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Design research for upcycling, circular
economy and net zero
Dr Kyungeun Sung
Product Design
School of Art, Design and Architecture
Faculty of Arts, Design and Humanities
De Montfort University, Leicester, UK
Design Department PGT Seminar (06/09/2023)
Qualifications and experiences
 BSc in Industrial Design from Korea Advanced Institute of Science and
Technology (KAIST), Korea
 MSc in Strategic Product Design from Delft University of Technology (TU Delft),
Netherlands
 PhD in Sustainable Design from Nottingham Trent University (NTU), UK
 PGCert in Learning and Teaching in Higher Education from De Montfort University
(DMU), UK
 Fellow in Higher Education Academy (AdvanceHE), UK
 Product Designer at Samsung Electronics, Korea
 UX Designer and Design Researcher at LG Electronics, Korea
Design research for upcycling, circular economy and net zero
Dr Kyungeun Sung
Current roles at De Montfort University
 Senior Lecturer in Product Design
 Programme Leader for MA/MSc Product Design
 Faculty Head of Research Ethics on the Faculty Research Ethics Committee
 Early Career Academic/Researcher Representative on the Faculty Research
and Innovation Committee
 Reviewer on the Institute of Art and Design Research Funding Committee
 ADH (Faculty of Arts, Design and Humanities) Early Career Representative in
Concordat for Researcher Development Task and Finish Group
 ADH contact for research relating to India for India Advisory Board
Design research for upcycling, circular economy and net zero
Dr Kyungeun Sung
External roles
 UKRI (UK Research and Innovation) Interdisciplinary Assessment College
(IAC) appointed member (2023-2025)
 UKRI EPSRC (Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council) circular
economy critical mass programmes reviewer (2023)
 Mauritius Research and Innovation Council (MRIC) Innovation and
Commercialisation Proof of Concept Scheme Reviewer (2023)
 Italian Ministry for University and Research (MUR) 2022 PRIN Call External
Reviewer (2023)
 UKRI AHRC (Arts and Humanities Research Council) Peer Review College
appointed member (2022-2024)
Design research for upcycling, circular economy and net zero
Dr Kyungeun Sung
Introduction to:
 the circular economy
 upcycling
 net zero
Design research for upcycling, circular economy and net zero
Dr Kyungeun Sung
Circular economy
 Turning goods that are at the end of their service life into resources for others,
closing loops in industrial ecosystems and minimising waste (Stahel, 2016)
 An industrial economy that is restorative or regenerative by intention and
design (Ellen MacArthur Foundation, 2013)
 Realisation of a closed loop material flow in the whole economic system (Geng
and Doberstein, 2008)
 One that is restorative by design, and which aims to keep products, components
and materials at their highest utility and value, at all times (Webster, 2015)
 A regenerative system in which resource input and waste, emission, and energy
leakage are minimised by slowing, closing, and narrowing material and
energy loops which can be achieved through long-lasting design, maintenance,
repair, reuse, remanufacturing, refurbishing, and recycling (Geissedoerfer et al.,
2017)
Source: Stahel, W. R. (2016) The circular economy. Nature, 531(7595), 435-438.
Source: https://ellenmacarthurfoundation.org/circular-economy-diagram
Upcycling
 Creation or modification of a product from used materials, components
or products which is of equal or higher quality or value than the
compositional elements
 Neologism and umbrella concept
 ‘creative’ or ‘advanced’ repair, reuse, refurbishment, redesign, remake, upgrade,
recreation, remanufacture, recycling,…
 Important sub-set of the circular economy
 Alternative consumption (cf. replacement purchase)
 Alternative production (cf. based on virgin materials)
(Sung, 2017)
Design research for upcycling, circular economy and net zero
Dr Kyungeun Sung
Examples and benefits
 Environmental: extending lifetimes of products, components and materials >
increasing material efficiency > reducing solid waste > reducing
industrial energy consumption > lowering GHGs
 Economic: creating jobs (industry) + saving money (households)
 Social: emotional/psychological well-being (households)
(Singh et al., 2019)
Design research for upcycling, circular economy and net zero
Dr Kyungeun Sung
Design research for upcycling, circular economy and net zero
Dr Kyungeun Sung
Net zero
 Net-zero carbon emissions from physical climate science
 Operationalised through social, political and economic systems
 Climate policy’s new focus: net zero emissions
 Net CO2 emissions below zero > halt CO2-induced surface warming (Fankhauser
et al., 2022)
 “reaching and sustaining net-zero global anthropogenic CO2 emissions and
declining net non-CO2 radiative forcing would halt anthropogenic global
warming on multi-decadal timescales” (IPCC, 2018)
 Decarbonising all sectors of the UK economy to meet the net zero target by
2050 (UK Government, 2021)
Source: https://www.ipcc.ch/sr15/chapter/spm/
Design research for upcycling, circular economy and net zero
Dr Kyungeun Sung
References
 Ellen MacArthur Foundation (2013) Towards the Circular Economy, vol. 1
 Fankhauser, S., Smith, S. M., Allen, M., Axelsson, K., Hale, T., Hepburn, C., ... & Wetzer, T. (2022). The meaning
of net zero and how to get it right. Nature Climate Change, 12(1), 15-21.
