5 20 pruning


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5 20 pruning

  1. 1. Pruning Tree: Crape Myrtle Term: Pruning
  2. 2. Pruning <ul><li>The removal of living plant tissue to stimulate growth, remove dead tissue, or reshape a shrub or tree. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Tutorial <ul><li>Go to this website </li></ul><ul><li>Go thru the tutorial </li></ul>
  4. 4. 5 Harmful Cuts <ul><li>Topping </li></ul><ul><li>Tipping </li></ul><ul><li>Bark ripping </li></ul><ul><li>Flesh Cutting </li></ul><ul><li>Stub setting </li></ul>
  5. 5. Pruning <ul><li>Removes Apical Dominance </li></ul><ul><li>Makes plants bushier </li></ul>
  6. 6. Types of pruning cuts <ul><li>Heading: </li></ul><ul><li>Cut end of stem off </li></ul><ul><li>Thinning: </li></ul><ul><li>Remove back to trunk or large stem </li></ul>
  7. 7. Heading cuts <ul><li>Cut just above a bud </li></ul><ul><li>Get new growth at the tips </li></ul><ul><li>Crape Myrtles </li></ul>
  8. 8. Other techniques <ul><li>Pollarding </li></ul><ul><li>Topping </li></ul>
  9. 9. Espalier <ul><li>Pruning trees to make them 2 dimensional </li></ul>
  10. 10. Thinning cuts <ul><li>Cut whole branches to the stem or trunk </li></ul><ul><li>Get more vigorous growth on the remaining branches </li></ul><ul><li>Important on fruit trees </li></ul>
  11. 11. Spacing
  12. 12. What to remove? This will be on the quiz!
  13. 13. Heading Cut: Where to cut
  14. 14. Thinning Cut: Where to cut?
  15. 15. How to cut large branches
  16. 16. Tools <ul><li>A good pair of pruning shears is probably one of the most important tools. Cuts up to 3/4 inches in diameter may be made with them </li></ul>
  17. 17. Tools <ul><li>Lopping shears are similar to pruning shears, but their long handles provide greater leverage needed to cut branches up to 11/2 inches in diameter </li></ul>
  18. 18. Hedge Shears <ul><li>Hedge shears are meant only for pruning hedges, nothing else. They usually cut succulent or small stems best. Cut multiple small stems with each stroke. </li></ul>
  19. 19. Hand Saws <ul><li>Hand saws are very important for cutting branches over 1 inch in diameter. Many types of hand saws are available. Special tri-cut or razor tooth pruning saws cut through larger branches — up to 4 inches in diameter — with ease </li></ul>
  20. 20. Pole Saws <ul><li>Pole saws allow for extended reach with a long handle, but they must be used carefully as it’s difficult to achieve clean cuts with them </li></ul>
  21. 21. When to prune <ul><li>Spring flowering shrubs & trees – right after blooming </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Flower on last years growth </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Summer flowering shrubs & trees – in dormant season </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Decrease opportunity for disease </li></ul></ul><ul><li>When in doubt prune when dormant </li></ul>
  22. 22. What to remove? This will be on the quiz!
  23. 23. Draw where to prune Put in your notebook
  24. 24. <ul><li>Summer Flowers </li></ul><ul><li>Multiple Branches </li></ul><ul><li>Full Sun </li></ul>Crape Myrtle
  25. 25. Bradford Pear <ul><li>Full Sun </li></ul><ul><li>Spring Flowers </li></ul><ul><li>Pyramidal shape </li></ul>
  26. 26. Dogwood <ul><li>Sun or Shade </li></ul><ul><li>Spring Flowers </li></ul><ul><li>Pink or white </li></ul>
  27. 27. Redbud Tree <ul><li>Spring Flowering </li></ul><ul><li>Sun or shade </li></ul>
  28. 28. Azalea <ul><li>Spring Flowering </li></ul><ul><li>Shrub </li></ul><ul><li>Part shade </li></ul>
  29. 29. Hydrangea <ul><li>Spring Flowering </li></ul><ul><li>Shrub </li></ul><ul><li>Part shade </li></ul>
  30. 30. Knock-out Rose <ul><li>Summer flowers </li></ul><ul><li>Shrub </li></ul><ul><li>Full Sun </li></ul>
  31. 31. Forsythia <ul><li>Spring Flowering </li></ul><ul><li>Shrub </li></ul><ul><li>Full sun </li></ul>
  32. 32. Winged Euonymus <ul><li>Fall Foliage </li></ul><ul><li>Shrub </li></ul><ul><li>Full sun </li></ul>
  33. 33. Periwinkle <ul><li>Spring-summer flowers </li></ul><ul><li>Ground cover </li></ul><ul><li>Shade – part shade </li></ul>
  34. 34. Ajuga <ul><li>Spring Flowers </li></ul><ul><li>Ground Cover </li></ul><ul><li>Part – full shade </li></ul>
  35. 35. Winter Creeper <ul><li>No flowers </li></ul><ul><li>Ground cover </li></ul><ul><li>Full sun to full shade </li></ul>
  36. 36. Pachysandra <ul><li>Ground cover </li></ul><ul><li>Full shade </li></ul>
  37. 37. Hosta <ul><li>Summer flowers </li></ul><ul><li>Part shade </li></ul>
  38. 38. Coral Bells - Heuchera
  39. 39. Sedum
  40. 40. Fountain Grass
  41. 41. Geranium <ul><li>Summer flowers </li></ul><ul><li>Sun </li></ul>
  42. 42. Marigold <ul><li>Summer flowers </li></ul><ul><li>Sun </li></ul>
  43. 43. Impatiens <ul><li>Summer flowers </li></ul><ul><li>Shade </li></ul>
  44. 44. Begonia <ul><li>Summer flowers </li></ul>
  45. 45. Pansy <ul><li>Spring or Fall </li></ul><ul><li>Sun or part shade </li></ul>