Policy Development Process
& Internet Eco-System
Adam Gosling
Senior Policy Specialist, APNIC
APNIC Regional Meeting Kuala...
Agenda
•  Introduce APNIC
•  APNIC Policy
•  Policy Report

•  Internet Ecosystem
– 
– 
– 
– 

The NRO
APNIC External Rela...
Introducing APNIC

3
What is APNIC?
•  Regional Internet Registry (RIR) for the
Asia Pacific region
–  Comprises 56 economies

•  Not-for-profi...
The
Regional
Internet
Registry
for the
Asia Pacific
region

5
APNIC’s Vision:
A global, open, stable, and secure Internet that
serves the entire Asia Pacific community.
How we achieve ...
APNIC’s Mission
•  Function as the RIR for the Asia Pacific, in the service of the
community of Members and others
•  Prov...
APNIC Resource Policy

8
Internet Resource Policies
•  Policies evolve to always meet the operational
needs of ISPs and other network operators
•  ...
Multistakeholder policy development
•  Open
–  Anyone can propose, discuss, and help decide policy

•  Transparent
–  APNI...
Policy SIG Charter
•  Develop policies and procedures which relate to the
management and use of Internet address resources...
Steps to Implementation
1.  Proposal submission
2.  Mailing list discussion before Open Policy Meeting
3.  Must reach cons...
Policy
development
is a cycle

13
Consensus Decision Making
•  Consensus = “general agreement” taking into consideration
comments on the mailing list and at...
Remember
•  Minor Objections
–  some problems may occur for some members of the group

•  Major Objections
–  major proble...
APNIC 36 report

16
Policy SIG Meeting outcomes
•  SIG Chair Election
–  Andy Linton re-elected as Chair for 2 years
•  Masato Yamanishi conti...
Policy discussions at APNIC 36
•  The following proposals reached consensus and will
progress to the 8-week comment period...
prop-105: Distribution of returned
IPv4 address blocks
Aims:
•  Make IANA returns available for distribution using a
diffe...
prop-107: AS number transfer policy
proposal
Aims:
•  This policy would permit the intra- and inter-regional
transfer of A...
prop-108: Suggested changes to the
APNIC Policy Development Process
Aims:
•  A proposal to optimize and/or disambiguate pr...
Other policy changes in 2013
•  Implemented:
–  prop-104: Clarifying demonstrated needs requirement in IPv4 transfer
polic...
Transferring IP Addresses
•  Transfers, Mergers, Acquisitions are possible
•  There are transfer policies exists to transf...
Internet Ecosystem

24
25

25
The Number
Resource
Organization

26
27
The Number Resource Organization
•  Celebrating 10 years
•  The Vision: To be the flagship and global leader for
collabora...
Number Resource Organization
•  Paul Wilson is serving as the Chair of the NRO EC in 2013
•  Joint activities with the oth...
External
Relations

30
External Relations
•  Network Operator Groups (NOG)
–  MyNOG, SGNOG, PACNOG, SANOG, etc.

•  NIR Open Policy Meetings (OPM...
External Relations
Regional engagements:
•  APT
–  APNIC has become an affiliate member
–  Preparatory processes for upcom...
External Relations
•  ITU World Telecommunications Development Conference – 14
•  ITU Plenipotentiary – 14
•  OECD - Study...
LEA Engagement

34
Assisting LEAs
•  APNIC has a fundamental role to play in the stability and security
of the Internet, ensuring that the se...
Training and capacity building
APNIC provides
training and capacity
building to law
enforcement
agencies in the
APNIC serv...
Recent
Developments

37
Internet governance landscape
•  During the last thirty years, we have seen the Internet and
its coordination structures d...
Global Multistakeholder Meeting on
Internet Governance
•  23 - 24 April Sao Paulo, Brazil
–  The meeting will aim to produ...
Four Meeting Committees
•  Led by the Brazilian Internet Steering Committee (CGI.br) and
Internet governance community
–  ...
1net.org and the i-coordination list
•  Created the I* organizations to prepare for the Brazil
meeting
–  ISOC Announcemen...
Panel on the Future of Global Internet
Cooperation
•  Chair: Estonian President Toomas Ilves
•  First meeting 12 – 13 Dece...
External Relations
•  APNIC is actively involved in the evolution of the
multistakeholder model
–  Importance of the IGF a...
Questions are welcome
adam@apnic.net
@boutpolicy

