SlideShare a Scribd company logo
1 of 17
DECOLORIZATION OF NIGROSINE WS (ACID BLACK 2) DYE
BY
SOLAR PHOTO-FENTON PROCESS
Presented by:
Akash Tikhe
akashtk92@gmail.com
INTRODUCTION
 Various estimates and projections indicate an increasing trend in water demand for
agricultural, industrial and domestic use in the coming decades.
 More than 10,000 types of dyes are used in the textile industry and 2,80,000 tones
of textile dyes are discharged every year worldwide (Hsueh et al., 2005).
 Discharge of such wastewater decreases aesthetic and ecological value of
receiving water body due to addition of intensive color and toxicity.
 The conventional treatment methods are ineffective for all class of dyes due to
their complex aromatic structures and stability.
2
INTRODUCTION
 In the recent time the Advanced Oxidation Processes (AOPs), are considered to
be a potential treatment method for the removal of color.
 This method is based on generation of °OH radical (oxidation potential 2.8 V)
which is responsible for degradation of any organic group and decolorization of
any class of dye.
 Extremely fast reaction within seconds to minutes.
 Reactions take place at ambient environment.
 Absence of generation of byproducts or secondary pollutants.
3
AIM AND OBJECTIVES
AIM
 To find out the efficiency of Homogeneous Solar Photo-Fenton Process for the
Nigrosine WS (Acid Black 2) dye.
OBJECTIVES
 To decolorize the Nigrosine WS (Acid Black 2) dye by using Homogeneous Solar
Photo-Fenton Process.
 To evaluate the optimum condition of Homogeneous Solar Photo-Fenton Process for
decolorization of Nigrosine WS (Acid Black 2) dye.
4
METHODOLOGY
5
Selection of DyeApplication
Literature
Review
Optimization
of used
Chemicals &
Environment
Pilot Study
Literature
Review
Treatment of Dye by Optimized Environment and
Chemical Doses
Selection of
Treatment Method
DETERMINATION OF COLOR REMOVAL
 Spectro-photomertric method – Maximum absorbance wavelength
 The absorbance was measured at each half an hour
 The sample was centrifuged before measuring absorbance
OPTIMIZATION OF DOSE
6
DECOLORIZATION OF NIGROSINE WS DYE BY OPTIMIZED
DOSE
o For the decolorization of dye, the optimum dose of FeSO4.7H2O and H2O2 (30% w/v) was
applied per 200 ml of dye solution at fixed pH 3.
o There are six different concentration of Nigrosine Ws dye was used from 5 – 100 ppm.
7
Experimental Setup
Stirring - 2000 rpm
200 ml Dye solution
pH = 3
OBSERVATIONS AND RESULTS
8
Water Before Treatment Water After Treatment
After 2 hours
Complete Color Removal
OBSERVATIONS AND RESULTS
A single peak was observed at 570 nm which was used as the maximum absorbance
wavelength and at which decolorization of Nigrosine WS dye was determined.
9
OBSERVATIONS AND RESULTS
Effect of Concentration of H2O2 (30% w/v)
10
Effect of Concentration of FeSO4.7H2O
OBSERVATIONS AND RESULTS
Effect of pH on Decolorization Rate
11Effect of Initial Dye Concentration
EFFECT OF SOLAR IRRADIATION
 The results revealed that sunlight has an influence on the homogenous Photo-Fenton
process. In the absence of direct sunlight, decolorization cannot be achieved more
than 70% after the time duration of 4 hours.
12
EFFECT OF STIRRING
The complete decolorization can be
achieved in two and half hour by providing
10% of stirring to the dye solution.
In the absence of stirring, 99 % of
decolorization can be achieved within 3
hours of time duration. Absence of
stirring also gives rise to the Fe+2
sludge
formation.
13
 This method gives complete decolorization of Nigrosine WS dye so the treated
effluent can be reused or recycle in various sectors.
 This treatment method do not require any skill operation and costly investment.
 The treatment in the absence of stirring of course decreases operation cost but it give
rise to generation of iron sludge at the bottom which is unconsumed after the
reaction. So sludge disposal and handling may require in absence of stirring.
 The treatment method require continues and large exposure of sun light so the
efficiency may deplete in monsoon season when sun light is intermittent.
14
DISCUSSION
CONCLUSION
o The investigation proved that only H2O2is not enough to decolorize Nigrosine WS
(C.I. Acid Black 2) dye but catalyst must require for fast reaction and complete
decolorization.
o The Homogenous Photo-Fenton method is effective method for complete removal of
Nigrosine WS (C.I. Acid Black 2) dye.
o The treatment method provide major advantage of less investment and operating
cost and do not require skill operation.
o This treatment method is efficient and cost effective solution for tropical region
where sun light is abundant.
15
REFERENCES
A.Tripathi, S.K. Srivastava (2011) Ecofriendly Treatment of Azo Dyes: Biodecolorization using Bacterial
Strains, International Journal of Bioscience, Biochemistry and Bioinformatics, Vol. 1, No. 1.
Badawy M. I., Ghaly M. Y. and Gad-Allah T. A. (2006) Advanced oxidation processes for the removal of
organophosphorus pesticides from wastewater, Desalination, vol. 194: 166–175.
Carla C. A. Loures and Marco A. K. Alcântara (2013) Advanced Oxidative Degradation Processes:
Fundamentals and Applications, International Review of Chemical Engineering (I.RE.CH.E.), Vol. 5, N. 2.
Kumar, M. Paliwal, R. Ameta and S.C. Ameta (2008) Oxidation of Fast Green FCF by the Solar Photo-Fenton
Process, J. Iran. Chem. Soc., Vol. 5, No. 2, June 2008, pp. 346-351.
Kang S.F., Liao C.H. and Po S.T. (2000) Decolorization of textile wastewater by photo-Fenton oxidation
technology, Chemosphere vol. 41: 1287-1297.
Khandelwal D.H and Ameta R. (2013) Use of Photo-Fenton Reagent in the Degradation of Basic Yellow 2 in
Aqueous Medium, Res. J. Recent Sci. Vol. 2(1), 39-43.
Rajendran and C. Karthikeyan (2011) Effective degradation of an azo dye acid red -183 by Fenton and
Photo-Fenton treatment, Acta Chim. Pharm. Indica: 1(1), 57-64.
Rein MUNTER (2001) Advanced oxidation processes – current status and prospects, Proc. Estonian
Acad. Sci. Chem., 2001, 50, 2, 59–80.
16
17

