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Mr. CARLO JUSTINO J. LUNA
Malabanias Integrated School
If Cambodia has the
pinpeat ensemble, do
other countries have
their own musical
ensembles? Let’s find
out!
 is officially the
Republic of
Indonesia
 is an
archipelago in
Southeast Asia
 largest island
country in the
world
 comprising
approximately
17,500 islands
Indonesia
is situated
between
the Indian
Ocean and
Pacific
Ocean.
It shares land
borders with:
 Malaysia
 East Timor
 Papua New
Guinea
 world’s 4th most
populous country
(more than 258
million)
 world’s 4th
biggest nation
Capital: Jakarta
Official Language:
Bahasa Indonesia
Demonym:
Indonesian
Anthem: Indonesia
Raya (“Great Indonesia”)
Motto: Bhinneka
Tunggal Ika
(“Unity in Diversity”)
Musical styles developed
through interaction with
other cultures:
 Indian
 Arabic
 Chinese
 European
 also known as
Barabudur
 is a 9th
century
Mahayana
Buddhist
Temple in
Magelang,
Central Java,
Indonesia
 the world’s
largest
Buddhist
temple
 one of the
greatest
Buddhist
monuments
in the world
The temple is
decorated with
2,672 relief
panels and 504
Buddha
statues.
 is an island of Indonesia
 formed mostly as the result of
volcanic eruptions
 is the 13th largest island in the world
 is the 5th largest island in Indonesia
 is the home of 57% of the Indonesian
population
 is divided into 4 provinces: West
Java, Central Java, East Java, and
Banten
 The Indonesian capital city, Jakarta,
is located on Western Java.
 is officially known as the Special
Capital Region of Jakarta
 is the capital and largest city of the
Republic of Indonesia
 one of the most populous urban
agglomerations in the world
 is an island and province of Indonesia
 includes the island of Bali and a few
smaller neighboring islands, notably
Nusa Penida, Nusa Lembongan, and
Nusa Ceningan
 is a popular tourist destination
 is renowned for its highly developed
arts, including traditional and modern
dance, sculpture, painting, leather,
metalworking, and music
 also known as Jogja or Jogjakarta
 is a city and the capital of Yogyakarta
Special Region in Java, Indonesia
 is renowned as a center of
education (Kota Pelajar), classical
Javanese fine art and culture such as
batik, ballet, drama, music, poetry,
and puppet shows
 is the capital of Jawa Timur (East
Java)
 is Indonesia's 2nd largest city with a
population of over 3.1 million
Today, the contemporary
music of Indonesia is
popular not only in the
region but also in the
neighboring countries;
Malaysia,
Singapore and
Brunei.
Traditional regional
music and songs of
Indonesia natively
compromises of strong
beat and harmony type
music with strong
influence of Indian
and Malay
classical music.
These are the Indonesian Gamelan
Tuning System.
Slendro – five (5) equidistant
tones in octave
Pelog – heptatonic (7) tone scale
with semi-tone
 also called Salendro by the
Sundanese
 is a pentatonic scale
 is the older of the two most
common scales used in
Indonesian Gamelan scale
 In Javanese, the term “pelog” is
said to be a variant of the word
“pelag” meaning fine or
beautiful.
 has seven notes
Both vocal and
instrumental music in
Indonesia use slendro
or pelog.
Polyphonic
stratification kind of
melody is a result of
hocket or interlock.
HOCKET
 is the rhythmic linear
technique using the
alternation of notes,
pitches, or chords
IRAMA
is an Indonesian
term for tempo
 is the most
popular form
of music in
Indonesia
 a traditional
instrumental
ensembles of
Java and Bali,
which made up
predominantly
of percussion
instruments
Most famous
type of gamelan:
 Javanese
Gamelan
 Balinese
Gamelan
Instruments used
in gamelan:
 metallophones
 xylophones
 kendang and
gongs
 bamboo flutes
(suling)
 bowed and
plucked strings
– musical
instrument
consisting of
tuned metal
bars which are
struck to make
sound, usually
with a mallet
– is a two-
headed, hand-
played drum
used in the
gamelan
ensembles of
Java and Bali
– percussion
instruments
that have a
unique, bowl-
like
appearance,
and a round
knob in the
center
– or Seruling, is an Indonesian bamboo
ring flute
– a collection of
small gongs
(sometimes
called "kettles" or
"pots") placed
horizontally onto
strings in a
wooden frame
(rancak), either
one or two rows
wide
Vocal music is used as ornamentation
of the gamelan. It is as important as
gamelan.
