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PEMILIHAN BALLAST WATER
TREATMENT PLANT PADA
KAPAL TANKER PERTAMINA
17500 DWT
EKAPRANA DANISWARA
1106054523
TEKNIK PERKAPALAN
UNIVERSITAS INDONESIA
PT. PERTAMINA PERKAPALAN
• VISI :
MENJADI PERUSAHAAN BISNIS PELAYARAN DAN JASA MARITIME KELAS DUNIA.
• MISI :
MELAKSANAKAN KEGIATAN BISNIS PERKAPALAN DAN JASA MARITIM YANG
BERSTANDAR INTERNASIONAL UNTUK MENGHASILKAN NILAI TAMBAH BAGI
PERUSAHAAN DENGAN MENGUTAMAKAN KEPUASAN PELANGGAN DAN
PEMANGKU KEPENTINGAN LAINNYA.
STRUKTUR ORGANISASI
ARMADA – OIL TANKER
Vessel Name Dead Weight Year Built
PANDAN 1470 MT 2000 Select
MANGUNJAYA 3500 MT 1987 Select
MENGGALA 3500 MT 1988 Select
MINAS 3500 MT 1985 Select
MELAHIN 3500 MT 1985 Select
MERBAU 3500 MT 1985 Select
MUSI 3500 MT 2012 Select
MUNDU 3675 MT 2004 Select
MEDITRAN 3644 MT 2012 Select
MAUHAU 3500 MT 2013 Select
MATINDOK 3500 MT 2013 Select
Vessel Name Dead Weight Year Built
KURAU 6500 MT 1992 Select
KATOMAS 6500 MT 1999 Select
KLASOGUN 6500 MT 1999 Select
KRASAK 6500 MT 1999 Select
KAMOJANG 6500 MT 2011 Select
KAKAP 6523 MT 2012 Select
KARMILA 6501 MT 1999 Select
BALONGAN 6736 MT 2005 Select
KETALING 6500 MT 1998 Select
KLAWOTONG 6609 MT 1999 Select
KUANG 6500 MT 1998 Select
PLAJU 6500 MT 2005 Select
SMALL TANKER I SMALL TANKER II
ARMADA – OIL TANKER
Vessel Name Dead Weight Year Built
PALUH TABUHAN 15,277 MT 1979 Select
PEMATANG 17,706 MT 1979 Select
PELITA 17,780 MT 1980 Select
PALUSIPAT 17957 MT 2000 Select
PEGADEN 17781 MT 1998 Select
PUNGUT 15514 MT 1979 Select
Vessel Name Dead Weight Year Built
SEI PAKNING 29,755 MT 2011 Select
SAMBU 29,755 MT 2011 Select
SUNGAI GERONG 29,755 MT 2012 Select
SEPINGGAN 29,941 MT 1982 Select
SANGA - SANGA 29,944 MT 1983 Select
SENGETI 29,952 MT 1982 Select
SELE 29,990 MT 1982 Select
SERANG JAYA 29,990 MT 1983 Select
CENDRAWASIH 36,503 MT 1977 Select
ENDURO 40,374 MT 1992 Select
FASTRON 30,770 MT 2005 Select
SINDANG 29,996 MT 1982 Select
Vessel Name Dead Weight Year Built
GUNUNG GEULIS 107,538 MT 2009 Select
GUNUNG KEMALA 86,964 MT 1986 Select
GEBANG 87,069 MT 1986 Select
GEUDONDONG 87,206 MT 1985 Select
CILACAP Select
GALUNGGUNG 88,312 MT 2011 Select
GEDE 88,312 MT 2011 Select
GAMALAMA 88,312 MT 2011 Select
GENERAL PURPOSE
MEDIUM RANGE
LARGE RANGE
ARMADA – GAS CARRIER
Vessel Name Dead Weight Year Built
GAS ARIMBI 3,472 MT 2011 Select
ARJUNA 3,472 MT 2012 Select
ARAR 3,472 MT 2013 Select
GAS ATTAKA 3,472 MT 2012 Select
Vessel Name Dead Weight Year Built
GAS WALIO 17,400 MT 2012 Select
GAS WIDURI 17,400 MT 2011 Select
SMALL MID SIZE
