small percentage of the population can also speak Spanish owing to Manila’s Spanish heritage. C i t y o f M a n i l a Profile
  41. 41. ARTS & CULTURE The city has a lot of historical buildings showcasing the arts and culture of its land. It is also a home of various colleges and universities, such as the University of Santo Tomas, De La Salle University – Manila, San Beda College among many other schools. The city also has various art houses or buildings that show theatrical stage plays and various cinemanila movies in collaboration with other short film movies in other countries. C i t y o f M a n i l a Profile
  42. 42. Religion There are also various notable Catholic Churches and cathedrals in the city which some of these are already century years old: C i t y o f M a n i l a Profile • Archdiocesan Shrine of St. Jude Thaddeus • Binondo Church also known as the Basilica of St. Lorenzo Ruiz • Malate Church • Manila Cathedral also known as the basilica of Immaculate Concepcion
  43. 43. • Quiapo Church also known as the Basilica of the Black Nazarene • San Agustin Church • San Fernando de Dilao Parish Church • San Sebastian Church • Santa Cruz Church • Sto. Niño Parish Church C i t y o f M a n i l a Profile Century Year old Churches
  44. 44. • Other religions are also present in the city due to its diverse culture such as Buddhist, Taoist, Chinese, Muslim, Hindu, Sikh, and Synagogue for the small Jewish community in the Philippines, among many other religions. C i t y o f M a n i l a Profile Other Religions
  45. 45. Makati City
  46. 46. City Of Makati Highly Urbanized City Island Group Luzon Region National Capital Region Province Fourth District Area 21.57 km² Barangays 33 PSGC 137602000 ZIP 1200 Population - Total 510,383 - Density/km² 23,661.71 Urbanization urban
  47. 47. Located east of the capital Manila. The City is referred to as the “Financial Capital” and “Wall Street” of the Philippines since Makati is the headquarters of various key companies and work offices. Makati is also a home of the Makati Business Club and the Philippine Stock Exchange. M a k a t i C i t y
  48. 48. The city today is the most modern city in the Philippines and a highly cosmopolitan culture since many expatriates live and work here. Makati also boasts of its first-class shopping malls such as Ayala Center and Rockwell Center, and five-star hotels. M a k a t i C i t y
  49. 49. The name Makati came from the Tagalog word “kati” which means tide that refers to the flow of the Pasig River in the northern border of the city. The area used to be a swamp with cogon grass. M a k a t i C i t y History
  50. 50. • During the Spanish era, the place was also known as San Pedro Makati in honor of the patron saint. • 19th century upon colonization of Americans, Fort McKinley was established in Makati 1901 the place became a part of Rizal province • Philippine Act 2390 on February 28, 1914, San Pedro Makati was shortened to Makati name instead M a k a t i C i t y History
  51. 51. • 1930, the first airport, Nielsen Airport was built in what was now the Ayala Triangle in Makati • In the following years thereafter Makati became a prime real property that eventually became a financial and commercial capital in the Philippines. On January 2, 1995, Makati became an independent city. M a k a t i C i t y History
  52. 52. THE LAND • The City of Makati has a total land area of 27.36 square kilometers or 2,736 hectares which is 4.3% of National Capital Region’s total land area. The city is bounded by Pasig River on the north side, Pasig City on the northeast, Pateros and Taguig City in the southeast side, Manila in the northwest side, and Pasay City on the southwest. • Affluent villages like Forbes Park and the main central business district has the biggest land area of the total land area in Makati. M a k a t i C i t y Profile
  53. 53. THE PEOPLE The 2000 census estimated a 524,000 population in 117,000 households. The population has an increase rate of 8% and the number of households by 16%. The city has the highest GDP per capita in the Philippines. • However, in daytime Makati reaches a million populations especially during typical work days because of the large number of people working in the city. M a k a t i C i t y Profile
  54. 54. ARTS & CULTURE Makati has many Spanish-era churches and at the Greenbelt Park stands the modern-style domed chapel. The Ayala Center also has an Ayala Museum which showcases series of dioramas depicting major events in Philippine History. Makati City stages cultural and religious practices yearly to showcase various Philippine and other diverse cultures of other countries and religious beliefs M a k a t i C i t y Profile
