SlideShare a Scribd company logo
D.Senthilnathan
The Role of Thondaman’s
advocacy on
Citizenship Issues of
Indian Origin Tamils’
(IOT)
The Role of Thondaman’s advocacy
on
Citizenship Issues of Indian Tamils’
1939–1999
Reasons for denied to the Citizenship of IOT
• IOT settled by British without Sinhalese’ permission.
• Fear of Indian Invasion (Hyderabad, Kashmir, Goa) What could happen to SL?
• Fear of Tamil Nadu and North East are very nearby territory based (Ex:
Indonesia)
• 10% Large population (6mn)
• Future: India can use as a economic ,political tool (Indian interest) Ex; IOT as
the equivalent of a Sudeten German minority, potentially expansionist India.
• IOT is politically disconnected refusing to co-operate with Sinhalese.
• The Role of IOT :Power Politics, trade Union, Ideological support to Leftism,
Parliament, NE connection)
• SL Experience: J. Nerhu,CIC influence (1931, 1942)
Time line of Indian Origin Tamils’ & Citizenship
1833 Colebrook Constitution
1840 IOT coming to Sri Lanka
1931 Adult franchise Vote (IOT are not allow to vote in LG)
1940 Citizenship problem arise
1947 CIC won the 6 seat out of 14 Electoral div. UNP : 42 seats
1948 Ceylon Citizenship act: denied citizenship to IOT.
1949 Indian Pakistani act; grant citizenship to IOT by registration on certain stringent
conditions( residence, income) 1946 since Married: 07 unmarried: 10
1949 Ceylon parliament election amendment act ; restricting right to vote only by citizen.
1949 CIC condemned the provision of Ceylon citizenship act.
Indian govt opposed and Madras legislative Assembly
1953 Indo –Ceylon agreement; Nehru –Kotelawala Pact
1964 30.Oct. Sirimavo –Shastri Pact
1977 JR- Thondaman Relationship
1983 Black July riots
1984 APC ; granting citizenship to all stateless people of IOT
1985 Thondaman leave the govt. issue not resolved before
Dec 31, 1985.
1986 Long prayer and meditation on 15 th April
1986 Jan 15th Govt announced the Citizenship to IOT
1986 Jan 31 GOSL grant of Citizenship to the stateless bill.
1988 Thondaman supports to the RP in Presidential Election
1988 Law for grant Citizenship for IOT
1989 Passed a Law for Voting right
Thondaman’s Role and advocacy
• CWC more is more powerful political connection with India . (CIC: Nerhu)
• Thondaman is Politically conservative and is in touch with New Delhi.
• 30.Oct. Sirimavo –Shastri Pact: ( Between 1964 -1974 )
• India would take back 600,000 of the IOT and Sri Lanka would grant Citizenship to
375,000 (with their natural increase) over a phased period extending beyond 15 years.
• His Position to the CWC get the citizenship for the stateless and better working
conditions for estate labour.
• He follows ahimsa Policy such as longer prayer and meditation in Up –Country.
• Organize the strikes against the government
• Shows positives and Negative signals to the Government. IOT do not support the
‘Eelam’. Thondaman safeguard the youth of IOT
• Since 1978, Thondaman has served as a Cabinet minister under Presidents J. R.
Jayawardene, R.Premadasa and since 1995 under president Chandrika Bandaranaike.
“ My prayers are answered”. Behind the
success of his prayer campaign was its non-
violent nature. (1986)
• 4 factors led the solution
1. The economic consequences of Thondaman’s Prayer meetings
2. The New Delhi Declaration to link the repatriation with the return
of Sri Lankan refugees from Tamil Nadu to Sri Lanka.
3. The fear that Thondaman would guilt the Govt which in turn would
affect the stability of the Govt.
4. The Strategy of maintaining and enlarging the historical and
ideological difference between the IOT and SL Tamil.
Thondaman characterized the problem of Statelessness as “the real disease in
the context of Ceylon politics and its solution was
means for achieving the development of the real personality of the people of
Indian origin”. (The Hindu Dec 10, 1988)
Foreign Policy
• Tight Foreign Policy with India
• India created a deputy High Commissioner to Sri Lanka (1952)
• Strengthens relationship with Indo –Lanka (1977, 1982, 1987, 1990)
• ILO relationship (International recognized)
• Second largest Trade Union in Asia.
• He save as Sri Lankan Nationalism and national integration of IOT
Thank You
• Reference:
• A. Jeyaratnam Wilson, Sri Lankan Foreign Policy Change and
Continuity