This document is uncontrolled when printed. Before use, check the APNIC ...
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Policy Development Process/Internet Eco System by Adam Gosling

  1. 1. Policy Development Process & Internet Eco-System Adam Gosling Senior Policy Specialist, APNIC APNIC Regional Meeting Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia 29 November 2013 1
  2. 2. Agenda •  Introduce APNIC •  APNIC Policy •  Policy Report •  Internet Ecosystem –  –  –  –  The NRO APNIC External Relations LEA engagement Recent developments 2
  3. 3. Introducing APNIC 3
  4. 4. What is APNIC? •  Regional Internet Registry (RIR) for the Asia Pacific region –  Comprises 56 economies •  Not-for-profit, membership-based organization •  Governed by the Executive Council (EC), who are elected by the Members •  Secretariat located in Brisbane, Australia –  Currently employs around 70 staff 4
  5. 5. The Regional Internet Registry for the Asia Pacific region 5
  6. 6. APNIC’s Vision: A global, open, stable, and secure Internet that serves the entire Asia Pacific community. How we achieve this: •  Serving Members •  Supporting the Asia Pacific Region •  Collaborating with the Internet Community 6
  7. 7. APNIC’s Mission •  Function as the RIR for the Asia Pacific, in the service of the community of Members and others •  Provide Internet registry services to the highest possible standards of trust, neutrality, and accuracy •  Provide information, training, and supporting services to assist the community in building and managing the Internet •  Support critical Internet infrastructure to assist in creating and maintaining a robust Internet environment •  Provide leadership and advocacy in support of its vision and the community •  Facilitate regional Internet development as needed throughout the APNIC community 7
  8. 8. APNIC Resource Policy 8
  9. 9. Internet Resource Policies •  Policies evolve to always meet the operational needs of ISPs and other network operators •  There is a system in place called the Policy Development Process (PDP) –  Anyone can propose a policy –  Anyone can participate in decisions –  All decisions & policies documented & freely available to anyone 9
  10. 10. Multistakeholder policy development •  Open –  Anyone can propose, discuss, and help decide policy •  Transparent –  APNIC publicly documents all policy discussions and decisions •  Bottom up –  The PDP itself and the resource policies are determined by the community they serve 10
  11. 11. Policy SIG Charter •  Develop policies and procedures which relate to the management and use of Internet address resources by APNIC, NIRs and ISPs within the Asia Pacific region •  APNIC Policy –  www.apnic.net/policy •  APNIC Policy Development Process –  www.apnic.net/policy/policy-development •  APNIC Policy SIG –  www.apnic.net/policy-sig •  SIG Guidelines –  www.apnic.net/community/sigs/sig-guidelines •  Mailing list subscription archive –  mailman.apnic.net/mailman/listinfo/sig-policy 11
  12. 12. Steps to Implementation 1.  Proposal submission 2.  Mailing list discussion before Open Policy Meeting 3.  Must reach consensus at the OPM 4.  Must reach consensus at the APNIC Member Meeting 5.  Comment Period to confirm consensus 6.  Executive Council endorsement 7.  Editorial Comment period 8.  Implementation 12
  13. 13. Policy development is a cycle 13
  14. 14. Consensus Decision Making •  Consensus = “general agreement” taking into consideration comments on the mailing list and at the meeting. •  Show of hands is a way of “broadly gauging opinion” •  Comments via Remote Participation are welcome •  Example definitions from Tao of IETF: –  a very large majority of those who care must agree –  strongly held objections must be debated until most people are satisfied that these objections are wrong 14
  15. 15. Remember •  Minor Objections –  some problems may occur for some members of the group •  Major Objections –  major problems will occur for parts of the community •  Participants should “work together” to resolve objections •  The Secretariat’s role in the PDP is to facilitate the PDP and implement the policy 15
  16. 16. APNIC 36 report 16
  17. 17. Policy SIG Meeting outcomes •  SIG Chair Election –  Andy Linton re-elected as Chair for 2 years •  Masato Yamanishi continues until August 2014 •  Leasing discussion –  Chairs to send summary of discussion to list •  SIG Guidelines –  A discussion about SIG Hibernation – see NIR SIG report •  Three Proposals –  Prop-105: Distribution of returned IPv4 address blocks –  Prop-107: AS number transfer policy proposal –  Prop-108: Suggested changes to the APNIC Policy Development Process 17
