ဂ်ီေဟာသူ (မစႏၵာ)

490 views

Published on

ဂ်ီေဟာသူ (မစႏၵာ)

Published in: Education, Technology, Sports
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
490
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
23
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
7
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

ဂ်ီေဟာသူ (မစႏၵာ)

  1. 1. *sDa[mol*sDa[mol*sDa[mol*sDa[mol rpErpErpErpE´m´m´m´m
  2. 2. rpE´m 1 (1) ]tm&f tdkifwDrSm wpfaqmifwnf; &SdwJh *sDaymmausmif;awmfol? yHkrvmygw,f? wdk hrsm;rkef;wJh0g'ifjuD;eJ hwl} ]tpfudkajymjyr,f tdk acsmeSr&,f? wu,fyJem;axmifuG,f? pdwful;rvGJeJ hwpfudk,fwnf;yJuG,f tysdKjuD; vkyfawmhuG,f} cifcsdKwdk hpufrSKwuúodkvfwGif ausmif;om;aqmifrsm;udk at-1mD-pDwyfíac:onf/pkpkaygif; ajcmufaqmif&Sdonf/owårajrmufaqmifonfum; rdef;uav;aqmifjzpfí ]Owå&aqmif}ymk trnfay;xm; / odk h aomfvnf; eHygwfpOft& ]G} jzpfaom taqmifrdk h *sDaymm ymk tac:rsm;avonf/ 1m,folu1m,fvdkpvdkufonfudkawmhtaotcsmrod&acs/pufrSKausmif;om;rsm;onf *sDaymmolrsm; udk txufygtwkdif; axmrem jyKjuonfum; trSefyif/ *sDaymmudk yrmcdkif;&vSsif vGifwD;acgifwGif aqmifxm;aom taqmuftOD;juD;eSifh wlonfymk ajym& ayrnf/ opfyif 0g;yif pdkpdkjynfjynf tkyftkyfqkdif;qkdif; 1mmrSs r&Sdacs/ usJaeatmif ylaom ae'Pfudk vnf;aumif;? onf;aeatmif &Gmaom rdk;'Pfudkvnf;aumif;? wzGJzGJ usaeaom eSif;'Pfudkvnf;aumif; txD;wnf;juHhjuHh cH&&Smavonf/ taqmifapmifh OD;pHnGef hvufxufu pdkufoGm;aom taqmift0if0 &Sd ydawmufyifysdKav; eSpfyifrSmum; tawmftwefyif juD;xGm;aejyD jzpfavonf/ tazmfuif;pGm txD;usef &yfwnfaeaom taqmifjuD;twGuf 1m0c&D;azmfav;eSpfOD;ymk cifcsdKu uAsmqefqef awG;rdavonf/ ]ae&mwum tawG; racgifprf;ygeJ hcifcsdK&,f? taqmifu taqmifyJaygh? ydawmufyifu ydawmufyif yJaygh? touf&SdwmawGrS rymkwfwm? txD;usefawG tazmfawG pOf;pm;raeprf;eJ h} rrcifu cyfaigufaigufuav; ajymavh&Sdonf/ rrcifonf cifwdk htkyfpkwGif vljuD; tqefqHk; jzpfonf/ ol hudk 1m,folurS q&mrwifaomfvnf; ol hoa1mmeSifhol ol h udk,fol rJay;jyD; jydKif1mufr&Sd Akdvfwufvkyfaeavonf/ pdwful;,OfvGef;aom cifcsdKudkvnf; qlonf/ uav;qefaom axG;axG;udk vnf; aigufonf/ tpm;juD;jyD; ajumufwwfaom rd udkvnf; oa1mmrawG h/ jrifjriforSs &,fp&m vkyfjyD; 1m&kwfusavh &Sdaom a0a0eSifharmfarmfudkvnf; rajueyf/ apwemt&if;cHjyD; qlylavh &Sdonfrdk h cifcsdKwdk h tm;vHk; rekdifí onf;cHjcif;ymlaom cEÅDp w&m;udk vufudkifxm;jyD; rrcifudk a1m;rJhay;xm; ju&avonf/ rSwfrdygao;onf/ wpfcgu cifcsdKwdk htm;vHk; a&Twd*Hk1mk&m; wufjzpfjuavonf/ 1mk&m;toGm;
  3. 3. *sDa[mol 2 1mwfpfum;ay:twufwGif zdeyfwpfzuf uGswfusef&pfaom rdarmfudk &Syfjymjym vkyf&aumif;vm;ymk rrcifu qlawmhonf/ zdeyfwpfzufwnf;udk qufpD;xm;& aumif;edk;? cGswfjyD; vTwfypfvdkuf& aumif;ekd; eSifh armfarmfcrsm pdwf&SKyfae&onfhtxJ rrcif qlorSs awayjyD; cH&&Smavonf/ a&Twd*Hk1mk&m; qkawmif;jynhfapwDodk ha&mufaomtcg oajyyef;rsm; wayG hwydkufvSLjyD; ]þoajyyef;rsm; vSL&aom tusdK;aus;Zl;ajumifh rrcifonf a,musfm;qkd;qkd;eSifh &jyD; tekdifcH&ygap1mk&m;} ymk atmfjuD;ympfus,f qkawmif;avawmhonf/ jumjzLjumeDrsm;eSifh 1mk&m;udk jidrfjidrfoufouf tm&HkjyKum edAÁmefqkyefaeaom rrcifonf rsufvHk;juD; jyJceJ yGifhvmjyD; tvef hwjum; xckefavawmhonf/ armfarmfcrsmvnf; 1mk&m;udkrS jyD;atmif OD;rcsekdif/ ]cPaeygOD; 1mk&m;? jyD;rS quf&Sdcdk;ygr,f 1mk&m;} ymk avSsmufwifum oajyyef;rsm; ayG hum tl,m;zm;,m; xajy;onf/ cifcsdKwdk htm;vHk; 1mk&m;&Sdcdk;udk jyD;atmif rqdkedkif1mJ olwdk h eSpfOD;udkjunfhum tlematmif &,fju&avonf/ armfarmfu tpoefonf/ rrcifu a'guefonf/ vltrsm;jum;xJwGif rrcifwpfa,muf Zkd;ceJ ZwfceJ vSrf;í acgufrnf rymkwfonfudk odojzifh y0gwpfurf; vufwpfvSrf; avmufrSaejyD; armfarmfuvnf; rcHcsifatmif trsdK;rsdK; pavonf/ aemufqHk; rrcifudk,fwkdif raeedkif1mJ &,f&avawmhonf/ ]ausmif;om;1m0ymm aysmfp&m taumif;qHk;yJwJh? vlwdkif;ajymjuw,f? pmusuf&w,f? *Pef;wGuf&w,f? ajcmufem&D xdk;&if taqmifxJrSm tydwfcH&w,f? q&mawGudk ajumufae&w,f? uJ 1m,frSmvJ aysmfp&m? 