  55. 55. Malabon City
  56. 56. City Of Malabon Highly Urbanized City Island Group Luzon Region National Capital Region Province Third District Area 15.71 km² Barangays 21 PSGC 137502000 ZIP 1470 Population - Total 363,681 - Density/km² 23,149.65 Income class 1 Urbanization Urban
  57. 57. Part of the CAMANAVA sub-region of Metro Manila. Located north side of Manila and is primarily a residential and industrial place, thus, the city is largely populated. CAMANAVA consists of Caloocan City, Malabon City, Navotas, and Valenzuela City. M a l a b o n C i t y
  58. 58. • The Augustinian Friars founded the town of Malabon as a “Visata” of Tondo on May 21, 1599 and remained under the governance of Tondo from 1627 to 1688. • Malabon was also an important literary center of the Philippine Revolution during the Spanish colonization in 1896. This is where the “La Independencia” was printed in Malabon’s Asilo de Huertanos. Then on June 11, 1901 by virtue of Philippine Act 137, Malabon was made a municipality in the province of Rizal. M a l a b o n C i t y History
  59. 59. • Philippine Act 942, the municipality of Malabon became a part of Navotas governance. It was only on January 6, 1906 when Malabon finally became an independent municipality upon signing of Philippine Act 1441. • Malabon remained a municipality of Rizal for 70 years, and by virtue of Presidential Decree No. 824 Malabon became a part of the National Capital Region and no longer part of the Rizal province. M a l a b o n C i t y History
  60. 60. THE LAND The city is a coastal land situated in the northern part of Metro Manila together with Navotas, Valenzuela, Pateros, Taguig, Pasig and Muntinlupa. Malabon is bounded in the north and northeast side by Valenzuela, west and southwest side by Navotas and southeast side by Caloocan City occupying a total land area of 23.4 square kilometers. The city land is generally flat with some slopes. M a l a b o n C i t y Profile
  61. 61. THE PEOPLE With the recent population census, Malabon City has a total population of 347,484. M a l a b o n C i t y Profile
  62. 62. LOCAL PRODUCTS Malabon is a commercial fishing center for Manila, known for “bagoong” (fish paste) production. M a l a b o n C i t y Profile
  63. 63. Mandaluyong City
  64. 64. City Of Mandaluyong Highly Urbanized City Island Group Luzon Region National Capital Region Province Second District Area 9.29 km² Barangays 27 PSGC 137401000 ZIP 1550 Population - Total 305,576 - Density/km² 32,893.00 Income class 1 Urbanization Urban
  65. 65. One of the cities that comprised Metro Manila in the Philippines, bordered on the west by Manila, San Juan in north, Quezon City and Pasig City in the east side, Makati City in the south side. The city is considered as "Tiger City of the Philippines", "Metro Manila's Heart", and the "Shopping Mall Capital of the Philippines". M a n d a l u y o n g C i t y
  66. 66. • The city derived its name from tagalong terms “mga” meaning many, and “daluy” which means flowing in reference to tall grasses that grow in this land many years ago. • For some time the town was under the governance of San Juan Municipality until it finally became an independent municipality on March 27, 1907. In 1960, the municipality of Mandaluyong became a component of Metropolitan Manila undergoing significant development and economic transformation, eventually becoming a highly urbanized city. • Today, Mandaluyong is a bustling city with vibrant economic activities and among many other city accomplishments. M a n d a l u y o n g C i t y History
  67. 67. THE LAND The city has a total land area of 1,124.97 hectares which is 1.77% of the total land area of Metro Manila. The four largest residential lots occupying the city’s total land area are Wack-Wack, Addition Hills, Plainview and Highway Hills. The land characteristic is partially flat on the southwest portion with gentle slopes in the rest of the area. M a n d a l u y o n g C i t y Profile
  68. 68. THE PEOPLE Currently, Mandaluyong City has a total population of 278,474 with 275,110 households. The city also has various ethnic origins. However, most of its population generally speaks Tagalog, followed by Bicol, Bisaya, Ilonggo and Ilocano language. M a n d a l u y o n g C i t y Profile
  69. 69. ARTS & CULTURE M a n d a l u y o n g C i t y Profile Mandaluyong has started in developing its city as a center for arts and culture, providing cultural programs with other cities via a “sister city” agreement in order to promote tourism for both cities and in exchanging cultural programs.
