SlideShare a Scribd company logo
CHINESE
GARDEN
CHINESE GARDEN
• Gardens were designated as homes for animals used
for hunting and for enclosing an outside plot of ground
fortheemperor.
•After the Han Dynasty (206 BC–220 AD), gardens
wereplacesfortheemperortorestandrenewenergy.
•Then, agardenwascalled a yuan.
•The imperial garden, Lin Yuan, added buildings and
becameavilla-likeescapefortheemperor.
•The Lin Garden was embellished with little palaces,
pavilions and rooms on little islands in a pond, and
plantswereaddedforbeautification.
• This technique of garden development is attributed to
theQin(221–206 BC)andHandynasties.
•Emperor Kangxi of the Ming Dynasty (1386–1644)
and Emperor Qianlong of the Qing Dynasty (1644–
1911) again brought focus to the building structures in
the garden, but specifically toenhance appearance.
• Buildings were added solely to create pleasant or
striking scenery.
•The royal garden evolved with time and changing
tastes over the centuries and inspired gardens in other
areasof China. PARTERR
E
EMBROIDERY
•The Chinese gardens are also called as Chinese classical gardens is a place for solitary or social contemplation of nature
.
•It has been regarded the most important and leading gardening system among the three gardening systems in the
world.
• The Chinese consider gardens a serious artform andaswith painting, sculpture andpoetry
EMBROIDERY
• Imperial gardens are mostly found in north China, with those in Beijing as representatives, featuring grandness and
magnificence.
• Private gardens are mostly found in south China, especially in cities in south of the Yangtze River, such as Suzhou,
Wuxi, Nanjing andHangzhou.
•Private gardens were designed and createdasa place ofretreat for theancient scholars toescape thechaosofthe city
andhave private relaxation.
2 TYPES: The Imperial garden & The private garden
IMPERIAL GARDEN
PRIVATE GARDEN
DESIGN PHILOSOPHY
• Chinese garden may be viewed as a miniature of the
Chineselandscape.
•Nature is loved and held in highest honour in Chinese
art, but this does not mean that the nature must be simply
“duplicated”in itsoriginalform.
•The main principle of Chinese garden art is to recreate
nature,topresentitsessencewithoutanartificialeffect.
•The recreation must be based on profound observation
anda deepunderstandingofthenature.
•The design of Chinese garden is a process of abstraction
andstylizationoftheexistinglandscape.
•The aimof creatinga natural form inChinese garden isto
celebratethehumanspirit.
EMBROIDERY
•In the Chinese garden, the garden scenes are concealed inside
different scenic sections, thus, they only can be revealed in sequence
along the paths.
•The paths in a Chinese garden are usually constructed with varying
widths or paved with different pavement materials to give the
beholders the different senses of experience: constriction, roughness,
release, andsmoothness.
•The scenic spots in the private Chinese gardens are built for static and
dynamic viewing, andlingering observation.
•Thus, a scene in a private Chinese garden was designed for viewing
fromanumber ofobservation points andangles.
•Every scenic section should have its own landscape character, but the
garden aswhole must beunified under a central theme.
• Walls were the most common means of demarcating one spatial
segment fromanother.
ELEMENTS:
1.ROCKS:
•The stone loving of the Chinese stems from the magical
viewsoftheChinesefiveholy mountains
• Rock was valued for its bumps, furrows and hollows, and
forthecolour andtextureofitssurface.
•In Chinese gardens, artificial mountains are also function
as space-dividingstructuralcomponents.
• The sculptural Taihu rock is especially prized because it
represents wisdom and immortality, and is only procurable
fromTai Lake,justwestofSuzhou.
• The Chinese word for landscape, shan shui, literally
means "mountains and waters” while a common phrase for
making a garden means "digging ponds and piling
mountains".
/*79
ELEMENTS:
2. WATER:
• Mountains and water complement each other in
the Chinese arts.
•Water serves as peaceful opposition and balance
to mountain scenery, and is regarded as the
absolutely necessary element to represent the
totality ofnature in perfect harmony.
•Water was also used for providing listening
satisfaction in the Chinese private gardens.
•Watercourses were never shaped into any
unnatural geometrical patterns in the Chinese
private garden.
•A water fountain is never found in the private
Chinese garden.
•Physically water absorbs the heat and adjust the
microclimate during the warmseasons.
EMBROIDERY
3.VEGETATION
•Trees and flowers, especially in
private gardens, are carefully
selected for the overall layout of
the gardens, because of the
limited space.
•Unlike other gardens, Chinese
gardens incorporate minimal
variety of plants and trees in a
single garden.
• Everything in a Chinese garden
seems to have an inner meaning,
including the plants.
• Trees and shrubs are planted in
more naturalistic arrangements-
perhaps in pure stands or in
association with a special rock.
•Sparseplantings of seasonal flowers are scattered about but will never
be found in geometric arrangements- again the objective is to achieve a
stylized, naturalistic feel.
•Western gardens tend to have a profusion of plantings whereas the
Chinese garden style ismoreminimal.
• Lawn is used least in the private Chinese garden, for its beauty is best
perceived with inexhaustible sight ranges, and contradicts the private
Chinese garden design principle of avoiding total exposure of
everything ata glance.
/*79
ELEMENTS:
4.PATHWAYS:
• Paths are constructed to accentuate the changing scenes
andviewsintothegardenand beyond.
•PathsinChinesegardensareoftenunevenandzigzag.
•The paths are like the passages of a human life. There is
always something new or different when seen from a
different angle, while the future is unknown and
unpredictable.
•Paths may also link to the beauty of scroll paintings where
the landscape is revealed not in one hit but in a succession
of views.
•The path may be covered in stone, pebbles or tiles. Or it
might be swept clean and interspersed with patches of
mossorotherlowgroundcovers.
/*79
ELEMENTS:
5.BRIDGES:
• The bridge connects the two different
vistas in the Chinesegarden.
•These are also constructed as a symbol
of contrast against the moving water.
•The half moon cavity under the bridge,
which gets completed after the reflection
on the water surface follows the
principle of harmonyand balance
/*79
ELEMENTS:
6.GARDENSTRUCTURES:
•Among the most ground are walkways,
pavilions, and bridges.
•Timber frame construction plays a decisive
role here.
•Pavilion-like houses have neither a harsh
nor dominant effect, but rather bend
effortlessly into their general surroundings.
•More specifically, we can divide the
structures in classical Chinese gardens into
the following: Lobby, Corridor, Parlour,
Waterside Kiosk, Storied Chamber, Bridge,
Storied Pavilion, Pagoda, Kiosk, Wall.

