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Organizational Security Culture 
Eric Vanderburg 
June 23, 2007
Introduction
Research Question
Existing Research 
• Jerome Want 
– Want, J. (2006). Corporate Culture: Illuminating the Black Hole. 
New York, NY: St. Martin’s Press. 
– Analyzes how different cultures respond to change 
• Michael Caloyannides 
– Caloyannides, M. (2004). Enhancing Security: Not for the 
Conformist. IEEE Security and Privacy, 2(6), 86-88. 
– Essential characteristics for security personnel 
– Cites lack of these characteristics in current generation 
• Edgar Schein 
• Chia, Ruighaver, & Maynard
Edgar H. Schein 
Three levels for understanding and identifying 
corporate culture 
Schein, E.H. (1999). The Corporate Culture Survival Guide: 
Sense and Nonsense About Cultural Change. San Francisco, CA: 
Jossey-Bass Publishers.
Eight cultural dimensions 
Chia, P. A., Ruighaver, A.B., Maynard, S.B. (2002), Understanding 
Organisational Security Culture. Proceedings from PACIS2002: 
The 6th Pacific Asia Conference on Information Systems, Tokyo, 
Japan.
Value (Rationale for Research) 
• Infinity multiplied by 0 is 0 
The best security plans, most talented associates, and brilliant 
leadership combined with an incompatible security culture results in 
bad security. 
• Security is clearly lacking – Below: percentage of US firms not in 
compliance 
Regulation 2005 2006 
California database breach notification act 15% 15% 
Sarbanes-Oxley 38% 28% 
HIPPA 38% 40% 
GLBA 17% 14% 
Other state/local privacy regulations 10% 32% 
Source: The State of Information Security 2006 worldwide study by CIO 
Magazine and PricewaterhouseCoopers

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Organizational security culture - Eric Vanderburg

  • 1. Organizational Security Culture Eric Vanderburg June 23, 2007
  • 4. Existing Research • Jerome Want – Want, J. (2006). Corporate Culture: Illuminating the Black Hole. New York, NY: St. Martin’s Press. – Analyzes how different cultures respond to change • Michael Caloyannides – Caloyannides, M. (2004). Enhancing Security: Not for the Conformist. IEEE Security and Privacy, 2(6), 86-88. – Essential characteristics for security personnel – Cites lack of these characteristics in current generation • Edgar Schein • Chia, Ruighaver, & Maynard
  • 5. Edgar H. Schein Three levels for understanding and identifying corporate culture Schein, E.H. (1999). The Corporate Culture Survival Guide: Sense and Nonsense About Cultural Change. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass Publishers.
  • 6. Eight cultural dimensions Chia, P. A., Ruighaver, A.B., Maynard, S.B. (2002), Understanding Organisational Security Culture. Proceedings from PACIS2002: The 6th Pacific Asia Conference on Information Systems, Tokyo, Japan.
  • 7. Value (Rationale for Research) • Infinity multiplied by 0 is 0 The best security plans, most talented associates, and brilliant leadership combined with an incompatible security culture results in bad security. • Security is clearly lacking – Below: percentage of US firms not in compliance Regulation 2005 2006 California database breach notification act 15% 15% Sarbanes-Oxley 38% 28% HIPPA 38% 40% GLBA 17% 14% Other state/local privacy regulations 10% 32% Source: The State of Information Security 2006 worldwide study by CIO Magazine and PricewaterhouseCoopers