  70. 70. In “Kaban ng Hiyas” at the City Hall Compound and in art galleries in SM Megamall in Ortigas Center various historical artifacts and paintings of famous Filipino artists are on display for public view. The city is also providing hosting jobs for local and international film festivals as well as a favorite location for premiere showing of blockbuster films both local and foreign M a n d a l u y o n g C i t y Profile
  71. 71. RELIGION Most of the Mandaluyong residents are comprised of Roman Catholics, and the rest of the population are among other religious denominations like the Iglesia ni Kristo, Evangelicals, Protestants, Jehovah’s Witness, Aglipayan, and other religious sectors. M a n d a l u y o n g C i t y Profile
  72. 72. Marikina City
  73. 73. City Of Marikina Highly Urbanized City Island Group Luzon Region National Capital Region Province Second District Area 21.52 km² Barangays 16 PSGC 137402000 ZIP 1800 Population - Total 424,610 - Density/km² 19,730.95 Income class 1 Urbanization Urban
  74. 74. • MARIKINA CITY is much known as the “Shoe Capital of the Philippines” or “Shoe Capital of Asia” notably for its shoe industry. A large pair of shoes that were created by the shoemakers in the city was recently recognized by the Guinness Book of Records. The city also boasts of its Shoe Museum which homes the famous shoes of the former First lady Imelda Marcos. M a r i k i n a C i t y
  75. 75. The city is one of the cities that comprise Metro Manila, the National Capital Region in the Philippines, located along the eastern border of Metro Manila, bordered on the west by Quezon City, south by Pasig City, and north by San Mateo Rizal. Approximately 21 kilometers away from Manila, and the city is a valley bounded by mountain ranges and sliced by a river. M a r i k i n a C i t y
  76. 76. Marikina City is now the most industrialized city in Metro Manila. Various malls can also be found in the metropolis like the Sta. Lucia East Grandmall, Robinsons Place Metro East and many others. Marikina is very much distinguished with its river, the Marikina River which runs through the center of the city. During Christmas season, the river becomes a venue for the Christmas Festival. M a r i k i n a C i t y
  77. 77. The spot known as Chorillo in Barangay Barangka was said to be the spot were the Augustinians first arrived in the Marikina valley. It was only in 1630 during the Spanish period that the Jesuits administered the spot and established a settlement naming it Jesus dela Peña meaning Jesus of the Rocks. M a r i k i n a C i t y History
  78. 78. 1687, the settlement became a parish and was then known as Mariquina and later on Marikina with the coming of the Americans. There were a lot of legends told as to where the name “Marikina” was derived, some say the town got its name from Captain Berenguer de Marquina during 1787 under the Spanish government; others say the town was named after a Jesuit priest among other foretold legends. Profile M a r i k i n a C i t y
  79. 79. • Marikina officially became a town in 1787 • June 11, 1901 during the American occupation, Mariquina officially became Marikina, and the province of Rizal was created by virtue of Act. No.137. Then on November 7, 1975 the twelve western towns of Rizal including Marikina were made a part of the new Metropolitan Manila Area by Presidential Decree No. 824. 1950 when shoe industries were built in the city and soon waves of workers stayed and Marikina thus the increase in the city population. M a r i k i n a C i t y Profile
  80. 80. In 1992, the city completely became an urban city under the direction of Mayor Bayani “BF” Fernando who is now the Chairman of the Metropolitan Manila Development Authority. It was in December 8, 1996 when the Marikina municipality became a chartered city by virtue of Republic Act No. 8223. The twin city of Marikina is Brampton, Ontario in Canada. Profile M a r i k i n a C i t y
  81. 81. THE LAND The total land area of Marikina City is approximately 2,150 hectares representing about 3.44% of the total land area of Metro Manila. The land use is more on residential, commercial, industrial, institutional facilities, development, housing projects, and roads structure. M a r i k i n a C i t y Profile