BATASAN MASALAH
• STANDAR ACUAN PENGGUNAAN BALLAST WATER TREATMENT PADA
INTERNATIONAL CONVENTION FOR THE CONTROL AND MANAGEMENT OF
SHIPS' BALLAST WATER AND SEDIMENTS, 2004 YANG DITETAPKAN OLEH
INTERNATIONAL MARITIME ORGANIZATION (IMO)
• JENIS – JENIS ORGANISME YANG TERDAPAT PADA BALLAST KAPAL DAN
DAMPAKNYA
• MACAM – MACAM TEKNOLOGI WATER BALLAST TREATMENT
• PERBANDINGAN MAKER DAN PEMILIHAN UNTUK KAPAL TANKER PERTAMINA
17500 DWT
REGULASI D-2 INTERNATIONAL CONVENTION
FOR THE CONTROL AND MANAGEMENT OF
SHIPS’ BALLAST WATER AND SEDIMENTS IMO
1. SHIPS CONDUCTING BALLAST WATER MANAGEMENT IN ACCORDANCE WITH THIS REGULATION
SHALL DISCHARGE LESS THAN 10 VIABLE ORGANISMS PER CUBIC METRE GREATER THAN OR EQUAL
TO 50 MICROMETERS IN MINIMUM DIMENSION AND LESS THAN 10 VIABLE ORGANISMS PER
MILILITRE LESS THAN 50 MICROMETRES IN MINIMUM DIMENSION AND GREATER THAN OR EQUAL
TO 10 MICROMENTRES IN MINIMUM DIMENSION; AND DISCHARGE OF THE INDICATOR MICROBES
SHALL NOT EXCEED THE SPECIFIED CONCENTRATIONS DESCRIBED IN PARAGRAPH 2.
2. INDICATOR MICROBES, AS A HUMAN HEALTH STANDARD, SHALL INCLUDE:
• .1 TOXICOGENIC VIBRIO CHOLERAE (O1 AND O139) WITH LESS THAN 1 COLONY FORMING UNIT
(CFU) PER 100 MILILITRES OR LESS THAN 1 CFU PER 1 GRAM (WET WEIGHT) ZOOPLANKTON SAMPLES;
• .2 ESCHERICHIA COLI LESS THAN 250 CFU PER 100 MILILITRES;
• .3 INTESTINAL ENTEROCOCCI LESS THAN 100 CFU PER 100 MILILITRES.
APPROVAL
ORGANISME YANG TIDAK DIINGINKAN PADA
BALLAST WATER
TEKNOLOGI BALLAST WATER TREATMENT
• MECHANICAL SEPARATION
• CHEMICAL TREATMENT
• PHYSICAL DISINFECTION
MECHANICAL SEPARATION - FILTRATION
MECHANICAL SEPARATION - HYDROCYCLONE
CHEMICAL TREATMENT - CHLORINATION
• KETIKA CHLORINE DITAMBAHKAN PADA AIR, MAKA AKAN TERBENTUK REAKSI :
CL2 + H2O → HOCL + H+ + CL-
• TEGANTUNG PADA DERAJAT PH PADA AIR, ASAM UNDERCHLORIC SEBAGIAN
BERAKHIR MENJADI ION HYPOCHLORIC :
CL2 + 2H2O → HOCL + H3O + CL-
HOCL + H2O → H3O+ + OCL-
• SEHINGGA TERBENTUKLAH ATOM CHLORINE DAN OKSIGEN :
OCL- → CL- + O
CHEMICAL TREATMENT - ELECTROLYSIS
• RUMUS UMUM UNTUK MENGHASILKAN HIPOKLORIT SEDERHANA :
NACL + H2O + ELECTRICITY → NAOCL + H2
• ATAU
WATER + SALT + ELECTRICITY → SODIUM HIPOKLORIT + GAS HYDROGEN
PHYSICAL DISINFECTION - COAGULATION
PHYSICAL DISINFECTION – UV TREATMENT
afterbefore
PEMILIHAN MAKER
• ECOCHLOR
• ALVA LAVAL PUREBALLAST 2.0
• ERMA FIRST SA
• NEI TREATMENT SYSTEMS LLC
• SEVERN TRENT DE NORA
• AURAMARINE
ECOCHLOR
• TECHNOLOGY : FILTRATION + CLHORINE DIOXIDE TREATMENT
• POWER CONSUMPTION : 6.9 KW
• MAINTENANCE COST : 80 $/1000 M3
• INSTALL COST : 500000 $