 Geissdoerfer, M., Savaget, P., Bocken, N. M., & Hultink, E. J. (2017). The Circular Economy–A new
sustainability paradigm?. Journal of cleaner production, 143, 757-768.
 Geng, Y. & Doberstein, B. (2008) Developing the circular economy in China: challenges and opportunities for
achieving “leapfrog development.” Int. J. Sustain. Dev. World Ecol., 15, pp. 231-239
 IPCC (2018) Special Report on Global Warming of 1.5 °C (eds Masson-Delmotte, V. et al.)
 Singh, J., Sung, K., Cooper, T., West, K. and Mont, O. (2019) Challenges and opportunities for scaling up
upcycling businesses - The case of textile and wood upcycling businesses in the UK. Resources,
Conservation & Recycling, 150, 104439.
 Stahel, W. R. (2016) The circular economy. Nature, 531(7595), 435-438.
 Sung, K. (2017). Sustainable production and consumption by upcycling (Doctoral dissertation, Nottingham
Trent University (United Kingdom).
 UK Government (2021) Net Zero Strategy: Build Back Greener.
 Webster, K. (2015) The Circular Economy: a Wealth of Flows, Ellen MacArthur Foundation
Design research for upcycling,
circular economy and net zero
A review on upcycling
Consumer/citizen upcycling
Sustainable production and consumption by
upcycling: Understanding and scaling up niche
environmentally-significant behaviour
Design research for upcycling, circular economy and net zero
Dr Kyungeun Sung
Consumer/citizen upcycling
Sustainable production and consumption by
upcycling: Understanding and scaling up niche
environmentally-significant behaviour
Design research for upcycling, circular economy and net zero
Dr Kyungeun Sung
Consumer/citizen upcycling
Sustainable production and consumption by
upcycling: Understanding and scaling up niche
environmentally-significant behaviour
Design research for upcycling, circular economy and net zero
Dr Kyungeun Sung
Consumer/citizen upcycling
Sustainable production and consumption by
upcycling: Understanding and scaling up niche
environmentally-significant behaviour
Design research for upcycling, circular economy and net zero
Dr Kyungeun Sung
Consumer/citizen upcycling (UK vs. West)
Design research for upcycling, circular economy and net zero
Dr Kyungeun Sung
Consumer/citizen upcycling, PA, longevity
Design for behaviour change
Design research for upcycling, circular economy and net zero
Dr Kyungeun Sung
Interventions for scaling up upcycling
International Conference on Resource Sustainability (icRS 2021)
Design research for upcycling, circular economy and net zero
Dr Kyungeun Sung
Interventions for scaling up upcycling
International Conference on Resource Sustainability (icRS 2021)
Design research for upcycling, circular economy and net zero
Dr Kyungeun Sung
Sustainable Production and Consumption by Upcycling
Dr Kyungeun Sung
Interventions for scaling up upcycling
International Conference on Resource Sustainability (icRS 2021)
What’s next
 Country-specific data analysis: Australia, Germany, UK, Canada, USA
 Bigger sample (e.g. over 5,000)
 Random selection of the representative population
 West vs. East; West and East
 Contextualised vs. data aggregation
 Other theories and models (and factors)
 Social psychology vs. social practice theory (behaviour vs. practice)
 Why vs. how / what
 Waste streams and upcycling outcomes
 Proper study for the links between upcycling, PA, and product longevity
 Other behaviour change frameworks
 Measuring the impact of varied interventions
 Implementing interventions locally and nationally – prototyping and piloting
 …
Design research for upcycling, circular economy and net zero
Dr Kyungeun Sung
Upcycling in businesses
Upcycling in
businesses
Upcycling in businesses
Challenges and opportunities for scaling up
upcycling businesses: textile and wood upcycling businesses
in the UK
Design research for upcycling, circular economy and net zero
Dr Kyungeun Sung
Upcycling in businesses
Challenges and opportunities for scaling up
upcycling businesses: textile and wood upcycling businesses
