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Information Scientific Axioms
Foundations for HO (Human Orientation) of IT

DI Franz PLOCHBERGER
Information Scientist,
at TU, UNI and WU of Vienna/Austria

http://www.plbg.at

©Franz PLOCHBERGER (2013)
SUBJECT – OBJECT – DATA
The traditional philosophical terms „Subject“ and „Object“ out of Old Greek roots in their original meaning are still valid in our times:

SUBJECT
(= human being, living organism)
notices e.g.

other organisms

items,
artificial systems,
physical data carriers

electro-chemical,
biological energies

letters, numbers,
pictures ...

called all together by one term as an

OBJEKT
(= alive or genuine material)
and may create

living, biological, live,

scripts, notes, IT- or
documentation-,
(all together)

DATA.

Diagramm 1

© Franz Plochberger, 2013, Information Scientific Axioms

slide 2
SUBJECT - INFORMATION - SUBJECT

SUBJECT
human being, living organism
gets

INFORMATION
direct
from

indirect from

in predefined
structures
about

by direct
dialog

OBJECT (living or material)

about
direct in

in form of

INFORMATION
stores

SUBJECT
human being, living organism

Diagramm 2

© Franz Plochberger, 2013, Information Scientific Axioms

DATA

fact, organism, item

slide 3

in new
created
notifications
Information Scientific Axioms (IA)
First publication: F.PLOCHBERGER (2012)
The way of thinking is bottom up from practical experiences over decades in IT to theory (Information Sciences, Philosophy). The
mental cut-set seems to be scientifically usable even historically.
The usage of the term axioms is nature scientifically, factually founded. Information Technology (IT) has born them. IT is the nature
scientific (physical , software-systematical) source. A philosophically-logically reasoning between them is not necessary. These axioms
are given assertions. Their content got important in our Information-Century but they are no new constructions. These axioms are
logical true assertions (in the rules of legacy propositional logic).

 IA 1: Data describe an Object.
Date are here divided in only two main groups:
a) written down, materially existing, dead Data
b) living Data, in living data carriers = organisms
Between a) and b ) one single connecting subset is helpful: “1:1-Data”, “Natural Data” or “Documentations”.
Any further structuring has no sense here, because it’s too manifold. It’s depending on uncountable applications and objects.

 IA 2: Information is that content of an Object (or of Data) which is interesting for a Human
Being.
By this definition “Information” gets usable uniquely (in our time and historically). The “relation to the Human Being” is a logical
necessity. Indirect Reasoning is definable: No Human Being -> no Information. Human Being is here used as a synonym for all
entities – graduated by their evolution-biologically status. Information is founding a relation of a Human Being to “something
recognized”. Information doesn’t have to be more exactly defined but is so valid as an existing word for something existing.
Data and Information are exactly separable.

 IA 3: The value of Data is given by their included Information.
Advantage of these axioms: General validation in all sciences, especially in Physics too. SHANNONS Information theory evaluates
to an enumerations of Data.
© Franz Plochberger, 2013, Information Scientific Axioms

slide 4
Information Scientific Postulates (IP)
Following Information Scientific Axioms

 IP 1: Human Orientation (HO) of IT
Is the direct consequence of IA2 (necessary relation to human being). User Centered Design (UCD), ISO 9241, Human Computer
Interaction (HCI), Ergonomy et al. are known impacts in actual IT, but in my thinking not enough general or efficient. Mind and
soul got conquered by IT. A new paradigm challenge in our way of thinking – not only by market predefined little steps – is necessary:
The Human Orientation (HO) of IT. The human being in his cognition-evolutionary and biological borders has to be pointed out as most
active agent and as only deciding and creative part of IT.

 IP 2: Principle of Continuity
Source of it is the human Organisation (according to C.MATURANA) and the human agitation. Nerve-systems and blood-circles, the
most important information-carriers in our human organism , have continual principles of operation.
What’s missing? E.g.:
• Incompatible challenges of hard- and software cause economic damages.
• Long-termed maintenance of electronic data got very complex and uncertain by incompatible development breaks of IT-instruments
(computers and media).
•Sociologically inappropriate challenges in working area got important by bad usage of IT: e.g. permanent unemployment and rising
difference between the poor's and the riches seem to be already accepted without generating new anti-strategies.