'Djum;xJ rrcifudk ajumuf&ao;} pmusuf&rSmudk ysif;vGef;aom rd0gudkrl rrcif redkifay/ rrcif qlvGef;vSSsif tcef;xJwGif ajczsm; axmifí avSsmuf&if; ymdkarmh onfarmheSifh aysmfp&mudk &SmrawG hoa,mif vkyfwwfavonf/ atmufqHk; xyfu auoDwdk htcef;wGif pum;0kdif;zGJ haeonfudk awG hí rrcifqlvSsiftv,fxyfwufvmjyD; ckwif ay:wGif yufvufvSefum pmtkyfuav;udk rsufeSmay:wif&if; tdyfygavawmhonf/ ol hudkar;vSsif usufjyD;om;pmrsm;udk pdwfxJwif jyefí qkdjunfhaewmygymk ajzavh&Sdonf/ ]tjymuav;vJ ZdrfyJ? tjzLuav;vJ ZdrfyJ? a1mmif;1mDav;u arsmufuav;? 1m,fnm 1m,fnm ymkwfjyD? 1m,f1m,f 1m,f1m,f nm} taqmiftay:qHk;xyfrSaejyD; taqmifa&S hjzwfavSsmufaom ausmif;om;rsm;udk ajcvSrf;trSm;rSm; eSifh okwfajcwifay;atmif aemufavh&Sdaom axG;axG;crsmrSmrl rrcif acguforSs acgif;ylatmif cH&&Smav onf/ ]axG;axG; ausmif;a&mufcgpu acgif;ao;ao;av;&,f? 'Da&mufrS rrcif cPcP acgufwmeJ h zl;a,mifjyD; axG;axG;acgif; juD;vmwm? rrcif rw&m;1ml;} a0a0u rausreyf ajymwwfonf/ a0a0h tqdkt&rl ol hyg;eSpfzufrSmvnf; rrcif qGJvdrfvGef; aomajumifh wpfae hwpfjcm; azmif;vmjcif; jzpfonfymk qdkonf/ jzLazG;aom a0ha0h yg;pHk hav;eSpfzuf azmif;jynfhaeonfuvnf; trSefyif/ ]ymJh rda0a0&J h? apwemeJ hauGs;&if aoaq;awmif pm;&owJh? igu eifwkd hwawGudk aumif;apcsif vGef;vdk h? rdef;ryDoapcsifvGef;vdk h qHk;rwmudk? apwemudk a0'em xifaeovm;} rrcifu a'gjuD;armjuD;eSifh ajymaomtcgwGifrl a0a0onf &,fusJusJeSifh okwfajcwifav awmhonf/ rrcifudk qufajymaeyguvnf; rqHk;edkifatmifqlawmhrnfrdk ha&Smifajy;jcif; jzpfavonf/ wpfenf;awmhaumif;onf/ cifcsdKwkd htm;vHk;udk rrcifonf apwemh0ef;xrf; qHk;ryJhjyifaeonfrdk hqkd;csif
  4. 4. rpE´m 3 wdkif; rqkd;&? awcsifwdkif; rawju&ay/ rauseyfcsifaomfvnf; taumif;1mufrS awG;jyD; auseyfju&av onf/ rrcifom xdef;raevSsif cifcsdKwdk htm;vHk; ol henf;eSifhol qkd;rnfhawrnfh oluav;rsm;om jzpf/ pmar;yGJeD;cgrS taru,fyg? t1mu,fygeSifh pmudk zifaxmifatmif usufwwfolrsm;? wpfcgwpf&Hvnf; eHeufvif;tm;juD;txd avuefwwfjuolrsm;? tpm;pm;vSsifyif pm;ydk;eifhjyD; wtifhtifh jzpfwwfolrsm;udk rrcifwpfa,mufom pdwf&Snfvuf&Snf apmifhjunfhjyD; ajymekdifqdkekdifayonf/ ol hyg&rD uvnf;rao;i,f vS ay/ ]ighrSmom armifawG tpfudkawG &Sd&if eifwdk hudkawmh r,lap&1ml;? tymkwfajymwm} wpfcgwpf&Hawmhvnf; pdwfnpfvmovdk ajymwwfonf/ rrcif pdwfnpfovdk cifcsdKwkd hyHkpHrsm;udk junfhí pdwfnpfol tawmfrsm;ymef wlavonf/ xkd h ajumifh oHcsyfxJüyif xnfhí pyfqdkcJhao;onf/ ]*sDaymmoludk rvkdcsifAD,uferfyif oGm;vdkufcsifao;} wJhav/ * * *
  5. 5. *sDa[mol 4 (2) ]rauseyf1ml; cifcsdK&,f? t0g enf;enf;rS rauseyf1ml;} ]1mmudkvJ} ]tm;vHk;udkaygh? t0gwkd htaqmifudk eSdrfaejuwJh vlwdkif;udkayhg} t0gonf cifcsdKwkd htcef;xJodk hajcvSrf;usJusJeSifh vSrf;0ifvm&if; ajymavonf/ cifcsdKvnf; wGuf vufpocFsmykpämudkcsxm;vdkuf&if;t0ghudktxl;tqef; junfhrdonf/t0gwpfckckawmh jzpfvmjyD xifonf/ ]t0g 1mmjzpfvmwmvJ} ]tdk rcHcsifvdk hyg} ]1mmudk rcHcsifwmvJ} ]tvum; iemawG? t0gwkd htqmifu ausmif;olawGudk rvS1ml;wJh? rvS&if 1mmvdk h &nf;pm;pm awG atmwkdufatmif ay;aejuao;vJ? wpfae hwpfae holwkd hwawGyJ tm;tm;,m;,m; pmawG a&;edkif w,f? xnfhxnfhekdifw,f? ydk; rpGHawmh tvum; yHkrvmyg1ml;qdkjyD; vufcgw,f? ymGef; aumif;ovm;} t0gonf yg;eSpfzufudk azmif;aeatmif plum rausreyf ajymaeavonf/ rJhvdkuf &GJ h vdkufeSifh tacsmufwkduf a'gojuD;aeonf/ cifcsdKu junfh&if; &,frdaomtcg pum;ajym&yfjyD; cifcsdK hudkyg j*dKymfjunfh junfhaeavonf/ ]'grsm; pdwfqkd;p&mvm; t0g&,f? olwkd hymm olwkd hajymcsif&m ajymjuapaygh} ]tdk olwkd hajymcsif&m ajymwkdif; cH&rSmwJhvm;} ]uJ rcHvdk h1mmvkyfcsifovJ} ]ymGef; &dkufypfcsifw,f? wu,f} jyHK;usJusJ vkyfaeaom cifcsdK ykcHk;eSpfzufudk udkifvSKyf&if; rajurcsrf; ajymonf/ wpfaqmif vHk;udk ajymonfhtxJwGif r0gonf wpfa,mufwnf; 'dkifcHjyD; pdwfqkd;aeavonf/ cifcsdKu oleSifh twl vdkufjyD; pdwfrqdk;ojzifhvnf; auseyfekdifymef r&acs/ pufrSKausmif;om;rsm;eSifh *sDaymmolwkd h&efyGJonf *smat; ol htar&dkufovdk csmvnfvdkuf aeavonf/ *sDaymmolrsm; tvSrjyifjuonfrSmvnf; wu,fyif/ oeyfcg;a&usJvdrf;jyD; ausmif;wufju olrsm;rdk hausmif;roGm;rD tvSjyifcsdef ig;rdepfcef h &vSsif vHkavmufjuavonf/
