A Fair Society in Northern Ireland

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Slides used at first meeting of the Campaign for a Fair Society in Northern Ireland.

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  • A Fair Society in Northern Ireland

    1. 1. A Fair Society in Northern IrelandDr Simon Duffy ■ The Centre for Welfare Reform ■ Belfast ■26th June 2012
    2. 2. Current events areunprecedented
    3. 3. Never in living memoryhave we seen...
    4. 4. • Such deep cuts in public expenditure• Targeted reductions in income for disabled people and the poorest• Targeted cuts to services for disabled and older people• Explicit rhetoric blaming the poor and disabled people for poverty
    5. 5. So much has happened,so quickly.It is hard to take it all in.
    6. 6. What are the facts?
    7. 7. 1. cuts targetdisabled people & poor
    8. 8. Not everything is being cut[Source: HM Treasury, 2010 October Spending Review]
    9. 9. Biggest increase is in central spending[Source: HM Treasury, 2010 October Spending Review]
    10. 10. Biggest cuts: benefits & social care[Source: HM Treasury, 2010 October Spending Review]
    11. 11. • English local government - cut by £11.3 billion• Benefits (excluding pensions) - cut by £18 billion [Source: Manifesto for a Fair Society]
    12. 12. • 58% of all cuts target disabled people and people in poverty• 36% of all cuts target disabled people• 24% of all cuts target the 1.9% of the population who need social care - those with the most severe impairments [Source: Manifesto for a Fair Society]
    13. 13. 2. The poor pay the most tax
    14. 14. [Source: Office of National Statistics]
    15. 15. The poorest 10% offamilies pay 47% of theirincome in tax.They also face marginalrates of tax that canexceed 100%.
    16. 16. 3. The poor are very poor
    17. 17. The poorest 10% of familieslive on £9.70 per day.That is £3740 per year -before tax.
    18. 18. 4. The U.K. is alreadya very unequal society
    19. 19. Trust - percent of people who respond positively tothe statement “most people can be trusted”Life expectancy - life expectancy at birth for men andwomenInfant mortality - deaths in the first year of life per1,000 live birthsObesity - percentage of the population with BMI > 30,averaged for men and womenMental health - prevalence of mental illnessEducation - combined average of maths literacy andreading literacy scores of 15-year oldsTeenage birth rate - births per 1,000 women aged15-19 yearsHomicides - homicide rate per 100,000Imprisonment - log of prisoners per 100,000Social mobility - correlation between father and son’sincome
    20. 20. Third most unequaldeveloped countryAfter the USA and PortugalGrowth in inequality isgreater than USA
    21. 21. 5. Spending to reducepoverty is very modest
    22. 22. After tax the poorest 40%of families receive a totalincreased in income of£25 billion.This is less than 2.5% ofGDP
    23. 23. 6. The poor commit the least fraud
    24. 24. [Sources: Various - see Manifesto for a Fair Society]
    25. 25. Tax Fraud is 15 timesgreater than Benefit FraudTax Avoidance is 70 timesgreater than Benefit Fraud
    26. 26. What will this mean?
    27. 27. • End of Disability Living Allowance• Cuts in Housing Benefit• Reductions in Access to Work• Reduced eligibility for ESA• Increasingly intrusive testing - ATOS• Increased poverty traps - e.g. saving caps• Benefits reindexed to increase poverty• End of ILF• Increased eligibility for social care• Increasing bureaucracy in social care• Reducing budget levels in social care• Return to institutions and care homes• Increasing social care charges• Increased taxes on the poor - e.g. VAT• and many other measures
    28. 28. • People with less severe, but still significant, disabilities• People with mental health problems• Women suffering domestic violence• People not in work• Refugees and asylum seekers
    29. 29. Why is this happening?
    30. 30. • Prejudice against and fear of disabled people• Political weakness of disabled people - fragmented into many groups• Complexity of social care and benefit systems• Confusion about the welfare system and our shared rights• Corruption of political systems that must pander to key electoral groups
    31. 31. And all this has happeneddespite
    32. 32. • DDA and Equalities legislation• UN Convention on Rights of Disabled People and Human Rights• Office of Disability Issues at the heart of government• Disabled people in the Commons and Lords• Personalisation and Direct Payments
    33. 33. Despite the fact that thegovernment declared itscommitment to fairness
    34. 34. •Unfair - target those who are most disadvantaged•Unfair - make an unequal society even more unequal•Unfair - target the very groups that didn’t benefit from the economic bubble
