This talk was given during Lucene Revolution 2017. They say optimize is bad for you, they say you shouldn't do it, they say it will invalidate operating system caches and make your system suffer. This is all true, but is it true in all cases? In this presentation we will look closer on what optimize or better called force merge does to your Solr search engine. You will learn what segments are, how they are built and how they are used by Lucene and Solr for searching. We will discuss real-life performance implications regarding Solr collections that have many segments on a single node and compare that to the Solr where the number of segments is moderate and low. We will see what we can do to tune the merging process to trade off indexing performance for better query performance and what pitfalls are there waiting for us. Finally, at the end of the talk we will discuss possibilities of running force merge to avoid system disruption and still benefit from query performance boost that single segment index provides.