More Related Content

What's hot

French gardens
French gardensFrench gardens
French gardens
Shreyash Gupta
 
Chinese gardens and landscape
Chinese gardens and landscape Chinese gardens and landscape
Chinese gardens and landscape
sonali parashar
 
Mughalgardens
MughalgardensMughalgardens
Mughalgardens
Surabhi Gupta
 
English garden
English gardenEnglish garden
English garden
qah
 
Italian garden
Italian  gardenItalian  garden
Italian garden
nijaardez
 
Japanese Gardens Study
Japanese Gardens StudyJapanese Gardens Study
Japanese Gardens Study
Harpreet Oberoi
 
Roman gardens
Roman gardensRoman gardens
Roman gardens
Ar Vandana Talikoti
 
chinese ppt.pptx
chinese ppt.pptxchinese ppt.pptx
chinese ppt.pptx
SanskritiJindal4
 
French landscape final
French landscape finalFrench landscape final
French landscape final
Shivani Nandgowle
 
Persian Garden
Persian GardenPersian Garden
Persian Garden
AnchitSharma17
 
French garden ppt
French garden pptFrench garden ppt
French garden ppt
Abhijeet Mishra
 
Indian Garden - Nishat Bagh , kashmir
Indian Garden - Nishat Bagh , kashmir Indian Garden - Nishat Bagh , kashmir
Indian Garden - Nishat Bagh , kashmir
Nilesh Krishnaa
 
japanese landscape garden ARCHITECTURE
 japanese landscape garden ARCHITECTURE  japanese landscape garden ARCHITECTURE
japanese landscape garden ARCHITECTURE
Abhishek Singh
 
Persian Garden - landscape architecture
Persian Garden - landscape architecture Persian Garden - landscape architecture
Persian Garden - landscape architecture
Ar. Prerna Chouhan
 
ENGLISH GARDENS
ENGLISH GARDENSENGLISH GARDENS
ENGLISH GARDENS
CET, BBSR
 
Mughal gardens
Mughal gardensMughal gardens
Mughal gardens
Shrividhyah
 
french gardens.(land scaping)
french gardens.(land scaping)french gardens.(land scaping)
french gardens.(land scaping)
Satish Badrinadh
 