 IP 3: Using the word Information needs more scientific differentiations to get valid
This word is used very often in our life. We say it for something new , not defined, but interesting . On scientific level it’s therefore also
used very much, but we have to expect a more definitive item for that new thing what’s interesting. Otherwise we lose it again in our
memory. We need at least a new name, differentiated to legacy items or defined in a new way.
Follows direct IA1-3.
Data for their own can be seen as objects too.

© Franz Plochberger, 2013, Information Scientific Axioms

slide 5
Literaturverzeichnis
W. HOFKIRCHNER, C. FUCHS (2000), Einheitlicher Informationsbegriff für eine einheitliche
Informationswissenschaft, Vortrag im März 2000 an der Humboldt-Universität, Tagungsthema
Organisationsinformatik und Digitale Bibliothek in der Wissenschaft“.
➢

W. HOFKIRCHNER(1998), Towards a Unified Theory of Information,15e Congrès International de Cybernétique,
Namur 1998, Namur 1999 175-180
➢

Franz PLOCHBERGER(2011), H.NYQUIST, R.V. HARTLEY und C.E. SHANNON
aus der Sicht der heutigen Informationswissenschaft, Eigenverlag
http://www.plbg.at/Werke/deutsch/NYQUIST,HARTLEY,SHANNON.pdf
➢

Raphael CAPURRO (1996),Information. New Questions to a Multidisciplinary Concept,Akademie Verlag Berlin 1996,
pp 259-270, Editors: K.KORNWACHS, K.JACOBY
➢

Raphael CAPURRO, Birger HJORLAND (2003),The concept of Information,
Annual Review of Information Science and Technology Ed. B. Cronin, Vol. 37 (2003), Chapter 8, pp 343-411=
pp 1-59 in http://www.capurro.de
➢

Franz PLOCHBERGER (2002,2012), Informationswissenschaftliche Grundlagen und Termini, Eigenverlag, 2012,
http://www.plbg.at/Werke/deutsch/Informationswissenschaftliche%20Grundlagen%20und%20Termini.pdf
➢

T.STONIER(1991).Towards a new theory of information. 1991,Journal of Information Science 17, 257-263

➢

K.J. DEVLIN(1992), Logic and Information, Cambridge, 1992, UK, Cambridge University Press

➢

© Franz Plochberger, 2013, Information Scientific Axioms

slide 6
B. O. KÜPPERS (1996), The Context-Dependence of Biological Information, K.KORNWACHS & K. JACOBY (Eds.)
Information. New questions to a multidisciplinary concept (pp. 137-145), Berlin,Germany,1996,Akademie Verlag
➢

G. MAHLER (1996), Quantum Information, In K.KORNWACHS & K. JACOBY (Eds.),Information.New questions to
a multidisciplinary concept (pp. 103 - 118), Berlin, Germany, 1996, Akademie Verlag
➢

R. CAPURRO, P. FLEISSNER & W.HOFKIRCHNER (1999), Is a Unified Theory of Information Feasible? A Trialogue,
W. HOFKIRCHNER (Ed.),The quest for a unified theory of Information.
➢Proceedings of the Second International Conference on the Foundations of Information Science (pp. 9-30),
➢Amsterdam, Gordon and Breach, retrieved December 18, 2001 from http://www.capurro.de/trialog.htm
➢
➢

C.W. MORRIS (1972), Grundlagen der Zeichentheorie, München

➢

Gregory BATESON(1985), Ökologie des Geistes. Anthropologische, psychologische,biologische und
epistemologische Perspektiven, Frankfurt am Main, Suhrkamp
➢

Klaus FUCHS-KITTOWSKY (2008), Selbstorganisation und Gestaltung informeller Systeme in sozialer Organisation,
Sonderdruck Selbstorganisation in Wissenschaft und Technik, Wissenschaftsforschung Jahrbuch 2008,
Wissenschaftlicher Verlag Berlin, 2009, ISBN 978-3-86573-45-9
➢

