Chapters 12 and 13 Crime and Law – Nilsen
<ul><li>Arrests are when police take someone into custody. </li></ul>
<ul><li>Arrests require probable cause – a reasonable belief that a person has committed a crime. </li></ul>
<ul><li>Individuals can be stopped by police based on reasonable suspicion. </li></ul>
<ul><li>Police need a warrant based on probable cause for a search. </li></ul>
<ul><li>Evidence from illegal searches is excluded from evidence. </li></ul>
<ul><li>There are a large number of exceptions to the probable cause requirement. </li></ul>
<ul><li>Search incident to arrest </li></ul>
<ul><li>Stop and frisk </li></ul>
<ul><li>Consent </li></ul>
<ul><li>Plain view </li></ul>
<ul><li>Hot pursuit – entry only </li></ul>
<ul><li>Vehicle searches  (with probable cause) </li></ul>
<ul><li>Emergency situations </li></ul>
<ul><li>Borders and airports </li></ul>
<ul><li>Interrogations </li></ul>
<ul><li>You have a privilege against self-incrimination.  </li></ul>
<ul><li>If you ask for a  lawyer, the interrogation  has to end. </li></ul>
<ul><li>Pretrial Timeline </li></ul>
<ul><li>Upon an arrest there is a booking. </li></ul>
<ul><li>A suspect can be released if bail is posted. </li></ul>
<ul><li>Before a charge can be filed, enough evidence has to be shown at either a preliminary hearing or a grand jury. </l...
<ul><li>Defendants enter pleas and have trial dates set. </li></ul>
<ul><li>Pretrial motions happen. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Motions for discovery </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Motions for contin...
<ul><li>At any point before the jury reaches a decision, the prosecutor and the defendant can enter into a plea bargain. <...
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Chapters 12 and 13

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Chapters 12 and 13

  1. 1. Chapters 12 and 13 Crime and Law – Nilsen
  2. 2. <ul><li>Arrests are when police take someone into custody. </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Arrests require probable cause – a reasonable belief that a person has committed a crime. </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Individuals can be stopped by police based on reasonable suspicion. </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Police need a warrant based on probable cause for a search. </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Evidence from illegal searches is excluded from evidence. </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>There are a large number of exceptions to the probable cause requirement. </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>Search incident to arrest </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>Stop and frisk </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>Consent </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>Plain view </li></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>Hot pursuit – entry only </li></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>Vehicle searches (with probable cause) </li></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><li>Emergency situations </li></ul>
  15. 15. <ul><li>Borders and airports </li></ul>
  16. 16. <ul><li>Interrogations </li></ul>
  17. 17. <ul><li>You have a privilege against self-incrimination. </li></ul>
  18. 18. <ul><li>If you ask for a lawyer, the interrogation has to end. </li></ul>
  19. 19. <ul><li>Pretrial Timeline </li></ul>
  20. 20. <ul><li>Upon an arrest there is a booking. </li></ul>
  21. 21. <ul><li>A suspect can be released if bail is posted. </li></ul>
  22. 22. <ul><li>Before a charge can be filed, enough evidence has to be shown at either a preliminary hearing or a grand jury. </li></ul>
  23. 23. <ul><li>Defendants enter pleas and have trial dates set. </li></ul>
  24. 24. <ul><li>Pretrial motions happen. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Motions for discovery </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Motions for continuance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Motions for change of venue </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Motions to suppress evidence </li></ul></ul>
  25. 25. <ul><li>At any point before the jury reaches a decision, the prosecutor and the defendant can enter into a plea bargain. </li></ul>

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