Mughal Gardens
Mughal GardensMughal Gardens
Mughal Gardens
Gaurav Garg
 
Persian gardens
Persian gardensPersian gardens
Persian gardens
Shravani Das
 
Italian renaissance garden
Italian renaissance gardenItalian renaissance garden
Italian renaissance garden
prahlad reddy
 

What's hot (20)

French gardens
French gardensFrench gardens
French gardens
 
Chinese gardens and landscape
Chinese gardens and landscape Chinese gardens and landscape
Chinese gardens and landscape
 
Mughalgardens
MughalgardensMughalgardens
Mughalgardens
 
English garden
English gardenEnglish garden
English garden
 
Italian garden
Italian  gardenItalian  garden
Italian garden
 
Japanese Gardens Study
Japanese Gardens StudyJapanese Gardens Study
Japanese Gardens Study
 
Roman gardens
Roman gardensRoman gardens
Roman gardens
 
chinese ppt.pptx
chinese ppt.pptxchinese ppt.pptx
chinese ppt.pptx
 
French landscape final
French landscape finalFrench landscape final
French landscape final
 
Persian Garden
Persian GardenPersian Garden
Persian Garden
 
French garden ppt
French garden pptFrench garden ppt
French garden ppt
 
Indian Garden - Nishat Bagh , kashmir
Indian Garden - Nishat Bagh , kashmir Indian Garden - Nishat Bagh , kashmir
Indian Garden - Nishat Bagh , kashmir
 
japanese landscape garden ARCHITECTURE
 japanese landscape garden ARCHITECTURE  japanese landscape garden ARCHITECTURE
japanese landscape garden ARCHITECTURE
 
Persian Garden - landscape architecture
Persian Garden - landscape architecture Persian Garden - landscape architecture
Persian Garden - landscape architecture
 
ENGLISH GARDENS
ENGLISH GARDENSENGLISH GARDENS
ENGLISH GARDENS
 
Mughal gardens
Mughal gardensMughal gardens
Mughal gardens
 
french gardens.(land scaping)
french gardens.(land scaping)french gardens.(land scaping)
french gardens.(land scaping)
 
Mughal Gardens
Mughal GardensMughal Gardens
Mughal Gardens
 
Persian gardens
Persian gardensPersian gardens
Persian gardens
 
Italian renaissance garden
Italian renaissance gardenItalian renaissance garden
Italian renaissance garden
 

Similar to Chinese garden

LANDSCAPE_ARCHITECTURE_CHINESE_GARDENS.pptx
LANDSCAPE_ARCHITECTURE_CHINESE_GARDENS.pptxLANDSCAPE_ARCHITECTURE_CHINESE_GARDENS.pptx
LANDSCAPE_ARCHITECTURE_CHINESE_GARDENS.pptx
Sanobarseher
 
CHINESE GARDEN.pptx
CHINESE GARDEN.pptxCHINESE GARDEN.pptx
CHINESE GARDEN.pptx
DivyanshuSingh153
 
history of the art of garden designing of china.pptx
history of the art of garden designing of china.pptxhistory of the art of garden designing of china.pptx
history of the art of garden designing of china.pptx
yeabsiramuluken
 
CHINESE LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTURE 1-2.pdf
CHINESE LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTURE 1-2.pdfCHINESE LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTURE 1-2.pdf
CHINESE LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTURE 1-2.pdf
aqsamali1
 
Chinese garden and Bangladeshi Park
Chinese garden and Bangladeshi ParkChinese garden and Bangladeshi Park
Chinese garden and Bangladeshi Park
University of Chittagong
 
Chinese gardens
Chinese gardensChinese gardens
Chinese gardens
Shreya Singh
 
Japanese gardens
Japanese gardens Japanese gardens
Japanese gardens
VISHAKA BOTHRA
 
Japanese Landscaping.pptx
Japanese Landscaping.pptxJapanese Landscaping.pptx
Japanese Landscaping.pptx
MEGHANA S
 
gardens of the world
gardens of the worldgardens of the world
gardens of the world
Pramod Kumar
 
Okayama friendship garden,pune
Okayama friendship garden,puneOkayama friendship garden,pune
Okayama friendship garden,pune
M.I.T.,AURANGABAD
 
Japanese gardens
Japanese gardensJapanese gardens
Japanese gardens
harini nandalal
 
