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Disaster Management Cycle
BY :- Pooja Sharma
(MHA)
Learning Objectives
• Introduction
• Aim of DMC
• Disaster Cycle
• Mitigation
• Preparedness
• Humanitarian Action
• Response
• Recovery
• Conclusion
• Reference
INTRODUCTION
• The Disaster management cycle illustrates the
ongoing process by which governments,
businesses, and civil society plan for and reduce
the impact of disasters, react during and
immediately following a disaster, and take steps
to recover after a disaster has occurred.
AIM OF DMC
• Disaster management aims to reduce, or avoid
the potential losses from hazards, assure prompt
and appropriate assistance t o victims of disaster,
and achieve rapid and effective recovery.
Disaster Cycle
• 1. Mitigation - Minimizing the effects of disaster.
E x a m p l e s : b u i l d i n g c o d e s a n d z o n i n g ;
vulnerability analyses; public education.
• 2. Preparedness -planning how to respond.
Examples:preparedness plans; emergency
exercises/ training; warning systems.
• 3. Response - Efforts to minimize the hazards
created by a disaster. Examples: search and
rescue; emergency relief
CONTINUED
• 4. Recovery - Returning the community to
normal.Examples: temporary housing; grants;
medical care
Mitigation
• Mitigation activities actually eliminate or reduce
the probability of disaster occurrence, or reduce
the effects of unavoidable disasters.
• Mitigation measures include
• 1. building codes;
• 2. vulnerability analyses updates;
• 3. zoning and land use management;
• 4. following regulations and safety codes;
• 5. preventive health care; and
• 6. public education.
Preparedness
• The goal of emergency preparedness programs
is to achieve a satisfactory level of readiness to
respond to any emergency situation through
programs that strengthen the technical and
m a n a g e r i a l c a p a c i t y o f g o v e r n m e n t s ,
organizations, and communities.
Preparedness measures include
1. preparedness plans;
2. emergency exercises/ training;
3. warning systems;
4. emergency communications systems;
5. evacuations plans and training;
6. resource inventories;
7. emergency personnel/contact lists;
8. mutual aid agreements; and
9. public information/ education.
Humanitarian Action
• During a disaster, humanitarian agencies are
often called upon to deal with immediate
response and recovery. To be able to respond
ettectively, these agencies must have
• 1) experienced leaders,
• 2) trained personnel,
• 3) adequate transport and
• 4) logistic support,
CONTINUED
• 5) appropriate communications, and
• 6) guidelines for working in emergencies.
• If the necessary preparations have not been
made, the
• humanitarian agencies will not be able to meet
the immediate
• needs of the people.
Response
• The aim of emergency response is to provide
immediate assistance to maintain life, improve
health and support the morale of the affected
population. Such assistance may range from
providing specific but limited aid, such as
assisting refugees
• 1. with transport,
• 2. temporary shelter, and
• 3. food.
• 4. to establishing semi-permanent settlement in
camps and other ocations.
CONTINUED
It also may involve initial repairs to damaged
infrastructure. The focus in the response phase is
on meeting the basic needs of the people until
more permanent and sustainable solutions can be
found. Humanitarian organizations are olten
strongly present in this phase of the disaster
management cycle.
Recovery activities
• Continue until all systems return to normal or
better. Recovery measures, both short and long
term, include
1. returning vital life-support systems to minimum
operating standards;
2. temporary housing;
3. public information;
4. health and safety education;
CONTINUED
5. reconstruction;
6. counseling programs; and
7. economic impact studies.
Information on resources and services include
data collection related to rebuilding, and
documentation of lessons learned.
Conclusion
• Disaster risks can be reduced through the
Disaster management cycle.
• In this we discuss about the mitigation ,
preparedness , response and recovery of the
disaster cycle.
Reference
• K.PARK text book of preventive and social
medicine.
• DC Joshi Mamta Joshi text book of hospital
administration .