  6. 6. rpE´m 5 wpf&mvSsif wpfa,mufavmufom a&arT;oHk;wwfjuonf xif/ ,cif ae hausmif;ol 1m0u eSKwfcrf;eD rdwfuyfoHk;avh&Sdaom cifcsdKyif *sDaymmaqmifa&mufvmaomtcgoeyfcg;a&juJtkyfpkwGif yg0if oGm; avonf/ cifcsdK &ufAvGef eSKwfcrf;eD1ml;av;rsm; rSdKyifwufvk aejyD xifonf/ &dk;&dk;0wf? &dk;&dk;qifwwfjuaom olrsm;onf aumif;aumif;0wf? aumif;aumif;jyifwwfjuolrsm;eSifh ,SOfaomtcg rvS1ml;ymkom tajymcH&rnfrSm udk;q,fhudk;&mcdkifeSKef; usdef;aoaeavonf/ rdef;uav;wdk h tvStyyml onfrSm t0wftpm; tqiftjyifwGif trsm;qHk; rlwnfaeonfudk t0godoifhayonf/ ]olvJav avmuDom;ayrdk htvSruf&Smayvdrfhr,f} ymk cifcsdKu ajymvSsif r0gvufcHrnf rymkwf acs/ tvStyudk rnfonfhpHcsdefeSifh rnfuJhokd hwkdif;wmqHk;jzwfrnfenf;ymk ar;OD;rnfom jzpf/ xkdodk h ar;vmvSsif cifcsdKrnfuJhodk h&Sif;&rnf rodacs/ tvSty &SmyHkawmf zGifhjyD; a&S;oa&mtcgu p&awmhrnf xifonf/ ]ymif; wu,f tjrifuwfp&m aumif;wm] ]ajomf r0g&,f} &,fp&mvnf; aumif;vSygonf/ r0g tygt0if cifcsdKwdk h*sDaymmoltm;vHk;onf ausmif;om; rsm;u ]yHkrvm1ml;} ymk ajymvSsif enf;enf;rS rcHcsifjuay/ rdef;uav;wdk h o1mm0rdk h1m,folrSvnf; cHcsif rnfrymkwfacs/ rcHcsifrSef;odíajymolu ydkajymonf/ ajymaomajumifhvnf;rcHcsif/ odk haomfvnf; olwdk h onf oeyfcg;a&juJudk vdrf;jrJvdrf;juavonf/ qHyifudkvnf; uspfqHjrD; wpfacsmif;wnf; tuspfrsm; juavonf/ xrDwapmif;0wfjyD; ausmif;wufcsdefeD;rS ausmif;odk h wufokwf&kduf ajy;juav onf/ wpfcgwpf&H rsufcHk;arG;ay:rS oeyfcg;acsmufudkyif jcpfrypftm;/ wpfrsufeSmvHk; tarT;eH homr&Sd 1mJ rsufcHk;arG;ay:wGif tpkvdkuf tyHkvdkuf oeyfcg;rsm; cJapaom *sDaymmolwkd htvStytm; &SmrawG h oludk rnfuJhodk h tjypfwif&rnfenf;/ ]r0g 1mmjzpfaewmvJ} ]a'guefaewm} ]uJ q,fheSpf&moD 'efaumwJh ra'guef? vufzufpm;juGygwJh? vm cifcsdK a0a0wkd htcef;rSm vufzufawG okwfxm;w,f} a0a0onf tcef;0rS acgif;uav; jyLum vmac:onf/ a0a0hpum;qdkvSsif cifcsdKwkd h aumif;pGm r,Hkay/ tpoef taemufoefvSojzifh ol hpum;udk ,Hkrdwkdif; wpfenf;rymkwf wpfenf;awmh t&l;jzpfju& onfrdk htawmfvef hju&onf/ ]cifcsdK&,f? a0a0 wu,fajymwmyg/ vufzufawG wu,f trsm;juD; okwfxm;wmyg? vufzuf xJrSmvJ ayG;udkif;eJ huecdkrxnfhxm;yg1ml;} a0a0u rsufeSmi,fav;eSifh ajymaomtcg cifcsdK&,frdawmhonf/ tpoefvGef;vSawmh taumif; ajym onfudkyif trsm;u aumif;pGm r,Hkjunfojzifh tcufawG haeyHk&onf/ ]a0a0aemf eif wu,fajymwmvm;} ]tymkwfajymwmyg r0g&,f? 1mk&m;pl;&ap&J h? 'o*D&deJ hnm;&ap&J h} ]wu,faemf}
  7. 7. *sDa[mol 6 r0gonf r,Hkovdk xyfar;onf/ r,Hkvnf;r,Hkp&myif/ a0a0eSifharmfarmfwdk hyl;aygif;jyD; acsmufcs orSsudk cifcsdKwkd hr0gwdk htm;vHk;rjumcP vdrfhaeatmif cHju&onf/ jyD;cJhaom aEGuyif 0rf;wGif;&l; a':at;vSeSifh vSnfhwkdufay;ojzifh cifcsdKwdk htoufvkjyD; ajy;cJhju&ao;onf/ ]uJ uJ 'Davmuf jzpfae&ifvJ rvmeJ h? rpm;eJ h? tukefawmif oufomao;w,f} a0a0onf pdwfnpfvmovdk vSnfhxGufoGm;awmhonf/ xkdtcgusrSyif r0geSifh cifcsdKvnf; tawmf twef ,Hkjunfvmonf/ 1m,fewfaumif;ewfjrwfu rnfuJhodk h pdwfaumif;pdwfjrwfrsm;udk ay;tyfcJhav onfrod/ a0a0onf wu,fhudk apwem t&if;cHeSifh vufzufokwfpm;&ef vmac:jcif; jzpfymefwlonf/ ]usm;om;rdk;judk; cifcsdKa&? a0a0 wu,fajymwm xifw,f? vm vm awmfjum; ukefoGm;&if 'ku©} ,ckrS vufzufeH h ykpGefajcmufeH hudk &vmonfrdk hr0gonf uref;uwef; vdkuf&ef ymefjyifonf/ ]'Dae h1mmae hvJ rSwfxm;OD;rS? a0a0 pdwfaumif;0ifwJhae h? wu,fhudk xl;jcm;wJhae h} cifcsdKonf tajy;vSrf;&if; ajymrdonf/ trSefwu,fyif xkdae hxdk&uf a0a0wkd h pdwfaumif;0ifcJh avonf/ a0a0wdk hvufzuf0dkif;wGif vlpHkwufpHk pkrdjuavonf/ xkdrSpí jyóem pcJhjcif; jzpfonf/ udk&ifarmifeSifh rndKaxG;wdk h jyóemonf a0a0wkd hvufzuf0dkif;rS pwifcJhavonf/ * * *
