Watershed Condition FrameworksA framework to assess watersheds and identify and prioritize watershed scale restorations on the Tongass National Forest
Gather existing information on Watershed Condition (scientific and local) What are our gaps? Social Factors & Local Concerns? Develop watershed assessments to identify projects that will reach our desired future condition Complete project monitoring & adaptive managementWhat are Prince of Waleswatershed needs??
Watershed condition is the state of thephysical and biological characteristics andprocesses within a watershed that affecthydrologic and soil functions effectingaquatic ecosystems. Watershed conditionreflects a range of variability from naturalpristine (functioning properly) to degraded(severely altered state or impaired).Watershed Condition
Terrestrial, riparian, aquatic ecosystems that capture, store, and release water, sediment, wood, and nutrients within their natural range of variability for these processes Create and sustain functional terrestrial, riparian, aquatic and wetland habitats that are capable of supporting diverse populations of native aquatic and riparian- dependent speciesWatersheds that arefunctioning properly have:
Watersheds that arefunctioning properly: Provide for high biotic integrity, which includes habitats that support adaptive animal and plant communities that reflect natural processes. Are resilient and recover rapidly from natural and human disturbances. Exhibit a high degree of connectivity longitudinally along the stream, laterally across the floodplain and valley bottom, and vertically between surface and subsurface flows. Provide important ecosystem services, such as high-water quality, the recharge of streams and aquifers, the maintenance of riparian communities, and the moderation of climate variability change. Maintain long-term soil productivity
National Watershed Condition Classification Landscape Assessments Watershed Analyses (Stream Surveys, Tier II, III, IV) and Proper Functioning Condition Assessments Watershed Restoration Plans Project Recommendations, Prescriptions, designs and Cost Estimates NEPA & Implementation MonitoringTypes of AssessmentsResources the FS hasgenerated on POW:
Watershed Condition Classification Class 1 watersheds exhibit high geomorphic, hydrologic, and biotic integrity relative to their natural potential condition. Class 2 watersheds exhibit moderate geomorphic, hydrologic, and biotic integrity relative to their natural potential condition. Class 3 watersheds exhibit low geomorphic, hydrologic and biotic integrity relative to their natural potential condition.
Class 1 = Functioning Properly Class 2 = Functioning at Risk Class 3 = Impaired FunctionWatershed Condition Classification
The Tongass has a number of Watersheds, that are ―at risk‖ for maintaining ecological function and aquatic resource values and productivity Watershed health issues mostly revolve around riparian forest condition, road related risks and impacts, and instream habitat condition and risk of decline in productivity.Priority Watershed Program
National direction continues to stress maintain watersheds that have important ecological values. Tongass has an abundance of watersheds in this category. We can produce a good return on restoration and improvement investments. We are building on strong support from numerous partner organizations -- TNC, TU, SCS— who are helping to leverage substantial grant funding for watershed, riparian and aquatic habitat improvement projects.Priority Watershed Program
• Tier I - classification level• Tier II - quantitative measures of core habitatattributes summed by reach• Tier III - replication of physical measurements,additional habitat attributes summed by habitatunit, habitat units to meso level• Tier IV - systematic replication of physicalhabitatmeasures, addition attributes summed by habitatunits, habitat units to micro levelFish and Aquatic Stream InventoryHierarchy
Tier I – Minimum field verification standards for timber sale project planning Tier I/II – Upstream Assessment of Fish Habitat Tier II/III – Watershed condition and needsassessment Tier IV - Channel condition assessmentAquatic Inventory Applications
Width to Depth Ratio Total Large Wood per Kilometer Total Key Large Wood per Kilomter Pools per Kilometer Pool Space Residual Pool Depth/ Channel Bedwidth Substrate Size Pool Length per Meter Pool SizeHabitat Management Objectives
Resources• Staney Creek Vegetative Management Strategy Staney IRMP Proposal for Action Staney Creek Restoration Environmental Assessment Staney Creek Restoration EA Decision Document Staney Creek Watershed Restoration Plan Alaback - Opportunities for Restoring Second Growth Ecosystems Brinkman - Trends of Deer and Hunters on Prince of Wales Island Unit 2 Wildlife Harvest Data Young Growth Management Strategy for Unit 2 Framework for Setting Restoration Priorities on POW Alaback - Evaluation of canopy gaps for wildlife in SE Alaska
Ellanna and Sherrod - Timber Management and Fish and Wildlife use in Klawock (1987) Brock and Coiley-Kenner - Traditional Knowledge about the Fisheries of Southeast Alaska (2009) Collaborative Forest Landscape Restoration Program Proposal (5/14/10) Impacts of restoration on sustainable timber harvest levels (Brackley). Tradeoffs among ecosystem services benefits (Nicholls) Integrating ecosystem Services and forest restoration (Deal/Patterson) Heating options suing biomass removals from Staney young growth (Nicholls). Social benefits of restoration projects (Kruger). Staney Community Forestry Project FINAL: REPORTResources
http://www.fs.fed.us/publications/watersh ed/ http://conserveonline.org/workspaces/sta ney-creek/ http://conserveonline.org/workspaces/sta ney-creek/documents/documents-and- papers/view.html The Forest Service Resources