  18. 18. Policy discussions at APNIC 36 •  The following proposals reached consensus and will progress to the 8-week comment period: prop-105: Distribution of returned IPv4 address blocks prop-107: AS number transfer policy proposal •  The following proposal reached consensus after some modification and will progress to the 8-week comment period: prop-108: Suggested changes to the APNIC Policy Development Process 18
  19. 19. prop-105: Distribution of returned IPv4 address blocks Aims: •  Make IANA returns available for distribution using a different policy from “final /8” policy Proposal: •  Each Member able to justify need for an additional /22 Status: •  Endorsed for implementation by the APNIC EC 19
  20. 20. prop-107: AS number transfer policy proposal Aims: •  This policy would permit the intra- and inter-regional transfer of ASNs Proposal: •  Allow transfer of ASNs based on IPv4 transfer policy Status: •  Endorsed for implementation by the APNIC EC 20
  21. 21. prop-108: Suggested changes to the APNIC Policy Development Process Aims: •  A proposal to optimize and/or disambiguate procedures carried out under the current APNIC PDP Proposal: •  The comment period for proposals reaching consensus at the OPM and AMM will not be shorter than four weeks but no longer than eight weeks at the sole discretion of the SIG Chair. Status: •  Endorsed for implementation by the APNIC EC 21
  22. 22. Other policy changes in 2013 •  Implemented: –  prop-104: Clarifying demonstrated needs requirement in IPv4 transfer policy (Feb 2013) –  prop-101: Removing multihoming requirement for IPv6 portable assignments (Feb 2013) •  Did not reach consensus at APNIC 35: –  prop-105: Distribution of returned IPv4 address (modification of prop-088) •  Developed further by the author. Reached consensus at APNIC 36 –  prop-106: Restricting excessive IPv4 address transfers under the final /8 block •  Abandoned 22
  23. 23. Transferring IP Addresses •  Transfers, Mergers, Acquisitions are possible •  There are transfer policies exists to transfer IP addresses –  In the APNIC region –  Inter-RIR IPv4 Transfers •  Conditions on the source and recipient RIR will apply •  APNIC will review the status of IP allocations 23
  24. 24. Internet Ecosystem 24
  25. 25. 25 25
  26. 26. The Number Resource Organization 26
  27. 27. 27
  28. 28. The Number Resource Organization •  Celebrating 10 years •  The Vision: To be the flagship and global leader for collaborative Internet number resource management as a central element of an open, stable, and secure Internet. •  The Mission: To actively contribute to an open, stable, and secure Internet, through: –  Providing and promoting a coordinated Internet number registry system –  Being an authoritative voice on the multistakeholder model and bottom-up policy process in Internet governance –  Coordinating and supporting the activities of the RIRs 28
  29. 29. Number Resource Organization •  Paul Wilson is serving as the Chair of the NRO EC in 2013 •  Joint activities with the other four RIRs –  –  –  –  Resource Certification Global statistics and report publication Internet governance Global policy development (ICANN Address Supporting Organization) 29
  30. 30. External Relations 30
  31. 31. External Relations •  Network Operator Groups (NOG) –  MyNOG, SGNOG, PACNOG, SANOG, etc. •  NIR Open Policy Meetings (OPM) –  IRINN, TWNIC, VNNIC •  Outreach on security –  4th APT Cybersecurity Forum –  Engagement with Law Enforcement Agencies •  Collaboration with Internet (I*) organizations –  –  –  –  –  –  ICANN ISOC NRO IETF IAB W3C 31
  32. 32. External Relations Regional engagements: •  APT –  APNIC has become an affiliate member –  Preparatory processes for upcoming ITU conferences •  APEC – TEL –  Development Steering Group (DSG) –  IPv6 promotion and security •  Regional and National IGF initiatives –  NetHui –  APrIGF –  AuIGF •  Pacific –  PITA –  PICISOC 32
  33. 33. External Relations •  ITU World Telecommunications Development Conference – 14 •  ITU Plenipotentiary – 14 •  OECD - Study on IPv6 –  Geoff Huston on public policy implications of CGNs and NATs •  Montevideo Statement –  –  –  –  –  Warned against Internet fragmentation at a national level Expressed concern over the undermining of the trust and confidence Need for ongoing effort to address Internet Governance challenges Accelerating the globalization of ICANN and IANA functions Transition to IPv6 is a top priority globally •  http://www.nro.net/news/montevideo-statement-on-the-future-of-internet-cooperation 33
