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Mythological Importance Of
Yamuna
Yamuna, the daughter of the Sun God ,
sister of Yama , the God of death
is one of the most sacred rivers of India.
Yamuna’s Origin
The river originates from the Yamunotri glacier in
the Mussorie range of the lower Himalayas,
it meanders through the states of Haryana,
Delhi, Uttar Pradesh and covers a distance
of about 1370 kms before merging with
the river Ganga at Allahabad
“ Two decades ago Yamuna was
a river, but what remains of it
now is a sluggish flow laden with
plastic, solid waste, untreated
industrial water and corpses.”
Plight Of Yamuna In Delhi
The most polluted stretch of the river is the 22 km
length of Yamuna from Wazirabad barrage to
Okhla, as 18 major drains enter the river in this
stretch. These drains carry both treated and untreated
effluent besides solid waste, industrial effluent etc.
The BOD level of water at Nizamuddin is known to cross
30 mg/l when the acceptable limit is only 1 mg/l.
Yamuna is crying for oxygen – who
is listening?
SOME FACTS
• Delhi generates 3,300 million liters per day (MLD) of sewage,
against an installed wastewater treatment capacity of 2,200 MLD.
Thus, 1100 MLD of untreated and a significant amount of partially
treated sewage enter the river every day.
• Almost 55% of drinking water in Delhi comes from River Yamuna.
Also 70% of Delhi’s untreated waste is drained into the Yamuna.
• Traces of isomers carcinogenic organic chlorine have been found in
Indian rivers, including the Yamuna (CSE, 2005).
• Lead, Cadmium, Arsenic etc. (which are toxic in very low
concentrations) are found 10 times more than the requirement of
Flora and Fauna which causes metabolic anomalies.
• Based on the laboratory analysis, it is found that the concentration
of Ammonia has a growing trend since 1998 to 2007 in all the
selected locations.
2001
1981 1986 1991 1996
year
0
1000
500
1500
2000
2500
3000
Treatment capacity
Estimated sewage waste water
generation
Sewage generated (million liters/day)
!! ALARMING FACT !!
According to a report on "Identification of Mutagenic Particles in
River bed of Yamuna“, during the last 20 years
• The BOD value increased to 100 %
• TC Value increased to 4000 %
• FC Value increased to 3000 %
Through an extensive library research it s
found that the high concentrations of Xenobiotics from urban and
industrial wastes have contributed to the contamination of aquatic
environments. These substances could be potentially mutagenic and
could be directly and/or indirectly accumulated by the
aquatic organisms causing DNA damage.
CAUSES
• Garbage Dumping: The river is taken to be an
outsized dustbin. All sorts of organic, metallic
waste including polythene bags is dumped
into it.
• Ash Scattering: Following cremation the
collected ashes and the mortal remains are
scattered in the river.
• Murti Immersion: In many of our festivals like
Ganesh Chaturthi, Durga Pujan etc ultimately
murti is immersed in the river. This increase
the sludge and toxic material in the Yamuna
river.
• Dhobi Ghat: The waste water including large
quantities of soap, detergents, chemicals
discharged from the sites eventually drain into
the river.
• River banks as public toilets: Slum-dwellers
throng river banks for morning ablution,
defecation, washing, bathing.
• Untreated sewage: Every day nearly 3296
million litres of sewage finds its way into river
Yamuna.
Delhi Gate Drain JJ Clusters along the
Drain
Disposal of offerings into
Yamuna
Causes Of Pollution Of River
Yamuna
Elephants taking bath
in Yamuna
Animal carcasses at the
bank of river Yamuna
Cleaning clothes at the
cost of clean water
Garbage in Yamuna
River
Dead body disposal in
Yamuna
Restoring The River
• Role of citizens
• Role of NGO’s
• Role of GOI
• Role of GNCT
• Role of MCD
• Ongoing programmes
Yamuna Action Plan
Taking note of mounting pollution in Yamuna, National
River Conservation Directorate, GOI launched YAP with a
dual approach:
 Implementing schemes that improve the quality
of water in Yamuna
 Up scaling of people’s awareness & participation
in river protection activities
Schemes implemented under YAP I
1. Community Toilet Complexes
2. Procurement of Sewer Cleaning Equipment
3. Electric Crematorium (Lodhi Road)
4. Public Participation and Awareness Programme
5. Disinfection Plant – UV(Ultra-Voilet) 2mld
6. Sewage Treatment Plants
7. Electric Crematorium (Sarai Kale Khan)
Implemented Under YAP
Rs. 680 Crores work has been completed by YAP I
1. Community Toilet Complexes
Approved
Cost (In
Lakhs)
Sanctioned
Cost (In
Lakhs)
Sanction
Date
Specified
Completi
on Date
Financial
Progress
(In %)
Physical
Progress
(In %)
14996.00 13991.00 20/08/01 31/03/02 90.73 68.69
STATISTICS OF YAP I
2. A few of Micro STPs have been approved
3.Procurement of Sewer Cleaning Equipment
Approved
Cost (In
Lakhs)
Sanctioned
Cost (In
Lakhs)
Sanction
Date
Specified
Completion
Date
Financial
Progress
(In %)
Physical
Progress
(In %)
289.00 284.64 03/08/01 31/12/02 79.15 100
Approved
Cost (In
Lakhs)
Sanctioned
Cost (In
Lakhs)
Sanction
Date
Specified
Completion
Date
Financial
Progress
(In %)
Physical
Progress
(In %)
145.66 120.73 20/11/01 31/03/02 46.72 63.50
4.Electric Crematorium (Lodhi Road)
Approved
Cost (In
Lakhs)
Rev.