More Related Content

What's hot

Removal of colour and turbidity (coagulation, flocculation filtration)
Removal of colour and turbidity (coagulation, flocculation  filtration)Removal of colour and turbidity (coagulation, flocculation  filtration)
Removal of colour and turbidity (coagulation, flocculation filtration)Ghent University
 
adsorption of methylene blue onto xanthogenated modified chitosan microbeads
adsorption of methylene blue onto xanthogenated modified chitosan microbeadsadsorption of methylene blue onto xanthogenated modified chitosan microbeads
adsorption of methylene blue onto xanthogenated modified chitosan microbeadsSiti Nadzifah Ghazali
 
Advanced Oxidation Process for Industrial Water Treatment and Waste Water
Advanced Oxidation Process for  Industrial Water Treatment and Waste WaterAdvanced Oxidation Process for  Industrial Water Treatment and Waste Water
Advanced Oxidation Process for Industrial Water Treatment and Waste WaterUus Soedjak
 
Decolorization of mixture of dyes: A critical review
Decolorization of mixture of dyes: A critical reviewDecolorization of mixture of dyes: A critical review
Decolorization of mixture of dyes: A critical reviewGJESM Publication
 
CATALYTIC REFORMING
CATALYTIC REFORMINGCATALYTIC REFORMING
CATALYTIC REFORMINGtranslateds
 
Treatment of waste water using photocatalysis ti o2
Treatment of waste water using photocatalysis ti o2Treatment of waste water using photocatalysis ti o2
Treatment of waste water using photocatalysis ti o2Muhammad Mudassir
 
ADSORPTION OF CONGO RED DYE AND METHYLENE BLUE DYE USING ORANGE PEEL AS AN A...
ADSORPTION OF CONGO RED DYE AND METHYLENE BLUE DYE  USING ORANGE PEEL AS AN A...ADSORPTION OF CONGO RED DYE AND METHYLENE BLUE DYE  USING ORANGE PEEL AS AN A...
ADSORPTION OF CONGO RED DYE AND METHYLENE BLUE DYE USING ORANGE PEEL AS AN A...Ajay Singh
 
Recent Advances in Photocatalytic Reactors.
Recent Advances in Photocatalytic Reactors.Recent Advances in Photocatalytic Reactors.
Recent Advances in Photocatalytic Reactors.Madhura Chincholi
 
Venturi Scrubber - Dedusting
Venturi Scrubber - DedustingVenturi Scrubber - Dedusting
Venturi Scrubber - DedustingTomas Eriksson
 

What's hot (20)

Removal of colour and turbidity (coagulation, flocculation filtration)
Removal of colour and turbidity (coagulation, flocculation  filtration)Removal of colour and turbidity (coagulation, flocculation  filtration)
Removal of colour and turbidity (coagulation, flocculation filtration)
 
Membrane technology
Membrane technologyMembrane technology
Membrane technology
 
adsorption of methylene blue onto xanthogenated modified chitosan microbeads
adsorption of methylene blue onto xanthogenated modified chitosan microbeadsadsorption of methylene blue onto xanthogenated modified chitosan microbeads
adsorption of methylene blue onto xanthogenated modified chitosan microbeads
 
Advanced Oxidation Process for Industrial Water Treatment and Waste Water
Advanced Oxidation Process for  Industrial Water Treatment and Waste WaterAdvanced Oxidation Process for  Industrial Water Treatment and Waste Water
Advanced Oxidation Process for Industrial Water Treatment and Waste Water
 
Dye adsorption
Dye adsorptionDye adsorption
Dye adsorption
 
Decolorization of mixture of dyes: A critical review
Decolorization of mixture of dyes: A critical reviewDecolorization of mixture of dyes: A critical review
Decolorization of mixture of dyes: A critical review
 
Presentation 2 1
Presentation 2 1Presentation 2 1
Presentation 2 1
 
Removal of Methylene Blue from Aqueous Solution by Jute Stick Charcoal: Adsor...
Removal of Methylene Blue from Aqueous Solution by Jute Stick Charcoal: Adsor...Removal of Methylene Blue from Aqueous Solution by Jute Stick Charcoal: Adsor...
Removal of Methylene Blue from Aqueous Solution by Jute Stick Charcoal: Adsor...
 