in the UK
Design research for upcycling, circular economy and net zero
Dr Kyungeun Sung
Upcycling in businesses
Sustainable Production and Consumption by Upcycling
Dr Kyungeun Sung
Challenges and opportunities for scaling up
upcycling businesses: textile and wood upcycling businesses
in the UK
Upcycling in businesses
Sustainable Production and Consumption by Upcycling
Dr Kyungeun Sung
Challenges and opportunities for scaling up
upcycling businesses: textile and wood upcycling businesses
in the UK
Upcycling in businesses
Sustainable Production and Consumption by Upcycling
Dr Kyungeun Sung
Challenges and opportunities for scaling up
upcycling businesses: textile and wood upcycling businesses
in the UK
Design research for upcycling, circular economy and net zero
Dr Kyungeun Sung
Upcycling in businesses (UK vs. world)
Upcycling in businesses (UK vs. world)
Upcycling in businesses
What’s next
 Addressing top 2-3 key global challenges and opportunities with action
research (e.g. prototyping, piloting, monitoring)
 Improving material provision – supply chain improvement
 Waste management with AI
 Awareness raising activities
 Longitudinal study on regular training, community events, traditional media,
new media, etc.
 Production innovation – scalable ideas, concepts, technologies, etc.
 Best practice – business models, products, supply chain management, etc.
 …
Design research for upcycling, circular economy and net zero
Dr Kyungeun Sung
Upcycling design and education
Innovative design solutions for scaling up
upcycling SMEs
 Products; services; PSS; policies;
regulations
Design research for upcycling, circular economy and net zero
Dr Kyungeun Sung
Upcycling design and making internships
Frontrunner Internship 2021-2022
Design research for upcycling, circular economy and net zero
Dr Kyungeun Sung
Upcycling design and making internships
Frontrunner Internship 2021-2022
Design research for upcycling, circular economy and net zero
Dr Kyungeun Sung
Upcycling design and making internships
Frontrunner Internship 2022-2023
Design research for upcycling, circular economy and net zero
Dr Kyungeun Sung
NPD for upcycling and the circular economy
Radical innovations for electronics with multiple components and mixed
materials so that they can be upcycled and comply with CE principles
Design research for upcycling, circular economy and net zero
Dr Kyungeun Sung
NPD for upcycling and the circular economy
Design research for upcycling, circular economy and net zero
Dr Kyungeun Sung
NPD for upcycling and the circular economy
Design research for upcycling, circular economy and net zero
Dr Kyungeun Sung
NPD for upcycling and the circular economy
Design research for upcycling, circular economy and net zero
Dr Kyungeun Sung
NPD for upcycling and the circular economy
Design research for upcycling, circular economy and net zero
Dr Kyungeun Sung
How to understand and teach upcycling in the
context of the circular economy
Design research for upcycling, circular economy and net zero
Dr Kyungeun Sung
How to understand and teach upcycling in the
context of the circular economy
Design research for upcycling, circular economy and net zero
Dr Kyungeun Sung
What’s next
 Replicating the NPD4CE project to different product categories
 Scaling up the NPD4CE project to a regional or national level involving
multiple sectors
 Involving industry partners – design with stakeholders
 RF + RAs (existing UG/PGT) per product/sector
 Competitions and collaborations between different universities in the UK and
beyond
 Continuous Delphi to finalise the teaching and learning materials for
understanding and teaching upcycling in the context of the CE
 Open source digital resources (e.g. document, video)
 …
Design research for upcycling, circular economy and net zero
Dr Kyungeun Sung
Net zero design
Design research for upcycling, circular economy and net zero
Dr Kyungeun Sung
Net zero design
