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Laurie Baker

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Laurie Baker and His Works

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Laurie Baker

  1. 1. LAURIE BAKER PRESENTED BY: SHARON SHAJI
  2. 2.  His approach and simple principles to low cost housing are Gandhian, which can be adopted by every builder. The following are the mainstay of design and construction of his houses.  Planning of space– lesser walls, multiple uses of space, short spans of roof, agglomeration of building services, flexibility in growth.  Local building material– bricks, tiles, lime, surkhi, timber, thatch, stone, palm, mud.  Bricks and jalis – play of light and shade, unidirectional vision.  Unplastered walls.  Lintels and arches.  Attention to details.
  3. 3.  Baker’s works include, private residences, some institutional buildings, like ‘center for development studies’, Kerala. He is very active in the works of all the building centers working in Kerala as well as in the other parts of country. Rather it was his initial effort to promote the low cost housing in India, where housing is a big problem.  His techniques not only use cheaper materials but also eliminate unnecessary details from the design. Concrete is sparingly used. Mangalore tiles are used for the roof which makes it light and inexpensive.
  4. 4. •Masonry Dome Advantages •Energy saving eco-friendly compressive roof. •Decorative & Highly Economical for larges spans. •Maintenance free Funnicular shell Advantages •Energy saving eco-friendly compressive roof. •Decorative & Economical •Maintenance free
  5. 5. Jack Arch Advantages Energy saving & Eco-Friendly compressive roofing. Decorative & Highly Economical Maintenance free
  6. 6. BAKER’S HOUSE, “THE HAMLET”  Baker’s own residence is called ‘The Hamlet’. It has been built in Thiruvananthapuram, built on a steeply sloping and rocky hillside that hardly had any vegetation when Baker started constructing.  Baker has truly adopted his motto to “make low-cost a habit and a way of life” by reusing everything, from brick to glass bottles, as building materials. • Key features of his house are: All the walls are made of mud bricks. Timber salvaged from an old boat jetty.
  7. 7.  One of the other signature elements of his design includes the use of circular walls, which use far less brick than rectangular walls.  In addition, when he does use concrete for a roof, he embeds chipped or broken terra cotta roofing tiles into the mixture.  These tiles, which normally would be thrown away, contribute to the strength of the roof, allow less of the expensive concrete to be used, and reduce the structural load of the building.  He used broken tiles for the outer paved area of his garden.
  8. 8.  He made an extensive use of timber in his house, like in the living room of house, the detailing in wood and mud bricks are wonderful.  The living room, An integration of new building and salvaged timber from traditional buildings that were being demolished.  Baker's innovative use of discarded bottles, inset in the walls giving a very good effect of light and creating an illusion of stained glass.
  9. 9. PLAN AND ELEVATION FIRST FLOOR GROUND FLOOR
  10. 10. STEPS LEADING UP TO FRONT DOOR
  11. 11. A VIEW FROM THE OPPOSITE SIDE
  12. 12. STEPS DIRECTLY CUT IN ROCK
  13. 13. ENTRANCE HAS SMALL SITTING AREA FOR GUESTS
  14. 14. THE WALL IS DECORATED FROM BROKEN POTTERY, PENS, GLASS
  15. 15. A CALLING BELL FOR VISITORS TO ANNOUNCE THEIR PRESENCE
  16. 16. A MORNING AT HEMLET
  17. 17. INTERIOR
  18. 18. USE OF NATURAL LIGHT
  19. 19. USE OF NATURAL LIGHT
  20. 20. INNER COURTYARD …CLOSE TO NATURE
  21. 21. NEVER CUT TREES INSTEAD ADAPTED HIS DESIGN ACCORDINGLY
  22. 22. ARCHES LED INTO A BEAUTIFUL OPEN ROOM
  23. 23. COURTYARD HAS MANY GARDENS AND PONDS Pitched roof made of manglore tiles
  24. 24. BAKER’S FONDNESS OF ARCHES
  25. 25. SIMPLE YET BEAUTIFUL WINDOWS
  26. 26. GABLES FOR PROPER AIR CIRCULATION AND VENTILATION
  27. 27. GRILL MADE OF BITS AND PIECES
  28. 28. CONICAL STRUCTURE USED…
  29. 29. COST EFFECTIVE BAKER’S WINDOW Louvered window typical of baker’s type
  30. 30. STAINED GLASS EFFECT
  31. 31. WATER TANK FOR STORING RAIN HARVESTED WATER
  32. 32. THANK YOU

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