Kraft process
Kraft process Kraft process
Kraft process
 
Episode 42 : Gas Solid Separation
Episode 42 :  Gas Solid SeparationEpisode 42 :  Gas Solid Separation
Episode 42 : Gas Solid Separation
 
CATALYTIC REFORMING
CATALYTIC REFORMINGCATALYTIC REFORMING
CATALYTIC REFORMING
 
Treatment of waste water using photocatalysis ti o2
Treatment of waste water using photocatalysis ti o2Treatment of waste water using photocatalysis ti o2
Treatment of waste water using photocatalysis ti o2
 
Scrubbing Systems
Scrubbing SystemsScrubbing Systems
Scrubbing Systems
 
ADSORPTION OF CONGO RED DYE AND METHYLENE BLUE DYE USING ORANGE PEEL AS AN A...
ADSORPTION OF CONGO RED DYE AND METHYLENE BLUE DYE  USING ORANGE PEEL AS AN A...ADSORPTION OF CONGO RED DYE AND METHYLENE BLUE DYE  USING ORANGE PEEL AS AN A...
ADSORPTION OF CONGO RED DYE AND METHYLENE BLUE DYE USING ORANGE PEEL AS AN A...
 
Disinfection
DisinfectionDisinfection
Disinfection
 
Venturi Scrubber
Venturi ScrubberVenturi Scrubber
Venturi Scrubber
 
FCC Off Gas Treatment
FCC Off Gas TreatmentFCC Off Gas Treatment
FCC Off Gas Treatment
 
Ppt
PptPpt
Ppt
 
Recent Advances in Photocatalytic Reactors.
Recent Advances in Photocatalytic Reactors.Recent Advances in Photocatalytic Reactors.
Recent Advances in Photocatalytic Reactors.
 
Venturi Scrubber - Dedusting
Venturi Scrubber - DedustingVenturi Scrubber - Dedusting
Venturi Scrubber - Dedusting
 

Viewers also liked

Viewers also liked (6)

M.TECH final viva voice
M.TECH final viva voiceM.TECH final viva voice
M.TECH final viva voice
 
Ozone H2 O2
Ozone H2 O2Ozone H2 O2
Ozone H2 O2
 
Sonophotocatalytic Degradation of Waste Water
Sonophotocatalytic Degradation of Waste WaterSonophotocatalytic Degradation of Waste Water
Sonophotocatalytic Degradation of Waste Water
 
Chemtronics Green STP AD+
Chemtronics  Green STP AD+Chemtronics  Green STP AD+
Chemtronics Green STP AD+
 
Landfill ppt 1
Landfill ppt 1Landfill ppt 1
Landfill ppt 1
 
Landfill leachate treatment
Landfill leachate treatmentLandfill leachate treatment
Landfill leachate treatment
 

Similar to Decolourisation of Nigrosine WS dye by Solar Photo-fenton

Degradation of mono azo dye in aqueous solution using
Degradation of mono azo dye in aqueous solution usingDegradation of mono azo dye in aqueous solution using
Degradation of mono azo dye in aqueous solution usingeSAT Publishing House
 
Degradation of mono azo dye in aqueous solution using
Degradation of mono azo dye in aqueous solution usingDegradation of mono azo dye in aqueous solution using
Degradation of mono azo dye in aqueous solution usingeSAT Publishing House
 
Applicability of Fenton Process for Treatment of Industrial Effluents: A Review
Applicability of Fenton Process for Treatment of Industrial Effluents: A ReviewApplicability of Fenton Process for Treatment of Industrial Effluents: A Review
Applicability of Fenton Process for Treatment of Industrial Effluents: A ReviewIJERA Editor
 
Comparative Study for Adsorptive Removal of Coralene Blue BGFS Dye from Aqueo...
Comparative Study for Adsorptive Removal of Coralene Blue BGFS Dye from Aqueo...Comparative Study for Adsorptive Removal of Coralene Blue BGFS Dye from Aqueo...
Comparative Study for Adsorptive Removal of Coralene Blue BGFS Dye from Aqueo...IJERA Editor
 
IJSRED-V2I3P48
IJSRED-V2I3P48IJSRED-V2I3P48
IJSRED-V2I3P48IJSRED
 
Degradation of mono azo dye in aqueous solution using cast iron filings
Degradation of mono azo dye in aqueous solution using cast iron filingsDegradation of mono azo dye in aqueous solution using cast iron filings
Degradation of mono azo dye in aqueous solution using cast iron filingseSAT Journals
 
Synthesis of Spinel based Catalysts by Wet chemical methods for Colour Remova...
Synthesis of Spinel based Catalysts by Wet chemical methods for Colour Remova...Synthesis of Spinel based Catalysts by Wet chemical methods for Colour Remova...
Synthesis of Spinel based Catalysts by Wet chemical methods for Colour Remova...PranavkumarRana
 
IRJET- Colours Removal using Iron Oxide Nano Paarticles
IRJET-  	  Colours Removal using Iron Oxide Nano PaarticlesIRJET-  	  Colours Removal using Iron Oxide Nano Paarticles
IRJET- Colours Removal using Iron Oxide Nano PaarticlesIRJET Journal
 
Uv radiation assisted photocatalytic transformation of azo dye direct yellow 9
Uv radiation assisted photocatalytic transformation of azo dye direct yellow 9Uv radiation assisted photocatalytic transformation of azo dye direct yellow 9
Uv radiation assisted photocatalytic transformation of azo dye direct yellow 9eSAT Journals
 
