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SDM COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY
“DEPARTMENT OF MANAGEMENT STUDIES”
PRESENTATION ON
Socio,Political,Economic&Cultural System Of Japan
PRESENTEDBY
Neeraja
Niranjan
Raghuveer
Rahul
Ramesh
Ranjitha
Rashmi
PRESENTED TO
Mrs. Bharathi Sunagar
(Lecture, SDMCET,DHARWAD)
Japan is an island nation in the Pacific Ocean with dense cities, imperial
palaces, mountainous national parks and thousands of shrines and temples.
Shinkansen bullet trains connect the main islands of Kyushu (with
Okinawa's subtropical beaches), Honshu (home to Tokyo and Hiroshima’s
atomic-bomb memorial) and Hokkaido (famous for skiing). Tokyo, the
capital, is known for skyscrapers, shopping and pop culture.
Capital: Tokyo
Currency: Japanese yen
Drives on the: left
Ethnic groups (2011): 98.5% Japanese; 0.5% Korean; 0.4% Chinese; 0.6% other
Prime minister: Shinzō Abe
Population: 127 million (2015) World Bank
• January 1 - New Year's Day (Ganjitsu)
• The second Monday in January - Adult's Day (Seijin-no hi)
• February 11 - National Founding Day (Kenkoku Kinen-no hi)
• May 3 - Constitution Memorial Day (Kenpou Kinenbi)
• May 4 - Greenery Day (Midori-no hi)
• May 5 - Children's Day (Kodomo-no hi)
• The third Monday in July - Marine Day or Ocean Day (Umi-no hi)
• August 11 - Mountain Day (Yama-no hi)
• The third Monday in September - Respect-for-the-Aged
Day (Keirou-no hi)
• September 23 or 24 - Autumnal Equinox (Shuubun-no hi)
• The second Monday in October - Health/Sports Day (Taiiku-no hi)
• November 3 - Culture Day (Bunka-no hi)
• November 23 - Labor Thanksgiving Day (Kinrou Kansha-no hi)
• December 23 - Emperor's Birthday
Special Days In Japan
Social System of Japan
1) Samurai
• Samurai functioned as the warrior class in Japan; they constituted about 7–
8% of the population.
• The other classes were prohibited from possessing long swords such as the
tachi or katana. Carrying both a long and a short sword became the symbol
of the samurai class.
• Upper-level samurai had direct access to their daimyo and could hold his
most trusted positions. Some achieved a level of wealth that allowed them
to retain their own samurai vassals.
• Mid-level samurai held military and bureaucratic positions and had some
interactions with their daimyo if needed. Low-level samurai could be paid
as little as a subsistence wage and worked as guards, messengers and
clerks.
• Outside the traditional samurai–lord relationship were Ronin, or master less
samurai were generally afforded very low levels of respect, had no income,
and often became gamblers, bandits, or other similar occupations.
2) Peasants
• Life for rural peasants focused on their villages. Peasants rarely moved
beyond their villages, and journeys and pilgrimages required a permit, but
young people occasionally sought seasonal employment outside of their
village.
• As a result, people were highly suspicious of outsiders. Social bonding,
critical to the survival of the whole village, also reinforced through
seasonal festivals
• The peasant class owned land, but rights to tax this land were given to the
daimyo. Peasants worked to produce enough food for themselves and still
meet the tax burden
• Most agriculture during this time was cultivated by families on their own
land in contrast to the plantation or hacienda model, implemented
elsewhere.
3) Merchants and Artisans
By 1800, as much as 10% of the population of Japan may have lived in
large towns and cities, one of the highest levels in the world at the time.
The daimyos and their samurai did not produce any goods themselves, but
they used the tax surplus from the land to fuel their consumption..
• Their needs were met by artisans, who moved to be around the castles, and
merchants, who traded local and regional goods
• Merchants grew increasingly powerful during this period. Wealthy
merchant houses arose to organize distributors and hold legal monopolies
• As their wealth grew, merchants wanted to consume and display their
wealth in the same manner as the samurai, but laws prevented them from
doing so overtly.
Role of Women
• A woman's life varied immensely according to her family's social status.
