• Such deep cuts in public expenditure• Targeted reductions in income for disabled people and the poorest• Targeted cuts to services for disabled and older people• Explicit rhetoric blaming the poor and disabled people for poverty
So much has happened,so quickly.It is hard to take it all in.
Not everything is being cut[Source: HM Treasury, 2010 October Spending Review]
Biggest increase is in central spending[Source: HM Treasury, 2010 October Spending Review]
Biggest cuts: benefits & social care[Source: HM Treasury, 2010 October Spending Review]
• English local government - cut by £11.3 billion• Benefits (excluding pensions) - cut by £18 billion [Source: Manifesto for a Fair Society]
• 58% of all cuts target disabled people and people in poverty• 36% of all cuts target disabled people• 24% of all cuts target the 1.9% of the population who need social care - those with the most severe impairments [Source: Manifesto for a Fair Society]
Trust - percent of people who respond positively tothe statement “most people can be trusted”Life expectancy - life expectancy at birth for men andwomenInfant mortality - deaths in the first year of life per1,000 live birthsObesity - percentage of the population with BMI > 30,averaged for men and womenMental health - prevalence of mental illnessEducation - combined average of maths literacy andreading literacy scores of 15-year oldsTeenage birth rate - births per 1,000 women aged15-19 yearsHomicides - homicide rate per 100,000Imprisonment - log of prisoners per 100,000Social mobility - correlation between father and son’sincome
Third most unequaldeveloped countryAfter the USA and PortugalGrowth in inequality isgreater than USA
• End of Disability Living Allowance• Cuts in Housing Benefit• Reductions in Access to Work• Reduced eligibility for ESA• Increasingly intrusive testing - ATOS• Increased poverty traps - e.g. saving caps• Benefits reindexed to increase poverty• End of ILF• Increased eligibility for social care• Increasing bureaucracy in social care• Reducing budget levels in social care• Return to institutions and care homes• Increasing social care charges• Increased taxes on the poor - e.g. VAT• and many other measures
• People with less severe, but still significant, disabilities• People with mental health problems• Women suffering domestic violence• People not in work• Refugees and asylum seekers
• Prejudice against and fear of disabled people• Political weakness of disabled people - fragmented into many groups• Complexity of social care and benefit systems• Confusion about the welfare system and our shared rights• Corruption of political systems that must pander to key electoral groups
• DDA and Equalities legislation• UN Convention on Rights of Disabled People and Human Rights• Office of Disability Issues at the heart of government• Disabled people in the Commons and Lords• Personalisation and Direct Payments
Despite the fact that thegovernment declared itscommitment to fairness
•Unfair - target those who are most disadvantaged•Unfair - make an unequal society even more unequal•Unfair - target the very groups that didn’t benefit from the economic bubble
An economic crisis caused by the burstingof a bubble created by...• Bankers who benefited from bonuses• Home owners who benefited from unsustainable house price increases• Investors who benefited from unsustainable profits in finance industry• Politicians who benefited from the illusion of a booming economyWho did not benefit from the bubble? - thepoor and disabled people
Not just cuts - but targeted cuts Protected Cut Pensions Disability benefits Healthcare Social Care Education Social Housing £350 billion out of £500 £40 billionUniversal, mainstream, for Special, marginal, ‘the ‘ordinary people like us’ poor & unfortunate’ Delivered by nationalised Delivered by complexsystems with high visibility systems with low visibility
Everyone is equal, no matter their age, diﬀerences or disabilities.A fair society sees each of its members as a full citizen - a unique person with a life of their own.A fair society is organised to support everyone to live a full life, with meaning and respect.
1.Family - we give families the support they need to look after each other.2.Citizenship - we are all of equal value and all have unique and positive contributions to make.3.Community - we root support and services in local communities.4.Connection - we all get chances to make friends and build relationships.5.Capacity - we help each other to be the best that we can be.6.Equality - we all share the same basic rights and entitlements.7.Control - we have the help we need to be in control of our own life and support.
1.Human rights - not services2.Clear entitlements - not confusion3.Early support - not crisis4.Equal access - not institutional care5.Choice and control - not dependence6.Fair incomes - not insecurity7.Fair taxes - not targeted8.Financial reform - sustainable
1. Human rights• UN Convention on Rights of Disabled People as law in all parts of the UK• Rights that can be backed by the courts, includes• ...equal right with other citizens to choose their place of residence and where and with whom they live.• ...services including personal assistance necessary to support living as part of the wider community.
2. Objective entitlement• Cost of health and social care is >£130 billion• Private social care is £3.5 billion (2.7%)• LA charging and top-ups is £2.3 billion (1.8%)• Health & social care divide makes no sense in an era of personalisation• Courts use ‘natural justice’
6. Income security• The poorest 10% of households have an income of £6,500• Of which 47% is paid in taxes - highest rate of any decile• The poor often face marginal tax rates of 100%• Only sensible solution is universal minimum income and fair taxes
7. Against charging• Charging is special tax that is levied only on disabled people• It punishes people on very low incomes and benefits• It encourages people to be poor• It is expensive to organise• It raises very little money