IRJET- Batch Studies on Colour Removal Potential by Zinc Oxide Nanoparticles
IRJET- Batch Studies on Colour Removal Potential by Zinc Oxide NanoparticlesIRJET- Batch Studies on Colour Removal Potential by Zinc Oxide Nanoparticles
IRJET- Batch Studies on Colour Removal Potential by Zinc Oxide NanoparticlesIRJET Journal
 
The radiolytic mineralization of 2-mercaptobenzothiazole, an emerging contami...
The radiolytic mineralization of 2-mercaptobenzothiazole, an emerging contami...The radiolytic mineralization of 2-mercaptobenzothiazole, an emerging contami...
The radiolytic mineralization of 2-mercaptobenzothiazole, an emerging contami...IRJESJOURNAL
 
Treatability Study of Leachate by Fenton Oxidation
Treatability Study of Leachate by Fenton OxidationTreatability Study of Leachate by Fenton Oxidation
Treatability Study of Leachate by Fenton OxidationIRJET Journal
 
A Method For Recovery Of Metal Mercury From Air Pollution Monitoring Laborato...
A Method For Recovery Of Metal Mercury From Air Pollution Monitoring Laborato...A Method For Recovery Of Metal Mercury From Air Pollution Monitoring Laborato...
A Method For Recovery Of Metal Mercury From Air Pollution Monitoring Laborato...ECRD IN
 
Removal of Hexavalent Chromium by Adsorption using low-cost Adsorbents and Ac...
Removal of Hexavalent Chromium by Adsorption using low-cost Adsorbents and Ac...Removal of Hexavalent Chromium by Adsorption using low-cost Adsorbents and Ac...
Removal of Hexavalent Chromium by Adsorption using low-cost Adsorbents and Ac...IRJET Journal
 
Performance of integrated process using fungal strain corialus versicalor mtc
Performance of integrated process using fungal strain corialus versicalor mtcPerformance of integrated process using fungal strain corialus versicalor mtc
Performance of integrated process using fungal strain corialus versicalor mtcIAEME Publication
 

Similar to Decolourisation of Nigrosine WS dye by Solar Photo-fenton (20)

Degradation of mono azo dye in aqueous solution using
Degradation of mono azo dye in aqueous solution usingDegradation of mono azo dye in aqueous solution using
Degradation of mono azo dye in aqueous solution using
 
Degradation of mono azo dye in aqueous solution using
Degradation of mono azo dye in aqueous solution usingDegradation of mono azo dye in aqueous solution using
Degradation of mono azo dye in aqueous solution using
 
1.pdf
1.pdf1.pdf
1.pdf
 
Applicability of Fenton Process for Treatment of Industrial Effluents: A Review
Applicability of Fenton Process for Treatment of Industrial Effluents: A ReviewApplicability of Fenton Process for Treatment of Industrial Effluents: A Review
Applicability of Fenton Process for Treatment of Industrial Effluents: A Review
 
B05430815
B05430815B05430815
B05430815
 
Comparative Study for Adsorptive Removal of Coralene Blue BGFS Dye from Aqueo...
Comparative Study for Adsorptive Removal of Coralene Blue BGFS Dye from Aqueo...Comparative Study for Adsorptive Removal of Coralene Blue BGFS Dye from Aqueo...
Comparative Study for Adsorptive Removal of Coralene Blue BGFS Dye from Aqueo...
 
IJSRED-V2I3P48
IJSRED-V2I3P48IJSRED-V2I3P48
IJSRED-V2I3P48
 
Degradation of mono azo dye in aqueous solution using cast iron filings
Degradation of mono azo dye in aqueous solution using cast iron filingsDegradation of mono azo dye in aqueous solution using cast iron filings
Degradation of mono azo dye in aqueous solution using cast iron filings
 
Synthesis of Spinel based Catalysts by Wet chemical methods for Colour Remova...
Synthesis of Spinel based Catalysts by Wet chemical methods for Colour Remova...Synthesis of Spinel based Catalysts by Wet chemical methods for Colour Remova...
Synthesis of Spinel based Catalysts by Wet chemical methods for Colour Remova...
 
IRJET- Colours Removal using Iron Oxide Nano Paarticles
IRJET-  	  Colours Removal using Iron Oxide Nano PaarticlesIRJET-  	  Colours Removal using Iron Oxide Nano Paarticles
IRJET- Colours Removal using Iron Oxide Nano Paarticles
 
Shats final proposal
Shats final proposalShats final proposal
Shats final proposal
 
Uv radiation assisted photocatalytic transformation of azo dye direct yellow 9
Uv radiation assisted photocatalytic transformation of azo dye direct yellow 9Uv radiation assisted photocatalytic transformation of azo dye direct yellow 9
Uv radiation assisted photocatalytic transformation of azo dye direct yellow 9
 
IRJET- Batch Studies on Colour Removal Potential by Zinc Oxide Nanoparticles
IRJET- Batch Studies on Colour Removal Potential by Zinc Oxide NanoparticlesIRJET- Batch Studies on Colour Removal Potential by Zinc Oxide Nanoparticles
IRJET- Batch Studies on Colour Removal Potential by Zinc Oxide Nanoparticles
 
The radiolytic mineralization of 2-mercaptobenzothiazole, an emerging contami...
The radiolytic mineralization of 2-mercaptobenzothiazole, an emerging contami...The radiolytic mineralization of 2-mercaptobenzothiazole, an emerging contami...
The radiolytic mineralization of 2-mercaptobenzothiazole, an emerging contami...
 