• Women in samurai families were expected to submit to their male heads of
household, but as they aged, they could become the ranking household
member if their husband died
• Women from the lower classes were much less restricted by social
expectations and could play an integral part in the family's business
• Peasant women were expected to do household chores in the early morning
before working in the fields with their male relatives and, regardless of age,
were important, working members of their families.
• Marriage was not based on romantic attraction. Families tried to use
marriage as a way to increase their social standing or, among wealthier
groups, to increase one's influence and holdings. Most often, however,
marriage occurred between two families of equal status
Political System of Japan
• The Japanese political system is based on Japan’s constitution, which was
drafted after the end of World War II.
• Enacted on May 3, 1947, it firmly established a democracy in form of a
constitutional monarchy, which, similar to the U.K., maintained its long-
standing imperial family as the honorary figurehead of the country.
• The Emperor: Above All, Controlling None
• Following World War II, the role of Japan’s imperial family has gone from
one of holding almost absolute power to that of a figurehead and
ambassador for the country on domestic and international affairs.
• According to the constitution, the Emperor carries out ceremonial duties,
such as appointing the Prime Minister and the Chief Justice of the Supreme
Court into office, and presenting distinguished awards from the government
of Japan
• Japan’s Executive Branch: The Prime Minister and Cabinet
• The prime minister of Japan is the face of Japan’s acting government,
driving domestic policy and guiding foreign diplomacy for the nation.
• To be a prime minister of Japan, one must be a Japanese national, and also
a standing member of the current National Diet.
• Prime Ministers are not elected by a direct vote from citizens, but are
appointed by the Diet. Therefore, whichever party holds control in the Diet
will likely appoint their party leader to be the prime minister.
The Diet of Japan
• The Diet of Japan consists of an upper house, The House of Councilors,
and a lower house, The House of Representatives.
• It is the highest level of state power in the country, and the only section of
government that can enact new laws.
• The Diet’s main functions include appointing the prime minister of Japan,
approving the national budget, ratifying international treaties, and creating
and implementing amendments to the constitution
• The upper house, The House of Councilors, consists of 242 members who
serve 6-year terms. Elections for half of the house are held every three
years
• The lower house, The House of Representatives, consists of 480 members
who serve 4-year terms.
The Judicial System of Japan
• The judicial branch of Japan’s government consists of the Supreme Court,
with one chief judge and 14 Supreme Court judges, and four lower classes
of courts. The lower courts consist of eight high courts, 50 district courts,
50 family courts, and 438 summary courts.
Politics
• Political control of Japan’s government ultimately comes down to the Diet
and how its members are allocated among party affiliations.
• Currently, the conservative leaning Liberal Democratic Party (LDP) has
held strong influence in national politics since 1955
• In 2016, the DPJ merged with the Japan Innovation Party (JIP) to create a
new party called The Democratic Party (DP). The DP hopes to gain more
influence in coming years, and contest the long-standing influence of the
LDP in Japan’s government.
Economy System of Japan
• The economy of Japan is the third-largest in the world by nominal GDP and
the fourth-largest by purchasing power parity (PPP). And is the world's
second largest developed economy
• According to the International Monetary Fund, the country's per capita
GDP (PPP) was at $37,519, the 28th highest in 2014, down from the 22nd
position in 2012.Japan is a member of the G7.
• Japan is the world's third largest automobile manufacturing country, has the
largest electronics goods industry, and is often ranked among the world's
most innovative countries leading several measures of global patent filings.
• Facing increasing competition from China and South Korea, manufacturing
in Japan today now focuses primarily on high-tech and precision goods,
such as optical instruments, hybrid vehicles, and robotics.
• Besides the Kantō region, the Kansai region is one of the leading industrial
clusters and manufacturing centers for the Japanese economy .
• As of 2010, Japan possesses 13.7% of the world's private financial assets
(the third largest in the world) at an estimated $13.5 trillion. As of 2015, 54
of the Fortune Global 500 companies are based in Japan, down from 62 in
2013.
Cultural Systems of Japan
• The culture of Japan has evolved greatly over the millennia, from the
country's prehistoric Jōmon period, to its contemporary modern culture,
which absorbs influences from Asia, Europe, and North America.