  34. 34. LEA Engagement 34
  35. 35. Assisting LEAs •  APNIC has a fundamental role to play in the stability and security of the Internet, ensuring that the services we provide such as the APNIC Whois Database and Reverse DNS zone delegations are accurate, reliable, and up-to-date. •  LEAs are an important segment of the APNIC community. We collaborate, cooperate, and work together with them to ensure the Internet remains an open, secure, and stable platform •  Data from the Whois may be a source of information for the LEAs in our community. •  APNIC encourages the LEAs to participate in the APNIC Policy Development Process, and have your voices heard on issues that are important to you! 35
  36. 36. Training and capacity building APNIC provides training and capacity building to law enforcement agencies in the APNIC service region, in collaboration with country-code top level domain name managers in region 36
  37. 37. Recent Developments 37
  38. 38. Internet governance landscape •  During the last thirty years, we have seen the Internet and its coordination structures develop in an open, bottom-up, and multistakeholder environment •  It is just in the last few years that the Internet has received increased attention from governments –  Internet seen as a critical infrastructure –  Growing concerns about the consequences of cybercrime •  Some recognize the current successes, others support an intergovernmental model –  Ongoing discussions 38
  39. 39. Global Multistakeholder Meeting on Internet Governance •  23 - 24 April Sao Paulo, Brazil –  The meeting will aim to produce universal internet principles and an institutional framework for multistakeholder Internet governance. The framework will include a roadmap to evolve and globalize current institutions, and new mechanisms to address the emerging Internet governance topics. •  Multistakeholder representation –  Private Enterprise, Technical Community, Civil Society, Academia, and Governments •  The meeting will allow face-to-face and remote participation of the global community –  Mechanism and deadline for inputs yet to be be established –  Likely to be 1 March, 2014.
  40. 40. Four Meeting Committees •  Led by the Brazilian Internet Steering Committee (CGI.br) and Internet governance community –  Prof. Virgílio Fernandes Almeida, Coordinator of the Brazilian Internet Steering Committee and Secretary for Informatics Policies •  The four meeting committees are: –  High-Level Multistakeholder Committee: Responsible for conducting the political articulation and fostering the involvement of the international community. –  Executive Multistakeholder Committee: Responsible for organizing the event, including the agenda discussion and execution, and for the treatment of the proposals from participants and different stakeholders; –  Logistics and Organizational Committee: Responsible for overseeing every logistic aspect of the meeting; –  Governmental Advisory Committee: Will stay open to all governments which want to contribute to the meeting. 40
  41. 41. 1net.org and the i-coordination list •  Created the I* organizations to prepare for the Brazil meeting –  ISOC Announcement •  Headed by the head of AFRINIC –  Adiel A. Akplogan, CEO at AfriNIC –  Website: –  1net.org •  A mailing list to get input from the community –  https://nro.net/mailman/listinfo/i-coordination 41
  42. 42. Panel on the Future of Global Internet Cooperation •  Chair: Estonian President Toomas Ilves •  First meeting 12 – 13 December in London, England •  Report in early 2014 for public comment –  principles for global Internet cooperation, proposed frameworks for such cooperation and a roadmap for future Internet governance challenges •  ICANN will organize the secretariat and provide logistical support –  www.icann.org/en/news/announcements/announcement-2-17nov13en.htm 42
  43. 43. External Relations •  APNIC is actively involved in the evolution of the multistakeholder model –  Importance of the IGF after WSIS –  Collaboration with other I* organizations: ICANN (ASO), NRO, ISOC –  Support to the Internet community: NOGs and OPMs •  APNIC has engaged actively with governments and intergovernmental organizations: –  Globally: ITU and OECD –  Regionally: APT, APEC TEL –  Also has started collaboration with LEAs 43
  44. 44. Questions are welcome adam@apnic.net @boutpolicy This document is uncontrolled when printed. Before use, check the APNIC electronic master document to verify that this is the current version. Issue Date: [29 November 2013] Rev: [01] 44

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