ALVA LAVAL PUREBALLAST 2.0
• TECHNOLOGY : FILTRATION + ULTRAVIOLET
• POWER CONSUMPTION : 125 KW
• MAINTENANCE COST : 20 $/1000 M3
• INSTALL COST : 320000$
ERMA FIRST SA
• TECHNOLOGY : MULTI HYDROCYCLONE SEPARATION + ELECTROLYSIS
• POWER CONSUMPTION : 15 KW
• MAINTENANCE COST : 25 $/1000 M3
• INSTALL COST : 300000 $
NEI TREATMENT SYSTEMS LLC
• TECHNOLOGY : DEOXYGENATION + CAVITATION
• POWER CONSUMPTION : 30 KW
• MAINTENANCE COST : 130 $/1000 M3
• INSTALL COST : 249000 $
SEVERN TRENT DE NORA
• TECHNOLOGY : FILTRATION + ELECTROCHLORINATION + RESIDUAL CONTROL
• POWER REQUIREMENT : 72 KW
• MAINTENANCE COST : 20 $/1000 M3
• INSTALL COST : 550000 $
AURAMARINE
• TECHNOLOGY : FILTRATION + UV-C RADIATION
• POWER CONSUMPTION : 110 KW
• MAINTENANCE COST : 40 $/1000 M3
• INSTALL COST : 450000$
PERBANDINGAN MAKER
No Manufacturer Treatment Technology
Power
Require
ment
(kW)
Maintenan
ce Cost
($/1000
m3)
Install
cost
($'00
0)
1 Ecochlor
Filtration + chlorine dioxide
treatment
6.9 80 500
2
Alva Laval
pureballast 2.0
Filtration + ultraviolet 125 20 320
3 ERMA FIRST SA
Multi hydrocyclone separation +
Electrolysis
15 25 300
4
NEI Treatment
Systems LLC
Deoxygenation + Cavitation 30 130 249
5
Severn Trent De
Nora
Filtration + Electrochlorination +
Residual Control
72 20 550
6 Auramarine Filtration + UV-C Radiation 110 40 450
0
100
200
300
400
500
600
700
Perbandingan Spesifikasi Maker
Install Cost
Maintenance Cost
Power Consumption
PRODUK MAKER YANG DIPILIH :
ERMA FIRST SA WATER BALLAST TREATMENT
KESIMPULAN
• DENGAN INI, MAKA ERMA FIRST SA BALLAST WATER TREATMENT DIPILIH
KARENA MEMILIKI POWER CONSUMPTION, INSTALL COST SERTA MAINTENANCE
COST YANG CUKUP RENDAH. BWT INI JUGA DIPILIH KARENA MEMILIKI
TEKNOLOGI FILTRASI TAHAP PERTAMA YANG LEBIH EFEKTIF, YAITU
HYDROCYCLONE YANG DAPAT MENYARING SUBSTANSI LEBIH BAIK
DIBANDINGKAN SCREEN FILTER ATAU DISC FILTER. SISTEM BWT INI JUGA TIDAK
MEMERLUKAN CHEMICAL TANK SERTA TIDAK MENGHASILKAN CHEMICAL
RESIDUAL
SEKIAN
TERIMA KASIH

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Pemilihan ballast water treatment plant pada kapal tanker

  • 1. PEMILIHAN BALLAST WATER TREATMENT PLANT PADA KAPAL TANKER PERTAMINA 17500 DWT EKAPRANA DANISWARA 1106054523 TEKNIK PERKAPALAN UNIVERSITAS INDONESIA
  • 2. PT. PERTAMINA PERKAPALAN • VISI : MENJADI PERUSAHAAN BISNIS PELAYARAN DAN JASA MARITIME KELAS DUNIA. • MISI : MELAKSANAKAN KEGIATAN BISNIS PERKAPALAN DAN JASA MARITIM YANG BERSTANDAR INTERNASIONAL UNTUK MENGHASILKAN NILAI TAMBAH BAGI PERUSAHAAN DENGAN MENGUTAMAKAN KEPUASAN PELANGGAN DAN PEMANGKU KEPENTINGAN LAINNYA.