Design research for upcycling, circular economy and net zero
Dr Kyungeun Sung
Literature review
Consumer online
questionnaire
Knowledge gap for primary research
Idea generation and concept
development
APPROACH
OUTCOME
Expert interviews
User testing Physical testing
Concept refinement
Facts and opinions from consumers, academic
expert and industry expert
Initial ideas, selected idea, developed concept
with visualisation and technical details
Test outcomes
Final design proposal
Net zero design
Design research for upcycling, circular economy and net zero
Dr Kyungeun Sung
Net zero design
Design research for upcycling, circular economy and net zero
Dr Kyungeun Sung
Net zero design
Design research for upcycling, circular economy and net zero
Dr Kyungeun Sung
Net zero design
Design research for upcycling, circular economy and net zero
Dr Kyungeun Sung
Net zero design
Design research for upcycling, circular economy and net zero
Dr Kyungeun Sung
Net zero design
Design research for upcycling, circular economy and net zero
Dr Kyungeun Sung
Net zero design
Design research for upcycling, circular economy and net zero
Dr Kyungeun Sung
Net zero design
Design research for upcycling, circular economy and net zero
Dr Kyungeun Sung
Net zero design
Design research for upcycling, circular economy and net zero
Dr Kyungeun Sung
Net zero design
Design research for upcycling, circular economy and net zero
Dr Kyungeun Sung
Net zero design
Design research for upcycling, circular economy and net zero
Dr Kyungeun Sung
Other research activities
International Upcycling Symposium 2020
Design research for upcycling, circular economy and net zero
Dr Kyungeun Sung
Special Issue of Sustainability 2021
Design research for upcycling, circular economy and net zero
Dr Kyungeun Sung
Net Zero Conference 2022
https://netzero2022.our.dmu.ac.uk/conference/
Sung, K., Isherwood, P. and Moalosi,
R. (forthcoming, 2023) Research
Journeys to Net Zero: Current and
Future Research Leaders. Routledge
Research and Teaching in
Environmental Studies collection.
London: Routledge.
Design research for upcycling, circular economy and net zero
Dr Kyungeun Sung
International Upcycling Research Network
 https://iurn.our.dmu.ac.uk/about-iurn/
 https://gtr.ukri.org/projects?ref=AH%2FW007134%2F1
 UKRI AHRC Research Networking grant (AH/W007134/1): £42,787
 Project start: 01/06/2022
 Project duration: 24 months
 Background: Moving from a niche to a mainstream practice could realise the
full potential of upcycling. Despite recent increase in publications, initiatives
and businesses in upcycling, research is still embryonic. Development of
upcycling theory and practices across industries, disciplines and countries is
required for growth.
 Purpose: the world’s first long-term platform to facilitate such cross-industry,
multidisciplinary and international research
Design research for upcycling, circular economy and net zero
Dr Kyungeun Sung
International Upcycling Research Network
Upcycling station: a
drop-in event as
part of the LCB
Depot Takeover of
the British Science
Festival 2022
Design research for upcycling, circular economy and net zero
Dr Kyungeun Sung
International Upcycling Research Network
Upcycling
seminars: Africa
(Sep); Asia (Oct);
the Americas
(Nov); Australia and
Europe (Jan)
International Upcycling Festival 2024
 Aim: showcase the network activities and outcomes, expand the network, and
engage businesses and consumers for direct impact
 Full paper submission by 31 July 2023
 Call for other contributions open in October 2023
 Day 1 on Thursday 11th April 2024 (9am-5pm) at DMU: academic
presentations and discussions
 Day 2 on Friday 12th April 2024 (12pm-9pm) at LCB Depot: engaging
businesses and consumers for awareness raising, knowledge transfer, new
data collection and networking through a public lecture series, stakeholder
workshops, family-friendly activities
 Installations: Poster presentations, film screening, mini exhibitions, etc.