More Related Content

What's hot

Chapter 4 Ethnic Conflict
Chapter 4 Ethnic ConflictChapter 4 Ethnic Conflict
Chapter 4 Ethnic Conflict
ang_mei_feng_karen
 
30 year conflict of sri lanka
30 year conflict of sri lanka30 year conflict of sri lanka
30 year conflict of sri lanka
Sanoon Mohideen
 
Sri lankan civil war
Sri lankan civil warSri lankan civil war
Sri lankan civil war
shrayanshs1dpsbsr
 
Srilankan Tamil History
Srilankan Tamil HistorySrilankan Tamil History
Srilankan Tamil History
stopgenocide
 
Causes of the Conflict in Sri Lanka
Causes of the Conflict in Sri LankaCauses of the Conflict in Sri Lanka
Causes of the Conflict in Sri Lanka
Ministry of Education, Singapore (MOE)
 
Conflict in Sri Lanka
Conflict in Sri LankaConflict in Sri Lanka
Conflict in Sri Lanka
AishaAziz
 
History of Tamils in Ceylon (Sri Lanka)
History of  Tamils in Ceylon (Sri Lanka)History of  Tamils in Ceylon (Sri Lanka)
History of Tamils in Ceylon (Sri Lanka)
slidesharenow
 
Srilanka Conflict V.09
Srilanka Conflict V.09Srilanka Conflict V.09
Srilanka Conflict V.09
khooky
 
History Of Two Nations of Sri Lanka Part 2 Of 2[1]
History Of Two Nations of Sri Lanka   Part 2 Of 2[1]History Of Two Nations of Sri Lanka   Part 2 Of 2[1]
History Of Two Nations of Sri Lanka Part 2 Of 2[1]
guestb9a7e4
 
Chapter 4 - Causes of Sri Lanka Conflict
Chapter 4 - Causes of Sri Lanka ConflictChapter 4 - Causes of Sri Lanka Conflict
Chapter 4 - Causes of Sri Lanka Conflict
Goh Bang Rui
 
Causes of Sri Lanka Conflict
Causes of Sri Lanka ConflictCauses of Sri Lanka Conflict
Causes of Sri Lanka Conflict
Teo Ching
 
Conflict in Sri Lanka
Conflict in Sri LankaConflict in Sri Lanka
Conflict in Sri Lanka
Caroline Chua
 
Sri lanka civil war
Sri lanka civil warSri lanka civil war
Sri lanka civil war
Samiullah415
 
Government And Political Systems In Asia
Government And Political Systems In AsiaGovernment And Political Systems In Asia
Government And Political Systems In Asia
daph0923
 
Ss notes ( sri lanka )
Ss notes ( sri lanka )Ss notes ( sri lanka )
Ss notes ( sri lanka )
Sabine Lovesthenewme
 
Sec 2 hist_chapter_8
Sec 2 hist_chapter_8Sec 2 hist_chapter_8
Sec 2 hist_chapter_8
earlgreytea
 
Government and Political System in Asia
Government and Political System in AsiaGovernment and Political System in Asia
Government and Political System in Asia
Carlo Pahati
 
CIVICS M1 UNIT2 constitution 2020
CIVICS M1 UNIT2 constitution 2020CIVICS M1 UNIT2 constitution 2020
CIVICS M1 UNIT2 constitution 2020
Tindungan Dani
 
India sri lanka
India sri lankaIndia sri lanka
India sri lanka
Muneer Mustafa
 
Iraq group
Iraq groupIraq group
Iraq group
davidssomed
 

What's hot (20)

Chapter 4 Ethnic Conflict
Chapter 4 Ethnic ConflictChapter 4 Ethnic Conflict
Chapter 4 Ethnic Conflict
 
30 year conflict of sri lanka
30 year conflict of sri lanka30 year conflict of sri lanka
30 year conflict of sri lanka
 
Sri lankan civil war
Sri lankan civil warSri lankan civil war
Sri lankan civil war
 