Language
• Japanese is the official and primary language of Japan. Japanese is
relatively small [citation needed] but has a lexically distinct pitch-
accent system.
• Japanese is written with a combination of three scripts: hiragana,
derived from the Chinese cursive script, katakana, derived as a
shorthand from Chinese characters, and kanji, imported from China
• The Latin alphabet, rōmaji, is also often used in modern Japanese,
especially for company names and logos, advertising, and when
inputting Japanese into a computer.
• The Hindu-Arabic numerals are generally used for numbers, but
traditional Sino-Japanese numerals are also very common
Literature
• Early works of Japanese literature were heavily influenced by cultural
contact with China and Chinese literature, often written in Classical
Chinese.
• Indian literature also had an influence through the spread of Buddhism
throughout Japan
• Eventually, Japanese literature developed into a separate style in its own
right as Japanese writers began writing their own works about Japan
• Since Japan reopened its ports to Western trading and diplomacy in the
19th century, Western and Eastern literature have strongly affected each
other and continue to do so.
Music
• The music of Japan includes a wide array of performers in distinct styles
both traditional and modern
• Japan is the second largest music market in the world, behind the United
States, and the largest in Asia, and most of the market is dominated by
Japanese artists.
• Local music often appears at karaoke venues, which is on lease from the
record labels.
Painting
• Painting has been an art in Japan for a very long time: the brush is a
traditional writing and painting tool, and the extension of that to its use as
an artist's tool was probably natural.
• Japanese painters are often categorized by what they painted, as most of
them constrained themselves solely to subjects such as animals, landscapes,
or figures
• . Chinese papermaking was introduced to Japan around the 7th century
Calligraphy
• The flowing, brush-drawn Japanese rendering of text itself is seen as a
traditional art form as well as a means of conveying written information.
The written work can consist of phrases, poems, stories, or even single
characters
Architecture
• Japanese architecture has as long of a history as any other aspect of
Japanese culture. Originally heavily influenced by Chinese
architecture, it has developed many differences and aspects which
are indigenous to Japan.
• Examples of traditional architecture are seen at temples, Shinto
shrines, and castles in Kyoto and Nara. Some of these buildings are
constructed with traditional gardens, which are influenced from Zen
ideas.
THANK YOU

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Japan Country

  • 1. SDM COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY “DEPARTMENT OF MANAGEMENT STUDIES” PRESENTATION ON Socio,Political,Economic&Cultural System Of Japan PRESENTEDBY Neeraja Niranjan Raghuveer Rahul Ramesh Ranjitha Rashmi PRESENTED TO Mrs. Bharathi Sunagar (Lecture, SDMCET,DHARWAD)
  • 2. Japan is an island nation in the Pacific Ocean with dense cities, imperial palaces, mountainous national parks and thousands of shrines and temples. Shinkansen bullet trains connect the main islands of Kyushu (with Okinawa's subtropical beaches), Honshu (home to Tokyo and Hiroshima’s atomic-bomb memorial) and Hokkaido (famous for skiing). Tokyo, the capital, is known for skyscrapers, shopping and pop culture. Capital: Tokyo Currency: Japanese yen Drives on the: left Ethnic groups (2011): 98.5% Japanese; 0.5% Korean; 0.4% Chinese; 0.6% other Prime minister: Shinzō Abe Population: 127 million (2015) World Bank
  • 3. • January 1 - New Year's Day (Ganjitsu) • The second Monday in January - Adult's Day (Seijin-no hi) • February 11 - National Founding Day (Kenkoku Kinen-no hi) • May 3 - Constitution Memorial Day (Kenpou Kinenbi) • May 4 - Greenery Day (Midori-no hi) • May 5 - Children's Day (Kodomo-no hi) • The third Monday in July - Marine Day or Ocean Day (Umi-no hi) • August 11 - Mountain Day (Yama-no hi) • The third Monday in September - Respect-for-the-Aged Day (Keirou-no hi) • September 23 or 24 - Autumnal Equinox (Shuubun-no hi) • The second Monday in October - Health/Sports Day (Taiiku-no hi) • November 3 - Culture Day (Bunka-no hi) • November 23 - Labor Thanksgiving Day (Kinrou Kansha-no hi) • December 23 - Emperor's Birthday Special Days In Japan
  • 4. Social System of Japan 1) Samurai • Samurai functioned as the warrior class in Japan; they constituted about 7– 8% of the population. • The other classes were prohibited from possessing long swords such as the tachi or katana. Carrying both a long and a short sword became the symbol of the samurai class. • Upper-level samurai had direct access to their daimyo and could hold his most trusted positions. Some achieved a level of wealth that allowed them to retain their own samurai vassals.
