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Internet Number Registry System
7 December 2023
IDNIC AMM 5
Bandung, Indonesia
Sanjaya, APNIC
2
2
Outline
• Internet number registry system
• What is OPM
• Current APNIC Policies on:
– IPv4 Address
– IPv6 Address
– AS Number
• Recent policy proposals
• Why and how to participate
3
Internet number registry system
What is it and who are involved?
4
4
The system and resources
• ”Used in the distribution of globally unique Internet protocol
(IP) address space and autonomous system (AS) numbers”
https://www.rfc-editor.org/rfc/rfc7020.html
5
AS interconnection in Indonesia
https://rex.apnic.net/as-interconnections?economy=ID
6
6
Internet number registry structure
Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers
Internet Assigned Numbers Authority
7
Regional Internet Registries (RIRs)
• Membership-based, not-for-profit and neutral organizations
• Established primarily to administer INRs
Maintain whois and
reverse DNS
delegation
Facilitate policy
development and
implementation
Support the
development of
Internet infrastructure
8
National Internet Registries (NIRs)
• There are seven NIRs recognized by the APNIC Executive
Council. NIRs are delegated the responsibility by APNIC
to manage and distribute INRs in their respective
economies
9
9
Resource Policies
• IP addresses and AS numbers are shared resources, available for
use by anyone who can demonstrate the need for them. APNIC
policies ensure these resources are distributed fairly and
consistently across the whole Asia Pacific region. Developments
to policy are discussed in the Policy SIG.
10
What is OPM
11
11
The Process (PDP)
• A process to revise and improve
policies
• Clearly defined phases and
timelines which determine
sequence of activities and time
allocated for each activity
• Open, Transparent and Bottom-
up are the keys to the policy
development
Problems
or issues
identified
Submit
proposals
Discuss
proposals
Gauge
consensus
Accept or
reject
proposals
Implement
proposals
or return
them to
authors
12
12
Open Policy Meeting
• Conducted by the Policy SIG,
held twice a year at APNIC
conferences (supplemented by
discussions in the mailing list)
• Open to the public (you do not
need to be an RIR member)
• Discussions in the forums are
documented for public access
• Led by the elected community
members (Policy SIG chairs)
• Decision making is via
community consensus
Problems
or issues
identified
Submit
proposals
Discuss
proposals
Gauge
consensus
Accept or
reject
proposals
Implement
proposals
or return
them to
authors
13
13
APNIC Policy SIG
• Policy SIG sessions during APNIC conferences
• Subscribe to sig-policy@lists.apnic.net
Charter
To develop policies which relate to the
management and use of Internet number
resources within the Asia Pacific region.
These include policies for resource
allocation, recovery and transfer, and for
resource registration within whois, reverse
DNS, RPKI and related services.
Chair
Bertrand Cherrier
APNIC 52 – APNIC 56
Co-chair
Shaila Sharmin
APNIC 52 – APNIC 56
Co-chair
Anupam Agrawal
APNIC 54 – APNIC 58
14
Current APNIC Policies
https://www.apnic.net/community/policy/resources
15
15
IPv4 policy
• New APNIC account holders are eligible to receive a minimum /24 and maximum /23 worth of address
space from the remaining IPv4 address pool.
• LIR allocation
– Have used a /24 from their upstream provider or demonstrate an immediate need for a /24,
– Demonstrate a detailed plan for use of at least a /23 within a year
– Complied with policies in managing all previous address space
• Multihoming assignment:
– Currently multihomed, or
– Currently using at least, a /24 from its upstream provider and intends to be multihomed, or
– Intends to be multihomed, and advertise the prefixes within 6 months
– Applicants requesting a delegation under these terms must demonstrate that they are able to use
25% of the requested addresses immediately and 50% within one year.
