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Crossing the chasm with
cloud native
Cheryl Hung, Director of Ecosystem
@oicheryl
Cloud Native London, 8 January 2019
© 2018 Cloud Native Computing Foundation2
Agenda
2
• How Google does ops
• The role of the CNCF with cloud native
• Looking forward to 2019
How Google does ops
© 2018 Cloud Native Computing Foundation4
2010: In the beginning
I joined Google to work on
Maps.
C++ engineer and Borg user.
© 2018 Cloud Native Computing Foundation5
Borg high-level architecture
Cell is typically 10K servers.
Cluster is one or more cells in a
single data center.
© 2018 Cloud Native Computing Foundation6
Borg high-level architecture
job hello = {
runtime = { cell = "ic" }
binary = '../hello_webserver'
args = { port = '%port%' }
requirements = {
RAM = 100M
disk = 100M
CPU = 0.1
}
replicas = 10000
}
© 2018 Cloud Native Computing Foundation7
Borg high-level architecture
Kubernetes, but maximise
utilization.
A key difference is priority,
quota and chargeback.
© 2018 Cloud Native Computing Foundation8
Developer experience
Microservices and testing culture is
amazing
© 2018 Cloud Native Computing Foundation9
Developer experience
Microservices and testing culture is
amazing
… but learning curve is steep
© 2018 Cloud Native Computing Foundation10
Developer experience
Microservices and testing culture is
amazing
… but learning curve is steep
… and it’s easy to start cargo culting!
© 2018 Cloud Native Computing Foundation11
A Google internal meme on Borg
“Borg Kubernetes makes it very hard to
run one of something, and very easy to
run 10,000 of something.”
© 2018 Cloud Native Computing Foundation12
2015: Culture shock!
© 2018 Cloud Native Computing Foundation13
2017: Community, storage
“Success, we moved
everything to Docker
containers!
*Except legacy
stateful apps”
© 2018 Cloud Native Computing Foundation14
2018: Joined CNCF
..so what does the
CNCF actually do?
The role of the CNCF
© 2018 Cloud Native Computing Foundation16
The CNCF’s mission
Mission: Make cloud native computing
ubiquitous
16
© 2018 Cloud Native Computing Foundation17
The CNCF’s mission
Mission: Make cloud native computing
ubiquitous
...by fostering and sustaining an ecosystem of
open source, vendor-neutral projects.
17
© 2018 Cloud Native Computing Foundation18
In practice
• Community
• Legal
• Marketing
• Events
Non-profit, supported by 350 members.
© 2018 Cloud Native Computing Foundation19
The CNCF structure
• Budget and
marketing
• Projects • Requirements
and best
practices
Governing Board
Technical Oversight
Committee
End User Community
8 full time staff and ~20 shared staff with Linux
Foundation
© 2018 Cloud Native Computing Foundation20
CNCF Projects
Incubating
(17)
Service Mesh StorageService Discovery
Distributed Tracing Software Update
Spec
Security
Graduated (3)
Package
Management
Orchestration
Networking API
Service Proxy
Logging Remote
Procedure Call
Distributed Tracing
API
Container Runtime Container Runtime
Messaging
Monitoring
RegistryStorage Key/Value
Store
Sandbox (12)
© 2018 Cloud Native Computing Foundation21
Crossing the chasm
INNOVATORS
LAGGARDS
LATE MAJORITY
EARLY
MAJORITY
EARLY
ADOPTERS
© 2018 Cloud Native Computing Foundation22
Crossing the chasm
INNOVATORS
LAGGARDS
“THE CHASM”
LATE MAJORITY
EARLY
MAJORITY
EARLY
ADOPTERS
© 2018 Cloud Native Computing Foundation23
CNCF Project Maturities
INNOVATORS
LAGGARDS
“THE CHASM”
LATE MAJORITY
EARLY
MAJORITY
EARLY
ADOPTERS
SANDBOX
GRADUATED
INCUBATING
© 2018 Cloud Native Computing Foundation24
Consider how you use projects
• Sandbox: lots of debugging, incomplete docs
• Incubation: understand the business value first
• Graduated: case studies and managed services
© 2018 Cloud Native Computing Foundation25
Challenges in 2019
• Increasing options => increasing complexity
• Storage, security, serverless
• Industry-specific best practices
• Best practices for open source programs
• Recruiting
Cloud Native Computing Foundation26
KubeCon + CloudNativeCon
• Europe 2019 (sponsorships and CFP open)
– Barcelona: May 20-23, 2019
• China 2019 (sponsorships open)
– Shanghai: June 24-26, 2019
• North America 2019 (sponsorships open)
– San Diego: November 18-21, 2019
Thanks!
oicheryl.com
@oicheryl

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Crossing the chasm with cloud native

  • 1. Crossing the chasm with cloud native Cheryl Hung, Director of Ecosystem @oicheryl Cloud Native London, 8 January 2019
  • 2. © 2018 Cloud Native Computing Foundation2 Agenda 2 • How Google does ops • The role of the CNCF with cloud native • Looking forward to 2019
  • 4. © 2018 Cloud Native Computing Foundation4 2010: In the beginning I joined Google to work on Maps. C++ engineer and Borg user.