  • 5. • Mid-level samurai held military and bureaucratic positions and had some interactions with their daimyo if needed. Low-level samurai could be paid as little as a subsistence wage and worked as guards, messengers and clerks. • Outside the traditional samurai–lord relationship were Ronin, or master less samurai were generally afforded very low levels of respect, had no income, and often became gamblers, bandits, or other similar occupations.
  • 6. 2) Peasants • Life for rural peasants focused on their villages. Peasants rarely moved beyond their villages, and journeys and pilgrimages required a permit, but young people occasionally sought seasonal employment outside of their village. • As a result, people were highly suspicious of outsiders. Social bonding, critical to the survival of the whole village, also reinforced through seasonal festivals
  • 7. • The peasant class owned land, but rights to tax this land were given to the daimyo. Peasants worked to produce enough food for themselves and still meet the tax burden • Most agriculture during this time was cultivated by families on their own land in contrast to the plantation or hacienda model, implemented elsewhere.
  • 8. 3) Merchants and Artisans By 1800, as much as 10% of the population of Japan may have lived in large towns and cities, one of the highest levels in the world at the time. The daimyos and their samurai did not produce any goods themselves, but they used the tax surplus from the land to fuel their consumption..
  • 9. • Their needs were met by artisans, who moved to be around the castles, and merchants, who traded local and regional goods • Merchants grew increasingly powerful during this period. Wealthy merchant houses arose to organize distributors and hold legal monopolies • As their wealth grew, merchants wanted to consume and display their wealth in the same manner as the samurai, but laws prevented them from doing so overtly.
  • 10. Role of Women • A woman's life varied immensely according to her family's social status. • Women in samurai families were expected to submit to their male heads of household, but as they aged, they could become the ranking household member if their husband died • Women from the lower classes were much less restricted by social expectations and could play an integral part in the family's business
  • 11. • Peasant women were expected to do household chores in the early morning before working in the fields with their male relatives and, regardless of age, were important, working members of their families. • Marriage was not based on romantic attraction. Families tried to use marriage as a way to increase their social standing or, among wealthier groups, to increase one's influence and holdings. Most often, however, marriage occurred between two families of equal status
  • 12. Political System of Japan • The Japanese political system is based on Japan’s constitution, which was drafted after the end of World War II. • Enacted on May 3, 1947, it firmly established a democracy in form of a constitutional monarchy, which, similar to the U.K., maintained its long- standing imperial family as the honorary figurehead of the country.
  • 13. • The Emperor: Above All, Controlling None • Following World War II, the role of Japan’s imperial family has gone from one of holding almost absolute power to that of a figurehead and ambassador for the country on domestic and international affairs. • According to the constitution, the Emperor carries out ceremonial duties, such as appointing the Prime Minister and the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court into office, and presenting distinguished awards from the government of Japan
  • 14. • Japan’s Executive Branch: The Prime Minister and Cabinet • The prime minister of Japan is the face of Japan’s acting government, driving domestic policy and guiding foreign diplomacy for the nation. • To be a prime minister of Japan, one must be a Japanese national, and also a standing member of the current National Diet. • Prime Ministers are not elected by a direct vote from citizens, but are appointed by the Diet. Therefore, whichever party holds control in the Diet will likely appoint their party leader to be the prime minister.
  • 15. The Diet of Japan • The Diet of Japan consists of an upper house, The House of Councilors, and a lower house, The House of Representatives. • It is the highest level of state power in the country, and the only section of government that can enact new laws.
  • 16. • The Diet’s main functions include appointing the prime minister of Japan, approving the national budget, ratifying international treaties, and creating and implementing amendments to the constitution • The upper house, The House of Councilors, consists of 242 members who serve 6-year terms. Elections for half of the house are held every three years • The lower house, The House of Representatives, consists of 480 members who serve 4-year terms.
