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CaBA Startup Conference 02 - A response to the challenge from the third sector


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Sets the context for the Catchment based Approach, describing the decline in ecosystem functionality and the challenge that still faces the UK in achieving improvements under the Water Framework Directive. Outlines the roles of the new CaBA Partnerships, the National Steering group, and the EA in helping to shape the next round of River Basin Managment Plans, and also in achieving improvements that go beyond WFD.

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CaBA Startup Conference 02 - A response to the challenge from the third sector

  1. 1. A response to the challenge from the third sector Arlin Rickard Chairman – CaBA steering group Catchment Based Approach Partnerships f or Action
  2. 2. Catchment Based Approach ‘Partnerships for Action ’ Catchment Based Approach (CaBA) A Response to the Challenge from the 3rd Sector Arlin Rickard Chairman – CaBA Steering Group
  3. 3. National Ecosystem Assessment: UK benefits of inland wetlands to water quality - up to £1.5billion per year UK amenity benefits of living close to rivers, coasts and other wetlands - up to £1.3billion per year INNS one of the 5 primary drivers of change in ecosystem services in the last 60 years...
  4. 4. Making Space for Nature: Professor Sir John Lawton Recommendation 4. Public bodies and statutory undertakers planning the management of water resources should: • Make space for water and wildlife along rivers and around wetlands; • Restore natural processes in river catchments, including in ways that support climate change adaptation and mitigation; and • Accelerate the programme to reduce nutrient overload, particularly from diffuse pollution.
  5. 5. Ecosystem failure means… -ive impacts on human health Flooding/Drought Loss of amenity value Consequences -ive impacts on tourism Loss of biodiversity -ive impacts on water quality
  6. 6. European Commission WFD Performance
  7. 7. EU Water Framework Directive Ensuring ‘good ecological status’ by 2015 /2021 will be a major challenge! WFD Public Participation (Article 14) “Member States shall encourage the active involvement of all interested parties in the implementation of this Directive, in particular in the production, review and updating of the river basin management plans…”
  8. 8. CaBA Framework • Defra Policy Framework – ‘to encourage the wider adoption of an integrated CaBA to improving the quality of our water environment’ • Involving the 1st , 2nd & 3rd Sectors in partnership: • 1st - Government, agencies, local authorities • 2nd - Water Co’s, farmers, river owners, business • 3rd – NGO’s, voluntary groups, communities • Catchment Partnership Groups - providing coordination & guidance
  9. 9. CaBA Framework - considerations • WFD 2nd cycle is important but only part of the journey • Some form of map and /or plan is probably necessary to allow catchment targeting and prioritisation • A plan is a means to an end (delivery of catchment management) not an end in itself! • Develop strategic relationship with LNP’s, NIA’s, LEP’s
  10. 10. The Ecosystem Approach provides a guide to linking human/ social, ecological and economic drivers and is a delivery tool of the Convention on Biological Diversity it’s about people…
  11. 11. The Ecosystem Approach Managing the environment is really about managing people… Nature can usually manage itself…
  12. 12. CaBA Partnerships
  13. 13. CaBA Partnerships
  14. 14. CaBA Partnerships
  15. 15. CaBA Steering Group • • • • • • • • • • • • Angling Trust - John Cheyne Freshwater Habitats Trust - Jeremy Biggs Groundwork Trust - Sarah Reece-Mills National Trust - Helen Dangerfield RSPB - Rob Cunningham Salmon & Tout Association - Janina Gray The Rivers Trust - Arlin Rickard The Wildlife Trusts - Helen Perkins Wildfowl and Wetland Trust - Carrie Hulme WWF - Kathy Hughes Water UK - Sarah Mukherjee Defra + EA, NE, CSF, FC
  16. 16. CaBA Working Groups Reporting to the Steering Group • • • • Data Users Group Agriculture Group TraC Waters Group More to follow as appropriate… Secretariat: Ali Morse (TWT); Rob Collins (RT)
  17. 17. CaBA Activity It’s really up to the Catchment Partnerships: • WFD • Bathing Waters • Flood Risk Management • Drinking water supply • Biodiversity 2020 • Fisheries management • Wider Ecosystem Services • Climate change resilience • INNS etc
  18. 18. CaBA & 2nd cycle WFD RBDMP’s • WFD ‘Article 14’ • 2nd cycle WFD RBDM Plans 2015 -2021 (dRBMP’s by December 2014 - first look July 2014) • EA’s Challenges & Choices consultation • Operational Catchments? • Catchment Summaries? • Access to Linked Data- web support tool? • Interface with CaBA o Surveying & monitoring - evidence o Catchment management planning o WFD template or ‘universal translator’ o DELIVERY of IMPROVEMENTS
