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Culinary Terms.
Culinary Terms appear every year on the examination paper,
make sure you know the following words and there meanings-
Terms used Meaning Photo
Accompaniments Items offered separately to the main dish e.g.
vegetables.
Al dente Literally means ‘to the tooth’, i.e. firm to the
bite.
Au gratin Sprinkled with cheese and/or breadcrumbs
and browned under the grill.
Bain-marie A container of water used to keep foods hot
without fear of burning or to cook delicate
foods.
Terms used Meaning Photo
Brûlée ‘Burned’, e.g. crème brûlée or burned cream
Bouquet garni A bundle of herbs
Coulis A sauce made of fruit or vegetable purée
Croutons Cubes of toasted or fried bread
En croute ‘In a pastry case’, e.g. salmon en croute
Entrée A meat dish usually served as a main course
Terms used Meaning Photo
Flambé To cook with a flame by ‘burning’ away the
alcohol, e.g. crêpe suzette.
Garnish A savoury decoration for food, trimmings
served with a main item.
Julienne Thin, matchstick-sized strips of vegetables.
Marinade A richly spiced liquid used to give flavour to
help tenderise meat and fish.
Mise-en-place ‘Put in place’, i.e. preparation either before
starting to cook or before serving.
Purée A smooth mixture made from food passed
through a sieve or liquidised in a food
processor.
Terms used Meaning Photo
Reduce To concentrate a liquid by boiling or
simmering.
Roux A mixture of fat and flour used as a basis for
sauce
Sauté To toss in hot fat, e.g. sauté potatoes

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Culinary-Terms.pptx

  • 2. Culinary Terms appear every year on the examination paper, make sure you know the following words and there meanings- Terms used Meaning Photo Accompaniments Items offered separately to the main dish e.g. vegetables. Al dente Literally means ‘to the tooth’, i.e. firm to the bite. Au gratin Sprinkled with cheese and/or breadcrumbs and browned under the grill. Bain-marie A container of water used to keep foods hot without fear of burning or to cook delicate foods.
  • 3. Terms used Meaning Photo Brûlée ‘Burned’, e.g. crème brûlée or burned cream Bouquet garni A bundle of herbs Coulis A sauce made of fruit or vegetable purée Croutons Cubes of toasted or fried bread En croute ‘In a pastry case’, e.g. salmon en croute Entrée A meat dish usually served as a main course
  • 4. Terms used Meaning Photo Flambé To cook with a flame by ‘burning’ away the alcohol, e.g. crêpe suzette. Garnish A savoury decoration for food, trimmings served with a main item. Julienne Thin, matchstick-sized strips of vegetables. Marinade A richly spiced liquid used to give flavour to help tenderise meat and fish. Mise-en-place ‘Put in place’, i.e. preparation either before starting to cook or before serving. Purée A smooth mixture made from food passed through a sieve or liquidised in a food processor.
  • 5. Terms used Meaning Photo Reduce To concentrate a liquid by boiling or simmering. Roux A mixture of fat and flour used as a basis for sauce Sauté To toss in hot fat, e.g. sauté potatoes