  • 5. © 2018 Cloud Native Computing Foundation5 Borg high-level architecture Cell is typically 10K servers. Cluster is one or more cells in a single data center.
  • 6. © 2018 Cloud Native Computing Foundation6 Borg high-level architecture job hello = { runtime = { cell = "ic" } binary = '../hello_webserver' args = { port = '%port%' } requirements = { RAM = 100M disk = 100M CPU = 0.1 } replicas = 10000 }
  • 7. © 2018 Cloud Native Computing Foundation7 Borg high-level architecture Kubernetes, but maximise utilization. A key difference is priority, quota and chargeback.
  • 8. © 2018 Cloud Native Computing Foundation8 Developer experience Microservices and testing culture is amazing
  • 9. © 2018 Cloud Native Computing Foundation9 Developer experience Microservices and testing culture is amazing … but learning curve is steep
  • 10. © 2018 Cloud Native Computing Foundation10 Developer experience Microservices and testing culture is amazing … but learning curve is steep … and it’s easy to start cargo culting!
  • 11. © 2018 Cloud Native Computing Foundation11 A Google internal meme on Borg “Borg Kubernetes makes it very hard to run one of something, and very easy to run 10,000 of something.”
  • 12. © 2018 Cloud Native Computing Foundation12 2015: Culture shock!
  • 13. © 2018 Cloud Native Computing Foundation13 2017: Community, storage “Success, we moved everything to Docker containers! *Except legacy stateful apps”
  • 14. © 2018 Cloud Native Computing Foundation14 2018: Joined CNCF ..so what does the CNCF actually do?
  • 15. The role of the CNCF
  • 16. © 2018 Cloud Native Computing Foundation16 The CNCF’s mission Mission: Make cloud native computing ubiquitous 16
  • 17. © 2018 Cloud Native Computing Foundation17 The CNCF’s mission Mission: Make cloud native computing ubiquitous ...by fostering and sustaining an ecosystem of open source, vendor-neutral projects. 17
  • 18. © 2018 Cloud Native Computing Foundation18 In practice • Community • Legal • Marketing • Events Non-profit, supported by 350 members.
  • 19. © 2018 Cloud Native Computing Foundation19 The CNCF structure • Budget and marketing • Projects • Requirements and best practices Governing Board Technical Oversight Committee End User Community 8 full time staff and ~20 shared staff with Linux Foundation
  • 20. © 2018 Cloud Native Computing Foundation20 CNCF Projects Incubating (17) Service Mesh StorageService Discovery Distributed Tracing Software Update Spec Security Graduated (3) Package Management Orchestration Networking API Service Proxy Logging Remote Procedure Call Distributed Tracing API Container Runtime Container Runtime Messaging Monitoring RegistryStorage Key/Value Store Sandbox (12)
  • 21. © 2018 Cloud Native Computing Foundation21 Crossing the chasm INNOVATORS LAGGARDS LATE MAJORITY EARLY MAJORITY EARLY ADOPTERS
  • 22. © 2018 Cloud Native Computing Foundation22 Crossing the chasm INNOVATORS LAGGARDS “THE CHASM” LATE MAJORITY EARLY MAJORITY EARLY ADOPTERS
  • 23. © 2018 Cloud Native Computing Foundation23 CNCF Project Maturities INNOVATORS LAGGARDS “THE CHASM” LATE MAJORITY EARLY MAJORITY EARLY ADOPTERS SANDBOX GRADUATED INCUBATING
  • 24. © 2018 Cloud Native Computing Foundation24 Consider how you use projects • Sandbox: lots of debugging, incomplete docs • Incubation: understand the business value first • Graduated: case studies and managed services
  • 25. © 2018 Cloud Native Computing Foundation25 Challenges in 2019 • Increasing options => increasing complexity • Storage, security, serverless • Industry-specific best practices • Best practices for open source programs • Recruiting
  • 26. Cloud Native Computing Foundation26 KubeCon + CloudNativeCon • Europe 2019 (sponsorships and CFP open) – Barcelona: May 20-23, 2019 • China 2019 (sponsorships open) – Shanghai: June 24-26, 2019 • North America 2019 (sponsorships open) – San Diego: November 18-21, 2019