Sanctioned
Cost (In
Lakhs)
Sanction Date
Specified
Completion
Date
Financial
Progress
(In %)
Physical
Progress
(In %)
120.00 178.43 07/09/01 31/03/02 100 100
5.Disinfection Plant – UV 2mld
Approved
Cost (In
Lakhs)
Sanctioned
Cost (In
Lakhs)
Sanction Date
Specified
Completion
Date
Financial
Progress
(In %)
Physical
Progress
(In %)
42.66 48.33 (R) 02/08/01 28/02/02 57.11 100
6.Public Participation and Awareness Programme
Approved
Cost (In
Lakhs)
Sanctioned
Cost (In
Lakhs)
Sanction
Date
Specified
Completion
Date
Financial
Progress
(In %)
Physical
Progress
(In %)
216.00 215.55 13/07/01 31/03/02 37.63 50.13
7. Electric Crematorium (Sarai Kale Khan)
Approved
Cost (In
Lakhs)
Sanctioned
Cost (In
Lakhs)
Sanctioned
Date
Specified
Completion
Date
Financial
Progress
(In %)
Physical
Progress
(In %)
261.47 414.07(R) 12/8/96 31/08/97 95.22 100
Scheme
Approved
Cost (In
Lakhs)
Sanctioned
Cost (In
Lakhs)
Sancti
on
Date
Specified
Completion
Date
Financial
Progress
(In %)
Physical
Progress
(In %)
10 MLD STP
(S.N.H)
1343.62
607.39
03/05
/95
30/06/97 103.82 100
10 MLD STP
(Delhi Gate)
706.26 30/06/97 101.42 100
8. Sewage Treatment Plants
Delhi has spent Rs 1500 crore on
cleaning the Yamuna till 2006. Or, Rs 85
crore per km in the 22-km stretch of
the river as it passes through the city.
But inspite of this massive investment,
the river Yamuna runs dirtier.
According to CSE Press Release, 2007
BUT THE MISSION SHALL NOT BE
ACCOMPLISHED UNTIL WE
‘THE PEOPLE OF INDIA’ TAKE
IT AS A MISSION , TO RESTORE
NOT ONLY YAMUNA BUT ALL THE
R I V E R S O F I N D I A
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environment and water pollution in yamuna.ppt

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  • 2. Mythological Importance Of Yamuna Yamuna, the daughter of the Sun God , sister of Yama , the God of death is one of the most sacred rivers of India.
  • 3. Yamuna’s Origin The river originates from the Yamunotri glacier in the Mussorie range of the lower Himalayas, it meanders through the states of Haryana, Delhi, Uttar Pradesh and covers a distance of about 1370 kms before merging with the river Ganga at Allahabad
  • 4. “ Two decades ago Yamuna was a river, but what remains of it now is a sluggish flow laden with plastic, solid waste, untreated industrial water and corpses.”
  • 5. Plight Of Yamuna In Delhi The most polluted stretch of the river is the 22 km length of Yamuna from Wazirabad barrage to Okhla, as 18 major drains enter the river in this stretch. These drains carry both treated and untreated effluent besides solid waste, industrial effluent etc. The BOD level of water at Nizamuddin is known to cross 30 mg/l when the acceptable limit is only 1 mg/l. Yamuna is crying for oxygen – who is listening?
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  • 10. SOME FACTS • Delhi generates 3,300 million liters per day (MLD) of sewage, against an installed wastewater treatment capacity of 2,200 MLD. Thus, 1100 MLD of untreated and a significant amount of partially treated sewage enter the river every day. • Almost 55% of drinking water in Delhi comes from River Yamuna. Also 70% of Delhi’s untreated waste is drained into the Yamuna. • Traces of isomers carcinogenic organic chlorine have been found in Indian rivers, including the Yamuna (CSE, 2005). • Lead, Cadmium, Arsenic etc. (which are toxic in very low concentrations) are found 10 times more than the requirement of Flora and Fauna which causes metabolic anomalies. • Based on the laboratory analysis, it is found that the concentration of Ammonia has a growing trend since 1998 to 2007 in all the selected locations.
  • 11. 2001 1981 1986 1991 1996 year 0 1000 500 1500 2000 2500 3000 Treatment capacity Estimated sewage waste water generation Sewage generated (million liters/day)
  • 12. !! ALARMING FACT !! According to a report on "Identification of Mutagenic Particles in River bed of Yamuna“, during the last 20 years • The BOD value increased to 100 % • TC Value increased to 4000 % • FC Value increased to 3000 % Through an extensive library research it s found that the high concentrations of Xenobiotics from urban and industrial wastes have contributed to the contamination of aquatic environments. These substances could be potentially mutagenic and could be directly and/or indirectly accumulated by the aquatic organisms causing DNA damage.