16
16
IPv4 policy
• Critical infrastructure
– The following critical infrastructure networks, if operating in the Asia Pacific region, are eligible to receive a
delegation:
• Root domain name system (DNS) server
• Global top-level domain (gTLD) nameservers
• Country code TLD (ccTLDs) nameservers
• IANA
• Regional Internet Registry (RIRs), and
• National Internet Registry (NIRs)
• Internet Exchange Points
– Internet Exchange Points (IXP) are eligible to receive a delegation from APNIC to be used exclusively to connect the
IXP participant devices to the Exchange Point.
– Global routability of the delegation is left to the discretion of the IXP and its participants.
17
17
IPv6 policy
• The minimum allocation size for IPv6 address space is /32.
• Applicants that meet the initial allocation criteria are eligible to receive the
minimum allocation. Larger initial allocations may be justified if:
– The applicant provides comprehensive documentation of planned IPv6 infrastructure which would
require a larger allocation; or
– The applicant provides comprehensive documentation for the following:
• its existing IPv4 infrastructure and customer base,
• its intention to provide its existing IPv4 services via IPv6, and
• its intention to move some of its existing IPv4 customers to IPv6 within two years.
• In either case, an allocation will be made which fulfils the calculated address
requirement, in accordance with the HD-Ratio based utilization policy.
18
18
IPv6 policy
• APNIC members with IPv4 resources, but with no IPv6 resources automatically qualify for
either a /48 assignment or /32 allocation.
• Account holders with no IPv4, or that wish to request more than a /32 should meet the
following requirements:
– Be an LIR;
– Not be an end site
– Plan within two years, to provide IPv6 connectivity to thire organizations/end-users to which it will
make assignments;
The allocation size, in case an address block bigger than the default one is requested, will be
based on the number of users, the extent of the organization's infrastructure, the hierarchical
and geographical structuring of the organization, the segmentation of infrastructure for
security and the planned longevity of the allocation
19
19
ASN policy
• The ASN obtained directly is portable. ASNs may also be obtained indirectly, through a
LIR who 'sponsors' the request. In this event, the ASN is non-portable.
• Criteria for ASN delegation:
• the network is currently multihomed, or
• has the need to interconnect with other AS.
• An applicant will also be eligible if the requestor can demonstrate that will meet the above
criteria upon receiving an ASN (or within a reasonably short time thereafter).
20
Recent policy proposals
21
Proposal Conference Status
prop-147: Historical resources
management
APNIC 55 Implemented
prop-148: Leasing of resources is not
acceptable
APNIC 56 Sent back to the mailing list
prop-149: Change of maximum
delegation for less than /21 total
IPv4 holdings
APNIC 55 Sent back to the mailing list
prop-150: ROA/whois object with
private, reserved and unallocated
(reserved/available) origin ASN
APNIC 55 Implemented
prop-151: Restricting non-
hierarchical as-set
APNIC 55 Implemented
prop-152: Reduce the lPv4
delegation from /23 to/24
APNIC 56 Sent back to the mailing list
prop-153: Proposed changes to PDP APNIC 56 Sent back to the mailing list
prop-154: Resizing of IPv4
assignment for the IXPs
APNIC 56 Sent back to the mailing list
prop-155: IPv6 PI assignment for
Associate Members
APNIC 56
Reached consensus; sent to EC for
endorsement
22
Why and how to participate
23
23
Why participate?
• The policies are used to administer finite and public shared
resources that underpin the Internet infrastructure
• It’s possible some policies may become outdated over time
(eg due to IPv4 depletion) or new polices may be needed to
keep up with changes (eg IPv6 adoption)
• The proposals to change are from the community and those
who use Internet and operate Internet networks
24
24
How can you participate in the PDP
• Anyone who is interested in the PDP can participate
• Many ways to participate, depending on your preference or
interests
• Start today by getting familiar with the regional PDP
process and the Forum
• Subscribe to mailing list
• Past proposals
• Submit a proposal
25
Message from the APNIC Foundation
26
INFRASTRUCTURE
Network deployment and
operations
Network monitoring and
management
Security and privacy
IPv6 Deployment
KNOWLEDGE
Research
Professional development
New Information and training
resources
APAC languages
INCLUSION
Availability of connectivity
Internet access affordability
Accessibility
Diversity
Environment
Grants open first quarter 2024
https://apnic.foundation/isif-asia/apply-for-funding

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IDNIC OPM 2023 - Internet Number Registry System

  • 1. 1 Internet Number Registry System 7 December 2023 IDNIC AMM 5 Bandung, Indonesia Sanjaya, APNIC
  • 2. 2 2 Outline • Internet number registry system • What is OPM • Current APNIC Policies on: – IPv4 Address – IPv6 Address – AS Number • Recent policy proposals • Why and how to participate
  • 3. 3 Internet number registry system What is it and who are involved?