1. Pesindhen is a female soloist singer
who sings with a Gamelan
2. Gerong refers to the unison male
chorus that sings with the gamelan
Karawitan is the term for every kind of gamelan
music in Java.
Gamelan orchestras
• are used to accompany dances, songs and
Wayang Kulit (shadow puppets)
• are believed to possess a supernatural powers
• Its instruments are sacred therefore stepping
over the instrument is a sign of disrespect.
• Musicians bow before playing the instruments
to show respect.
After watching/listening to the Javanese and
Balinese gamelan, write down your
description of each musical ensemble in a
sheet of paper. You may use the guide
questions below. As soon as you’ve finished
answering, compare your answers with your
partner. Check if you have the same
description.
1. In 3-5 sentences, describe how the
Javanese and Balinese musicians
play their instruments.
2. How many instrument players were
needed to form each ensemble?
3. Are their instruments made of
wood or metal?
Javanese Gamelan
 used for court music
 percussion dominated
 style of playing gives
solemn character
Balinese Gamelan
 used for sacred music
 consist of metallophone
and mostly gongs
 sudden change of tempo
and dynamics
 sounds are very bright
and brilliant
 used fast and rattling
sounds of cymbals
THANK
YOU!
CARLO JUSTINO J. LUNA
Malabanias Integrated School
Angeles City

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Music of Indonesia - MAPEH 8 (Music 1st Quarter)

  • 1. Mr. CARLO JUSTINO J. LUNA Malabanias Integrated School
  • 2. If Cambodia has the pinpeat ensemble, do other countries have their own musical ensembles? Let’s find out!
  • 3.
  • 4.  is officially the Republic of Indonesia  is an archipelago in Southeast Asia
  • 5.  largest island country in the world  comprising approximately 17,500 islands
  • 7. It shares land borders with:  Malaysia  East Timor  Papua New Guinea
  • 8.  world’s 4th most populous country (more than 258 million)  world’s 4th biggest nation
  • 9. Capital: Jakarta Official Language: Bahasa Indonesia Demonym: Indonesian
  • 10. Anthem: Indonesia Raya (“Great Indonesia”) Motto: Bhinneka Tunggal Ika (“Unity in Diversity”)
  • 11. Musical styles developed through interaction with other cultures:  Indian  Arabic  Chinese  European
  • 12.  also known as Barabudur  is a 9th century Mahayana Buddhist Temple in Magelang, Central Java, Indonesia
  • 13.  the world’s largest Buddhist temple  one of the greatest Buddhist monuments in the world
  • 14. The temple is decorated with 2,672 relief panels and 504 Buddha statues.
  • 15.
  • 16.
  • 17.
  • 18.
  • 19.
  • 20.
  • 21.
  • 22.
  • 23.
  • 24.
  • 25.
  • 26.  is an island of Indonesia  formed mostly as the result of volcanic eruptions  is the 13th largest island in the world  is the 5th largest island in Indonesia
  • 27.  is the home of 57% of the Indonesian population  is divided into 4 provinces: West Java, Central Java, East Java, and Banten
  • 28.  The Indonesian capital city, Jakarta, is located on Western Java.
  • 29.  is officially known as the Special Capital Region of Jakarta  is the capital and largest city of the Republic of Indonesia  one of the most populous urban agglomerations in the world
  • 30.
  • 31.
  • 32.
  • 33.  is an island and province of Indonesia  includes the island of Bali and a few smaller neighboring islands, notably Nusa Penida, Nusa Lembongan, and Nusa Ceningan
  • 34.  is a popular tourist destination  is renowned for its highly developed arts, including traditional and modern dance, sculpture, painting, leather, metalworking, and music
  • 35.
  • 36.
  • 37.
  • 38.
  • 39.