  82. 82. THE PEOPLE Currently, the total population of Marikina is 457,722. The original settlers of the land were Tagalog, until other migrants settled in the city. The people of Marikina are called "Marikeño", but the main language used is Filipino or Tagalog. M a r i k i n a C i t y Profile
  83. 83. ARTS & CULTURE Marikina City has developed a cultural and heritage zone with the development of Sentrong Pangkultura ng Marikina and Shoe Museum. The historic two-century old Kapitan Moy Building was converted into a Cultural Center to serve as a venue of various activities showcasing Filipino traditions and arts. M a r i k i n a C i t y Profile
  84. 84. • Marikina River is also Marikina’s heritage, a once polluted and squatters settlement site it has now been transformed into sports and recreational park. Old Churches are also well- maintained. The current local government initiates various efforts in preserving the customs and heritage of the city that would fit into the urban development of the city. M a r i k i n a C i t y Profile
  85. 85. • The city also boasts of its official folk dance which is LERION. The dance was found in Parang, Marikina during the early 1950’s. Lerion was concocted from the famous “Leron, Leron, Sinta” song. Profile M a r i k i n a C i t y
  86. 86. RELIGION In the past centuries, Marikina used to be the base of Roman Catholic missions. Religious orders who arrived in Marikina were Dominicans, Franciscans, Jesuits and Augustinians. • The Patron Saint of Marikina is Nuestra Señora de los Desamparados, and old Churches include San Jose Manggagawa Parish Church in J. Dela Pena and Immaculate Concepcion Church in Concepcion Uno. • Currently, the city has other religious groups like Pentecostal, Iglesia ni Cristo, Muslim, Buddhism, Judaism among others. M a r i k i n a C i t y Profile
  87. 87. Prepared By: Marisol S. Aquino
  88. 88. Navotas The City of Navotas (Filipino: Lungsod ng Navotas) is a 1st class city in Metro Manila, Philippines. The city occupies a narrow strip of land along the eastern shores of Manila Bay. Navotas is directly north of Manila, west of Malabon City, and south of Obando, Bulacan.
  89. 89. Dubbed as the "Fishing Capital of the Philippines," Navotas is considered to be a very important fishing community, with 70% of its population deriving their livelihood directly or indirectly from fishing and its related industries like fish trading, fish net mending, and fish producing, having marginal percentage of inter-island fish producers. Navotas occupies a portion of Metropolitan Manila bound in the west with shoreline of Manila Bay, which is a strategic coastal front and suitable for all kinds of vessels.
  90. 90. Parañaque The City of Parañaque (Filipino: Lungsod ng Parañaque) (pop. 588,126 in 2010 Census) is one of the cities and municipalities that make up Metro Manila in the Philippines. It is located at 121’01” longitude and 14’30” latitude and is bordered to the north by Pasay, to the northeast by Taguig, to the southeast by Muntinlupa, to the southwest by Las Piñas, and to the west by Manila Bay. Due to its proximity to the sea, Parañaque is one of the major trade and business centers in the Philippines.
  91. 91. Today, Parañaque is a blossoming city. Due to its strategic location, it is an important centre for trade and business in Metro Manila. Baclaran, where a large number of dry goods stores are located, is one of the busiest markets in the country. Small fishing villages called “fisherman’s wharves” are also situated alongside Barangay La Huerta, where the famous DAMPA, a seaside market with numerous restaurants serving fresh seafood, is found. The country’s international airport as well as the Baclaran Church, one of the most active parishes in Manila, and the Duty Free, where one can buy imported goods, can be found here.
  92. 92. Pasay Pasay City (Filipino: Lungsód ng Pasay) is one of the cities and municipalities that make up Metro Manila in the Philippines. It is bordered on the north by the country's capital, the City of Manila, to the northeast by Makati City, to the east by Taguig City, and Parañaque City to the south. Pasay City was one of the original four cities of Metro Manila. Due to its proximity to Manila, it quickly became an urban town during the American Occupation.