F. PLOCHBERGER(2011), Semiotics by Ch.S.PEIRCE and a new Human Orientation Paradigm of IT(HOP-IT)
by F.PLOCHBERGER, http://www.plbg.at/Werke/english/Semiotics%20and%20HOP-IT.pdf
➢

Sidarta RIBEIRO, Angelo LOULA, Ivan de ARAUJO, Ricardo GUDWIN and Juao QUEIROZ,
Symbols are not uniquely human, 2006, Universities in USA and Brasil,
http://cogprints.org/5247/1/Ribeiro_Loula_etal-2006-Symbols.pdf
➢

Raphael CAPURRO(1998), Das CAPURRO ́sche Trilemma, Ethik und Sozialwissenschaften, Streitforum für
Erwägungskultur 9(1998) Heft2, http://www.capurro.de/janich.htm
➢

© Franz Plochberger, 2013, Information Scientific Axioms

slide 7
Peter FLEISSNER, Wolfgang HOFKIRCHNER (1995), In-formatio revisited. Wider den dinglichen
Informationsbegriff, Informatik Forum 3/1995, pp 126-131
http://igw.tuwien.ac.at/igw/menschen/hofkirchner/papers/InfoConcept/Informatio_revisited/in-format.html
➢

F.W. HAGEMEYER (1979), Die Entstehung von Informationskonzepten in der Nachrichtentechnik, 1979,
Dissertation FU Berlin

➢

G. KRAUS(1972), Vorlesungsverzeichnis Telegraphie, TU Wien, etwa 1972

➢

Eigene Home für HO

➢

http://www.plbg.at

Franz PLOCHBERGER (2012), Kontinuität eine neue Forderung der Informationswissenschaft, Eigenverlag, 2011,
http://www.plbg.at/Werke/deutsch/Kontinuit%C3%A4t,%20eine%20neue%20Forderung%20der%20Informationswissenschaft.pdf
➢

© Franz Plochberger, 2013, Information Scientific Axioms

slide 8

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Information scientific axioms