Japanese gardens
Japanese gardensJapanese gardens
Japanese gardens
Shreya Singh
 
Japanese gardens
Japanese gardensJapanese gardens
Japanese gardens
komal86
 
Japanese garden
Japanese gardenJapanese garden
Japanese garden
MADHUKANT SINGH
 
Persian gardens
Persian gardensPersian gardens
Persian gardens
soumyapugal
 
Japanese landscaping
Japanese landscaping Japanese landscaping
Japanese landscaping
akash kumar
 
Garden styles and type (2)
Garden styles and type (2)Garden styles and type (2)
Garden styles and type (2)
thaneshwari thaneshwari
 
Persian GARDEN[1].pptx
Persian GARDEN[1].pptxPersian GARDEN[1].pptx
Persian GARDEN[1].pptx
Ruchi Gandhi
 
Garden Design in Public and Private Area Vikram Bhukkal (2011 A53BVI)
Garden Design in Public and Private Area Vikram Bhukkal (2011 A53BVI)Garden Design in Public and Private Area Vikram Bhukkal (2011 A53BVI)
Garden Design in Public and Private Area Vikram Bhukkal (2011 A53BVI)
AmitBarkodia
 
Landscape architecture in lines alaa albarmawi
Landscape architecture in lines  alaa albarmawiLandscape architecture in lines  alaa albarmawi
Landscape architecture in lines alaa albarmawi
Alaa Albarmawi
 

Similar to Chinese garden (20)

LANDSCAPE_ARCHITECTURE_CHINESE_GARDENS.pptx
LANDSCAPE_ARCHITECTURE_CHINESE_GARDENS.pptxLANDSCAPE_ARCHITECTURE_CHINESE_GARDENS.pptx
LANDSCAPE_ARCHITECTURE_CHINESE_GARDENS.pptx
 
CHINESE GARDEN.pptx
CHINESE GARDEN.pptxCHINESE GARDEN.pptx
CHINESE GARDEN.pptx
 
history of the art of garden designing of china.pptx
history of the art of garden designing of china.pptxhistory of the art of garden designing of china.pptx
history of the art of garden designing of china.pptx
 
CHINESE LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTURE 1-2.pdf
CHINESE LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTURE 1-2.pdfCHINESE LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTURE 1-2.pdf
CHINESE LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTURE 1-2.pdf
 
Chinese garden and Bangladeshi Park
Chinese garden and Bangladeshi ParkChinese garden and Bangladeshi Park
Chinese garden and Bangladeshi Park
 
Chinese gardens
Chinese gardensChinese gardens
Chinese gardens
 
Japanese gardens
Japanese gardens Japanese gardens
Japanese gardens
 
Japanese Landscaping.pptx
Japanese Landscaping.pptxJapanese Landscaping.pptx
Japanese Landscaping.pptx
 
gardens of the world
gardens of the worldgardens of the world
gardens of the world
 
Okayama friendship garden,pune
Okayama friendship garden,puneOkayama friendship garden,pune
Okayama friendship garden,pune
 
Japanese gardens
Japanese gardensJapanese gardens
Japanese gardens
 
Japanese gardens
Japanese gardensJapanese gardens
Japanese gardens
 
Japanese gardens
Japanese gardensJapanese gardens
Japanese gardens
 
Japanese garden
Japanese gardenJapanese garden
Japanese garden
 
Persian gardens
Persian gardensPersian gardens
Persian gardens
 
Japanese landscaping
Japanese landscaping Japanese landscaping
Japanese landscaping
 
Garden styles and type (2)
Garden styles and type (2)Garden styles and type (2)
Garden styles and type (2)
 
Persian GARDEN[1].pptx
Persian GARDEN[1].pptxPersian GARDEN[1].pptx
Persian GARDEN[1].pptx
 
Garden Design in Public and Private Area Vikram Bhukkal (2011 A53BVI)
Garden Design in Public and Private Area Vikram Bhukkal (2011 A53BVI)Garden Design in Public and Private Area Vikram Bhukkal (2011 A53BVI)
Garden Design in Public and Private Area Vikram Bhukkal (2011 A53BVI)
 
Landscape architecture in lines alaa albarmawi
Landscape architecture in lines  alaa albarmawiLandscape architecture in lines  alaa albarmawi
Landscape architecture in lines alaa albarmawi
 

Recently uploaded

How to Manage Your Lost Opportunities in Odoo 17 CRM
How to Manage Your Lost Opportunities in Odoo 17 CRMHow to Manage Your Lost Opportunities in Odoo 17 CRM
How to Manage Your Lost Opportunities in Odoo 17 CRM
Celine George
 