  93. 93. .Most of the attractions in the city are on the grounds of the CCP (Cultural Center of the Philippines) Complex, including Philippine International Convention Center (PICC), Tanghalang Francisco Balagtas (formerly Folk Arts Theater), Manila Film Center, Coconut Palace, Product Development and Design Center of the Philippines (PDDCP), Philippine Trade Training Center (PTTC), World Trade Center Metro Manila (WTCMM), Cuneta Astrodome, Aliw Theater, and theme parks Star City, Nayong Pilipino, and Boom na Boom.
  94. 94. Other landmarks include: Bay City Complex Blue Wave Macapagal SM Mall of Asia Mall of Asia Arena SMX Convention Center Newport City Resorts World Manila Ninoy Aquino International Airport Lufthansa Technik Philippines Macroasia Economic Zone Villamor Airbase World Trade Center Metro Manila Aliw Theater Star City Cuneta Astrodome Japanese Embassy Victory Pasay Mall Sofitel Hotel Midas Hotel Holiday Plaza PASAY
  95. 95. Pateros The Municipality of Pateros (Filipino: Bayan ng Pateros) is a first-class municipality in Metro Manila, Philippines. This small town is famous for its duck-raising industry and especially for producing balut, a Filipino delicacy that is boiled duck egg. Pateros is also known for the production of red salty eggs and "inutak", a local rice cake. Moreover, the town is known for manufacturing of "alfombra", a locally- made footwear with a carpet-like fabric on its top surface. Pateros is bordered by Pasig City to the north, Makati City to the west, and Taguig City to the south.
  96. 96. As of 1834, Pateros raised and sold duck and had a fishing industry. Pateros is the only municipality and the smallest, both in population and in land area, in Metro Manila, but it is the second most densely populated at around 29 thousand people per square kilometer after Manila.
  97. 97. Pasig Pasig, officially City of Pasig (Filipino: Lungsod Pasig) is one of the highly urbanized cities of Metro Manila in the Philippines and was the former capital of the province of Rizal prior to the formation of the grouping of cities designated as the National Capital Region. Located along the eastern border of Metro Manila, Pasig is bordered on the west by Quezon City and Mandaluyong City; to the north by Marikina City; to the south by Makati City, Pateros, and Taguig City; and to the east by Antipolo City, the municipality of Cainta and Taytay in the province of Rizal.
  98. 98. Pasig is primarily residential and industrial, but has been becoming increasingly commercial in these recent years. Pasig is one of the three municipalities appointed by the diocese of the Roman Catholic Church in the Philippines (as the Roman Catholic Diocese of Pasig), making the Pasig Cathedral (formerly The Immaculate Conception Cathedral) a landmark, coinciding to its township in the year 1573.
  99. 99. Prepared By: Roise Marvy Alegado
  100. 100. Muntinlupa City
  101. 101. City Of Muntinlupa Highly Urbanized City Island Group Luzon Region National Capital Region Province Fourth District Area 39.75 km² Barangays 9 PSGC 137603000 ZIP 1770 Population - Total 452,943 - Density/km² 11,394.79 Urbanization urban
  102. 102. Muntinlupa City is the southernmost city in the National Capital Region which belongs to Luzon group of islands. It is setaed about 23 kilometers south of Manila, the Philippine capital. The city is bordered on the north by Taguig City; to the northwest by Paranaque City; by Las Pinas to the west; to the southwest by the city of Bacoor, Cavite; and by Laguna de Bay to the east, the largest lake in the country.
  103. 103. Muntinlupa City is classified as a highly urbanized city with a population of 452,943 residents and occupies a total land area of 39.75 km². The city is dubbed as the "Emerald City of the Philippines" by the tourism establishment.
  104. 104. Muntinlupa City was once notoriously known as the location of the national insular penitentiary, the New Bilibid Prison, where the country’s most dangerous criminals were incarcerated. Consequently, Muntinlupa or "Munti" became synonymous with the national penitentiary although it has largely shaken-off this negative image because it is one of the most progressive cities in the country at present.