  • 1. Information Scientific Axioms Foundations for HO (Human Orientation) of IT DI Franz PLOCHBERGER Information Scientist, at TU, UNI and WU of Vienna/Austria http://www.plbg.at ©Franz PLOCHBERGER (2013)
  • 2. SUBJECT – OBJECT – DATA The traditional philosophical terms „Subject“ and „Object“ out of Old Greek roots in their original meaning are still valid in our times: SUBJECT (= human being, living organism) notices e.g. other organisms items, artificial systems, physical data carriers electro-chemical, biological energies letters, numbers, pictures ... called all together by one term as an OBJEKT (= alive or genuine material) and may create living, biological, live, scripts, notes, IT- or documentation-, (all together) DATA. Diagramm 1 © Franz Plochberger, 2013, Information Scientific Axioms slide 2
  • 3. SUBJECT - INFORMATION - SUBJECT SUBJECT human being, living organism gets INFORMATION direct from indirect from in predefined structures about by direct dialog OBJECT (living or material) about direct in in form of INFORMATION stores SUBJECT human being, living organism Diagramm 2 © Franz Plochberger, 2013, Information Scientific Axioms DATA fact, organism, item slide 3 in new created notifications
  • 4. Information Scientific Axioms (IA) First publication: F.PLOCHBERGER (2012) The way of thinking is bottom up from practical experiences over decades in IT to theory (Information Sciences, Philosophy). The mental cut-set seems to be scientifically usable even historically. The usage of the term axioms is nature scientifically, factually founded. Information Technology (IT) has born them. IT is the nature scientific (physical , software-systematical) source. A philosophically-logically reasoning between them is not necessary. These axioms are given assertions. Their content got important in our Information-Century but they are no new constructions. These axioms are logical true assertions (in the rules of legacy propositional logic).  IA 1: Data describe an Object. Date are here divided in only two main groups: a) written down, materially existing, dead Data b) living Data, in living data carriers = organisms Between a) and b ) one single connecting subset is helpful: “1:1-Data”, “Natural Data” or “Documentations”. Any further structuring has no sense here, because it’s too manifold. It’s depending on uncountable applications and objects.  IA 2: Information is that content of an Object (or of Data) which is interesting for a Human Being. By this definition “Information” gets usable uniquely (in our time and historically). The “relation to the Human Being” is a logical necessity. Indirect Reasoning is definable: No Human Being -> no Information. Human Being is here used as a synonym for all entities – graduated by their evolution-biologically status. Information is founding a relation of a Human Being to “something recognized”. Information doesn’t have to be more exactly defined but is so valid as an existing word for something existing. Data and Information are exactly separable.  IA 3: The value of Data is given by their included Information. Advantage of these axioms: General validation in all sciences, especially in Physics too. SHANNONS Information theory evaluates to an enumerations of Data. © Franz Plochberger, 2013, Information Scientific Axioms slide 4
  • 5. Information Scientific Postulates (IP) Following Information Scientific Axioms  IP 1: Human Orientation (HO) of IT Is the direct consequence of IA2 (necessary relation to human being). User Centered Design (UCD), ISO 9241, Human Computer Interaction (HCI), Ergonomy et al. are known impacts in actual IT, but in my thinking not enough general or efficient. Mind and soul got conquered by IT. A new paradigm challenge in our way of thinking – not only by market predefined little steps – is necessary: The Human Orientation (HO) of IT. The human being in his cognition-evolutionary and biological borders has to be pointed out as most active agent and as only deciding and creative part of IT.  IP 2: Principle of Continuity Source of it is the human Organisation (according to C.MATURANA) and the human agitation. Nerve-systems and blood-circles, the most important information-carriers in our human organism , have continual principles of operation. What’s missing? E.g.: • Incompatible challenges of hard- and software cause economic damages. • Long-termed maintenance of electronic data got very complex and uncertain by incompatible development breaks of IT-instruments (computers and media). •Sociologically inappropriate challenges in working area got important by bad usage of IT: e.g. permanent unemployment and rising difference between the poor's and the riches seem to be already accepted without generating new anti-strategies.  IP 3: Using the word Information needs more scientific differentiations to get valid This word is used very often in our life. We say it for something new , not defined, but interesting . On scientific level it’s therefore also used very much, but we have to expect a more definitive item for that new thing what’s interesting. Otherwise we lose it again in our memory. We need at least a new name, differentiated to legacy items or defined in a new way. Follows direct IA1-3. Data for their own can be seen as objects too. © Franz Plochberger, 2013, Information Scientific Axioms slide 5