  • 40.  also known as Jogja or Jogjakarta  is a city and the capital of Yogyakarta Special Region in Java, Indonesia
  • 41.  is renowned as a center of education (Kota Pelajar), classical Javanese fine art and culture such as batik, ballet, drama, music, poetry, and puppet shows
  • 42.
  • 43.
  • 44.  is the capital of Jawa Timur (East Java)  is Indonesia's 2nd largest city with a population of over 3.1 million
  • 45.
  • 46.
  • 47.
  • 48. Today, the contemporary music of Indonesia is popular not only in the region but also in the neighboring countries; Malaysia, Singapore and Brunei.
  • 49. Traditional regional music and songs of Indonesia natively compromises of strong beat and harmony type music with strong influence of Indian and Malay classical music.
  • 50. These are the Indonesian Gamelan Tuning System. Slendro – five (5) equidistant tones in octave Pelog – heptatonic (7) tone scale with semi-tone
  • 51.  also called Salendro by the Sundanese  is a pentatonic scale  is the older of the two most common scales used in Indonesian Gamelan scale
  • 52.  In Javanese, the term “pelog” is said to be a variant of the word “pelag” meaning fine or beautiful.  has seven notes
  • 53.
  • 54. Both vocal and instrumental music in Indonesia use slendro or pelog.
  • 55. Polyphonic stratification kind of melody is a result of hocket or interlock.
  • 56. HOCKET  is the rhythmic linear technique using the alternation of notes, pitches, or chords
  • 57.
  • 59.
  • 60.  is the most popular form of music in Indonesia
  • 61.  a traditional instrumental ensembles of Java and Bali, which made up predominantly of percussion instruments
  • 62. Most famous type of gamelan:  Javanese Gamelan  Balinese Gamelan
  • 63. Instruments used in gamelan:  metallophones  xylophones  kendang and gongs  bamboo flutes (suling)  bowed and plucked strings
  • 64.
  • 65. – musical instrument consisting of tuned metal bars which are struck to make sound, usually with a mallet
  • 66. – is a two- headed, hand- played drum used in the gamelan ensembles of Java and Bali
  • 67. – percussion instruments that have a unique, bowl- like appearance, and a round knob in the center
  • 68. – or Seruling, is an Indonesian bamboo ring flute
  • 69. – a collection of small gongs (sometimes called "kettles" or "pots") placed horizontally onto strings in a wooden frame (rancak), either one or two rows wide
  • 70. Vocal music is used as ornamentation of the gamelan. It is as important as gamelan. 1. Pesindhen is a female soloist singer who sings with a Gamelan 2. Gerong refers to the unison male chorus that sings with the gamelan
  • 71.
  • 72.
  • 73. Karawitan is the term for every kind of gamelan music in Java. Gamelan orchestras • are used to accompany dances, songs and Wayang Kulit (shadow puppets) • are believed to possess a supernatural powers • Its instruments are sacred therefore stepping over the instrument is a sign of disrespect. • Musicians bow before playing the instruments to show respect.
  • 74. After watching/listening to the Javanese and Balinese gamelan, write down your description of each musical ensemble in a sheet of paper. You may use the guide questions below. As soon as you’ve finished answering, compare your answers with your partner. Check if you have the same description.
  • 75.
  • 76.
  • 77.
  • 78. 1. In 3-5 sentences, describe how the Javanese and Balinese musicians play their instruments. 2. How many instrument players were needed to form each ensemble? 3. Are their instruments made of wood or metal?
  • 79. Javanese Gamelan  used for court music  percussion dominated  style of playing gives solemn character Balinese Gamelan  used for sacred music  consist of metallophone and mostly gongs  sudden change of tempo and dynamics  sounds are very bright and brilliant  used fast and rattling sounds of cymbals
  • 80. THANK YOU! CARLO JUSTINO J. LUNA Malabanias Integrated School Angeles City

Editor's Notes

  1. which has seen a significant rise in tourists since the 1980s
  2. Many gamelan ensembles only have keys for five of the pitches. Even in ensembles that have all seven notes, many pieces only use a subset of five notes.
  3. You’re probably wondering how you can distinguish the Javanese gamelan from the Balinese gamelan. Follow the links below each TV screen icon. Watch and listen how they play.