Srilankan Tamil History
Srilankan Tamil HistorySrilankan Tamil History
Srilankan Tamil History
 
Causes of the Conflict in Sri Lanka
Causes of the Conflict in Sri LankaCauses of the Conflict in Sri Lanka
Causes of the Conflict in Sri Lanka
 
Conflict in Sri Lanka
Conflict in Sri LankaConflict in Sri Lanka
Conflict in Sri Lanka
 
History of Tamils in Ceylon (Sri Lanka)
History of  Tamils in Ceylon (Sri Lanka)History of  Tamils in Ceylon (Sri Lanka)
History of Tamils in Ceylon (Sri Lanka)
 
Srilanka Conflict V.09
Srilanka Conflict V.09Srilanka Conflict V.09
Srilanka Conflict V.09
 
History Of Two Nations of Sri Lanka Part 2 Of 2[1]
History Of Two Nations of Sri Lanka   Part 2 Of 2[1]History Of Two Nations of Sri Lanka   Part 2 Of 2[1]
History Of Two Nations of Sri Lanka Part 2 Of 2[1]
 
Chapter 4 - Causes of Sri Lanka Conflict
Chapter 4 - Causes of Sri Lanka ConflictChapter 4 - Causes of Sri Lanka Conflict
Chapter 4 - Causes of Sri Lanka Conflict
 
Causes of Sri Lanka Conflict
Causes of Sri Lanka ConflictCauses of Sri Lanka Conflict
Causes of Sri Lanka Conflict
 
Conflict in Sri Lanka
Conflict in Sri LankaConflict in Sri Lanka
Conflict in Sri Lanka
 
Sri lanka civil war
Sri lanka civil warSri lanka civil war
Sri lanka civil war
 
Government And Political Systems In Asia
Government And Political Systems In AsiaGovernment And Political Systems In Asia
Government And Political Systems In Asia
 
Ss notes ( sri lanka )
Ss notes ( sri lanka )Ss notes ( sri lanka )
Ss notes ( sri lanka )
 
Sec 2 hist_chapter_8
Sec 2 hist_chapter_8Sec 2 hist_chapter_8
Sec 2 hist_chapter_8
 
Government and Political System in Asia
Government and Political System in AsiaGovernment and Political System in Asia
Government and Political System in Asia
 
CIVICS M1 UNIT2 constitution 2020
CIVICS M1 UNIT2 constitution 2020CIVICS M1 UNIT2 constitution 2020
CIVICS M1 UNIT2 constitution 2020
 
India sri lanka
India sri lankaIndia sri lanka
India sri lanka
 
Iraq group
Iraq groupIraq group
Iraq group
 

Similar to Citizenship and Thondaman's Role

Global indans
Global indansGlobal indans
Global indans
Ganesh Anand
 
Why we want telangana.
Why we want telangana.Why we want telangana.
Why we want telangana.
Yeligeti Karthik
 
Political Science Quiz at Miranda House
Political Science Quiz at Miranda HousePolitical Science Quiz at Miranda House
Political Science Quiz at Miranda House
Aanchal Manuja
 
Foreign Policy Of India.pptx
Foreign Policy Of India.pptxForeign Policy Of India.pptx
Foreign Policy Of India.pptx
TavishRaina
 
Jawaharlal Nehru ppt.ppt
Jawaharlal Nehru ppt.pptJawaharlal Nehru ppt.ppt
Jawaharlal Nehru ppt.ppt
ZahidTulve
 
H I S T O R Y O F T A M I L S
H I S T O R Y  O F  T A M I L SH I S T O R Y  O F  T A M I L S
H I S T O R Y O F T A M I L S
Sunil Kumar
 
Free The Tamils - Stop The Genocide By Sri Lanka
Free The Tamils - Stop The Genocide By Sri LankaFree The Tamils - Stop The Genocide By Sri Lanka
Free The Tamils - Stop The Genocide By Sri Lanka
guestd54806
 
H I S T O R Y O F T A M I L S
H I S T O R Y  O F  T A M I L SH I S T O R Y  O F  T A M I L S
H I S T O R Y O F T A M I L S
Sunil Kumar
 