 Gala dinner: informal networking between advisory board and network
members
Design research for upcycling, circular economy and net zero
Dr Kyungeun Sung
Design research for upcycling, circular economy and net zero
Dr Kyungeun Sung
International Upcycling Festival 2024
https://upcyclingfestival2024.our.dmu.ac.uk/call-for-papers/
Thank you 
Dr Kyungeun Sung
Senior Lecturer in Product Design
Programme Leader for MA/MSc Product Design
Faculty Deputy Head of Research Ethics
De Montfort University
Gateway House, Leicester, UK
Email: Kyungeun.sung@dmu.ac.uk
Phone: +44 (0)116 207 8498
Website: https://www.kyungeunsung.com/home
Design research for upcycling, circular economy and net zero
Dr Kyungeun Sung

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Design research for upcycling, circular economy and net zero

  • 1. Design research for upcycling, circular economy and net zero Dr Kyungeun Sung Product Design School of Art, Design and Architecture Faculty of Arts, Design and Humanities De Montfort University, Leicester, UK Design Department PGT Seminar (06/09/2023)
  • 2. Qualifications and experiences  BSc in Industrial Design from Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST), Korea  MSc in Strategic Product Design from Delft University of Technology (TU Delft), Netherlands  PhD in Sustainable Design from Nottingham Trent University (NTU), UK  PGCert in Learning and Teaching in Higher Education from De Montfort University (DMU), UK  Fellow in Higher Education Academy (AdvanceHE), UK  Product Designer at Samsung Electronics, Korea  UX Designer and Design Researcher at LG Electronics, Korea Design research for upcycling, circular economy and net zero Dr Kyungeun Sung
  • 3. Current roles at De Montfort University  Senior Lecturer in Product Design  Programme Leader for MA/MSc Product Design  Faculty Head of Research Ethics on the Faculty Research Ethics Committee  Early Career Academic/Researcher Representative on the Faculty Research and Innovation Committee  Reviewer on the Institute of Art and Design Research Funding Committee  ADH (Faculty of Arts, Design and Humanities) Early Career Representative in Concordat for Researcher Development Task and Finish Group  ADH contact for research relating to India for India Advisory Board Design research for upcycling, circular economy and net zero Dr Kyungeun Sung
  • 4. External roles  UKRI (UK Research and Innovation) Interdisciplinary Assessment College (IAC) appointed member (2023-2025)  UKRI EPSRC (Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council) circular economy critical mass programmes reviewer (2023)  Mauritius Research and Innovation Council (MRIC) Innovation and Commercialisation Proof of Concept Scheme Reviewer (2023)  Italian Ministry for University and Research (MUR) 2022 PRIN Call External Reviewer (2023)  UKRI AHRC (Arts and Humanities Research Council) Peer Review College appointed member (2022-2024) Design research for upcycling, circular economy and net zero Dr Kyungeun Sung
  • 5. Introduction to:  the circular economy  upcycling  net zero
  • 6. Design research for upcycling, circular economy and net zero Dr Kyungeun Sung Circular economy  Turning goods that are at the end of their service life into resources for others, closing loops in industrial ecosystems and minimising waste (Stahel, 2016)  An industrial economy that is restorative or regenerative by intention and design (Ellen MacArthur Foundation, 2013)  Realisation of a closed loop material flow in the whole economic system (Geng and Doberstein, 2008)  One that is restorative by design, and which aims to keep products, components and materials at their highest utility and value, at all times (Webster, 2015)  A regenerative system in which resource input and waste, emission, and energy leakage are minimised by slowing, closing, and narrowing material and energy loops which can be achieved through long-lasting design, maintenance, repair, reuse, remanufacturing, refurbishing, and recycling (Geissedoerfer et al., 2017)
  • 7. Source: Stahel, W. R. (2016) The circular economy. Nature, 531(7595), 435-438.