  • 6. Literaturverzeichnis W. HOFKIRCHNER, C. FUCHS (2000), Einheitlicher Informationsbegriff für eine einheitliche Informationswissenschaft, Vortrag im März 2000 an der Humboldt-Universität, Tagungsthema Organisationsinformatik und Digitale Bibliothek in der Wissenschaft“. ➢ W. HOFKIRCHNER(1998), Towards a Unified Theory of Information,15e Congrès International de Cybernétique, Namur 1998, Namur 1999 175-180 ➢ Franz PLOCHBERGER(2011), H.NYQUIST, R.V. HARTLEY und C.E. SHANNON aus der Sicht der heutigen Informationswissenschaft, Eigenverlag http://www.plbg.at/Werke/deutsch/NYQUIST,HARTLEY,SHANNON.pdf ➢ Raphael CAPURRO (1996),Information. New Questions to a Multidisciplinary Concept,Akademie Verlag Berlin 1996, pp 259-270, Editors: K.KORNWACHS, K.JACOBY ➢ Raphael CAPURRO, Birger HJORLAND (2003),The concept of Information, Annual Review of Information Science and Technology Ed. B. Cronin, Vol. 37 (2003), Chapter 8, pp 343-411= pp 1-59 in http://www.capurro.de ➢ Franz PLOCHBERGER (2002,2012), Informationswissenschaftliche Grundlagen und Termini, Eigenverlag, 2012, http://www.plbg.at/Werke/deutsch/Informationswissenschaftliche%20Grundlagen%20und%20Termini.pdf ➢ T.STONIER(1991).Towards a new theory of information. 1991,Journal of Information Science 17, 257-263 ➢ K.J. DEVLIN(1992), Logic and Information, Cambridge, 1992, UK, Cambridge University Press ➢ © Franz Plochberger, 2013, Information Scientific Axioms slide 6
  • 7. B. O. KÜPPERS (1996), The Context-Dependence of Biological Information, K.KORNWACHS & K. JACOBY (Eds.) Information. New questions to a multidisciplinary concept (pp. 137-145), Berlin,Germany,1996,Akademie Verlag ➢ G. MAHLER (1996), Quantum Information, In K.KORNWACHS & K. JACOBY (Eds.),Information.New questions to a multidisciplinary concept (pp. 103 - 118), Berlin, Germany, 1996, Akademie Verlag ➢ R. CAPURRO, P. FLEISSNER & W.HOFKIRCHNER (1999), Is a Unified Theory of Information Feasible? A Trialogue, W. HOFKIRCHNER (Ed.),The quest for a unified theory of Information. ➢Proceedings of the Second International Conference on the Foundations of Information Science (pp. 9-30), ➢Amsterdam, Gordon and Breach, retrieved December 18, 2001 from http://www.capurro.de/trialog.htm ➢ ➢ C.W. MORRIS (1972), Grundlagen der Zeichentheorie, München ➢ Gregory BATESON(1985), Ökologie des Geistes. Anthropologische, psychologische,biologische und epistemologische Perspektiven, Frankfurt am Main, Suhrkamp ➢ Klaus FUCHS-KITTOWSKY (2008), Selbstorganisation und Gestaltung informeller Systeme in sozialer Organisation, Sonderdruck Selbstorganisation in Wissenschaft und Technik, Wissenschaftsforschung Jahrbuch 2008, Wissenschaftlicher Verlag Berlin, 2009, ISBN 978-3-86573-45-9 ➢ F. PLOCHBERGER(2011), Semiotics by Ch.S.PEIRCE and a new Human Orientation Paradigm of IT(HOP-IT) by F.PLOCHBERGER, http://www.plbg.at/Werke/english/Semiotics%20and%20HOP-IT.pdf ➢ Sidarta RIBEIRO, Angelo LOULA, Ivan de ARAUJO, Ricardo GUDWIN and Juao QUEIROZ, Symbols are not uniquely human, 2006, Universities in USA and Brasil, http://cogprints.org/5247/1/Ribeiro_Loula_etal-2006-Symbols.pdf ➢ Raphael CAPURRO(1998), Das CAPURRO ́sche Trilemma, Ethik und Sozialwissenschaften, Streitforum für Erwägungskultur 9(1998) Heft2, http://www.capurro.de/janich.htm ➢ © Franz Plochberger, 2013, Information Scientific Axioms slide 7
  • 8. Peter FLEISSNER, Wolfgang HOFKIRCHNER (1995), In-formatio revisited. Wider den dinglichen Informationsbegriff, Informatik Forum 3/1995, pp 126-131 http://igw.tuwien.ac.at/igw/menschen/hofkirchner/papers/InfoConcept/Informatio_revisited/in-format.html ➢ F.W. HAGEMEYER (1979), Die Entstehung von Informationskonzepten in der Nachrichtentechnik, 1979, Dissertation FU Berlin ➢ G. KRAUS(1972), Vorlesungsverzeichnis Telegraphie, TU Wien, etwa 1972 ➢ Eigene Home für HO ➢ http://www.plbg.at Franz PLOCHBERGER (2012), Kontinuität eine neue Forderung der Informationswissenschaft, Eigenverlag, 2011, http://www.plbg.at/Werke/deutsch/Kontinuit%C3%A4t,%20eine%20neue%20Forderung%20der%20Informationswissenschaft.pdf ➢ © Franz Plochberger, 2013, Information Scientific Axioms slide 8