  105. 105. Muntinlupa is also home of the best commercial establishment in the metropolis and is also the location of one of the country’s biggest and most expensive residential communities, the Ayala Alabang Village, where many of the wealthy and famous live.
  106. 106. In the 1900’s, the development boom of Barangay Alabang, underwent a tremendous growth, the product of this growth were the two large scale commercial real estate projects, the Filinvest Corporate City and Ayala Land’s Madrigal Business Park, that changed the landsape of Muntinlupa City from what was once vast fields of cow pasture in the late 1980’s, into a super city that houses new residential, business, industrial and commercial establishments. It was a transformation reminiscent of Makati City’s development boom some 30 years prior.
  107. 107. The historical landmarks of Muntinlupa City are the following: the Bureau of Corrections Administration Building, a prison facade that houses the offices of the prison administration; the maximum security compounds, consisting of 12 buildings called brigades which are located at the western side of the facade; the Jamboree Lake which is the smallest natural lake in the country, the lake has been in existence since time immemorial; and lastly, the Japanese Garden Cemetery, the burial place of Gen. Tomoyuki Yamashita, the Japanese general who became famous during the Japanese occupation of the country.
  108. 108.  Administratively the Highly Urbanized City of City Of Muntinlupa is subdivided into 9 barangays. One forms the center of the city wheras the other 8 are in the outlying areas. Some of them are even several kilometers away from the center of the Highly Urbanized City. The most populous are Buli, New Alabang Village, Bayanan, Sucat,Tunasan, Alabang, Cupang, Po blacion, Putatan.
  109. 109. Quezon City
  110. 110. Quezon City Highly Urbanized City Island Group Luzon Region National Capital Region Province Second District Area 166.20 km² Barangays 142 PSGC 137404000 ZIP 1100 Population - Total 2,679,450 - Density/km² 16,121.80 Income class 1 Urbanisation urban
  111. 111. Quezon City is a philippine highly urbanized city in Second District in Region National Capital Region which belongs to the Luzon group of islands. The highly urbanized city Quezon City is seated about 8 km north-east of Philippine main capital Manila.
  112. 112. Quezon City is the former capital (1948-1976) and the most populous city in the Philippines. Its total population is 2,679,450 as of 2007 and has a total of 142 barangays. The city was named after Manuel L. Quezon, the former president of the Commonwealth of the Philippines who founded the city and developed it to replace Manila as the country’s capital. Quezon City is not located in Region IV and should not be confused with Quezon province, which was also named after the president. Quezon City is located in the island of Luzon. It is one of the cities and municipalities that make up the National Capital Region.
  113. 113. Since it was the former capital, many government offices are located in Quezon City, including the Batasang Pambansa Complex, the seat of the House of Representatives, which is the lower chamber in the Philippine Congress. The main campuses of two noteworthy universities, the Ateneo de Manila University and the country’s National University-the University of the Philippines Diliman-are located in the city.
  114. 114. Quezon City is divided into a number of areas. The northern half of the city is called Novaliches and contains the areas of Fairview and Lagro while the southern portion of the city is divided into a number of places including Diliman, Commonwealth, the Project Areas, Cubao, Kamias, Kamuning, New Manila, San Francisco del Monte and Sta. Mesa Heights. Most of these areas are primarily residential in nature.
  115. 115. In the early 20th century, President Manuel L. Quezon, dreamt of a city that would become the future capital of the country, replacing Manila, and home to several middle workers. It is believed that his earlier trip to Mexico influenced his vision. In 1938, President Quezon purchased 15.29 km² from the vast Diliman estate of the Tuason family and created People’s Homesite Corporation. In 1938 President Manuel L. Quezon made a decision to push for a new capital city. Manila was getting crowded and his military advisors told him that Manila, being by the bay, was an easy target for bombardment by naval guns in case of attack and that possibility was high in the pre war years of the late ’30s.