Treatability Study of Leachate by Fenton Oxidation
Treatability Study of Leachate by Fenton OxidationTreatability Study of Leachate by Fenton Oxidation
Treatability Study of Leachate by Fenton Oxidation
 
Am04605271282
Am04605271282Am04605271282
Am04605271282
 
Ijetcas14 550
Ijetcas14 550Ijetcas14 550
Ijetcas14 550
 
A Method For Recovery Of Metal Mercury From Air Pollution Monitoring Laborato...
A Method For Recovery Of Metal Mercury From Air Pollution Monitoring Laborato...A Method For Recovery Of Metal Mercury From Air Pollution Monitoring Laborato...
A Method For Recovery Of Metal Mercury From Air Pollution Monitoring Laborato...
 
Removal of Hexavalent Chromium by Adsorption using low-cost Adsorbents and Ac...
Removal of Hexavalent Chromium by Adsorption using low-cost Adsorbents and Ac...Removal of Hexavalent Chromium by Adsorption using low-cost Adsorbents and Ac...
Removal of Hexavalent Chromium by Adsorption using low-cost Adsorbents and Ac...
 
Performance of integrated process using fungal strain corialus versicalor mtc
Performance of integrated process using fungal strain corialus versicalor mtcPerformance of integrated process using fungal strain corialus versicalor mtc
Performance of integrated process using fungal strain corialus versicalor mtc
 

More from Akash Tikhe

Incineration And Pyrolysis
Incineration And PyrolysisIncineration And Pyrolysis
Incineration And PyrolysisAkash Tikhe
 
Municipal Solid Waste Management Process
Municipal Solid Waste Management ProcessMunicipal Solid Waste Management Process
Municipal Solid Waste Management ProcessAkash Tikhe
 
Introduction of Solid waste management
Introduction of Solid waste managementIntroduction of Solid waste management
Introduction of Solid waste managementAkash Tikhe
 
Introduction of Effluent Treatment Plant
Introduction of Effluent Treatment PlantIntroduction of Effluent Treatment Plant
Introduction of Effluent Treatment PlantAkash Tikhe
 
Basics of Remote Sensing
Basics of Remote SensingBasics of Remote Sensing
Basics of Remote SensingAkash Tikhe
 
Mitigation of an Earthquake
Mitigation of an EarthquakeMitigation of an Earthquake
Mitigation of an EarthquakeAkash Tikhe
 
Causes of Landslide
Causes of LandslideCauses of Landslide
Causes of LandslideAkash Tikhe
 
5 R- Reduce, Reuse, Recycle, Refuse, Recover
5 R-  Reduce, Reuse, Recycle, Refuse, Recover5 R-  Reduce, Reuse, Recycle, Refuse, Recover
5 R- Reduce, Reuse, Recycle, Refuse, RecoverAkash Tikhe
 

More from Akash Tikhe (9)

Landfilling
Landfilling Landfilling
Landfilling
 
Incineration And Pyrolysis
Incineration And PyrolysisIncineration And Pyrolysis
Incineration And Pyrolysis
 
Municipal Solid Waste Management Process
Municipal Solid Waste Management ProcessMunicipal Solid Waste Management Process
Municipal Solid Waste Management Process
 
Introduction of Solid waste management
Introduction of Solid waste managementIntroduction of Solid waste management
Introduction of Solid waste management
 
Introduction of Effluent Treatment Plant
Introduction of Effluent Treatment PlantIntroduction of Effluent Treatment Plant
Introduction of Effluent Treatment Plant
 
Basics of Remote Sensing
Basics of Remote SensingBasics of Remote Sensing
Basics of Remote Sensing
 
Mitigation of an Earthquake
Mitigation of an EarthquakeMitigation of an Earthquake
Mitigation of an Earthquake
 
Causes of Landslide
Causes of LandslideCauses of Landslide
Causes of Landslide
 
5 R- Reduce, Reuse, Recycle, Refuse, Recover
5 R-  Reduce, Reuse, Recycle, Refuse, Recover5 R-  Reduce, Reuse, Recycle, Refuse, Recover
5 R- Reduce, Reuse, Recycle, Refuse, Recover
 

Recently uploaded

EMP (Environment Management Plan . .pptx
EMP (Environment Management Plan . .pptxEMP (Environment Management Plan . .pptx
EMP (Environment Management Plan . .pptxSarmad Naeem
 
办理德州理工大学毕业证书TTU文凭学位证书
办理德州理工大学毕业证书TTU文凭学位证书办理德州理工大学毕业证书TTU文凭学位证书
办理德州理工大学毕业证书TTU文凭学位证书zdzoqco
 
办理学位证(KU证书)堪萨斯大学毕业证成绩单原版一比一
办理学位证(KU证书)堪萨斯大学毕业证成绩单原版一比一办理学位证(KU证书)堪萨斯大学毕业证成绩单原版一比一
办理学位证(KU证书)堪萨斯大学毕业证成绩单原版一比一F dds
 
UNIT ONE ppt history of Ethiopia and horn.pptx
UNIT ONE ppt history of Ethiopia and horn.pptxUNIT ONE ppt history of Ethiopia and horn.pptx
UNIT ONE ppt history of Ethiopia and horn.pptxzeyohannesamare
 
原版定制copy澳洲詹姆斯库克大学毕业证JCU毕业证成绩单留信学历认证保障质量
原版定制copy澳洲詹姆斯库克大学毕业证JCU毕业证成绩单留信学历认证保障质量原版定制copy澳洲詹姆斯库克大学毕业证JCU毕业证成绩单留信学历认证保障质量
原版定制copy澳洲詹姆斯库克大学毕业证JCU毕业证成绩单留信学历认证保障质量sehgh15heh
 