  • 13. CAUSES • Garbage Dumping: The river is taken to be an outsized dustbin. All sorts of organic, metallic waste including polythene bags is dumped into it. • Ash Scattering: Following cremation the collected ashes and the mortal remains are scattered in the river. • Murti Immersion: In many of our festivals like Ganesh Chaturthi, Durga Pujan etc ultimately murti is immersed in the river. This increase the sludge and toxic material in the Yamuna river.
  • 14. • Dhobi Ghat: The waste water including large quantities of soap, detergents, chemicals discharged from the sites eventually drain into the river. • River banks as public toilets: Slum-dwellers throng river banks for morning ablution, defecation, washing, bathing. • Untreated sewage: Every day nearly 3296 million litres of sewage finds its way into river Yamuna.
  • 15. Delhi Gate Drain JJ Clusters along the Drain Disposal of offerings into Yamuna Causes Of Pollution Of River Yamuna
  • 16. Elephants taking bath in Yamuna Animal carcasses at the bank of river Yamuna Cleaning clothes at the cost of clean water Garbage in Yamuna River Dead body disposal in Yamuna
  • 17. Restoring The River • Role of citizens • Role of NGO’s • Role of GOI • Role of GNCT • Role of MCD • Ongoing programmes
  • 18. Yamuna Action Plan Taking note of mounting pollution in Yamuna, National River Conservation Directorate, GOI launched YAP with a dual approach:  Implementing schemes that improve the quality of water in Yamuna  Up scaling of people’s awareness & participation in river protection activities
  • 19. Schemes implemented under YAP I 1. Community Toilet Complexes 2. Procurement of Sewer Cleaning Equipment 3. Electric Crematorium (Lodhi Road) 4. Public Participation and Awareness Programme 5. Disinfection Plant – UV(Ultra-Voilet) 2mld 6. Sewage Treatment Plants 7. Electric Crematorium (Sarai Kale Khan)
  • 21. Rs. 680 Crores work has been completed by YAP I 1. Community Toilet Complexes Approved Cost (In Lakhs) Sanctioned Cost (In Lakhs) Sanction Date Specified Completi on Date Financial Progress (In %) Physical Progress (In %) 14996.00 13991.00 20/08/01 31/03/02 90.73 68.69 STATISTICS OF YAP I
  • 22. 2. A few of Micro STPs have been approved 3.Procurement of Sewer Cleaning Equipment Approved Cost (In Lakhs) Sanctioned Cost (In Lakhs) Sanction Date Specified Completion Date Financial Progress (In %) Physical Progress (In %) 289.00 284.64 03/08/01 31/12/02 79.15 100 Approved Cost (In Lakhs) Sanctioned Cost (In Lakhs) Sanction Date Specified Completion Date Financial Progress (In %) Physical Progress (In %) 145.66 120.73 20/11/01 31/03/02 46.72 63.50
  • 23. 4.Electric Crematorium (Lodhi Road) Approved Cost (In Lakhs) Rev. Sanctioned Cost (In Lakhs) Sanction Date Specified Completion Date Financial Progress (In %) Physical Progress (In %) 120.00 178.43 07/09/01 31/03/02 100 100 5.Disinfection Plant – UV 2mld Approved Cost (In Lakhs) Sanctioned Cost (In Lakhs) Sanction Date Specified Completion Date Financial Progress (In %) Physical Progress (In %) 42.66 48.33 (R) 02/08/01 28/02/02 57.11 100
  • 24. 6.Public Participation and Awareness Programme Approved Cost (In Lakhs) Sanctioned Cost (In Lakhs) Sanction Date Specified Completion Date Financial Progress (In %) Physical Progress (In %) 216.00 215.55 13/07/01 31/03/02 37.63 50.13 7. Electric Crematorium (Sarai Kale Khan) Approved Cost (In Lakhs) Sanctioned Cost (In Lakhs) Sanctioned Date Specified Completion Date Financial Progress (In %) Physical Progress (In %) 261.47 414.07(R) 12/8/96 31/08/97 95.22 100
  • 25. Scheme Approved Cost (In Lakhs) Sanctioned Cost (In Lakhs) Sancti on Date Specified Completion Date Financial Progress (In %) Physical Progress (In %) 10 MLD STP (S.N.H) 1343.62 607.39 03/05 /95 30/06/97 103.82 100 10 MLD STP (Delhi Gate) 706.26 30/06/97 101.42 100 8. Sewage Treatment Plants
  • 26. Delhi has spent Rs 1500 crore on cleaning the Yamuna till 2006. Or, Rs 85 crore per km in the 22-km stretch of the river as it passes through the city. But inspite of this massive investment, the river Yamuna runs dirtier. According to CSE Press Release, 2007
  • 27. BUT THE MISSION SHALL NOT BE ACCOMPLISHED UNTIL WE ‘THE PEOPLE OF INDIA’ TAKE IT AS A MISSION , TO RESTORE NOT ONLY YAMUNA BUT ALL THE R I V E R S O F I N D I A