THANK
YOU

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Disaster Management Cycle (DMC)| Ms. Pooja Sharma , Department of Hospital Administration

  • 1. Disaster Management Cycle BY :- Pooja Sharma (MHA)
  • 2. Learning Objectives • Introduction • Aim of DMC • Disaster Cycle • Mitigation • Preparedness • Humanitarian Action • Response • Recovery • Conclusion • Reference
  • 3. INTRODUCTION • The Disaster management cycle illustrates the ongoing process by which governments, businesses, and civil society plan for and reduce the impact of disasters, react during and immediately following a disaster, and take steps to recover after a disaster has occurred.
  • 4. AIM OF DMC • Disaster management aims to reduce, or avoid the potential losses from hazards, assure prompt and appropriate assistance t o victims of disaster, and achieve rapid and effective recovery.
  • 5. Disaster Cycle • 1. Mitigation - Minimizing the effects of disaster. E x a m p l e s : b u i l d i n g c o d e s a n d z o n i n g ; vulnerability analyses; public education. • 2. Preparedness -planning how to respond. Examples:preparedness plans; emergency exercises/ training; warning systems. • 3. Response - Efforts to minimize the hazards created by a disaster. Examples: search and rescue; emergency relief
  • 6. CONTINUED • 4. Recovery - Returning the community to normal.Examples: temporary housing; grants; medical care
  • 7. Mitigation • Mitigation activities actually eliminate or reduce the probability of disaster occurrence, or reduce the effects of unavoidable disasters. • Mitigation measures include • 1. building codes; • 2. vulnerability analyses updates; • 3. zoning and land use management; • 4. following regulations and safety codes; • 5. preventive health care; and • 6. public education.
  • 8. Preparedness • The goal of emergency preparedness programs is to achieve a satisfactory level of readiness to respond to any emergency situation through programs that strengthen the technical and m a n a g e r i a l c a p a c i t y o f g o v e r n m e n t s , organizations, and communities.
  • 9. Preparedness measures include 1. preparedness plans; 2. emergency exercises/ training; 3. warning systems; 4. emergency communications systems; 5. evacuations plans and training; 6. resource inventories; 7. emergency personnel/contact lists; 8. mutual aid agreements; and 9. public information/ education.
  • 10. Humanitarian Action • During a disaster, humanitarian agencies are often called upon to deal with immediate response and recovery. To be able to respond ettectively, these agencies must have • 1) experienced leaders, • 2) trained personnel, • 3) adequate transport and • 4) logistic support,
  • 11. CONTINUED • 5) appropriate communications, and • 6) guidelines for working in emergencies. • If the necessary preparations have not been made, the • humanitarian agencies will not be able to meet the immediate • needs of the people.
  • 12. Response • The aim of emergency response is to provide immediate assistance to maintain life, improve health and support the morale of the affected population. Such assistance may range from providing specific but limited aid, such as assisting refugees • 1. with transport, • 2. temporary shelter, and • 3. food. • 4. to establishing semi-permanent settlement in camps and other ocations.
  • 13. CONTINUED It also may involve initial repairs to damaged infrastructure. The focus in the response phase is on meeting the basic needs of the people until more permanent and sustainable solutions can be found. Humanitarian organizations are olten strongly present in this phase of the disaster management cycle.
  • 14. Recovery activities • Continue until all systems return to normal or better. Recovery measures, both short and long term, include 1. returning vital life-support systems to minimum operating standards; 2. temporary housing; 3. public information; 4. health and safety education;
  • 15. CONTINUED 5. reconstruction; 6. counseling programs; and 7. economic impact studies. Information on resources and services include data collection related to rebuilding, and documentation of lessons learned.
  • 16. Conclusion • Disaster risks can be reduced through the Disaster management cycle. • In this we discuss about the mitigation , preparedness , response and recovery of the disaster cycle.
  • 17. Reference • K.PARK text book of preventive and social medicine. • DC Joshi Mamta Joshi text book of hospital administration .