  • 4. ARMADA – OIL TANKER Vessel Name Dead Weight Year Built PANDAN 1470 MT 2000 Select MANGUNJAYA 3500 MT 1987 Select MENGGALA 3500 MT 1988 Select MINAS 3500 MT 1985 Select MELAHIN 3500 MT 1985 Select MERBAU 3500 MT 1985 Select MUSI 3500 MT 2012 Select MUNDU 3675 MT 2004 Select MEDITRAN 3644 MT 2012 Select MAUHAU 3500 MT 2013 Select MATINDOK 3500 MT 2013 Select Vessel Name Dead Weight Year Built KURAU 6500 MT 1992 Select KATOMAS 6500 MT 1999 Select KLASOGUN 6500 MT 1999 Select KRASAK 6500 MT 1999 Select KAMOJANG 6500 MT 2011 Select KAKAP 6523 MT 2012 Select KARMILA 6501 MT 1999 Select BALONGAN 6736 MT 2005 Select KETALING 6500 MT 1998 Select KLAWOTONG 6609 MT 1999 Select KUANG 6500 MT 1998 Select PLAJU 6500 MT 2005 Select SMALL TANKER I SMALL TANKER II
  • 5. ARMADA – OIL TANKER Vessel Name Dead Weight Year Built PALUH TABUHAN 15,277 MT 1979 Select PEMATANG 17,706 MT 1979 Select PELITA 17,780 MT 1980 Select PALUSIPAT 17957 MT 2000 Select PEGADEN 17781 MT 1998 Select PUNGUT 15514 MT 1979 Select Vessel Name Dead Weight Year Built SEI PAKNING 29,755 MT 2011 Select SAMBU 29,755 MT 2011 Select SUNGAI GERONG 29,755 MT 2012 Select SEPINGGAN 29,941 MT 1982 Select SANGA - SANGA 29,944 MT 1983 Select SENGETI 29,952 MT 1982 Select SELE 29,990 MT 1982 Select SERANG JAYA 29,990 MT 1983 Select CENDRAWASIH 36,503 MT 1977 Select ENDURO 40,374 MT 1992 Select FASTRON 30,770 MT 2005 Select SINDANG 29,996 MT 1982 Select Vessel Name Dead Weight Year Built GUNUNG GEULIS 107,538 MT 2009 Select GUNUNG KEMALA 86,964 MT 1986 Select GEBANG 87,069 MT 1986 Select GEUDONDONG 87,206 MT 1985 Select CILACAP Select GALUNGGUNG 88,312 MT 2011 Select GEDE 88,312 MT 2011 Select GAMALAMA 88,312 MT 2011 Select GENERAL PURPOSE MEDIUM RANGE LARGE RANGE