Cognitive Development Adolescence Psychology
Cognitive Development Adolescence PsychologyCognitive Development Adolescence Psychology
Cognitive Development Adolescence Psychology
paigestewart1632
 
The History of Stoke Newington Street Names
The History of Stoke Newington Street NamesThe History of Stoke Newington Street Names
The History of Stoke Newington Street Names
History of Stoke Newington
 
The Diamonds of 2023-2024 in the IGRA collection
The Diamonds of 2023-2024 in the IGRA collectionThe Diamonds of 2023-2024 in the IGRA collection
The Diamonds of 2023-2024 in the IGRA collection
Israel Genealogy Research Association
 
Hindi varnamala | hindi alphabet PPT.pdf
Hindi varnamala | hindi alphabet PPT.pdfHindi varnamala | hindi alphabet PPT.pdf
Hindi varnamala | hindi alphabet PPT.pdf
Dr. Mulla Adam Ali
 
How to Add Chatter in the odoo 17 ERP Module
How to Add Chatter in the odoo 17 ERP ModuleHow to Add Chatter in the odoo 17 ERP Module
How to Add Chatter in the odoo 17 ERP Module
Celine George
 
Your Skill Boost Masterclass: Strategies for Effective Upskilling
Your Skill Boost Masterclass: Strategies for Effective UpskillingYour Skill Boost Masterclass: Strategies for Effective Upskilling
Your Skill Boost Masterclass: Strategies for Effective Upskilling
Excellence Foundation for South Sudan
 
Leveraging Generative AI to Drive Nonprofit Innovation
Leveraging Generative AI to Drive Nonprofit InnovationLeveraging Generative AI to Drive Nonprofit Innovation
Leveraging Generative AI to Drive Nonprofit Innovation
TechSoup
 
RHEOLOGY Physical pharmaceutics-II notes for B.pharm 4th sem students
RHEOLOGY Physical pharmaceutics-II notes for B.pharm 4th sem studentsRHEOLOGY Physical pharmaceutics-II notes for B.pharm 4th sem students
RHEOLOGY Physical pharmaceutics-II notes for B.pharm 4th sem students
Himanshu Rai
 
ANATOMY AND BIOMECHANICS OF HIP JOINT.pdf
ANATOMY AND BIOMECHANICS OF HIP JOINT.pdfANATOMY AND BIOMECHANICS OF HIP JOINT.pdf
ANATOMY AND BIOMECHANICS OF HIP JOINT.pdf
Priyankaranawat4
 
NEWSPAPERS - QUESTION 1 - REVISION POWERPOINT.pptx
NEWSPAPERS - QUESTION 1 - REVISION POWERPOINT.pptxNEWSPAPERS - QUESTION 1 - REVISION POWERPOINT.pptx
NEWSPAPERS - QUESTION 1 - REVISION POWERPOINT.pptx
iammrhaywood
 
বাংলাদেশ অর্থনৈতিক সমীক্ষা (Economic Review) ২০২৪ UJS App.pdf
বাংলাদেশ অর্থনৈতিক সমীক্ষা (Economic Review) ২০২৪ UJS App.pdfবাংলাদেশ অর্থনৈতিক সমীক্ষা (Economic Review) ২০২৪ UJS App.pdf
বাংলাদেশ অর্থনৈতিক সমীক্ষা (Economic Review) ২০২৪ UJS App.pdf
eBook.com.bd (প্রয়োজনীয় বাংলা বই)
 
BBR 2024 Summer Sessions Interview Training
BBR  2024 Summer Sessions Interview TrainingBBR  2024 Summer Sessions Interview Training
BBR 2024 Summer Sessions Interview Training
Katrina Pritchard
 
ISO/IEC 27001, ISO/IEC 42001, and GDPR: Best Practices for Implementation and...
ISO/IEC 27001, ISO/IEC 42001, and GDPR: Best Practices for Implementation and...ISO/IEC 27001, ISO/IEC 42001, and GDPR: Best Practices for Implementation and...
ISO/IEC 27001, ISO/IEC 42001, and GDPR: Best Practices for Implementation and...
PECB
 
How to Build a Module in Odoo 17 Using the Scaffold Method
How to Build a Module in Odoo 17 Using the Scaffold MethodHow to Build a Module in Odoo 17 Using the Scaffold Method
How to Build a Module in Odoo 17 Using the Scaffold Method
Celine George
 