  116. 116. Nevertheless, Quezon railroaded the idea of a totally new city at least 15 kilometers away from Manila Bay (beyond the reach of naval guns). He contacted William E. Parsons, American architect and planner, who had been the consulting architect for the islands early in the American colonial period. Parsons came over in the summer of 1939 and helped select the Diliman (Tuason) estate as the site for the new city.
  117. 117. Administratively the Highly Urbanized City of Quezon City is subdivided into 142 barangays. The most populous are Mangga, Bayanihan, Quirino 3-A, Blue Ridge B, Damar, Dioquino Zobel, Blue Ridge A, Escopa II, Escopa IV, Old Capitol Site, Nayong Kanluran, Tagumpay, Saint Ignatius, Villa Maria Clara, Escopa I.
  118. 118. San Juan City
  119. 119. City Of San Juan Highly Urbanized City Island Group Luzon Region National Capital Region Province Second District Area 5.95 km² Barangays 21 PSGC 137405000 ZIP 1500 Population - Total 125,338 - Density/km² 21,065.21 Income class 1 Urbanization urban
  120. 120. City Of San Juan is a philippine highly urbanized city in Second District in Region National Capital Region which belongs to theLuzon group of islands.
  121. 121. The City of San Juan is a city in Metro Manila in the National Capital Region in the Philippines. The city was a part of Rizal Province before the creation of Metro Manila. At present, San Juan City is the smallest city in the region and the country in terms of area. It occupies an area of 5.95 km² and by the end of 2007; it was the home of 125,338 residents. This was the site of the first battle of the Katipunan, the Filipino revolutionary organization, against the Spanish colonizers.
  122. 122. San Juan City is located at the approximate centre of Metro Manila. It is bordered by Quezon City on the north and east, Mandaluyong City on the south, and the City of Manila on the west. Its territory was once much larger than it is at present, stretching all the way to Caloocan City. Parts of what are now Districts 1, 2 and 4 of Quezon City as well as parts of Mandaluyong were originally within San Juan territorial boundaries. This explains why the San Juan Reservoir is in the nearby Horshoe Village, a subdivision under the jurisdiction of Quezon City.
  123. 123. The name San Juan is actually a shortened version of the city’s official name which is San Juan del Monte (St. John of the Mountain). It was due to the hilly terrain the city is situated on and at the same time in honour of the city’s patron saint, St. John the Baptist.
  124. 124. The first battle of the Philippine Revolution that achieved independence from Spain, began in San Juan in 1898.Although not officially designated as such, the City of San Juan could also be called the "Town of Philippine Presidents." Of the last nine presidents since the country became a republic in 1946, four of them were official residents of San Juan when they assumed office. They were the Diosdado Macapagal (1961–1965) and his daughter Gloria (2001–2010); Ferdinand Marcos (1965– 1986); and Joseph Estrada (1998–2001), who also served as mayor when San Juan was still a municipality.
  125. 125. Some famous landmarks of San Juan City are the Greenhills Shopping Center, a haven for bargain hunters, especially for consumer electronics, clothing and other merchandise and the Pinaglabanan Shrine, where the 1896 Philippine Revolution took place.
  126. 126. Every year on June 24, the residents celebrate Basaan, wherein the residents of San Juan City douse and splash water at other people, a practice similar with Songkran and Holi. This is done in celebration and honor of the feast of their patron saint, St. John the Baptist.
  127. 127. Taguig City
  128. 128. Taguig City Highly Urbanized City Island Group Luzon Region National Capital Region Province Fourth District Area 45.21 km² Barangays 28 PSGC 137607000 ZIP 1630 Population - Total 613,343 - Density/km² 13,566.53 Income class 1 Urbanisation urban
  129. 129. Taguig City is a philippine highly urbanized city in Fourth District in Region National Capital Region which belongs to the Luzon group of islands.
  130. 130. Taguig is a city in Metro Manila in the National Capital Region in the Philippines. It is known as the "Emerging Supernova of the Philippines". Its total population is 613,343 as of 2007 and has a total land area of 45.21 km². It has 28 barangays and lies on the western shore of Laguna de Bay.