  • 4. 4 4 The system and resources • ”Used in the distribution of globally unique Internet protocol (IP) address space and autonomous system (AS) numbers” https://www.rfc-editor.org/rfc/rfc7020.html
  • 5. 5 AS interconnection in Indonesia https://rex.apnic.net/as-interconnections?economy=ID
  • 6. 6 6 Internet number registry structure Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers Internet Assigned Numbers Authority
  • 7. 7 Regional Internet Registries (RIRs) • Membership-based, not-for-profit and neutral organizations • Established primarily to administer INRs Maintain whois and reverse DNS delegation Facilitate policy development and implementation Support the development of Internet infrastructure
  • 8. 8 National Internet Registries (NIRs) • There are seven NIRs recognized by the APNIC Executive Council. NIRs are delegated the responsibility by APNIC to manage and distribute INRs in their respective economies
  • 9. 9 9 Resource Policies • IP addresses and AS numbers are shared resources, available for use by anyone who can demonstrate the need for them. APNIC policies ensure these resources are distributed fairly and consistently across the whole Asia Pacific region. Developments to policy are discussed in the Policy SIG.
  • 11. 11 11 The Process (PDP) • A process to revise and improve policies • Clearly defined phases and timelines which determine sequence of activities and time allocated for each activity • Open, Transparent and Bottom- up are the keys to the policy development Problems or issues identified Submit proposals Discuss proposals Gauge consensus Accept or reject proposals Implement proposals or return them to authors
  • 12. 12 12 Open Policy Meeting • Conducted by the Policy SIG, held twice a year at APNIC conferences (supplemented by discussions in the mailing list) • Open to the public (you do not need to be an RIR member) • Discussions in the forums are documented for public access • Led by the elected community members (Policy SIG chairs) • Decision making is via community consensus Problems or issues identified Submit proposals Discuss proposals Gauge consensus Accept or reject proposals Implement proposals or return them to authors
  • 13. 13 13 APNIC Policy SIG • Policy SIG sessions during APNIC conferences • Subscribe to sig-policy@lists.apnic.net Charter To develop policies which relate to the management and use of Internet number resources within the Asia Pacific region. These include policies for resource allocation, recovery and transfer, and for resource registration within whois, reverse DNS, RPKI and related services. Chair Bertrand Cherrier APNIC 52 – APNIC 56 Co-chair Shaila Sharmin APNIC 52 – APNIC 56 Co-chair Anupam Agrawal APNIC 54 – APNIC 58
  • 15. 15 15 IPv4 policy • New APNIC account holders are eligible to receive a minimum /24 and maximum /23 worth of address space from the remaining IPv4 address pool. • LIR allocation – Have used a /24 from their upstream provider or demonstrate an immediate need for a /24, – Demonstrate a detailed plan for use of at least a /23 within a year – Complied with policies in managing all previous address space • Multihoming assignment: – Currently multihomed, or – Currently using at least, a /24 from its upstream provider and intends to be multihomed, or – Intends to be multihomed, and advertise the prefixes within 6 months – Applicants requesting a delegation under these terms must demonstrate that they are able to use 25% of the requested addresses immediately and 50% within one year.