  8. 8. rpE´m 7 (3) a,musfm;av;rsm; pkrdvSsif rdef;uav;tajumif;udk trsm;qHk; ajymjuonfymk qdkonf/ wu,f ymkwfrymkwfawmh cifcsdKvnf; a,musfm; rymkwfí taotcsm rodacs/ rdef;uav;rsm; pkrdvSsif a,musfm;av;tajumif;ajymjuonfum; trSefyif/ a,musfm;awGaumif;ajumif;? qdk;ajumif; tusifhp&dkuf rsm;udkOD;wnfjyD;ajymrdjuonf/ xkdae huvnf; vufzuf0dkif;wGif *sDaymmolrsm;udk eSdrfaomausmif;om;rsm; tajumif;udk pum;OD;wnfrdjuavonf/ ]trSefawmh pdwfqdk;p&m rymkwf1ml;? rdef;uav;awG&J htvS? tdkav vlom;awG&J h tvSppf tvSrSefymm &ifxJrSm eSvHk;om;rSm &Sdw,fqdkwm rjrif1mJ rdwfuyf? eSKwfcrf;eDeJ hqHyif *kwf0JawGudk rufjyD; ta&jym;wpfaxmufudkom junfhwwf jrifwwfwJh olwdk hawGymm oem;p&mawmif aumif;ao;w,f} rdonf vufzufokwfudk wjrHK hjrHK hpm;&if; t1md"r®mqefqef ajymonf/ rdpum;udk cifcsdK oa1mm usrdaomfvnf; r0gurl auseyfyHkr&acs/ ]tdk t0gawmh rauseyf1ml;? olwkd h&kyfawGua&m tif*sifeD,mausmif;om;&,fvdk husm;usm;,m;,m; &Sdvdk hvm;? ykwJholu yk? ydefwJholu ydef? 0wJhvlawGuvJ pnfydkif;vm;atmufarh&w,f? ykuGydefacsmufawG} ]ymJh r0g&J h? eifuvJ ta&jym;tvSudk junfhjyefjyDvm;} ]junfhwmaygh? wlnDaom rsufpdeJ hyJ jyefjunfh&w,f? 'grS w&m;rSm} r0gonf tvum;ae&if; a'gojuD;vSavonf/ cifcsdKurl r0gudkjunfh&if; &,fcsifaeonf/ *sDaymmoltm;vHk; udk,fpm;olu 'dkifcHpdwfqdk;aeavawmh cifcsdKwdk h pdwfqkd;zdk h&efyif rvdkawmh acs/ r0g wpfa,mufwnf;eSifh vHkavmufovdk jzpfaeavonf/ ]tr,fav; tJ'D ykuG ydefacsmufawGu tjyifrSm aps;aumif;w,fuGJ h} ]'gajumifhvJ ol henf;eJ hol 1m0ifudkufjuwm xifyg&J haemf} xkdae hu cifcsdK em;axmiform; oufouf jzpfavonf/ vufzufokwfu tpyfwnfhvSojzifh vufzufudkom wGifwGif rJjyD; pm;rdonf/ olwdk hajymaeaom tajumif;t&mrsm;xuf vufzufudk ydkjyD; pdwf0ifpm;rdonfqdku rSm;rnf rymkwfacs/ ]aym; 1mmawG pm;aejuwmvJ? 'Dvdkrsm;usawmh 'dk hudk owdr&1ml;aygh? aymm'Du tacsmtvS av;udk owdr&ju1ml;ayghav w,faumif;}
  9. 9. *sDa[mol 8 ndKaxG;onf 1m,fu 1m,fvdk teH h&vmonf rod/ tcef;wGif;odk hjAKef;'dkif;eSifh ajy;0ifvm&if; ajymonf/ cifcsdK ha1m;wGif tuste wifyvifacGjyD; xdkifvdkufum vufzuf yef;uefudk ol h1mufqGJ,l vdkufavonf/ ]ajomf ndKaxG;&,f ajrmufavudk owif;pum;yg;vkdufygw,f? aveJ twl teH hcH&if; ndKaxG; a&mufvmwmyJ rymkwfvm;} em;yg;onf ? rsufpdaumif;onf? vSsmyg;onfymk ajymavh&Sdjuonf/ ndKaxG;url eSmacgif;yg; onfymk ajym&rnf xifonf/ trJvdkufacG;yif vdkufí rrDatmif teH hcHaumif; vSonf/ 1mmteH hjzpfjzpf cifcsdKwdk hr&rD olu t&if&wwfonf/ ]1mmawG ajymaejuwmvJ qufajymav? ndKaxG;vJ em;axmifr,f} vufzufudk av;ig;vkyf qufwkdufpm;jyD;aomtcgrS &yfoGm;aom pum;0dkif;udk owdxm;rdovdk ajymonf/ ol hudk 0dkif;junfhaejuonfudk awG haomtcg &SufoGm;ovdk ZGef;udk ypfcs&if; ymufymuf yufyuf &,favonf/ ndKaxG;&,fvSsif yg;csdKifhav; eSpfzufrSm cGuf0ifjyD; xif&Sm;vmonf/ ]r0gu *sDaymmolawGudk eSdrfwJh ausmif;om;awGudk pGJcsufwifaeav&J h? olom tmPmydkifjzpf&if tJ'D ausmif;om;awGawmh rvG,f1ml;} ]1mmjzpfvdk hvJ} ]ausmwpf&m &ifwpf&m judrf'PfcwfjyD; jrdKif&yfudk eSifvdrfhr,f xifw,f} ]tdk enf;ao;wmaygh? tukefvHk;udk tvkyf&HkxJydk h? judk;wkwfjyD; zpfwif;a&Smhyf xJu vT0dkif;juD;eJ h vnfyif; jzwfypfr,f? uJ rSwfua&m} ]tkd 1mk&m; 1mk&m;} r0ga'gojuD;onfudkjunfh&if;cifcsdKwkd htm;vHk;w0g;0g; &,faejuonf/ yg;eSpfzufudk azmif;ae atmif pl&if; ymkwfwma&m rymkwfwma&m? ajymcsifwmawG avSsmufajymwwfavonf/ ol ajymcsifwmawG ajymjyD; &ifxJrSm a'gojidrf;oGm;wwfonf/ &ifxJwGif judwfjrHKxm;avhr&Sd1mJ tm;vHk; tHxkwfavh&Sdonf uawmh ol htwGuf pdwfcsrf;omp&m tusifhaumif;uav;yif jzpfonf/ xkd hajumifhvnf; ol h&ifxJwGif 1mmtusdwftcJrS r&Sd1mJ &Sif;aeavonf/ ]tJ'DxJrSm udk&ifarmifqkdwJhvlu omwHk;ao;w,f? olvJ 1mmrS rajymwwf 1mmrSvJrod? olrsm;awG eSdrforSs em;axmifjyD; wymJymJeJ h&,faew,f} ]1m,f udk&ifarmifvJ? ymkd tom;ndKndK t&yfjrifhjrifheJ hvlvm;} ]at;av ausmif;ajy;ckefypfwkef;uawmif ygao;w,fav} ]ymkdk ymdk a&S hqHk;u ajy;vmjyD; vrf;wpf0ufavmufusrS arSmuf&ufjuD; vJwJhvlvm;} ]tif;aygh olyJaygh} ]ajomf tJ'Dvlvm;}