PCOS corelations and management through Ayurveda.
PCOS corelations and management through Ayurveda.PCOS corelations and management through Ayurveda.
PCOS corelations and management through Ayurveda.
Dr. Shivangi Singh Parihar
 
How to deliver Powerpoint Presentations.pptx
How to deliver Powerpoint  Presentations.pptxHow to deliver Powerpoint  Presentations.pptx
How to deliver Powerpoint Presentations.pptx
HajraNaeem15
 
How to Setup Warehouse & Location in Odoo 17 Inventory
How to Setup Warehouse & Location in Odoo 17 InventoryHow to Setup Warehouse & Location in Odoo 17 Inventory
How to Setup Warehouse & Location in Odoo 17 Inventory
Celine George
 
Exploiting Artificial Intelligence for Empowering Researchers and Faculty, In...
Exploiting Artificial Intelligence for Empowering Researchers and Faculty, In...Exploiting Artificial Intelligence for Empowering Researchers and Faculty, In...
Exploiting Artificial Intelligence for Empowering Researchers and Faculty, In...
Dr. Vinod Kumar Kanvaria
 
PIMS Job Advertisement 2024.pdf Islamabad
PIMS Job Advertisement 2024.pdf IslamabadPIMS Job Advertisement 2024.pdf Islamabad
PIMS Job Advertisement 2024.pdf Islamabad
AyyanKhan40
 

Recently uploaded (20)

How to Manage Your Lost Opportunities in Odoo 17 CRM
How to Manage Your Lost Opportunities in Odoo 17 CRMHow to Manage Your Lost Opportunities in Odoo 17 CRM
How to Manage Your Lost Opportunities in Odoo 17 CRM
 
Cognitive Development Adolescence Psychology
Cognitive Development Adolescence PsychologyCognitive Development Adolescence Psychology
Cognitive Development Adolescence Psychology
 
The History of Stoke Newington Street Names
The History of Stoke Newington Street NamesThe History of Stoke Newington Street Names
The History of Stoke Newington Street Names
 
The Diamonds of 2023-2024 in the IGRA collection
The Diamonds of 2023-2024 in the IGRA collectionThe Diamonds of 2023-2024 in the IGRA collection
The Diamonds of 2023-2024 in the IGRA collection
 
Hindi varnamala | hindi alphabet PPT.pdf
Hindi varnamala | hindi alphabet PPT.pdfHindi varnamala | hindi alphabet PPT.pdf
Hindi varnamala | hindi alphabet PPT.pdf
 
How to Add Chatter in the odoo 17 ERP Module
How to Add Chatter in the odoo 17 ERP ModuleHow to Add Chatter in the odoo 17 ERP Module
How to Add Chatter in the odoo 17 ERP Module
 
Your Skill Boost Masterclass: Strategies for Effective Upskilling
Your Skill Boost Masterclass: Strategies for Effective UpskillingYour Skill Boost Masterclass: Strategies for Effective Upskilling
Your Skill Boost Masterclass: Strategies for Effective Upskilling
 
Leveraging Generative AI to Drive Nonprofit Innovation
Leveraging Generative AI to Drive Nonprofit InnovationLeveraging Generative AI to Drive Nonprofit Innovation
Leveraging Generative AI to Drive Nonprofit Innovation
 
RHEOLOGY Physical pharmaceutics-II notes for B.pharm 4th sem students
RHEOLOGY Physical pharmaceutics-II notes for B.pharm 4th sem studentsRHEOLOGY Physical pharmaceutics-II notes for B.pharm 4th sem students
RHEOLOGY Physical pharmaceutics-II notes for B.pharm 4th sem students
 
ANATOMY AND BIOMECHANICS OF HIP JOINT.pdf
ANATOMY AND BIOMECHANICS OF HIP JOINT.pdfANATOMY AND BIOMECHANICS OF HIP JOINT.pdf
ANATOMY AND BIOMECHANICS OF HIP JOINT.pdf
 
NEWSPAPERS - QUESTION 1 - REVISION POWERPOINT.pptx
NEWSPAPERS - QUESTION 1 - REVISION POWERPOINT.pptxNEWSPAPERS - QUESTION 1 - REVISION POWERPOINT.pptx
NEWSPAPERS - QUESTION 1 - REVISION POWERPOINT.pptx
 