  • 9. Upcycling  Creation or modification of a product from used materials, components or products which is of equal or higher quality or value than the compositional elements  Neologism and umbrella concept  ‘creative’ or ‘advanced’ repair, reuse, refurbishment, redesign, remake, upgrade, recreation, remanufacture, recycling,…  Important sub-set of the circular economy  Alternative consumption (cf. replacement purchase)  Alternative production (cf. based on virgin materials) (Sung, 2017) Design research for upcycling, circular economy and net zero Dr Kyungeun Sung
  • 10. Examples and benefits  Environmental: extending lifetimes of products, components and materials > increasing material efficiency > reducing solid waste > reducing industrial energy consumption > lowering GHGs  Economic: creating jobs (industry) + saving money (households)  Social: emotional/psychological well-being (households) (Singh et al., 2019) Design research for upcycling, circular economy and net zero Dr Kyungeun Sung
  • 11. Design research for upcycling, circular economy and net zero Dr Kyungeun Sung Net zero  Net-zero carbon emissions from physical climate science  Operationalised through social, political and economic systems  Climate policy’s new focus: net zero emissions  Net CO2 emissions below zero > halt CO2-induced surface warming (Fankhauser et al., 2022)  “reaching and sustaining net-zero global anthropogenic CO2 emissions and declining net non-CO2 radiative forcing would halt anthropogenic global warming on multi-decadal timescales” (IPCC, 2018)  Decarbonising all sectors of the UK economy to meet the net zero target by 2050 (UK Government, 2021)
  • 13. Design research for upcycling, circular economy and net zero Dr Kyungeun Sung References  Ellen MacArthur Foundation (2013) Towards the Circular Economy, vol. 1  Fankhauser, S., Smith, S. M., Allen, M., Axelsson, K., Hale, T., Hepburn, C., ... & Wetzer, T. (2022). The meaning of net zero and how to get it right. Nature Climate Change, 12(1), 15-21.  Geissdoerfer, M., Savaget, P., Bocken, N. M., & Hultink, E. J. (2017). The Circular Economy–A new sustainability paradigm?. Journal of cleaner production, 143, 757-768.  Geng, Y. & Doberstein, B. (2008) Developing the circular economy in China: challenges and opportunities for achieving “leapfrog development.” Int. J. Sustain. Dev. World Ecol., 15, pp. 231-239  IPCC (2018) Special Report on Global Warming of 1.5 °C (eds Masson-Delmotte, V. et al.)  Singh, J., Sung, K., Cooper, T., West, K. and Mont, O. (2019) Challenges and opportunities for scaling up upcycling businesses - The case of textile and wood upcycling businesses in the UK. Resources, Conservation & Recycling, 150, 104439.  Stahel, W. R. (2016) The circular economy. Nature, 531(7595), 435-438.  Sung, K. (2017). Sustainable production and consumption by upcycling (Doctoral dissertation, Nottingham Trent University (United Kingdom).  UK Government (2021) Net Zero Strategy: Build Back Greener.  Webster, K. (2015) The Circular Economy: a Wealth of Flows, Ellen MacArthur Foundation
  • 14. Design research for upcycling, circular economy and net zero
  • 15. A review on upcycling
  • 16. Consumer/citizen upcycling Sustainable production and consumption by upcycling: Understanding and scaling up niche environmentally-significant behaviour Design research for upcycling, circular economy and net zero Dr Kyungeun Sung
  • 17. Consumer/citizen upcycling Sustainable production and consumption by upcycling: Understanding and scaling up niche environmentally-significant behaviour Design research for upcycling, circular economy and net zero Dr Kyungeun Sung
  • 18. Consumer/citizen upcycling Sustainable production and consumption by upcycling: Understanding and scaling up niche environmentally-significant behaviour Design research for upcycling, circular economy and net zero Dr Kyungeun Sung
  • 19. Consumer/citizen upcycling Sustainable production and consumption by upcycling: Understanding and scaling up niche environmentally-significant behaviour Design research for upcycling, circular economy and net zero Dr Kyungeun Sung
  • 20. Consumer/citizen upcycling (UK vs. West) Design research for upcycling, circular economy and net zero Dr Kyungeun Sung
  • 22. Design for behaviour change Design research for upcycling, circular economy and net zero Dr Kyungeun Sung
  • 23. Interventions for scaling up upcycling International Conference on Resource Sustainability (icRS 2021) Design research for upcycling, circular economy and net zero Dr Kyungeun Sung
  • 24. Interventions for scaling up upcycling International Conference on Resource Sustainability (icRS 2021) Design research for upcycling, circular economy and net zero Dr Kyungeun Sung
  • 25. Sustainable Production and Consumption by Upcycling Dr Kyungeun Sung Interventions for scaling up upcycling International Conference on Resource Sustainability (icRS 2021)