  • 6. ARMADA – GAS CARRIER Vessel Name Dead Weight Year Built GAS ARIMBI 3,472 MT 2011 Select ARJUNA 3,472 MT 2012 Select ARAR 3,472 MT 2013 Select GAS ATTAKA 3,472 MT 2012 Select Vessel Name Dead Weight Year Built GAS WALIO 17,400 MT 2012 Select GAS WIDURI 17,400 MT 2011 Select SMALL MID SIZE
  • 7. BATASAN MASALAH • STANDAR ACUAN PENGGUNAAN BALLAST WATER TREATMENT PADA INTERNATIONAL CONVENTION FOR THE CONTROL AND MANAGEMENT OF SHIPS' BALLAST WATER AND SEDIMENTS, 2004 YANG DITETAPKAN OLEH INTERNATIONAL MARITIME ORGANIZATION (IMO) • JENIS – JENIS ORGANISME YANG TERDAPAT PADA BALLAST KAPAL DAN DAMPAKNYA • MACAM – MACAM TEKNOLOGI WATER BALLAST TREATMENT • PERBANDINGAN MAKER DAN PEMILIHAN UNTUK KAPAL TANKER PERTAMINA 17500 DWT
  • 8. REGULASI D-2 INTERNATIONAL CONVENTION FOR THE CONTROL AND MANAGEMENT OF SHIPS’ BALLAST WATER AND SEDIMENTS IMO 1. SHIPS CONDUCTING BALLAST WATER MANAGEMENT IN ACCORDANCE WITH THIS REGULATION SHALL DISCHARGE LESS THAN 10 VIABLE ORGANISMS PER CUBIC METRE GREATER THAN OR EQUAL TO 50 MICROMETERS IN MINIMUM DIMENSION AND LESS THAN 10 VIABLE ORGANISMS PER MILILITRE LESS THAN 50 MICROMETRES IN MINIMUM DIMENSION AND GREATER THAN OR EQUAL TO 10 MICROMENTRES IN MINIMUM DIMENSION; AND DISCHARGE OF THE INDICATOR MICROBES SHALL NOT EXCEED THE SPECIFIED CONCENTRATIONS DESCRIBED IN PARAGRAPH 2. 2. INDICATOR MICROBES, AS A HUMAN HEALTH STANDARD, SHALL INCLUDE: • .1 TOXICOGENIC VIBRIO CHOLERAE (O1 AND O139) WITH LESS THAN 1 COLONY FORMING UNIT (CFU) PER 100 MILILITRES OR LESS THAN 1 CFU PER 1 GRAM (WET WEIGHT) ZOOPLANKTON SAMPLES; • .2 ESCHERICHIA COLI LESS THAN 250 CFU PER 100 MILILITRES; • .3 INTESTINAL ENTEROCOCCI LESS THAN 100 CFU PER 100 MILILITRES.
  • 10. ORGANISME YANG TIDAK DIINGINKAN PADA BALLAST WATER
  • 11.