    35. 35. An economic crisis caused by the burstingof a bubble created by...• Bankers who benefited from bonuses• Home owners who benefited from unsustainable house price increases• Investors who benefited from unsustainable profits in finance industry• Politicians who benefited from the illusion of a booming economyWho did not benefit from the bubble? - thepoor and disabled people
    36. 36. Not just cuts - but targeted cuts Protected Cut Pensions Disability benefits Healthcare Social Care Education Social Housing £350 billion out of £500 £40 billionUniversal, mainstream, for Special, marginal, ‘the ‘ordinary people like us’ poor & unfortunate’ Delivered by nationalised Delivered by complexsystems with high visibility systems with low visibility
    37. 37. Political pandering
    38. 38. Time to think
    39. 39. What can we do?
    40. 40. Protect people’sindividual rights
    41. 41. www.know-your-rights.org.uk
    42. 42. Innovate, findbetter and smartersolutions
    43. 43. www.centreforwelfarereform.org
    44. 44. Get organised,get stronger
    45. 45. DH DWP ODI DCLG SCIE CQCDisability Rights UK Carers UK ASL ECCA NAAPS NCVO Carers ARC NCBACEVO Trust Mind HousingAge UK Mencap Scope Options Community Groups People First ULOs
    46. 46. How do we build thestrongest possiblealliance?
    47. 47. What is our visionfor the future
    48. 48. Everyone is equal, no matter their age, differences or disabilities.A fair society sees each of its members as a full citizen - a unique person with a life of their own.A fair society is organised to support everyone to live a full life, with meaning and respect.
    49. 49. 1.Family - we give families the support they need to look after each other.2.Citizenship - we are all of equal value and all have unique and positive contributions to make.3.Community - we root support and services in local communities.4.Connection - we all get chances to make friends and build relationships.5.Capacity - we help each other to be the best that we can be.6.Equality - we all share the same basic rights and entitlements.7.Control - we have the help we need to be in control of our own life and support.
    50. 50. 1.Human rights - not services2.Clear entitlements - not confusion3.Early support - not crisis4.Equal access - not institutional care5.Choice and control - not dependence6.Fair incomes - not insecurity7.Fair taxes - not targeted8.Financial reform - sustainable
    51. 51. 1. Human rights• UN Convention on Rights of Disabled People as law in all parts of the UK• Rights that can be backed by the courts, includes• ...equal right with other citizens to choose their place of residence and where and with whom they live.• ...services including personal assistance necessary to support living as part of the wider community.
    52. 52. Human rights - not services
    53. 53. 2. Objective entitlement• Cost of health and social care is >£130 billion• Private social care is £3.5 billion (2.7%)• LA charging and top-ups is £2.3 billion (1.8%)• Health & social care divide makes no sense in an era of personalisation• Courts use ‘natural justice’
    54. 54. Clear entitlements - not confusion
    55. 55. 3. Early support• Family support is counted against you• Families are encouraged to break down• Families are disrespected• Crisis support is expensive and institutional
    56. 56. Early support - not crisis
    57. 57. 4. Right to control• People make the best decisions• Current restrictions are burdensome and confusing• Individual or personal budgets are being corrupted• Why is an entitlement ‘public money’?
    58. 58. Equal access - not institutional care
    59. 59. 5. Against segregation• People need access to all the ordinary opportunities available to citizens...• housing• education• work• leisure
    60. 60. Choice and control - not dependence
    61. 61. 6. Income security• The poorest 10% of households have an income of £6,500• Of which 47% is paid in taxes - highest rate of any decile• The poor often face marginal tax rates of 100%• Only sensible solution is universal minimum income and fair taxes
    62. 62. Fair incomes - not insecurity
    63. 63. 7. Against charging• Charging is special tax that is levied only on disabled people• It punishes people on very low incomes and benefits• It encourages people to be poor• It is expensive to organise• It raises very little money
    64. 64. Fair taxes - not targeted
    65. 65. Financial reform - sustainable
    66. 66. For more information go towww.centreforwelfarereform.orgwww.campaignforafairsociety.org please join These slides are © Simon Duffy 2012 ■ Publisher is The Centre for Welfare Reform ■ Slides can be distributed subject to conditions set out at www.centreforwelfarereform.org ■
    67. 67. 137 differentways...to give people notvery much...•linked or not•means-tested or not•tax credits or benefits•disability related or not•employment- seeking or not

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