Call In girls Connaught Place (DELHI)⇛9711147426🔝Delhi NCR
Call In girls Connaught Place (DELHI)⇛9711147426🔝Delhi NCRCall In girls Connaught Place (DELHI)⇛9711147426🔝Delhi NCR
Call In girls Connaught Place (DELHI)⇛9711147426🔝Delhi NCRjennyeacort
 
办理(Victoria毕业证书)维多利亚大学毕业证成绩单原版一比一
办理(Victoria毕业证书)维多利亚大学毕业证成绩单原版一比一办理(Victoria毕业证书)维多利亚大学毕业证成绩单原版一比一
办理(Victoria毕业证书)维多利亚大学毕业证成绩单原版一比一z xss
 
Al Jaddaf Housewife Call Girls +971509530047 Al Jaddaf Call Girls
Al Jaddaf Housewife Call Girls +971509530047 Al Jaddaf Call GirlsAl Jaddaf Housewife Call Girls +971509530047 Al Jaddaf Call Girls
Al Jaddaf Housewife Call Girls +971509530047 Al Jaddaf Call Girlstiril72860
 
Along the Lakefront, "Menacing Unknown"s
Along the Lakefront, "Menacing Unknown"sAlong the Lakefront, "Menacing Unknown"s
Along the Lakefront, "Menacing Unknown"syalehistoricalreview
 
Call Girls Sarovar Portico Naraina Hotel, New Delhi 9873777170
Call Girls Sarovar Portico Naraina Hotel, New Delhi 9873777170Call Girls Sarovar Portico Naraina Hotel, New Delhi 9873777170
Call Girls Sarovar Portico Naraina Hotel, New Delhi 9873777170simranguptaxx69
 
EARTH DAY Slide show EARTHDAY.ORG is unwavering in our commitment to end plas...
EARTH DAY Slide show EARTHDAY.ORG is unwavering in our commitment to end plas...EARTH DAY Slide show EARTHDAY.ORG is unwavering in our commitment to end plas...
EARTH DAY Slide show EARTHDAY.ORG is unwavering in our commitment to end plas...Aqsa Yasmin
 
Science, Technology and Nation Building.pptx
Science, Technology and Nation Building.pptxScience, Technology and Nation Building.pptx
Science, Technology and Nation Building.pptxgrandmarshall132
 
Limnology and Wetland Management 2023 NaRM.pptx
Limnology and Wetland Management 2023 NaRM.pptxLimnology and Wetland Management 2023 NaRM.pptx
Limnology and Wetland Management 2023 NaRM.pptxTesfahunTesema
 
Call Girls Ahmedabad 7397865700 Ridhima Hire Me Full Night
Call Girls Ahmedabad 7397865700 Ridhima Hire Me Full NightCall Girls Ahmedabad 7397865700 Ridhima Hire Me Full Night
Call Girls Ahmedabad 7397865700 Ridhima Hire Me Full Nightssuser7cb4ff
 
Asexual-and-Sexual-Reproduction.huhupptx
Asexual-and-Sexual-Reproduction.huhupptxAsexual-and-Sexual-Reproduction.huhupptx
Asexual-and-Sexual-Reproduction.huhupptxMyBrightestStarParkJ
 
World Environment Day PPT slides for Earth DAy arpil 2022
World Environment Day PPT slides for Earth DAy arpil 2022World Environment Day PPT slides for Earth DAy arpil 2022
World Environment Day PPT slides for Earth DAy arpil 2022herebasit
 
Available to Promise Oracle R12 ATP.pptx
Available to Promise Oracle R12 ATP.pptxAvailable to Promise Oracle R12 ATP.pptx
Available to Promise Oracle R12 ATP.pptxbskumar_slideshare
 
Biogas Production from Agricultural Feedstock and Energy Crops
Biogas Production from Agricultural Feedstock and Energy CropsBiogas Production from Agricultural Feedstock and Energy Crops
Biogas Production from Agricultural Feedstock and Energy CropsRabiyaSalman2
 

Recently uploaded (20)

EMP (Environment Management Plan . .pptx
EMP (Environment Management Plan . .pptxEMP (Environment Management Plan . .pptx
EMP (Environment Management Plan . .pptx
 
办理德州理工大学毕业证书TTU文凭学位证书
办理德州理工大学毕业证书TTU文凭学位证书办理德州理工大学毕业证书TTU文凭学位证书
办理德州理工大学毕业证书TTU文凭学位证书
 
办理学位证(KU证书)堪萨斯大学毕业证成绩单原版一比一
办理学位证(KU证书)堪萨斯大学毕业证成绩单原版一比一办理学位证(KU证书)堪萨斯大学毕业证成绩单原版一比一
办理学位证(KU证书)堪萨斯大学毕业证成绩单原版一比一
 
young call girls in Janakpuri🔝 9953056974 🔝 escort Service
young call girls in Janakpuri🔝 9953056974 🔝 escort Serviceyoung call girls in Janakpuri🔝 9953056974 🔝 escort Service
young call girls in Janakpuri🔝 9953056974 🔝 escort Service
 
UNIT ONE ppt history of Ethiopia and horn.pptx
UNIT ONE ppt history of Ethiopia and horn.pptxUNIT ONE ppt history of Ethiopia and horn.pptx
UNIT ONE ppt history of Ethiopia and horn.pptx
 