  131. 131. Taguig City is an important residential, commercial and industrial center from a once thriving fishing community along the shores of Laguna de Bay. The recent construction of the C-5 highway and the acquisition of the Fort Bonifacio development area have paved the way for the cityhood of the municipality. It will also be accessed by the future C-6 Road. The city ranked first among Philippine cities in the Ease of Doing Business Index, conducted by the World Bank’s International Finance Corporation.
  132. 132. Makati City and Taguig have recently fought over the jurisdiction of Fort Bonifacio because the location of this Philippine military base lies in an uncertain area. The Libingan ng mga Bayani (Cementery for the Heroes) and the Manila American Cemetery and Memorial, which is a portion of Fort Bonifacio, lies within Taguig, while the northern portion where the development center is now located used to be considered part of Makati. Taguig City however, gained jurisdiction over the whole Fort Bonifacio, including the Fort Bonifacio Global City on a 2003 ruling in the Pasig Regional Trial Court.
  133. 133. Some notable landmarks of Taguig City are the Museo de Sta. Ana, a museum at the Shrine of St. Anne where artifacts are stored detailing the rich religious culture and history of Taguig since 1857; Dambanang Kawayan, a century old church in Tipas which is made of pure, native bamboo; Shrine of St. Anne, one of Philippines’ oldest churches built in 1587; Bantayog ng mga Bayani, a tribute to the heroes of Taguig during World War I at Fort Bonifacio; The Blue Mosque, a socio-civic and religious center for both Filipino and foreign Muslims in Maharlika Village; The Veteran’s Museum, a museum where war stories in life-sized tableaus are retold using all forms of art fused with high-end technology; Department of Science and Technology, a mini forest and eco-tourism park in Bicutan suitable for camping and bivouac activity; Camp Bagong Diwa, the camp located in lower Bicutan where NCRPO headquarters, prison complex and drug rehabilitation centers are located, and lastly, the Food Terminal Inc., the business center that has over 300 medium scale companies in food manufacturing, electronics, garments and service industries.
  134. 134. Valenzuela City
  135. 135. City Of Valenzuela Highly Urbanized City Island Group Luzon Region National Capital Region Province Third District Area 47.02 km² Barangays 32 PSGC 137504000 ZIP 1440 Population - Total 568,928 - Density/km² 12,099.70 Income class 1 Urbanisation urban
  136. 136. City Of Valenzuela is a philippine highly urbanized city in Third District in Region National Capital Region which belongs to theLuzon group of islands.
  137. 137. City Of Valenzuela is a 1st class highly urbanized city. Regarding urbanization City Of Valenzuela is classified as urban. City Of Valenzuela occupies an area of 47.02 km². By the end of 2007 City Of Valenzuela was the home of 568,928 residents. Thus by average 12,099.70 people are living on one km².
  138. 138. Administratively the Highly Urbanized City of City Of Valenzuela is subdivided into 32 barangays. One forms the center of the city wheras the other 31 are in the outlying areas. Some of them are even several kilometers away from the center of the Highly Urbanized City. The most populous are Poblacion, Pulo, Bisig, Pariancillo Villa, Mabolo, Wawang Pulo,Tagalag, Isla, Palasan, Pasolo, Rincon, Arkong Bato, Balangkas, Coloong,Bagbaguin.
  139. 139. Among the bigger cities and municipalities in the neigh- borhood of City Of Valenzuela there are City Of Manila (First District) 13 km south-south-east, Taguig City (Fourth District) 20 km south-east, Quezon City(Second District) 10 km east-south-east, City Of Antipolo (Rizal) 25 km east-south-east, City Of Pasig (Second District) 18 km south-east,Caloocan City 5 km south, City Of Makati (Fourth District) 16 km south- south-east, City Of Muntinlupa (Fourth District) 36 km south-south-east,City Of Las Piñas (Fourth District) 24 km south as well as 44 km south of City Of Valenzuela the highly urbanized city City Of Dasmariñas (Cavite).
  140. 140. Prepared By: Nory Aducao