  • 12. TEKNOLOGI BALLAST WATER TREATMENT • MECHANICAL SEPARATION • CHEMICAL TREATMENT • PHYSICAL DISINFECTION
  • 14. MECHANICAL SEPARATION - HYDROCYCLONE
  • 15. CHEMICAL TREATMENT - CHLORINATION • KETIKA CHLORINE DITAMBAHKAN PADA AIR, MAKA AKAN TERBENTUK REAKSI : CL2 + H2O → HOCL + H+ + CL- • TEGANTUNG PADA DERAJAT PH PADA AIR, ASAM UNDERCHLORIC SEBAGIAN BERAKHIR MENJADI ION HYPOCHLORIC : CL2 + 2H2O → HOCL + H3O + CL- HOCL + H2O → H3O+ + OCL- • SEHINGGA TERBENTUKLAH ATOM CHLORINE DAN OKSIGEN : OCL- → CL- + O
  • 16. CHEMICAL TREATMENT - ELECTROLYSIS • RUMUS UMUM UNTUK MENGHASILKAN HIPOKLORIT SEDERHANA : NACL + H2O + ELECTRICITY → NAOCL + H2 • ATAU WATER + SALT + ELECTRICITY → SODIUM HIPOKLORIT + GAS HYDROGEN
  • 17. PHYSICAL DISINFECTION - COAGULATION
  • 18. PHYSICAL DISINFECTION – UV TREATMENT afterbefore
  • 19. PEMILIHAN MAKER • ECOCHLOR • ALVA LAVAL PUREBALLAST 2.0 • ERMA FIRST SA • NEI TREATMENT SYSTEMS LLC • SEVERN TRENT DE NORA • AURAMARINE
  • 20. ECOCHLOR • TECHNOLOGY : FILTRATION + CLHORINE DIOXIDE TREATMENT • POWER CONSUMPTION : 6.9 KW • MAINTENANCE COST : 80 $/1000 M3 • INSTALL COST : 500000 $
  • 21. ALVA LAVAL PUREBALLAST 2.0 • TECHNOLOGY : FILTRATION + ULTRAVIOLET • POWER CONSUMPTION : 125 KW • MAINTENANCE COST : 20 $/1000 M3 • INSTALL COST : 320000$
  • 22. ERMA FIRST SA • TECHNOLOGY : MULTI HYDROCYCLONE SEPARATION + ELECTROLYSIS • POWER CONSUMPTION : 15 KW • MAINTENANCE COST : 25 $/1000 M3 • INSTALL COST : 300000 $
  • 23. NEI TREATMENT SYSTEMS LLC • TECHNOLOGY : DEOXYGENATION + CAVITATION • POWER CONSUMPTION : 30 KW • MAINTENANCE COST : 130 $/1000 M3 • INSTALL COST : 249000 $
  • 24. SEVERN TRENT DE NORA • TECHNOLOGY : FILTRATION + ELECTROCHLORINATION + RESIDUAL CONTROL • POWER REQUIREMENT : 72 KW • MAINTENANCE COST : 20 $/1000 M3 • INSTALL COST : 550000 $
  • 25. AURAMARINE • TECHNOLOGY : FILTRATION + UV-C RADIATION • POWER CONSUMPTION : 110 KW • MAINTENANCE COST : 40 $/1000 M3 • INSTALL COST : 450000$
  • 26. PERBANDINGAN MAKER No Manufacturer Treatment Technology Power Require ment (kW) Maintenan ce Cost ($/1000 m3) Install cost ($'00 0) 1 Ecochlor Filtration + chlorine dioxide treatment 6.9 80 500 2 Alva Laval pureballast 2.0 Filtration + ultraviolet 125 20 320 3 ERMA FIRST SA Multi hydrocyclone separation + Electrolysis 15 25 300 4 NEI Treatment Systems LLC Deoxygenation + Cavitation 30 130 249 5 Severn Trent De Nora Filtration + Electrochlorination + Residual Control 72 20 550 6 Auramarine Filtration + UV-C Radiation 110 40 450 0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 Perbandingan Spesifikasi Maker Install Cost Maintenance Cost Power Consumption
  • 27. PRODUK MAKER YANG DIPILIH : ERMA FIRST SA WATER BALLAST TREATMENT
  • 28. KESIMPULAN • DENGAN INI, MAKA ERMA FIRST SA BALLAST WATER TREATMENT DIPILIH KARENA MEMILIKI POWER CONSUMPTION, INSTALL COST SERTA MAINTENANCE COST YANG CUKUP RENDAH. BWT INI JUGA DIPILIH KARENA MEMILIKI TEKNOLOGI FILTRASI TAHAP PERTAMA YANG LEBIH EFEKTIF, YAITU HYDROCYCLONE YANG DAPAT MENYARING SUBSTANSI LEBIH BAIK DIBANDINGKAN SCREEN FILTER ATAU DISC FILTER. SISTEM BWT INI JUGA TIDAK MEMERLUKAN CHEMICAL TANK SERTA TIDAK MENGHASILKAN CHEMICAL RESIDUAL