  10. 10. rpE´m 9 ndKaxG;u acgif;uav; wndrfhndrfheSifh ajymonf/ xdkpOfu cifcsdKeSifh ndKaxG;twlyif a&S h qHk;wef; rSxdkifjunfhaejuonfudk rSwfrdonf/ aoewfazmufuwnf;u udk&ifarmifonf ajcvSrf;usJjuD;eSifh pajy;av onf/ cifcsKdwkd hXmeu udkjrifhaxG;u 'kwd,yif vdkufedkifonf/ ]'DAdsKif;rnf;juD;uvJ ajy;yJ ajy;ekdifvGef;} ymk cifcsdKpdwfxJrSmyif jiLplrdao;onf/ vrf;wpf0ufavmuf a&mufaomtcg 1m,fu 1m,fvdkjzpfonf rod? ajcacguffoGm;íyif xifonf/ arSmufvsufjuD; vJusawmhonf/ rDwmwkdrdk hol hudk tukefvHk; ausmfwufukefjuaomfvnf; tm;ravsmh1mJ vl;vJxum qufajy;ao;onf/ ]ZGJqkawmh ay;oifhw,f} ymk ndKaxG;u &,farm&if; rSwfcsufcscJhavonf/ ]olua&m *sDaymmudk eSdrfwmyJvm;} ]oleSdrfwwfvdk heSdrf&if cHomao;w,f? ckawmh olrsm;awG eSdrforSs a1m;uaejyD; tm;ay;tm;ajrSmuf vkyfaewm ydkcHjyif;p&m aumif;w,f} ]ajymjuao;w,f *sDaymmolrsm;qdk&if ajumufyg&J hwJh? rvdkcsifyg1ml;wJh} ]trSefawmh OD;olajympwrf;aygh r0g&,f? pufrSK ausmif;om;awGrsm; tjyifvlawGom txifjuD; wm? 'dk hawGrsm;uawmh roHk;a&;cs roHk;vdk hajymaewmvJ olwdk hawG cHae&wmyJ} ]'gayr,fh a,musfm;eJ hrdef;r jydKifajymjupwrf;qdk&if rdef;uav;uyJ &SHK;&rSmayhg} ]t ym,f ym,f ymJ} r0gu tm;i,foHav;eSifh ajymaomtcg ndKaxG;onf avSmif&,fuav; &,fvdkufavonf/ ndKaxG; rsufvHk; ndKndKav;rsm;onfvnf; cyfavSmifavSmifeSifh &,farmaejuymef wlonf/ ]1mmvdk h&SHK;&rSmvJ? rSwfxm; r0g&J h? a,musfm;qdkwm 1mmeJ hxkxm;wmrdk hvJ? a,musfm;wdkif; a,musfm;wdkif;ymm rdef;uav;wdkif;twGuf upm;p&m t&kyfuav;awGyJ} ]t,f t,f} a'gojuD;aeaom r0gonf ol ha'goudk cPa1m;csdwfvdkufjyD; ndKaxG;udk yg;pyfuav; ymvsuf ai;junfhaeavonf/ r0g a'gorsm;onf vGifhaysmufjyD; rsufeSmusufodk h wufuyfukefjyD xifonf/ ]ymm 'gawmh rymkwfao;yg1ml;} ]ymkwfwmrS odyfymkwfwmaygh} ndKaxG;u cyfwif;wif;yif ajymavonf/ ndKaxG; rsufeSmoG,foG,fav;onf rmea&mifeSifh 0if;aeoa,mif&Sdonf/ ]aumifav;awGom jum;&if odyfa'guefrSmaem} ]uefcsif&ifom uefaya&mh 'gymm trSefw&m;yJ? rupm;csif&ifom &Sd&r,f? rupm;wwf&ifom &Sd&r,f? a,musfm;qdkwmrsdK;ymm rdef;ru vSnfhvdkuf&if 'dk;uav;vdk 0Dac:atmif vnfoGm;wwfwmrsdK;}
  11. 11. *sDa[mol 10 ]avavSsmhygOD; ndKaxG;&,f} wpfcsdefvHk; jidrfaeaom a0a0u ,ckrS 0ifajymavonf/ a0a0jyHK;pyfpyf? &,fusJusJ rsufeSm uav; wGifyif acwårSs tjyHK;uG,faysmufaeonf/ tHhjoovdk rsufvHk;uav; t0dkif;om;eSifh ndKaxG;udk ai;junfhaeavonf/ ]ndKaxG;avus,fwm rymkwfyg1ml; a0a0&,f? wu,fajymaewmyg? *sDaymmoludk rvdkcsif1ml;qdkwJh ausmif;om;awGudk *sDaymmola&S hrSm 'l;axmifjyD; idkcsif;csatmif vkyfedkifygw,f} ]rvG,f1ml; ndKaxG;&J hrvG,f1ml;? a,musfm;ymm rdef;rtwGuf upm;p&m qkd&if olwkd hu wjyef rdef;rymm a,musfm;awGtwGuf tysif;ajzp&myJvdk hoa1mmxm;&if rcufygvm;} 'Dwpfcgawmh cifcsdKajymjzpfavonf/ r0gudk a'gorjuD;apcsifovdk ndKaxG;ukdvnf; rmerjuD; apvdkay/ rmeymlonfrSm pifppftm;jzifh &ifwGif;ü avmifaomrD;ymk cifcsdKxifrdonf/ ]tdk tcspfyGJrSm tonf;aysmhol cHpwrf;aygh? rdndKaxG;wdk htonf;rrm&if cHrSmaygh? 'gayr,fhf ndKaxG;wdk htonf;u rmvdkufwmrS oHvufcwfeJ hwD;&ifawmif wl&d,moH xGufedkifw,f} ]tvJh w,fpmwJhqkdygvm;? tJav w,fqdkwJh pmygvm;} cifcsdKwdk hpum;0dkif;onf 1mmvdkvdkeSifh OD;wnfcsufajymif;oGm;avonf/ wpfavwnf; wpfoHwnf; xGufaeaom 0dkif;wGif eSpfpkuGJoGm;onf/ a0a0? armfarmf? rd0geSifh r0gu wpfzuf? ndKaxG;u wpfzuf pum;&nfvkyGJjuD; pwifavawmhonf/ jum;aea&;0g'udk vufudkifxm;jyD; 'dkifvljuD;vkyfaeaom cifcsdK vnf; ymdk1muf pdwfa&mufvdkuf? 'D1mufpdwfa&mufvdkufeSifh olwdk htajymaumif;ovdk pdwfajymif;ae&onf/ ]ndKaxG;rmejuD;vGef;w,f} rdu rSwfcsufcsonf/ ]rdwkd hu rmeenf;vGef;w,f} ndKaxG;u rajureyf ajymonf/ ]ql;usvJzuf zufusvJzuf qkdwmymkd q,fh&Spf&mu pum;? ckacwfymm eSpfq,f&mpk? eSpfq,f&mpk rdef;uav;awGymm 'Dpum;ajymaejuao;w,fqkdawmh 0rf;enf;zkd haumif;w,f? 'DacwfrSm ql;usdK;&r,f} ]jrwfpGm1mk&m;} ndKaxG;onf avudk enf;enf;rS ravSsmhacs/ rsufeSmudk armhjyD; eSKwfcrf;udk wif;wif;aph xm;av onf/ w&m;oljuD; cifcsdKvnf; 1mmudk qHk;jzwf&rnf rodawmhacs/ rdwdk honf ]uGsefrrSm rdef;rom;} ymlí tm;EGJ hvGef;onf/ ndKaxG;url ]igymJh rdef;r} ymk rmefjuD;vGef;onf/ rdwdk h u enf;enf;wdk;? ndKaxG;u enf;enf;avSsmhvSsif taeawmf jzpfrnf xifonf/ xdkae hu pum;&nfvkyGJonf wpfem&Dausmfjumonf xifonf/ pum;&nfvkyGJudk tavmif;tpm; eSifh tqHk;owfoGm;aomtcg 'dkifvljuD; cifcsKdonf &ifwkefvmojzifh aq;ojum; azsmfaomuf&avonf/ tavsmftpm;tjzpf ausmif;rS atmifjyD; tvkyfvkyfaomtcg vcwpfvcudk owfrSwfonf/ ndKaxG;edkif vSsif ol&onfh wpfvcudk rdwdk hav;OD;cGJ,l&rnf/ rdwkd hekdifvSsifrl olwkd hwpfvcpD ndKaxG;udk ay;rnf/