বাংলাদেশ অর্থনৈতিক সমীক্ষা (Economic Review) ২০২৪ UJS App.pdf
বাংলাদেশ অর্থনৈতিক সমীক্ষা (Economic Review) ২০২৪ UJS App.pdfবাংলাদেশ অর্থনৈতিক সমীক্ষা (Economic Review) ২০২৪ UJS App.pdf
বাংলাদেশ অর্থনৈতিক সমীক্ষা (Economic Review) ২০২৪ UJS App.pdf
 
BBR 2024 Summer Sessions Interview Training
BBR  2024 Summer Sessions Interview TrainingBBR  2024 Summer Sessions Interview Training
BBR 2024 Summer Sessions Interview Training
 
ISO/IEC 27001, ISO/IEC 42001, and GDPR: Best Practices for Implementation and...
ISO/IEC 27001, ISO/IEC 42001, and GDPR: Best Practices for Implementation and...ISO/IEC 27001, ISO/IEC 42001, and GDPR: Best Practices for Implementation and...
ISO/IEC 27001, ISO/IEC 42001, and GDPR: Best Practices for Implementation and...
 
How to Build a Module in Odoo 17 Using the Scaffold Method
How to Build a Module in Odoo 17 Using the Scaffold MethodHow to Build a Module in Odoo 17 Using the Scaffold Method
How to Build a Module in Odoo 17 Using the Scaffold Method
 
PCOS corelations and management through Ayurveda.
PCOS corelations and management through Ayurveda.PCOS corelations and management through Ayurveda.
PCOS corelations and management through Ayurveda.
 
How to deliver Powerpoint Presentations.pptx
How to deliver Powerpoint  Presentations.pptxHow to deliver Powerpoint  Presentations.pptx
How to deliver Powerpoint Presentations.pptx
 
How to Setup Warehouse & Location in Odoo 17 Inventory
How to Setup Warehouse & Location in Odoo 17 InventoryHow to Setup Warehouse & Location in Odoo 17 Inventory
How to Setup Warehouse & Location in Odoo 17 Inventory
 
Exploiting Artificial Intelligence for Empowering Researchers and Faculty, In...
Exploiting Artificial Intelligence for Empowering Researchers and Faculty, In...Exploiting Artificial Intelligence for Empowering Researchers and Faculty, In...
Exploiting Artificial Intelligence for Empowering Researchers and Faculty, In...
 
PIMS Job Advertisement 2024.pdf Islamabad
PIMS Job Advertisement 2024.pdf IslamabadPIMS Job Advertisement 2024.pdf Islamabad
PIMS Job Advertisement 2024.pdf Islamabad
 

