30 year conflict of sri lanka

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30 year conflict of sri lanka

  1. 1. Three Decades Conflict of Sri Lanka Thilakshi Udeshika Sanoon Mohideen
  2. 2. HISTORY • Tamil Federal Party(FP)1949 • Demanded for a federal state. • Sinhala majority leadership policies deteriorated FP objectives; 1956 Language policy. • Tamil nationalism became a serious force only in the 1970s. • Tamil community who didn’t supported FP, with the government minority discriminatory policies elected FP in the next election. • 1972 Buddhism given a primary place. • 1974 FP demanded for a separate statehood.
  3. 3. HISTORY….cont • They did not ask for a sovereign statehood or self determination. Demanded for a separate identity within a given area. • Janatha Vimukthi Peramuna (JVP), a Marxist and Sinhalese nationalist political party in 1971. JVP consisted from students and activists of Sinhala community. • In 1976 the emergence of Liberation Tigers of Tamil Elam (LTTE) in Northern and Eastern parts of Sri Lanka. • 1981 burning the Jaffna Pubic Library • In 1983, 13 soldiers were killed by LTTE • Anit tamil riots in July in 1983 • GoSL defeated LTTE in May 2009
  4. 4. Main root causes - Ethnic politics and the interpretations of the past - Politics of language (1956 Sinhala language only) - Politics of education (1971 new standardization) - Other factors; employment & land
  5. 5. Key Actors of the conflict • Key Actors – GoSL , LTTE • Nation-state actors - Key Regional Actors - Key International Actors - Other Actors - India, Pakistan, China – USA, Norway - Canada, Japan, Israel • Non State Actors - Diaspora , Civil society , NGO & INGO , Media
  6. 6. Key Actors of the conflict Civil Society Diaspora International Dimension of the Sri Lankan Conflict State Actors Regional India Pakistan China Other The US Norway Israel, Canada, Japan Non State Actors UN Media
  7. 7. CFA in Sri Lankan Conflict • 1987 – 89 India and Sri Lanka signed an accord to bring an end to the conflict. IPKF was in the island to end the hostilities but LTTE and peacekeepers started a conflict. • 2002 Norway interventions with a CFA. 2003 CFA and the peace talks were broke down.
  8. 8. Grass Root Stories • Tamil, Muslim and Sinhalese were displaced, lost their lives, lost property. • Social, economical, cultural and traditional backwardness. • Many female headed household in both Tamil and Sinhalese communities. • Lost of future and hope in the communities.
  9. 9. Role of youth in Conflict & peace building • Child soldiers and youth direct involvement in conflict. • As a community leaders in peace building. • Understand the world around them and their role within it. • Share, connect and join with others for a successful peace building.
  10. 10. Peace is not merely the absence of war but the presence of justice, of law, of order – in short, of government.”   – Albert Einstein

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