Sri Lankan Tamils
Sri Lankan TamilsSri Lankan Tamils
Sri Lankan Tamils
sharlan
 
Tamils
TamilsTamils
Foreign policy of india
Foreign policy of indiaForeign policy of india
Foreign policy of india
duawahab
 
Foreignpolicyofindia 140628045657-phpapp01
Foreignpolicyofindia 140628045657-phpapp01Foreignpolicyofindia 140628045657-phpapp01
Foreignpolicyofindia 140628045657-phpapp01
ALMAMATER
 
SRILANKA
SRILANKASRILANKA
Political Quiz before the Puja's.
Political Quiz before the Puja's.Political Quiz before the Puja's.
Political Quiz before the Puja's.
Debdeep Mukherjee
 
Chapter4ethnicconflictupload 100823051548-phpapp01
Chapter4ethnicconflictupload 100823051548-phpapp01Chapter4ethnicconflictupload 100823051548-phpapp01
Chapter4ethnicconflictupload 100823051548-phpapp01
firamin
 
Why we need Telangana
Why we need TelanganaWhy we need Telangana
Why we need Telangana
faizuddin123
 
FACTS OF TELANGANA
FACTS OF TELANGANAFACTS OF TELANGANA
FACTS OF TELANGANA
aniltelangana
 
Facts
FactsFacts
Why we want telangana
Why we want telanganaWhy we want telangana
Why we want telangana
faizuddin123
 
The President
The PresidentThe President
The President
SiniDaniel1
 

Similar to Citizenship and Thondaman's Role (20)

Global indans
Global indansGlobal indans
Global indans
 
Why we want telangana.
Why we want telangana.Why we want telangana.
Why we want telangana.
 
Political Science Quiz at Miranda House
Political Science Quiz at Miranda HousePolitical Science Quiz at Miranda House
Political Science Quiz at Miranda House
 
Foreign Policy Of India.pptx
Foreign Policy Of India.pptxForeign Policy Of India.pptx
Foreign Policy Of India.pptx
 
Jawaharlal Nehru ppt.ppt
Jawaharlal Nehru ppt.pptJawaharlal Nehru ppt.ppt
Jawaharlal Nehru ppt.ppt
 
H I S T O R Y O F T A M I L S
H I S T O R Y  O F  T A M I L SH I S T O R Y  O F  T A M I L S
H I S T O R Y O F T A M I L S
 
Free The Tamils - Stop The Genocide By Sri Lanka
Free The Tamils - Stop The Genocide By Sri LankaFree The Tamils - Stop The Genocide By Sri Lanka
Free The Tamils - Stop The Genocide By Sri Lanka
 
H I S T O R Y O F T A M I L S
H I S T O R Y  O F  T A M I L SH I S T O R Y  O F  T A M I L S
H I S T O R Y O F T A M I L S
 
Sri Lankan Tamils
Sri Lankan TamilsSri Lankan Tamils
Sri Lankan Tamils
 
Tamils
TamilsTamils
Tamils
 
Foreign policy of india
Foreign policy of indiaForeign policy of india
Foreign policy of india
 
Foreignpolicyofindia 140628045657-phpapp01
Foreignpolicyofindia 140628045657-phpapp01Foreignpolicyofindia 140628045657-phpapp01
Foreignpolicyofindia 140628045657-phpapp01
 
SRILANKA
SRILANKASRILANKA
SRILANKA
 
Political Quiz before the Puja's.
Political Quiz before the Puja's.Political Quiz before the Puja's.
Political Quiz before the Puja's.
 
Chapter4ethnicconflictupload 100823051548-phpapp01
Chapter4ethnicconflictupload 100823051548-phpapp01Chapter4ethnicconflictupload 100823051548-phpapp01
Chapter4ethnicconflictupload 100823051548-phpapp01
 
Why we need Telangana
Why we need TelanganaWhy we need Telangana
Why we need Telangana
 
FACTS OF TELANGANA
FACTS OF TELANGANAFACTS OF TELANGANA
FACTS OF TELANGANA
 
Facts
FactsFacts
Facts
 
Why we want telangana
Why we want telanganaWhy we want telangana
Why we want telangana
 