  19. 19. Macro-invertebrate sampling was completed at all of the monitoring sites, excluding site 4. The sampling procedure was compliant with the Environment Agency's operational instruction manual produced in 2008 (Technical reference material: freshwater macro-invertebrate sampling in rivers). A one minute manual search was initially carried out at each site, followed by kick sampling using the three minute, pond, net sampling method. The net used was a standard 1mm mesh sampling net. The kick sampling technique involves disturbing the substrate by foot and capturing any displaced invertebrates as they drift downstream with the flow into the sampling net. All available habitat types at each site were sampled proportionately and for a total time of three minutes. Collected samples were placed into a container and then preserved using IMS (industrial methylated spirits). All samples were first examined on the bank side for dead invertebrates. The physical characteristics of each site, including depth, substrate and flow type, a subjective assessment of turbidity and any other relevant observations were recorded. Estimates of algae and macrophyte cover were also recorded. Policy & delivery framework Working to generate new evidence • Critical analysis of existing data sources At a later date, the samples were sieved using a 500-micron sieve and placed into a sorting tray. Where possible, macro-invertebrates were identified to species level with the exception of Oligochaeta which were identified to class, and Simuliidae, Sphaeridae and Chironomidae which were identified to family level. Factors making it impossible to identify other macro-invertebrates to species level include size or crucial identification features missing. • Generation of supplementary data & evidence observed at Site 2 could be indicative of the more favour habitat restoration works. To substantiate these results, a The failure of the Tippets Brook to support a healthy fi availability of suitable in-stream habitats, as a result agricultural diffuse pollution, causing elevated levels of in- The families present in a sample contribute to the derivation of a biological (BMWP) score for each site. This scoring system was developed as a way of assessing the biological quality of rivers and streams. The method assigns a score to each taxon ranging from 1 to 10 depending on their capacity to tolerate pollution. Those most tolerant to pollution have a low score, whilst those least tolerant have a high score. The sum of the taxa scores from a sample is the Biological Monitoring Working Party (BMWP) score. The BMWP score, and ASPT (average score per taxon) were calculated for each sample. Figu Tyrr equi Figure 23: Macro-invertebrate sampling at Bidney Farm (Site 3).
  20. 20. SCIMAP: A diffuse pollution risk modelling framework Land use Slope Rainfall
  21. 21. SCIMAP: A diffuse pollution risk modelling framework
  22. 22. UEA Export Coefficient Model: Adaptive Modelling Agricultural census 2004 Local farmers Permanent grass (ha) 19 19 Temporary grass (ha) 3 3 Rough grazing (ha) 3 3 Cereals (ha) 33 33 Root crops (ha) 16 16 Field vegetables (ha) 3 3 Oilseed rape (ha) 0 0 Woodland (ha) 2 2 Bare fallow (ha) 0 0 Cattle 158 300 Pigs 110 0 97 10 35121 0 Sheep & goats Poultry Baseline Scenario
  23. 23. Defra Catchment Funding: • Catchment Partnership Fund (CPF) £1m + £400k, to March 2014 • Defra’s Catchment Restoration Fund (CRF) approved 42 projects with a value of c£24m. These projects will deliver multiple benefits targeting over 300 waterbodies. (December 2012) • Defra’s River Improvement Fund (RIF) has delivered over 200 projects with a value of <£7m + co-finance • In collaboration with the Environment Agency
  24. 24. DEFRA / EA Catchment Funding River Improvement Fund / Catchment Restoration Fund Works undertaken include – • Catchment restoration • Fish migration barrier removal • Environmental & river habitat improvements • Tackling diffuse pollution • Monitoring of works & outcomes
  25. 25. Fish passage Hadfield Weir Fish Pass
  26. 26. Eel migration Fish & eel valves on sluices
  27. 27. River habitat restoration Frome Salmonid Improvement
  28. 28. Reducing agricultural pressure on water resources
  29. 29. Catchment Management Roadmap Adapted from Rural Economy & Land Use (RELU) Knowledge – guided by science & public benefit Stakeholders & evidence Delivery of Catchment Restoration
  30. 30. Developing an integrated catchment approach Our ultimate goal is to create a catchment plan that is… 1. Strategic Interventions are delivered in a targeted and timely manner to achieve the greatest amount of benefit 2. Integrated Adopts a variety of different measures tailored to each situation and ecosystem services objective 3. Costed and funded The cost of each intervention is determined and funding acquired from the most appropriate stakeholder 4. Balanced Delivers improvements, but not at the expense of food production or economic sustainability
  31. 31. CaBA means that for the first time – the future of our rivers, really is in your hands!
  32. 32. Its all about people working together!
  33. 33. Good luck & Thank You !
  34. 34. Catchment Based Approach (CaBA)