  12. 12. rpE´m 11 ypfrSwfonfum; ]udk&ifarmiftonf;} ypfrnfhjrm;onfum; ]rndKaxG;} yGJjunfhy&dowfonfum; r0g? rd? a0a0eSifh armfarmfwdk hjzpfonf/ w&m;oljuD;um; cifcsdK jzpfonf/ xkdtajumif;udk rnfolrSs rodap&ef cifcsdKwdk htm;vHk; vufzufpm;jyD; opömjyKcJhju &avonf/ * * *
  13. 13. *sDa[mol 12 (4) ]trSefawmh 'Dvdktavmif;tpm;qdkwm vkyfudk rvkyfoifh1ml;} wpfnae cifcsdKwdk hwawG tcef;tjyif1mufwGif zsmcif;xdkif&if; pkrdjuaomtcg rdu aemifw& ovdk ajymavonf/ avu cyfjurf;jurf; wdkufaeojzifh rd qHyifrsm; wjzwfjzwf vGihfaeavonf/ cifcsKdonf 1mmrS jyefrajym1mJ rdudkom cyfai;ai; junfhaerdavonf/ avwGif a0hum 0dkufumeSifh 0Jae aom rdqHEG,fav;rsm;rSm junfhí aumif;vSonf/ *sDaymmwpfaqmifvHk; cifcsdKwdk htydkifpm;&aom tay:qHk;xyf taemuf1muf a'gifhonf avtwdkufqHk; xifonf/ aEG rdk; aqmif; Owkra&G; pdrfhat;ae atmif wdkufcwfavh &Sdonf/ ]tdk *Gwfw,fxifvdk h'l;wmyJ} ]tif;aygh 'l;jyD;rSawmh *Gwfom*Gwf} a0a0eSifh armfarmfonfum; jyHK;&,f&if; oHjydKifajymjuavonf/ ]1mmtavmif;tpm;vJ? 1mmvkyfxm;wmvJ} axG;axG;onf olrodvdkuf&aom udpördk hem;rvnfekdif1mJ ar;onf/ vufzuf opöm pl;rnfpkd;aom ajumifh cifcsdKwkd htm;vHk; eSKwfydwfa&iHk aevdkufju&onf/ axG;axG;vufxJrS pm;vufp qD;,dkxkyfudk a0a0eSifh armfarmfu wpfa,mufwpfvuf ,lpm;vdkufjuaomtcgwGifum; pum;vrf;ajumif;vnf; ajymif;oGm;avawmhonf/ ]ausmif;zGifhwmawmif rjumao;1ml;? 1mmvdkvdkeJ hpmar;yGJawmif wjznf;jznf; eD;jyD} ]at;uG,f eD;vmjyDaygh} pmar;yGJajumif;jum;&vSsif cifcsdKwdk htm;vHk; wnfwnfjidrfjidrf jzpfoGm;wwfjuonf/ tjcm;ae&m rsm;wGif rnfrSsyif aqmhae ajymifaeaomfvnf; pmar;yGJqkdvSsifrl ajumufju&onf/ av;av;pm;pm; usufrSwfjyD; av;av;pm;pm; ajzju&onfom jzpf/ odk haomf tif*sifeD,m 1mmom&yftm;vHk;xJwGif Adokum 1mmom&yfudk oif,laom cifcsdKwdk honfum; wpf1mmomjcm;aeavonf/ olwkd havmuf usufpm rrsm;ay/ twef;juD;vmaom tcg a&;ajzwpf1mmom eSpf1mmomrSty usufpm r&Sdawmhacs/ taqmuf tOD;trsdK;rsdK;udkom OD;aeSmufudk jcpfukwfjyD; wpfvwpfjudrf xkwfju&awmhonf/ wpfvwpfjudrf wif& aom yHkpHrsm;rS trSwfudk OD;pm;ay;jyD; tatmift&SHK; qHk;jzwfavonf/ xkd hajumifh tif*sifeD,mwdk h tvkyf&SKyfaecsdefwGif Adokumwkd htm;aevSsifaewwfonf/ Adokumrsm; rtdyfraetvkyfrsm;aom tcsdefwGif vnf; tif*sifeD,m1mmom&yf,lolrsm; at;at;aq;aq; xdkifaeedkifjuonf/ tif*sifeD,m vlrsm;pkjum;xJ
  14. 14. rpE´m 13 wGif Adokum vlenf;pkuav;rSmuef hvef huef hvef hjzpfaewwfonf/ cifcsdKwdk hutdrfyHkpH?wkdufyHkpH tao; av; rsm; aqmifvkyfí tvkyf&SKyfaecsdefwGif rdwdk honf *Pef;aygif; aomif;ajcmufaxmifjum;xJwGif epfjrKyf aeavonf/ ]aymm ymdkrSm ajym&if;qdk&if;} taqmifa1m;rS auG hywfjyD; wufoGm;aom vrf;uav;udk junfh&if; armfarmfu ajymavonf/ wpfa,mufwnf; wpdkufpdkuf avSsmufoGm;aom udk&ifarmifudk awG h&onf/ naeapmif; wGif ausmif;om; rsm;onf tpkvdkuf at;at;oufom vrf;avSsmufavh &Sdjuonf/ udk&ifarmifonfum; naeig;em&DcGJ wGif xrif;pm;jyD; wpfOD;wnf; vrf;avSsmufxGufavh&Sdonfudk cifcsdKwkd howdxm;rdonf/ ]ajomf crsm oem;p&m? 1mmrS rod&Sm1ml;} rdonf jyHK;rvdk rJhrvdk rsufeSmuav;eSifh udk&ifarmifudk ai;junfhaeonf/ jzpfcJh&aom tavmif; tpm; jyóemtwGuf tawmfyif pdwfroufrom jzpfaeyHk&onf/ ]ndKaxG;u 1mmajymao;vJ} ]tymJ tcsdefwefawmh EGm;ydefuefvdrfhr,fwJh? ckxdawmh 1mmtpDtpOfvkyf&r,fawmif rodao; 1ml;wJh} ]aumif;uGm} r0gonf cifcsdKa1m;wGif 0ifxkdif&if; &,favonf/ pifppf jyóemudk r0gu pcJhjcif; jzpfonf/ a0a0? armfarmfeSifh rdwdk hu ulnDtm;ay;olrsm; jzpfonf/ ]jyóempol