原版定制copy澳洲詹姆斯库克大学毕业证JCU毕业证成绩单留信学历认证保障质量
原版定制copy澳洲詹姆斯库克大学毕业证JCU毕业证成绩单留信学历认证保障质量原版定制copy澳洲詹姆斯库克大学毕业证JCU毕业证成绩单留信学历认证保障质量
原版定制copy澳洲詹姆斯库克大学毕业证JCU毕业证成绩单留信学历认证保障质量
 
Call In girls Connaught Place (DELHI)⇛9711147426🔝Delhi NCR
Call In girls Connaught Place (DELHI)⇛9711147426🔝Delhi NCRCall In girls Connaught Place (DELHI)⇛9711147426🔝Delhi NCR
Call In girls Connaught Place (DELHI)⇛9711147426🔝Delhi NCR
 
办理(Victoria毕业证书)维多利亚大学毕业证成绩单原版一比一
办理(Victoria毕业证书)维多利亚大学毕业证成绩单原版一比一办理(Victoria毕业证书)维多利亚大学毕业证成绩单原版一比一
办理(Victoria毕业证书)维多利亚大学毕业证成绩单原版一比一
 
Al Jaddaf Housewife Call Girls +971509530047 Al Jaddaf Call Girls
Al Jaddaf Housewife Call Girls +971509530047 Al Jaddaf Call GirlsAl Jaddaf Housewife Call Girls +971509530047 Al Jaddaf Call Girls
Al Jaddaf Housewife Call Girls +971509530047 Al Jaddaf Call Girls
 
Along the Lakefront, "Menacing Unknown"s
Along the Lakefront, "Menacing Unknown"sAlong the Lakefront, "Menacing Unknown"s
Along the Lakefront, "Menacing Unknown"s
 
Health Facility Electrification: State of Play
Health Facility Electrification: State of PlayHealth Facility Electrification: State of Play
Health Facility Electrification: State of Play
 
Call Girls Sarovar Portico Naraina Hotel, New Delhi 9873777170
Call Girls Sarovar Portico Naraina Hotel, New Delhi 9873777170Call Girls Sarovar Portico Naraina Hotel, New Delhi 9873777170
Call Girls Sarovar Portico Naraina Hotel, New Delhi 9873777170
 
EARTH DAY Slide show EARTHDAY.ORG is unwavering in our commitment to end plas...
EARTH DAY Slide show EARTHDAY.ORG is unwavering in our commitment to end plas...EARTH DAY Slide show EARTHDAY.ORG is unwavering in our commitment to end plas...
EARTH DAY Slide show EARTHDAY.ORG is unwavering in our commitment to end plas...
 
Science, Technology and Nation Building.pptx
Science, Technology and Nation Building.pptxScience, Technology and Nation Building.pptx
Science, Technology and Nation Building.pptx
 
Limnology and Wetland Management 2023 NaRM.pptx
Limnology and Wetland Management 2023 NaRM.pptxLimnology and Wetland Management 2023 NaRM.pptx
Limnology and Wetland Management 2023 NaRM.pptx
 
Call Girls Ahmedabad 7397865700 Ridhima Hire Me Full Night
Call Girls Ahmedabad 7397865700 Ridhima Hire Me Full NightCall Girls Ahmedabad 7397865700 Ridhima Hire Me Full Night
Call Girls Ahmedabad 7397865700 Ridhima Hire Me Full Night
 
Asexual-and-Sexual-Reproduction.huhupptx
Asexual-and-Sexual-Reproduction.huhupptxAsexual-and-Sexual-Reproduction.huhupptx
Asexual-and-Sexual-Reproduction.huhupptx
 
World Environment Day PPT slides for Earth DAy arpil 2022
World Environment Day PPT slides for Earth DAy arpil 2022World Environment Day PPT slides for Earth DAy arpil 2022
World Environment Day PPT slides for Earth DAy arpil 2022
 
Available to Promise Oracle R12 ATP.pptx
Available to Promise Oracle R12 ATP.pptxAvailable to Promise Oracle R12 ATP.pptx
Available to Promise Oracle R12 ATP.pptx
 
Biogas Production from Agricultural Feedstock and Energy Crops
Biogas Production from Agricultural Feedstock and Energy CropsBiogas Production from Agricultural Feedstock and Energy Crops
Biogas Production from Agricultural Feedstock and Energy Crops
 