  • 17. The Judicial System of Japan • The judicial branch of Japan’s government consists of the Supreme Court, with one chief judge and 14 Supreme Court judges, and four lower classes of courts. The lower courts consist of eight high courts, 50 district courts, 50 family courts, and 438 summary courts.
  • 18. Politics • Political control of Japan’s government ultimately comes down to the Diet and how its members are allocated among party affiliations. • Currently, the conservative leaning Liberal Democratic Party (LDP) has held strong influence in national politics since 1955 • In 2016, the DPJ merged with the Japan Innovation Party (JIP) to create a new party called The Democratic Party (DP). The DP hopes to gain more influence in coming years, and contest the long-standing influence of the LDP in Japan’s government.
  • 19. Economy System of Japan • The economy of Japan is the third-largest in the world by nominal GDP and the fourth-largest by purchasing power parity (PPP). And is the world's second largest developed economy • According to the International Monetary Fund, the country's per capita GDP (PPP) was at $37,519, the 28th highest in 2014, down from the 22nd position in 2012.Japan is a member of the G7.
  • 20. • Japan is the world's third largest automobile manufacturing country, has the largest electronics goods industry, and is often ranked among the world's most innovative countries leading several measures of global patent filings. • Facing increasing competition from China and South Korea, manufacturing in Japan today now focuses primarily on high-tech and precision goods, such as optical instruments, hybrid vehicles, and robotics. • Besides the Kantō region, the Kansai region is one of the leading industrial clusters and manufacturing centers for the Japanese economy . • As of 2010, Japan possesses 13.7% of the world's private financial assets (the third largest in the world) at an estimated $13.5 trillion. As of 2015, 54 of the Fortune Global 500 companies are based in Japan, down from 62 in 2013.
  • 21. Cultural Systems of Japan • The culture of Japan has evolved greatly over the millennia, from the country's prehistoric Jōmon period, to its contemporary modern culture, which absorbs influences from Asia, Europe, and North America.
  • 22. Language • Japanese is the official and primary language of Japan. Japanese is relatively small [citation needed] but has a lexically distinct pitch- accent system. • Japanese is written with a combination of three scripts: hiragana, derived from the Chinese cursive script, katakana, derived as a shorthand from Chinese characters, and kanji, imported from China • The Latin alphabet, rōmaji, is also often used in modern Japanese, especially for company names and logos, advertising, and when inputting Japanese into a computer. • The Hindu-Arabic numerals are generally used for numbers, but traditional Sino-Japanese numerals are also very common
  • 23. Literature • Early works of Japanese literature were heavily influenced by cultural contact with China and Chinese literature, often written in Classical Chinese. • Indian literature also had an influence through the spread of Buddhism throughout Japan • Eventually, Japanese literature developed into a separate style in its own right as Japanese writers began writing their own works about Japan • Since Japan reopened its ports to Western trading and diplomacy in the 19th century, Western and Eastern literature have strongly affected each other and continue to do so.
  • 24. Music • The music of Japan includes a wide array of performers in distinct styles both traditional and modern • Japan is the second largest music market in the world, behind the United States, and the largest in Asia, and most of the market is dominated by Japanese artists. • Local music often appears at karaoke venues, which is on lease from the record labels.
  • 25. Painting • Painting has been an art in Japan for a very long time: the brush is a traditional writing and painting tool, and the extension of that to its use as an artist's tool was probably natural. • Japanese painters are often categorized by what they painted, as most of them constrained themselves solely to subjects such as animals, landscapes, or figures • . Chinese papermaking was introduced to Japan around the 7th century
  • 26. Calligraphy • The flowing, brush-drawn Japanese rendering of text itself is seen as a traditional art form as well as a means of conveying written information. The written work can consist of phrases, poems, stories, or even single characters
  • 27. Architecture • Japanese architecture has as long of a history as any other aspect of Japanese culture. Originally heavily influenced by Chinese architecture, it has developed many differences and aspects which are indigenous to Japan. • Examples of traditional architecture are seen at temples, Shinto shrines, and castles in Kyoto and Nara. Some of these buildings are constructed with traditional gardens, which are influenced from Zen ideas.