  • 16. 16 16 IPv4 policy • Critical infrastructure – The following critical infrastructure networks, if operating in the Asia Pacific region, are eligible to receive a delegation: • Root domain name system (DNS) server • Global top-level domain (gTLD) nameservers • Country code TLD (ccTLDs) nameservers • IANA • Regional Internet Registry (RIRs), and • National Internet Registry (NIRs) • Internet Exchange Points – Internet Exchange Points (IXP) are eligible to receive a delegation from APNIC to be used exclusively to connect the IXP participant devices to the Exchange Point. – Global routability of the delegation is left to the discretion of the IXP and its participants.
  • 17. 17 17 IPv6 policy • The minimum allocation size for IPv6 address space is /32. • Applicants that meet the initial allocation criteria are eligible to receive the minimum allocation. Larger initial allocations may be justified if: – The applicant provides comprehensive documentation of planned IPv6 infrastructure which would require a larger allocation; or – The applicant provides comprehensive documentation for the following: • its existing IPv4 infrastructure and customer base, • its intention to provide its existing IPv4 services via IPv6, and • its intention to move some of its existing IPv4 customers to IPv6 within two years. • In either case, an allocation will be made which fulfils the calculated address requirement, in accordance with the HD-Ratio based utilization policy.
  • 18. 18 18 IPv6 policy • APNIC members with IPv4 resources, but with no IPv6 resources automatically qualify for either a /48 assignment or /32 allocation. • Account holders with no IPv4, or that wish to request more than a /32 should meet the following requirements: – Be an LIR; – Not be an end site – Plan within two years, to provide IPv6 connectivity to thire organizations/end-users to which it will make assignments; The allocation size, in case an address block bigger than the default one is requested, will be based on the number of users, the extent of the organization's infrastructure, the hierarchical and geographical structuring of the organization, the segmentation of infrastructure for security and the planned longevity of the allocation
  • 19. 19 19 ASN policy • The ASN obtained directly is portable. ASNs may also be obtained indirectly, through a LIR who 'sponsors' the request. In this event, the ASN is non-portable. • Criteria for ASN delegation: • the network is currently multihomed, or • has the need to interconnect with other AS. • An applicant will also be eligible if the requestor can demonstrate that will meet the above criteria upon receiving an ASN (or within a reasonably short time thereafter).
  • 21. 21 Proposal Conference Status prop-147: Historical resources management APNIC 55 Implemented prop-148: Leasing of resources is not acceptable APNIC 56 Sent back to the mailing list prop-149: Change of maximum delegation for less than /21 total IPv4 holdings APNIC 55 Sent back to the mailing list prop-150: ROA/whois object with private, reserved and unallocated (reserved/available) origin ASN APNIC 55 Implemented prop-151: Restricting non- hierarchical as-set APNIC 55 Implemented prop-152: Reduce the lPv4 delegation from /23 to/24 APNIC 56 Sent back to the mailing list prop-153: Proposed changes to PDP APNIC 56 Sent back to the mailing list prop-154: Resizing of IPv4 assignment for the IXPs APNIC 56 Sent back to the mailing list prop-155: IPv6 PI assignment for Associate Members APNIC 56 Reached consensus; sent to EC for endorsement
  • 22. 22 Why and how to participate
  • 23. 23 23 Why participate? • The policies are used to administer finite and public shared resources that underpin the Internet infrastructure • It’s possible some policies may become outdated over time (eg due to IPv4 depletion) or new polices may be needed to keep up with changes (eg IPv6 adoption) • The proposals to change are from the community and those who use Internet and operate Internet networks
  • 24. 24 24 How can you participate in the PDP • Anyone who is interested in the PDP can participate • Many ways to participate, depending on your preference or interests • Start today by getting familiar with the regional PDP process and the Forum • Subscribe to mailing list • Past proposals • Submit a proposal
  • 25. 25 Message from the APNIC Foundation
  • 26. 26 INFRASTRUCTURE Network deployment and operations Network monitoring and management Security and privacy IPv6 Deployment KNOWLEDGE Research Professional development New Information and training resources APAC languages INCLUSION Availability of connectivity Internet access affordability Accessibility Diversity Environment Grants open first quarter 2024 https://apnic.foundation/isif-asia/apply-for-funding