  • 26. What’s next  Country-specific data analysis: Australia, Germany, UK, Canada, USA  Bigger sample (e.g. over 5,000)  Random selection of the representative population  West vs. East; West and East  Contextualised vs. data aggregation  Other theories and models (and factors)  Social psychology vs. social practice theory (behaviour vs. practice)  Why vs. how / what  Waste streams and upcycling outcomes  Proper study for the links between upcycling, PA, and product longevity  Other behaviour change frameworks  Measuring the impact of varied interventions  Implementing interventions locally and nationally – prototyping and piloting  … Design research for upcycling, circular economy and net zero Dr Kyungeun Sung
  • 29. Upcycling in businesses Challenges and opportunities for scaling up upcycling businesses: textile and wood upcycling businesses in the UK Design research for upcycling, circular economy and net zero Dr Kyungeun Sung
  • 30. Upcycling in businesses Challenges and opportunities for scaling up upcycling businesses: textile and wood upcycling businesses in the UK Design research for upcycling, circular economy and net zero Dr Kyungeun Sung
  • 31. Upcycling in businesses Sustainable Production and Consumption by Upcycling Dr Kyungeun Sung Challenges and opportunities for scaling up upcycling businesses: textile and wood upcycling businesses in the UK
  • 32. Upcycling in businesses Sustainable Production and Consumption by Upcycling Dr Kyungeun Sung Challenges and opportunities for scaling up upcycling businesses: textile and wood upcycling businesses in the UK
  • 33. Upcycling in businesses Sustainable Production and Consumption by Upcycling Dr Kyungeun Sung Challenges and opportunities for scaling up upcycling businesses: textile and wood upcycling businesses in the UK
  • 34. Design research for upcycling, circular economy and net zero Dr Kyungeun Sung Upcycling in businesses (UK vs. world)
  • 35. Upcycling in businesses (UK vs. world)
  • 37. What’s next  Addressing top 2-3 key global challenges and opportunities with action research (e.g. prototyping, piloting, monitoring)  Improving material provision – supply chain improvement  Waste management with AI  Awareness raising activities  Longitudinal study on regular training, community events, traditional media, new media, etc.  Production innovation – scalable ideas, concepts, technologies, etc.  Best practice – business models, products, supply chain management, etc.  … Design research for upcycling, circular economy and net zero Dr Kyungeun Sung
  • 38. Upcycling design and education Innovative design solutions for scaling up upcycling SMEs  Products; services; PSS; policies; regulations Design research for upcycling, circular economy and net zero Dr Kyungeun Sung
  • 39. Upcycling design and making internships Frontrunner Internship 2021-2022 Design research for upcycling, circular economy and net zero Dr Kyungeun Sung
  • 40. Upcycling design and making internships Frontrunner Internship 2021-2022 Design research for upcycling, circular economy and net zero Dr Kyungeun Sung
  • 41. Upcycling design and making internships Frontrunner Internship 2022-2023 Design research for upcycling, circular economy and net zero Dr Kyungeun Sung
  • 42. NPD for upcycling and the circular economy Radical innovations for electronics with multiple components and mixed materials so that they can be upcycled and comply with CE principles Design research for upcycling, circular economy and net zero Dr Kyungeun Sung
  • 43. NPD for upcycling and the circular economy Design research for upcycling, circular economy and net zero Dr Kyungeun Sung
  • 44. NPD for upcycling and the circular economy Design research for upcycling, circular economy and net zero Dr Kyungeun Sung
  • 45. NPD for upcycling and the circular economy Design research for upcycling, circular economy and net zero Dr Kyungeun Sung
  • 46. NPD for upcycling and the circular economy Design research for upcycling, circular economy and net zero Dr Kyungeun Sung
  • 47. How to understand and teach upcycling in the context of the circular economy Design research for upcycling, circular economy and net zero Dr Kyungeun Sung
  • 48. How to understand and teach upcycling in the context of the circular economy Design research for upcycling, circular economy and net zero Dr Kyungeun Sung
  • 49. What’s next  Replicating the NPD4CE project to different product categories  Scaling up the NPD4CE project to a regional or national level involving multiple sectors  Involving industry partners – design with stakeholders  RF + RAs (existing UG/PGT) per product/sector  Competitions and collaborations between different universities in the UK and beyond  Continuous Delphi to finalise the teaching and learning materials for understanding and teaching upcycling in the context of the CE  Open source digital resources (e.g. document, video)  … Design research for upcycling, circular economy and net zero Dr Kyungeun Sung
