2. ABOUT VERNACULAR ARCHITECTURE.
3. ARCHITECTURAL ELEMENTS.
5. ENVIORNMENT AND MATERIALS.
6. INFLUENCE IN ARCHITECTURE.
8. WHY THEY ARE VERNACULAR?
9. REGIONAL VARIATIONS.
10. INDIAN VERNACULAR
•Vernacular architecture is a
category of architecture, based
on localized needs and
construction material, and
reflecting local traditions.
All forms of
are built to meet
values, economies and
ways of life of the
TYPICAL HUTS ,JAISALMER
tends to evolve over
time to reflect the
and historical context
in which it exists.
architecture is the
simplest form for
HOUSE IN SIKKIM,INDIA
•simpler than what the technology of
the time is capable of maintaining
•characterized by inexpensive materials
and straightforwardly utilitarian design
•makes use of common regional forms
and materials at a particular place and
Random rubble, and mud construction,Talur Bellary
ARBIL HAWREL, KUDRISTAN
•tends to be commonplace and
to reflect the everyday life and
experience of people within a
culture or region.
•often called "ordinary" or
"traditional" built environment
•One of the most significant influences on
vernacular architecture is the macro climate
of the area in which the building is
•Climatic influences on vernacular
architecture are substantial and can be
•The man-made elements interact with the
natural microclimate to determine the factors
affecting comfort in the built environment:
light, heat, wind, and humidity.
All forms of vernacular
architecture are built to meet
accommodating the values,
economies and ways of life
of the cultures that produce
provides shelter and
comfort with the
evolution of craft passed
ISLE OF LEWIS,ENGLAND
HUTS IN MADAGASCAR
•The type of structure
and materials used for
a dwelling vary
depending on how
permanent it is.
ILFUGAO HOUSE, PHILIPINE
•Permanent dwellings often
offer a greater degree of
protection and shelter from
•Over time, dwellings'
architecture may come to
reflect a very specific
HUT - KENYA,AFRICA
TYPICAL SOUTH INDIAN TEMPLE,TAMIL
•To this must be added the
building materials, surface
TEMPLE IN NEPAL
textures and colors of exposed surfaces of the
buildings, and the design of open spaces, such as
streets, courtyards, gardens, and squares.
materials it can
many aspect of
•Areas rich in trees will
develop a wooden
vernacular, while areas
without much wood may
use mud or
LOG HUT, VALLEY FORGE
Vernacular, almost by
sustainable, and will
not exhaust the local
TYPICAL THATCHED ROOF,
STONED WALL SHED
INNEDRAL TOWER, OMSDAL,
•From igloos to bamboo houses,
from stone cottages with
thatched roofs to terraced, white
concrete roof decks, people
create shelter and comfort in
unique structures in response to
their location on the globe.
vernacular architecture as
related to their
and available resources,
Influences on the vernacular
•Vernacular architecture is
influenced by a great range of
different aspects of human
behavior and environment,
leading to differing building
forms for almost every different
context; even neighboring
villages may have subtly
different approaches to the
construction and use of their
dwellings, even if they at
first appear the same
•The way of life
the way they use
their shelters, is
of great influence
VILLAGE HUT, SCOTLAND
•The size of family units, who shares which spaces,
how food is prepared and eaten, how people
interact and many other cultural considerations will
affect the layout and size of dwellings.
•Building material depends on location.
•In hilly areas rocky rubble,ashlar,mud mortar to
•Houses on hills usually have two stories, with the
livestock living on the ground floor.
•The roof is pitched to deal with the monsoon
season and the house may sit on raised plinths or
bamboo poles to cope with floods.
On flat lands, the houses are generally made of
mud or sun-baked bricks and then plastered inside
•Bamboo is used for the construction of all parts of
the home as it is flexible and resilient
Indian vernacular architecture
•Indian vernacular architecture is the informal,
functional architecture of structures, often in rural areas
of India, built of local materials and designed to meet
the needs of the local people
•Indian vernacular architecture has evolved organically
over time through the skillful craftsmanship of the local
•A kachcha is a building made of natural materials
such as mud, grass, bamboo, thatch or sticks and is
therefore a short-lived structure.
•The advantage of a kachcha is that construction
materials are cheap and easily available and
relatively little labor is required.
•A pakka is a structure made from materials
resistant to wear, such as forms of stone or brick,
clay tiles, metal or other durable materials,
such structures are expensive to construct as the
materials are costly and more labor is required.
•A combination of
the kachcha and pukka style, the semi-
pukka, has evolved as villagers have
acquired the resources to add elements
constructed of the durable materials
characteristic of a pukka.
HOUSE IN JAPAN
ORIGINAL TRULLO HOUSE,ITALY
NDEBELE HOUSE,SOUTHERN AFRICA
•Tends to evolve over time to reflect the
Environmental, Cultural and Historical context in
which it exists.
•Provides desired comfort.
•Being energy efficient.
•Withstand the climate.
•Transported by local traditions.