Chinese garden

  • 2. CHINESE GARDEN • Gardens were designated as homes for animals used for hunting and for enclosing an outside plot of ground fortheemperor. •After the Han Dynasty (206 BC–220 AD), gardens wereplacesfortheemperortorestandrenewenergy. •Then, agardenwascalled a yuan. •The imperial garden, Lin Yuan, added buildings and becameavilla-likeescapefortheemperor. •The Lin Garden was embellished with little palaces, pavilions and rooms on little islands in a pond, and plantswereaddedforbeautification. • This technique of garden development is attributed to theQin(221–206 BC)andHandynasties.
  • 3. •Emperor Kangxi of the Ming Dynasty (1386–1644) and Emperor Qianlong of the Qing Dynasty (1644– 1911) again brought focus to the building structures in the garden, but specifically toenhance appearance. • Buildings were added solely to create pleasant or striking scenery. •The royal garden evolved with time and changing tastes over the centuries and inspired gardens in other areasof China. PARTERR E EMBROIDERY •The Chinese gardens are also called as Chinese classical gardens is a place for solitary or social contemplation of nature . •It has been regarded the most important and leading gardening system among the three gardening systems in the world. • The Chinese consider gardens a serious artform andaswith painting, sculpture andpoetry
  • 4. EMBROIDERY • Imperial gardens are mostly found in north China, with those in Beijing as representatives, featuring grandness and magnificence. • Private gardens are mostly found in south China, especially in cities in south of the Yangtze River, such as Suzhou, Wuxi, Nanjing andHangzhou. •Private gardens were designed and createdasa place ofretreat for theancient scholars toescape thechaosofthe city andhave private relaxation. 2 TYPES: The Imperial garden & The private garden IMPERIAL GARDEN PRIVATE GARDEN
  • 5. DESIGN PHILOSOPHY • Chinese garden may be viewed as a miniature of the Chineselandscape. •Nature is loved and held in highest honour in Chinese art, but this does not mean that the nature must be simply “duplicated”in itsoriginalform. •The main principle of Chinese garden art is to recreate nature,topresentitsessencewithoutanartificialeffect. •The recreation must be based on profound observation anda deepunderstandingofthenature. •The design of Chinese garden is a process of abstraction andstylizationoftheexistinglandscape. •The aimof creatinga natural form inChinese garden isto celebratethehumanspirit.
  • 6. EMBROIDERY •In the Chinese garden, the garden scenes are concealed inside different scenic sections, thus, they only can be revealed in sequence along the paths. •The paths in a Chinese garden are usually constructed with varying widths or paved with different pavement materials to give the beholders the different senses of experience: constriction, roughness, release, andsmoothness. •The scenic spots in the private Chinese gardens are built for static and dynamic viewing, andlingering observation. •Thus, a scene in a private Chinese garden was designed for viewing fromanumber ofobservation points andangles. •Every scenic section should have its own landscape character, but the garden aswhole must beunified under a central theme. • Walls were the most common means of demarcating one spatial segment fromanother.
  • 7. ELEMENTS: 1.ROCKS: •The stone loving of the Chinese stems from the magical viewsoftheChinesefiveholy mountains • Rock was valued for its bumps, furrows and hollows, and forthecolour andtextureofitssurface. •In Chinese gardens, artificial mountains are also function as space-dividingstructuralcomponents. • The sculptural Taihu rock is especially prized because it represents wisdom and immortality, and is only procurable fromTai Lake,justwestofSuzhou. • The Chinese word for landscape, shan shui, literally means "mountains and waters” while a common phrase for making a garden means "digging ponds and piling mountains".
  • 8. /*79 ELEMENTS: 2. WATER: • Mountains and water complement each other in the Chinese arts. •Water serves as peaceful opposition and balance to mountain scenery, and is regarded as the absolutely necessary element to represent the totality ofnature in perfect harmony. •Water was also used for providing listening satisfaction in the Chinese private gardens. •Watercourses were never shaped into any unnatural geometrical patterns in the Chinese private garden. •A water fountain is never found in the private Chinese garden. •Physically water absorbs the heat and adjust the microclimate during the warmseasons.
  • 9. EMBROIDERY 3.VEGETATION •Trees and flowers, especially in private gardens, are carefully selected for the overall layout of the gardens, because of the limited space. •Unlike other gardens, Chinese gardens incorporate minimal variety of plants and trees in a single garden. • Everything in a Chinese garden seems to have an inner meaning, including the plants. • Trees and shrubs are planted in more naturalistic arrangements- perhaps in pure stands or in association with a special rock. •Sparseplantings of seasonal flowers are scattered about but will never be found in geometric arrangements- again the objective is to achieve a stylized, naturalistic feel. •Western gardens tend to have a profusion of plantings whereas the Chinese garden style ismoreminimal. • Lawn is used least in the private Chinese garden, for its beauty is best perceived with inexhaustible sight ranges, and contradicts the private Chinese garden design principle of avoiding total exposure of everything ata glance.
  • 10. /*79 ELEMENTS: 4.PATHWAYS: • Paths are constructed to accentuate the changing scenes andviewsintothegardenand beyond. •PathsinChinesegardensareoftenunevenandzigzag. •The paths are like the passages of a human life. There is always something new or different when seen from a different angle, while the future is unknown and unpredictable. •Paths may also link to the beauty of scroll paintings where the landscape is revealed not in one hit but in a succession of views. •The path may be covered in stone, pebbles or tiles. Or it might be swept clean and interspersed with patches of mossorotherlowgroundcovers.
  • 11. /*79 ELEMENTS: 5.BRIDGES: • The bridge connects the two different vistas in the Chinesegarden. •These are also constructed as a symbol of contrast against the moving water. •The half moon cavity under the bridge, which gets completed after the reflection on the water surface follows the principle of harmonyand balance
  • 12. /*79 ELEMENTS: 6.GARDENSTRUCTURES: •Among the most ground are walkways, pavilions, and bridges. •Timber frame construction plays a decisive role here. •Pavilion-like houses have neither a harsh nor dominant effect, but rather bend effortlessly into their general surroundings. •More specifically, we can divide the structures in classical Chinese gardens into the following: Lobby, Corridor, Parlour, Waterside Kiosk, Storied Chamber, Bridge, Storied Pavilion, Pagoda, Kiosk, Wall.

Editor's Notes

  1. Pollychrome style- decorating with different colors