The President
The PresidentThe President
The President
 

Recently uploaded

New Visa Rules for Tourists and Students in Thailand | Amit Kakkar Easy Visa
New Visa Rules for Tourists and Students in Thailand | Amit Kakkar Easy VisaNew Visa Rules for Tourists and Students in Thailand | Amit Kakkar Easy Visa
New Visa Rules for Tourists and Students in Thailand | Amit Kakkar Easy Visa
Amit Kakkar
 
快速制作美国迈阿密大学牛津分校毕业证文凭证书英文原版一模一样
快速制作美国迈阿密大学牛津分校毕业证文凭证书英文原版一模一样快速制作美国迈阿密大学牛津分校毕业证文凭证书英文原版一模一样
快速制作美国迈阿密大学牛津分校毕业证文凭证书英文原版一模一样
rlo9fxi
 
The Impact of Generative AI and 4th Industrial Revolution
The Impact of Generative AI and 4th Industrial RevolutionThe Impact of Generative AI and 4th Industrial Revolution
The Impact of Generative AI and 4th Industrial Revolution
Paolo Maresca
 
What's a worker’s market? Job quality and labour market tightness
What's a worker’s market? Job quality and labour market tightnessWhat's a worker’s market? Job quality and labour market tightness
What's a worker’s market? Job quality and labour market tightness
Labour Market Information Council | Conseil de l’information sur le marché du travail
 
Independent Study - College of Wooster Research (2023-2024) FDI, Culture, Glo...
Independent Study - College of Wooster Research (2023-2024) FDI, Culture, Glo...Independent Study - College of Wooster Research (2023-2024) FDI, Culture, Glo...
Independent Study - College of Wooster Research (2023-2024) FDI, Culture, Glo...
AntoniaOwensDetwiler
 
Governor Olli Rehn: Inflation down and recovery supported by interest rate cu...
Governor Olli Rehn: Inflation down and recovery supported by interest rate cu...Governor Olli Rehn: Inflation down and recovery supported by interest rate cu...
Governor Olli Rehn: Inflation down and recovery supported by interest rate cu...
Suomen Pankki
 
Bridging the gap: Online job postings, survey data and the assessment of job ...
Bridging the gap: Online job postings, survey data and the assessment of job ...Bridging the gap: Online job postings, survey data and the assessment of job ...
Bridging the gap: Online job postings, survey data and the assessment of job ...
Labour Market Information Council | Conseil de l’information sur le marché du travail
 
How to Invest in Cryptocurrency for Beginners: A Complete Guide
How to Invest in Cryptocurrency for Beginners: A Complete GuideHow to Invest in Cryptocurrency for Beginners: A Complete Guide
How to Invest in Cryptocurrency for Beginners: A Complete Guide
Daniel
 
快速办理(RWTH毕业证书)德国亚琛工业大学毕业证录取通知书一模一样
快速办理(RWTH毕业证书)德国亚琛工业大学毕业证录取通知书一模一样快速办理(RWTH毕业证书)德国亚琛工业大学毕业证录取通知书一模一样
快速办理(RWTH毕业证书)德国亚琛工业大学毕业证录取通知书一模一样
yeuwffu
 
Discover the Future of Dogecoin with Our Comprehensive Guidance
Discover the Future of Dogecoin with Our Comprehensive GuidanceDiscover the Future of Dogecoin with Our Comprehensive Guidance
Discover the Future of Dogecoin with Our Comprehensive Guidance
36 Crypto
 
KYC Compliance: A Cornerstone of Global Crypto Regulatory Frameworks
KYC Compliance: A Cornerstone of Global Crypto Regulatory FrameworksKYC Compliance: A Cornerstone of Global Crypto Regulatory Frameworks
KYC Compliance: A Cornerstone of Global Crypto Regulatory Frameworks
Any kyc Account
 
Does teamwork really matter? Looking beyond the job posting to understand lab...
Does teamwork really matter? Looking beyond the job posting to understand lab...Does teamwork really matter? Looking beyond the job posting to understand lab...
Does teamwork really matter? Looking beyond the job posting to understand lab...
Labour Market Information Council | Conseil de l’information sur le marché du travail
 
TEST BANK Principles of cost accounting 17th edition edward j vanderbeck mari...
TEST BANK Principles of cost accounting 17th edition edward j vanderbeck mari...TEST BANK Principles of cost accounting 17th edition edward j vanderbeck mari...
TEST BANK Principles of cost accounting 17th edition edward j vanderbeck mari...
Donc Test
 
