Religious Wars and the Absolutist Response Nilsen World History
French Religious Wars <ul><li>French Huguenots = Protestants </li></ul><ul><li>Eight Wars between the Catholics and the Hu...
Thirty Years’ War, Part I <ul><li>Peace of Augsburg </li></ul><ul><li>Revolt of Bohemia (1618) </li></ul><ul><li>Winter Ki...
 
 
 
 
Thirty Years’ War, Part II <ul><li>Denmark intervenes (1625) </li></ul><ul><li>Falls apart (1629) </li></ul>
Thirty Years’ War, Part III <ul><li>Gustavus Adolphus (1630) </li></ul><ul><li>Peace of Prague (1635) </li></ul>
Thirty Years’ War, Part IV <ul><li>Cardinal Richelieu (1635-1648) </li></ul><ul><li>Peace of Westphalia </li></ul>
Impacts of the Thirty Years’ War <ul><li>Czech population reduced by one third </li></ul><ul><li>German population reduced...
English Wars of Religion <ul><li>Charles I  </li></ul><ul><li>Fights with Parliament about money </li></ul><ul><li>Turns n...
English Civil War <ul><li>War eventually breaks out in 1642 between Royalists and Parliamentarians </li></ul><ul><li>Fight...
English Civil War  <ul><li>England ruled by Oliver Cromwell until his death in 1658 </li></ul>
Louis XIV <ul><li>Became king in 1643 at age of four </li></ul><ul><li>Centralized power in the monarchy </li></ul>
Absolutism <ul><li>Attacked threats to his power: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Church </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Huguenots </li><...
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Religious Wars and Absolutism

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Religious Wars and Absolutism

  1. 1. Religious Wars and the Absolutist Response Nilsen World History
  2. 2. French Religious Wars <ul><li>French Huguenots = Protestants </li></ul><ul><li>Eight Wars between the Catholics and the Huguenots from 1563 to 1598 </li></ul><ul><li>Ended with Edict of Nantes </li></ul><ul><li>Guaranteed religious freedom in France </li></ul>
  3. 3. Thirty Years’ War, Part I <ul><li>Peace of Augsburg </li></ul><ul><li>Revolt of Bohemia (1618) </li></ul><ul><li>Winter King </li></ul><ul><li>Battle of White Mountain (1620) </li></ul>
  4. 8. Thirty Years’ War, Part II <ul><li>Denmark intervenes (1625) </li></ul><ul><li>Falls apart (1629) </li></ul>
  5. 9. Thirty Years’ War, Part III <ul><li>Gustavus Adolphus (1630) </li></ul><ul><li>Peace of Prague (1635) </li></ul>
  6. 10. Thirty Years’ War, Part IV <ul><li>Cardinal Richelieu (1635-1648) </li></ul><ul><li>Peace of Westphalia </li></ul>
  7. 11. Impacts of the Thirty Years’ War <ul><li>Czech population reduced by one third </li></ul><ul><li>German population reduced by 30% </li></ul><ul><li>Areas where half to two-thirds of population died </li></ul><ul><li>One half of all German males killed </li></ul><ul><li>Swedish armies: destroyed 2000 castles, 18,000 villages and 1500 towns in Germany </li></ul>
  8. 12. English Wars of Religion <ul><li>Charles I </li></ul><ul><li>Fights with Parliament about money </li></ul><ul><li>Turns nasty </li></ul>
  9. 13. English Civil War <ul><li>War eventually breaks out in 1642 between Royalists and Parliamentarians </li></ul><ul><li>Fight three civil wars through 1651 </li></ul><ul><li>Charles is beheaded in 1649 for treason </li></ul>
  10. 14. English Civil War <ul><li>England ruled by Oliver Cromwell until his death in 1658 </li></ul>
  11. 15. Louis XIV <ul><li>Became king in 1643 at age of four </li></ul><ul><li>Centralized power in the monarchy </li></ul>
  12. 16. Absolutism <ul><li>Attacked threats to his power: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Church </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Huguenots </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Nobles </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Copied throughout Europe </li></ul>

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