r0g? ajrSmufay;olu a0? armf? rd? juHazmfjuHzuf tm;vHk;teufwGif irdkufom; &ifarmifav? eifcsnf;yif aoayawmhymk av;ypfrnfholum; rndKaxG;} armfarmfonf wdk;wdk;av; a&&Gwfaeonf/ a0a0au em;axmif&if; &,faomfvnf; rdonf r&,fedkif acs/ r0gurl jyHK;pp vkyfaeavonf/ olwdk hwpfawG vkyfcJhjuaom tavmif;tpm;tajumif;udkom rrcif odvSsif rnfuJhodk h aernfudk cifcsdKawG;aerdonf/ ol'Davmuf qHk;raeonfhjum;xJu 'Dvdk vkyfju&rvm;ymk krqkH;edkifatmif qlawmh qJawmhrnf jzpfonf/ a0a0wdk h? ndKaxG;wdk hacgif;uav;awGudk AHkpDovdkpDjyD; 'vpyf vdkufacgufvdrfhrnf xifonf/ 'Dvdkqdkjyefawmhvnf; vufzuf0dkif;wkef;u rrcifom &SdvSsif taumif;om;ymk cifcsdKawmifhw rdonf/ rrcifom &SdvSsif tavmif;tpm;vnf; jzpfvmedkifrnf rymkwfacs/ tavmif;tpm;r&SdvSsif tavsmftpm;vnf; &Sdrnf rymkwfygacs/ t&SHkK;tedkifvnf; &Sdrnf rymkwfygacs/ cifcsdKuawmh 1m,fol hudkrS redkifapvdkay? tedkif&SdvSsif t&SHK;&Sd&awmhrnfrdk hjzpfonf/ rnfol hudkrSs r&SHK;apcsifaomajumifh jzpfygonf/ * * *
  15. 15. *sDa[mol 14 (5) ]ndKaxG;wpfoufvHk; wpfcgrS r&SHK;zl;1ml;? ndKaxG;vkyf&if edkif&rSmyJ} ndKaxG;onf cifcsdK hyefuefxJodk hc&rf;oD;eSyfwpfZGef;cyfxnfhay;&if; ajymonf/ ndKaxG;rsufvHk; ndKndKav;rsm;onf rmea&mifeSifh &Tef;vJhaeonf/ acgif;avSsmfjyD;prdk h zm;vsm;csjyD; zJjukd;eSifh uydku,dk csnfxm;aom qHyif aysmhaysmhrsm;onfum; eufarSmif oefpGrf;vSonf/r0gurl ndKaxG;udk cyfjyHK;jyHK; junfhjyD; xrif;om ukef;pm;aeonf/ oljudkufaom c&rf;oD;eSyfymif;rdk htpm;udk pum;xuf rufaejcif; vnf; jzpfedkifonf/ c&rf;oD;eSyfqdkvSSsif cifcsdKwdk htm;vHk; judkufjuonf/ taqmifu xrif;ymif;udk nHhvSonfymk nnf;oltawmfrsm;avonf/ rD;a&tpHk? aeonfhtwGuf a&m? pm;onfhtwGufyg taqmifaju;rSm ig;q,fhckepfusyfom jzpfonfhtwGuf ymif;wGif qDenf;onf qdkjyD; rnnf;oifhymk cifcsdKxifonf/ tdrfxrif; tdrfymif;eSifh eSdKif;jyD; tjypfwif&ef roifhay/ trsm;pm csuf&aom ymif;onf tdrfwGif csufaom qDjyefymif;eSifhum; ,SOfekdifrnf rymkwfacs/ odk haomf pufrSKwGif auGs;aom c&rf;oD;eSyfonfum; tdrfpHcsdefudk rDonfymk cifcsdKwdk htm;vHk; pHxm;qHk;jzwfjuonf/ c&rf;oD;eSyfauGs;aomae hwGif cgwdkif;xuf xrif;pm;í 0ifjuavonf/ taqmifaepu taqmifxrif; ndKndKeSifh jzLavsmfavsmf ymif;rsm;udk junfhjyD; rsdKrusedkif1mJ idkcsifpdwfaygufaeaom cifcsdKyif c&rf;oD;eSyf ymif;eSifh xrif;pm;edkifcJhonf/ ]aymh cifcsdK 1mmidkifaewmvJ} r0gonf cifcsdK hycHk;udk qwfceJ ykwfvkdufonf/ ymif;cGufudk junfh&if; tawG;vGefoGm;aom cifcsdKvnf; rdrdpdwfudk jyefqGJac:&if; &,fvdkufrdonf/ cifcsdKwdk hxrif;pm;tjyD;wGif taqmifudk wef;rjyef jzpf1mJ ausmif;udk ywfí vrf;avSsmufrdjuonf/ ausmif;taemuf1muf tvkyf&Hkrsm;1mufwGif jruf&dkif;yif eDeDrsm;nf yef;cif;juD;ozG,f &Jaeonf/ avtaoG;wGif 1m,fnm ,drf;EGJ haejuonf/ ]'Dausmif;rSm ndKaxG; tcspfqHk;u tJ'D jruf&dkif;eDawGyJ? ndKaxG; olaX;jzpf&if jcHtus,fjuD;0,fjyD; tJ'DjrufawGudk rsufpdwpfqHk; tcif;juD; jzpfatmif pdkufxm;r,f} wEGJ hEGJ hnGwfaeaom jrufnSmwHav;udk cl;,l&if; pdwful;,Ofaeaom ndKaxG;onf cav;i,f av;eSifh wlaeonf/ cifcsdKom yef;csDqGJwwfvSsif jruf&dkif;yif eDeDrsm;tjum;wGif qHEG,fqHnGef hrsm; avwGif vGifhaeaom ndKaxG; yHkudk yef;csDqGJrdrnf xifonf/ ndKaxG;0wfxm;aom tusF D0g0geSifh vHkcsnft0gyGifhonf jruf&dkif;yifrsm; tjum;wGif vGifvGifuav; xif&Sm;aehrnf jzpfonf/ eD&J&J ,Sufjzm
  16. 16. rpE´m 15 us aeaom naecif; aea&mifjcnfonf ndKaxG; yg;csdKifhuav;rsm;udk ydkrdk xif&Sm;aprnf jzpfavonf/ teDeSifh t0gqdkvSSsif ylaEG;aom ta&mifrsm;aeonf/ ndKaxG; qHyifudk pD;xm;aom zJjudk;jym;av;onf avxJwGif ysH0JaejyD; rsufpdudk rodromuav; at;oGm;apekdifrnf jzpfavonf/ yef;csDum; trnfudkrl ]t&dkif;} ymk ay;&vSsif aumif;rnfxifonf/ t&dkif;ymlonfrSm o1mm0twdkif; rjyKrjyif xm;onfudk qdkvdkonf rymkwfygavm/ ]ndKaxG;om wefcdk;&Sif qkd&if tJ'D jruf&dkif;eDawGudk ckvdk aqmif;wGif;ru1ml;? q,fheSpf&moD &Sdaeatmif zefqif;xm;rSmyJ} ]tdk uG,f yef;vJ rymkwf? t&GufvJ rymkwf? arT;vJ rarT;? aymmymkd acsmufxJu yef;0gav;awGurS