Seeman_Fiintouch_LLP_Newsletter_Jun_2024.pdf
Seeman_Fiintouch_LLP_Newsletter_Jun_2024.pdfSeeman_Fiintouch_LLP_Newsletter_Jun_2024.pdf
Seeman_Fiintouch_LLP_Newsletter_Jun_2024.pdf
Ashis Kumar Dey
 
Accounting Information Systems (AIS).pptx
Accounting Information Systems (AIS).pptxAccounting Information Systems (AIS).pptx
Accounting Information Systems (AIS).pptx
TIZITAWMASRESHA
 
BIHC Briefing June 2024 from Bank+Insurance Hybrid Capital in association wit...
BIHC Briefing June 2024 from Bank+Insurance Hybrid Capital in association wit...BIHC Briefing June 2024 from Bank+Insurance Hybrid Capital in association wit...
BIHC Briefing June 2024 from Bank+Insurance Hybrid Capital in association wit...
Neil Day
 
South Dakota State University degree offer diploma Transcript
South Dakota State University degree offer diploma TranscriptSouth Dakota State University degree offer diploma Transcript
South Dakota State University degree offer diploma Transcript
ynfqplhm
 
Fabular Frames and the Four Ratio Problem
Fabular Frames and the Four Ratio ProblemFabular Frames and the Four Ratio Problem
Fabular Frames and the Four Ratio Problem
Majid Iqbal
 
Power point analisis laporan keuangan chapter 7 subramanyam
Power point analisis laporan keuangan chapter 7 subramanyamPower point analisis laporan keuangan chapter 7 subramanyam
Power point analisis laporan keuangan chapter 7 subramanyam
FarhanRafifSidqi
 
一比一原版(RMIT毕业证)皇家墨尔本理工大学毕业证如何办理
一比一原版(RMIT毕业证)皇家墨尔本理工大学毕业证如何办理一比一原版(RMIT毕业证)皇家墨尔本理工大学毕业证如何办理
一比一原版(RMIT毕业证)皇家墨尔本理工大学毕业证如何办理
k4ncd0z
 

Recently uploaded (20)

New Visa Rules for Tourists and Students in Thailand | Amit Kakkar Easy Visa
New Visa Rules for Tourists and Students in Thailand | Amit Kakkar Easy VisaNew Visa Rules for Tourists and Students in Thailand | Amit Kakkar Easy Visa
New Visa Rules for Tourists and Students in Thailand | Amit Kakkar Easy Visa
 
快速制作美国迈阿密大学牛津分校毕业证文凭证书英文原版一模一样
快速制作美国迈阿密大学牛津分校毕业证文凭证书英文原版一模一样快速制作美国迈阿密大学牛津分校毕业证文凭证书英文原版一模一样
快速制作美国迈阿密大学牛津分校毕业证文凭证书英文原版一模一样
 
The Impact of Generative AI and 4th Industrial Revolution
The Impact of Generative AI and 4th Industrial RevolutionThe Impact of Generative AI and 4th Industrial Revolution
The Impact of Generative AI and 4th Industrial Revolution
 
What's a worker’s market? Job quality and labour market tightness
What's a worker’s market? Job quality and labour market tightnessWhat's a worker’s market? Job quality and labour market tightness
What's a worker’s market? Job quality and labour market tightness
 
Independent Study - College of Wooster Research (2023-2024) FDI, Culture, Glo...
Independent Study - College of Wooster Research (2023-2024) FDI, Culture, Glo...Independent Study - College of Wooster Research (2023-2024) FDI, Culture, Glo...
Independent Study - College of Wooster Research (2023-2024) FDI, Culture, Glo...
 
Governor Olli Rehn: Inflation down and recovery supported by interest rate cu...
Governor Olli Rehn: Inflation down and recovery supported by interest rate cu...Governor Olli Rehn: Inflation down and recovery supported by interest rate cu...
Governor Olli Rehn: Inflation down and recovery supported by interest rate cu...
 
Bridging the gap: Online job postings, survey data and the assessment of job ...
Bridging the gap: Online job postings, survey data and the assessment of job ...Bridging the gap: Online job postings, survey data and the assessment of job ...
Bridging the gap: Online job postings, survey data and the assessment of job ...
 