  • 50. Net zero design Design research for upcycling, circular economy and net zero Dr Kyungeun Sung
  • 51. Net zero design Design research for upcycling, circular economy and net zero Dr Kyungeun Sung Literature review Consumer online questionnaire Knowledge gap for primary research Idea generation and concept development APPROACH OUTCOME Expert interviews User testing Physical testing Concept refinement Facts and opinions from consumers, academic expert and industry expert Initial ideas, selected idea, developed concept with visualisation and technical details Test outcomes Final design proposal
  • 52. Net zero design Design research for upcycling, circular economy and net zero Dr Kyungeun Sung
  • 53. Net zero design Design research for upcycling, circular economy and net zero Dr Kyungeun Sung
  • 54. Net zero design Design research for upcycling, circular economy and net zero Dr Kyungeun Sung
  • 55. Net zero design Design research for upcycling, circular economy and net zero Dr Kyungeun Sung
  • 56. Net zero design Design research for upcycling, circular economy and net zero Dr Kyungeun Sung
  • 57. Net zero design Design research for upcycling, circular economy and net zero Dr Kyungeun Sung
  • 58. Net zero design Design research for upcycling, circular economy and net zero Dr Kyungeun Sung
  • 59. Net zero design Design research for upcycling, circular economy and net zero Dr Kyungeun Sung
  • 60. Net zero design Design research for upcycling, circular economy and net zero Dr Kyungeun Sung
  • 61. Net zero design Design research for upcycling, circular economy and net zero Dr Kyungeun Sung
  • 62. Net zero design Design research for upcycling, circular economy and net zero Dr Kyungeun Sung
  • 64. International Upcycling Symposium 2020 Design research for upcycling, circular economy and net zero Dr Kyungeun Sung
  • 65. Special Issue of Sustainability 2021 Design research for upcycling, circular economy and net zero Dr Kyungeun Sung
  • 66. Net Zero Conference 2022 https://netzero2022.our.dmu.ac.uk/conference/ Sung, K., Isherwood, P. and Moalosi, R. (forthcoming, 2023) Research Journeys to Net Zero: Current and Future Research Leaders. Routledge Research and Teaching in Environmental Studies collection. London: Routledge. Design research for upcycling, circular economy and net zero Dr Kyungeun Sung
  • 67. International Upcycling Research Network  https://iurn.our.dmu.ac.uk/about-iurn/  https://gtr.ukri.org/projects?ref=AH%2FW007134%2F1  UKRI AHRC Research Networking grant (AH/W007134/1): £42,787  Project start: 01/06/2022  Project duration: 24 months  Background: Moving from a niche to a mainstream practice could realise the full potential of upcycling. Despite recent increase in publications, initiatives and businesses in upcycling, research is still embryonic. Development of upcycling theory and practices across industries, disciplines and countries is required for growth.  Purpose: the world’s first long-term platform to facilitate such cross-industry, multidisciplinary and international research Design research for upcycling, circular economy and net zero Dr Kyungeun Sung
  • 68. International Upcycling Research Network Upcycling station: a drop-in event as part of the LCB Depot Takeover of the British Science Festival 2022 Design research for upcycling, circular economy and net zero Dr Kyungeun Sung
  • 69. International Upcycling Research Network Upcycling seminars: Africa (Sep); Asia (Oct); the Americas (Nov); Australia and Europe (Jan)
  • 70. International Upcycling Festival 2024  Aim: showcase the network activities and outcomes, expand the network, and engage businesses and consumers for direct impact  Full paper submission by 31 July 2023  Call for other contributions open in October 2023  Day 1 on Thursday 11th April 2024 (9am-5pm) at DMU: academic presentations and discussions  Day 2 on Friday 12th April 2024 (12pm-9pm) at LCB Depot: engaging businesses and consumers for awareness raising, knowledge transfer, new data collection and networking through a public lecture series, stakeholder workshops, family-friendly activities  Installations: Poster presentations, film screening, mini exhibitions, etc.  Gala dinner: informal networking between advisory board and network members Design research for upcycling, circular economy and net zero Dr Kyungeun Sung
  • 71. Design research for upcycling, circular economy and net zero Dr Kyungeun Sung International Upcycling Festival 2024 https://upcyclingfestival2024.our.dmu.ac.uk/call-for-papers/
  • 72. Thank you  Dr Kyungeun Sung Senior Lecturer in Product Design Programme Leader for MA/MSc Product Design Faculty Deputy Head of Research Ethics De Montfort University Gateway House, Leicester, UK Email: Kyungeun.sung@dmu.ac.uk Phone: +44 (0)116 207 8498 Website: https://www.kyungeunsung.com/home Design research for upcycling, circular economy and net zero Dr Kyungeun Sung