Decolourisation of Nigrosine WS dye by Solar Photo-fenton

  • 1. DECOLORIZATION OF NIGROSINE WS (ACID BLACK 2) DYE BY SOLAR PHOTO-FENTON PROCESS Presented by: Akash Tikhe akashtk92@gmail.com
  • 2. INTRODUCTION  Various estimates and projections indicate an increasing trend in water demand for agricultural, industrial and domestic use in the coming decades.  More than 10,000 types of dyes are used in the textile industry and 2,80,000 tones of textile dyes are discharged every year worldwide (Hsueh et al., 2005).  Discharge of such wastewater decreases aesthetic and ecological value of receiving water body due to addition of intensive color and toxicity.  The conventional treatment methods are ineffective for all class of dyes due to their complex aromatic structures and stability. 2
  • 3. INTRODUCTION  In the recent time the Advanced Oxidation Processes (AOPs), are considered to be a potential treatment method for the removal of color.  This method is based on generation of °OH radical (oxidation potential 2.8 V) which is responsible for degradation of any organic group and decolorization of any class of dye.  Extremely fast reaction within seconds to minutes.  Reactions take place at ambient environment.  Absence of generation of byproducts or secondary pollutants. 3
  • 4. AIM AND OBJECTIVES AIM  To find out the efficiency of Homogeneous Solar Photo-Fenton Process for the Nigrosine WS (Acid Black 2) dye. OBJECTIVES  To decolorize the Nigrosine WS (Acid Black 2) dye by using Homogeneous Solar Photo-Fenton Process.  To evaluate the optimum condition of Homogeneous Solar Photo-Fenton Process for decolorization of Nigrosine WS (Acid Black 2) dye. 4
  • 5. METHODOLOGY 5 Selection of DyeApplication Literature Review Optimization of used Chemicals & Environment Pilot Study Literature Review Treatment of Dye by Optimized Environment and Chemical Doses Selection of Treatment Method
  • 6. DETERMINATION OF COLOR REMOVAL  Spectro-photomertric method – Maximum absorbance wavelength  The absorbance was measured at each half an hour  The sample was centrifuged before measuring absorbance OPTIMIZATION OF DOSE 6
  • 7. DECOLORIZATION OF NIGROSINE WS DYE BY OPTIMIZED DOSE o For the decolorization of dye, the optimum dose of FeSO4.7H2O and H2O2 (30% w/v) was applied per 200 ml of dye solution at fixed pH 3. o There are six different concentration of Nigrosine Ws dye was used from 5 – 100 ppm. 7 Experimental Setup Stirring - 2000 rpm 200 ml Dye solution pH = 3
  • 8. OBSERVATIONS AND RESULTS 8 Water Before Treatment Water After Treatment After 2 hours Complete Color Removal
  • 9. OBSERVATIONS AND RESULTS A single peak was observed at 570 nm which was used as the maximum absorbance wavelength and at which decolorization of Nigrosine WS dye was determined. 9
  • 10. OBSERVATIONS AND RESULTS Effect of Concentration of H2O2 (30% w/v) 10 Effect of Concentration of FeSO4.7H2O
  • 11. OBSERVATIONS AND RESULTS Effect of pH on Decolorization Rate 11Effect of Initial Dye Concentration
  • 12. EFFECT OF SOLAR IRRADIATION  The results revealed that sunlight has an influence on the homogenous Photo-Fenton process. In the absence of direct sunlight, decolorization cannot be achieved more than 70% after the time duration of 4 hours. 12
  • 13. EFFECT OF STIRRING The complete decolorization can be achieved in two and half hour by providing 10% of stirring to the dye solution. In the absence of stirring, 99 % of decolorization can be achieved within 3 hours of time duration. Absence of stirring also gives rise to the Fe+2 sludge formation. 13
  • 14.  This method gives complete decolorization of Nigrosine WS dye so the treated effluent can be reused or recycle in various sectors.  This treatment method do not require any skill operation and costly investment.  The treatment in the absence of stirring of course decreases operation cost but it give rise to generation of iron sludge at the bottom which is unconsumed after the reaction. So sludge disposal and handling may require in absence of stirring.  The treatment method require continues and large exposure of sun light so the efficiency may deplete in monsoon season when sun light is intermittent. 14 DISCUSSION
  • 15. CONCLUSION o The investigation proved that only H2O2is not enough to decolorize Nigrosine WS (C.I. Acid Black 2) dye but catalyst must require for fast reaction and complete decolorization. o The Homogenous Photo-Fenton method is effective method for complete removal of Nigrosine WS (C.I. Acid Black 2) dye. o The treatment method provide major advantage of less investment and operating cost and do not require skill operation. o This treatment method is efficient and cost effective solution for tropical region where sun light is abundant. 15
  • 16. REFERENCES A.Tripathi, S.K. Srivastava (2011) Ecofriendly Treatment of Azo Dyes: Biodecolorization using Bacterial Strains, International Journal of Bioscience, Biochemistry and Bioinformatics, Vol. 1, No. 1. Badawy M. I., Ghaly M. Y. and Gad-Allah T. A. (2006) Advanced oxidation processes for the removal of organophosphorus pesticides from wastewater, Desalination, vol. 194: 166–175. Carla C. A. Loures and Marco A. K. Alcântara (2013) Advanced Oxidative Degradation Processes: Fundamentals and Applications, International Review of Chemical Engineering (I.RE.CH.E.), Vol. 5, N. 2. Kumar, M. Paliwal, R. Ameta and S.C. Ameta (2008) Oxidation of Fast Green FCF by the Solar Photo-Fenton Process, J. Iran. Chem. Soc., Vol. 5, No. 2, June 2008, pp. 346-351. Kang S.F., Liao C.H. and Po S.T. (2000) Decolorization of textile wastewater by photo-Fenton oxidation technology, Chemosphere vol. 41: 1287-1297. Khandelwal D.H and Ameta R. (2013) Use of Photo-Fenton Reagent in the Degradation of Basic Yellow 2 in Aqueous Medium, Res. J. Recent Sci. Vol. 2(1), 39-43. Rajendran and C. Karthikeyan (2011) Effective degradation of an azo dye acid red -183 by Fenton and Photo-Fenton treatment, Acta Chim. Pharm. Indica: 1(1), 57-64. Rein MUNTER (2001) Advanced oxidation processes – current status and prospects, Proc. Estonian Acad. Sci. Chem., 2001, 50, 2, 59–80. 16
  • 17. 17