How to Invest in Cryptocurrency for Beginners: A Complete Guide
How to Invest in Cryptocurrency for Beginners: A Complete GuideHow to Invest in Cryptocurrency for Beginners: A Complete Guide
How to Invest in Cryptocurrency for Beginners: A Complete Guide
 
快速办理(RWTH毕业证书)德国亚琛工业大学毕业证录取通知书一模一样
快速办理(RWTH毕业证书)德国亚琛工业大学毕业证录取通知书一模一样快速办理(RWTH毕业证书)德国亚琛工业大学毕业证录取通知书一模一样
快速办理(RWTH毕业证书)德国亚琛工业大学毕业证录取通知书一模一样
 
Discover the Future of Dogecoin with Our Comprehensive Guidance
Discover the Future of Dogecoin with Our Comprehensive GuidanceDiscover the Future of Dogecoin with Our Comprehensive Guidance
Discover the Future of Dogecoin with Our Comprehensive Guidance
 
KYC Compliance: A Cornerstone of Global Crypto Regulatory Frameworks
KYC Compliance: A Cornerstone of Global Crypto Regulatory FrameworksKYC Compliance: A Cornerstone of Global Crypto Regulatory Frameworks
KYC Compliance: A Cornerstone of Global Crypto Regulatory Frameworks
 
Does teamwork really matter? Looking beyond the job posting to understand lab...
Does teamwork really matter? Looking beyond the job posting to understand lab...Does teamwork really matter? Looking beyond the job posting to understand lab...
Does teamwork really matter? Looking beyond the job posting to understand lab...
 
TEST BANK Principles of cost accounting 17th edition edward j vanderbeck mari...
TEST BANK Principles of cost accounting 17th edition edward j vanderbeck mari...TEST BANK Principles of cost accounting 17th edition edward j vanderbeck mari...
TEST BANK Principles of cost accounting 17th edition edward j vanderbeck mari...
 
Seeman_Fiintouch_LLP_Newsletter_Jun_2024.pdf
Seeman_Fiintouch_LLP_Newsletter_Jun_2024.pdfSeeman_Fiintouch_LLP_Newsletter_Jun_2024.pdf
Seeman_Fiintouch_LLP_Newsletter_Jun_2024.pdf
 
Accounting Information Systems (AIS).pptx
Accounting Information Systems (AIS).pptxAccounting Information Systems (AIS).pptx
Accounting Information Systems (AIS).pptx
 
BIHC Briefing June 2024 from Bank+Insurance Hybrid Capital in association wit...
BIHC Briefing June 2024 from Bank+Insurance Hybrid Capital in association wit...BIHC Briefing June 2024 from Bank+Insurance Hybrid Capital in association wit...
BIHC Briefing June 2024 from Bank+Insurance Hybrid Capital in association wit...
 
South Dakota State University degree offer diploma Transcript
South Dakota State University degree offer diploma TranscriptSouth Dakota State University degree offer diploma Transcript
South Dakota State University degree offer diploma Transcript
 
Fabular Frames and the Four Ratio Problem
Fabular Frames and the Four Ratio ProblemFabular Frames and the Four Ratio Problem
Fabular Frames and the Four Ratio Problem
 
Power point analisis laporan keuangan chapter 7 subramanyam
Power point analisis laporan keuangan chapter 7 subramanyamPower point analisis laporan keuangan chapter 7 subramanyam
Power point analisis laporan keuangan chapter 7 subramanyam
 
一比一原版(RMIT毕业证)皇家墨尔本理工大学毕业证如何办理
一比一原版(RMIT毕业证)皇家墨尔本理工大学毕业证如何办理一比一原版(RMIT毕业证)皇家墨尔本理工大学毕业证如何办理
一比一原版(RMIT毕业证)皇家墨尔本理工大学毕业证如何办理
 

Citizenship and Thondaman's Role

  • 1. D.Senthilnathan The Role of Thondaman’s advocacy on Citizenship Issues of Indian Origin Tamils’ (IOT)
  • 2. The Role of Thondaman’s advocacy on Citizenship Issues of Indian Tamils’ 1939–1999
  • 3. Reasons for denied to the Citizenship of IOT • IOT settled by British without Sinhalese’ permission. • Fear of Indian Invasion (Hyderabad, Kashmir, Goa) What could happen to SL? • Fear of Tamil Nadu and North East are very nearby territory based (Ex: Indonesia) • 10% Large population (6mn) • Future: India can use as a economic ,political tool (Indian interest) Ex; IOT as the equivalent of a Sudeten German minority, potentially expansionist India. • IOT is politically disconnected refusing to co-operate with Sinhalese. • The Role of IOT :Power Politics, trade Union, Ideological support to Leftism, Parliament, NE connection) • SL Experience: J. Nerhu,CIC influence (1931, 1942)
  • 4. Time line of Indian Origin Tamils’ & Citizenship 1833 Colebrook Constitution 1840 IOT coming to Sri Lanka 1931 Adult franchise Vote (IOT are not allow to vote in LG) 1940 Citizenship problem arise 1947 CIC won the 6 seat out of 14 Electoral div. UNP : 42 seats 1948 Ceylon Citizenship act: denied citizenship to IOT. 1949 Indian Pakistani act; grant citizenship to IOT by registration on certain stringent conditions( residence, income) 1946 since Married: 07 unmarried: 10 1949 Ceylon parliament election amendment act ; restricting right to vote only by citizen. 1949 CIC condemned the provision of Ceylon citizenship act. Indian govt opposed and Madras legislative Assembly 1953 Indo –Ceylon agreement; Nehru –Kotelawala Pact 1964 30.Oct. Sirimavo –Shastri Pact
  • 5. 1977 JR- Thondaman Relationship 1983 Black July riots 1984 APC ; granting citizenship to all stateless people of IOT 1985 Thondaman leave the govt. issue not resolved before Dec 31, 1985. 1986 Long prayer and meditation on 15 th April 1986 Jan 15th Govt announced the Citizenship to IOT 1986 Jan 31 GOSL grant of Citizenship to the stateless bill. 1988 Thondaman supports to the RP in Presidential Election 1988 Law for grant Citizenship for IOT 1989 Passed a Law for Voting right
  • 6. Thondaman’s Role and advocacy • CWC more is more powerful political connection with India . (CIC: Nerhu) • Thondaman is Politically conservative and is in touch with New Delhi. • 30.Oct. Sirimavo –Shastri Pact: ( Between 1964 -1974 ) • India would take back 600,000 of the IOT and Sri Lanka would grant Citizenship to 375,000 (with their natural increase) over a phased period extending beyond 15 years. • His Position to the CWC get the citizenship for the stateless and better working conditions for estate labour. • He follows ahimsa Policy such as longer prayer and meditation in Up –Country. • Organize the strikes against the government • Shows positives and Negative signals to the Government. IOT do not support the ‘Eelam’. Thondaman safeguard the youth of IOT • Since 1978, Thondaman has served as a Cabinet minister under Presidents J. R. Jayawardene, R.Premadasa and since 1995 under president Chandrika Bandaranaike.
  • 7. “ My prayers are answered”. Behind the success of his prayer campaign was its non- violent nature. (1986) • 4 factors led the solution 1. The economic consequences of Thondaman’s Prayer meetings 2. The New Delhi Declaration to link the repatriation with the return of Sri Lankan refugees from Tamil Nadu to Sri Lanka. 3. The fear that Thondaman would guilt the Govt which in turn would affect the stability of the Govt. 4. The Strategy of maintaining and enlarging the historical and ideological difference between the IOT and SL Tamil.
  • 8. Thondaman characterized the problem of Statelessness as “the real disease in the context of Ceylon politics and its solution was means for achieving the development of the real personality of the people of Indian origin”. (The Hindu Dec 10, 1988) Foreign Policy • Tight Foreign Policy with India • India created a deputy High Commissioner to Sri Lanka (1952) • Strengthens relationship with Indo –Lanka (1977, 1982, 1987, 1990) • ILO relationship (International recognized) • Second largest Trade Union in Asia. • He save as Sri Lankan Nationalism and national integration of IOT
  • 9. Thank You • Reference: • A. Jeyaratnam Wilson, Sri Lankan Foreign Policy Change and Continuity