ydkvSao;w,f} ]yef;qdkwm arT;rS vSrS yef;vdk hoa1mmxm;&if rSm;rSmaygh r0g&,f? yef;qdkwm yef;qefvGef;&if raumif;1ml; rdef;uav;&J h} jruf&dkif;eDrsm;jum;xJwGif &yf&if; ndKaxG;u ajymaepOf cifcsdKwdk ha1m;rS udk&ifarmifonf jzwfí avSsmufoGm;onf/ ol hymeftwkdif; acgif;iHk hum ajcvSrf;udk a&wGufí avSsmufaeovdk wpfvSrf;csif; avSsmufoGm;/ wpfOD;eSifh wpfOD; rdwfqufp&mrvdk? odaejyD; jzpfjuaomfvnf; rnfolurSpí eSKwfrqufonfhtwGuf eSKwfrqufjzpfjuay/ ndKaxG;url jrufwpfyifudk trSwfwrJh vSrf;Ekwf&if; rsufvTm0ef;0dkufjyD; tuJcwfvdkufonf/ xkdh aemufwGifum; wdkifyifp&myif rvdk? ndKaxG;? r0geSifhcifcsdKwkd h oHk;OD;om; udk&ifarmif aemuf1mufrS jznf;jznf;oufom vdkufvmrdjuonf/ ]yef;qdkwm vSwdkif;vJ rarT;1ml;? arT;wdkif;vJ rvS1ml;? wcsdK husawmh uHaumif;vdk hxifyg&J h arT;vJarT;w,f vSvJvSw,f? uHqdk;wJh yef;av;rsm; usjyefawmhvnf; arT;vJ rarT; vSvJ rvS? 'dk hrsm; rdef;uav;awG&J h1m0ymmvJ yef;uav;rsm;vkdyJ} ndKaxG;onf avat;av;eSifh ajymaeonf/ rsufvHk;ndKav;rsm;u &D&Tifaeaomfvnf; ndKaxG; toHonf aqG;aqG;ajrhajrhav; jzpfaeonf/ cifcsdKwdk hta&S hvufwpfvSrf;omomavmufwGif avSsmufoGm; aom udk&ifarmifonf ndKaxG; toHudk aumif;pGm jum;ekdifayvdrhfrnf xifonf/ ]yef;jrif&if cl;csifjuwmawmh vlawG&J hnmOfyJ xifyg&J haemf? tjrwfwedk;tyefcH&wJh yef;av;awG uawmh uHaumif;wmaygh? wcsdK hvlawGuawmh yef;jrif&if cl;jyD; acsypfwwfwmrsdK;? yef;uav;awGudk 1mmOya'urS umuG,fray;1ml;? tnSmvG,f& aumif;vm;vdk hawmif 0dkif;jyD; zdvdkufjuao;w,f? tJ'gu awmh rw&m;yg1ml; aemf cifcsdK&,f} ]tif;aygh} ndKaxG;u pum;axmufvkdufí cifcsdKonf a,mifeeeSifh tif;om vkdufvdkuf&onf/ rndKaxG; ajcvSrf;udk aumif;pGm rjrifrdao;acs/ rdef;rrm,m oJudk;jzmymk qdkpum; &Sdonf/ ndKaxG;onf oJudk;jzm xJrS oJwpfqkyfudkawmh toHk;jyKjyD xif&onf/ udk&ifarmif ajcvSrf;rsm; aeS;oGm;onfum; trSefyif/ ]wu,fawmh ndKaxG;wdk hrdef;r1m0ymm wu,fhudk zuf1m0? ql;usus zufusus zufomayguf& w,fqdkwm a&S;vljuD;awGymm wu,fajymcJhwmaemf? t&SHK;cH1m0 oufouf&,f}
  17. 17. *sDa[mol 16 ndKaxG;u aqG;ajrhemjunf;oHav;eSifh ajymaomtcg r0grsufvHk;eSpfzufonf jyL;xGufjyD; tvef hwjum; jzpfoGm;avonf/ eSpfq,f&mpkeSpfrSm zufay:uswJhql;awG usdK;&r,fymk avoHrmrmeSifh ajymcJhaom pum;udk owd&íxifonf? ndKaxG;onf ol hudk rsufvHk;tjyL;om;eSifh vSnfhjunfhaomtcg r0gtm; &,fusJusJeSifh rsufpdwpfzuf rSdwfjyavonf/ rsufpdymlonfudk acgif; ta&S h1muf rsufeSmwGifom eSpfvHk;pvHk; wyfqifay;cJhaom o1mm0w&m;juD;ajumifh ndKaxG;udk ausmcdkif;xm;aom udk&ifarmifonf ndKaxG; &,fusJusJymefav;udk rjrifedkif&Smacs/ toHudkom jum;ae&ol onf rsufvHk;av;&Da0a0eSifh aqG;&dyforf;aeaom rsufeSmav;udkom awG;xifjrifa,mif rdrnf jzpfayonf/ ]1m,facwfjuD; 1m,fvdkwdk;wufjyD; 'HkysHawG 1m,fvdkvTwfvTwf? vudk1m,fvdkoGm;oGm;'dk hrdef;uav; awGvJ ynmawG 1m,fvdkwwfwwf? ql;eJ hzuf ed,mrjuD;uawmh ajymif;rSm rymkwf1ml;aemf} ]ndKaxG;u a,musfm;jzpfcsifvdk hvm;} ]tdk rjzpfcsifyg1ml;? rjzpfekdifwmudk 1mmvdk hwrf;wae&rSmvJ? a,musfm;awGudkom rdef;uav;awG&J h 1m0 em;vnfapcsifwm? pmemapcsifwmyg} ajcvSrf;aeS;aeaom udk&ifarmifudk cifcsdKwdk hwawG ausmfwufcJhjuonf/ tuJcwfymefeSifhrodrom vSnhfjunfhonfudkyif vHk;0trSKrxm;rdovdk aumif;uifjymudk armhjunfhaeaom ndKaxG;onf trlt,m aumif;vSayonf/ udk&ifarmifymlonfh vludk &Sdonfymk trSwfxm;yHkyifr&/ ta&;pdkufrdyHkyifr&/ pdwfwHcg; udk rodromav;zGifhjyD; *sdKif;ceJ jyefydwfxm;vdkufonf/ xdjyD; ajy;aom ]xdajy;} uav;rsm;onf tcspfyGJwGif ppfcif;juonfymk cifcsdKjum;zl;onf/ jidrfoufpGm &yfaeoltm; pwifjyD; xdcdkuffí vSKyf&Sm;vmaomtcg ajy;avawmhonf/ tajy;orm;eSifh tvkduform;ymlonf ajy;olu ompjrJyifwnf;/ ndKaxG;udk junfh&onfrSmvnf; tajy;orm;av;eSifh wlonf/ uefa&jyifuJhodk hjidrfaeaom pdwftpOftm; cJao;ao;av;eSifh rxdwxd pjyD; ypfcwfaejyD xif&onf/ cifcsdKjum;zl;aom yHkjyifxJwGif ol&Jaumif; rif;om;av;u av;ypfrnfymk av;nSdK hudk wD;cwfvdkufaomtcg &efoltukefvHk; rSifoufrdjyD; ausmuf&kyfvdk jzpfukefjuonf qdk/ av;ypfrnfh cspfjrm;&Sif ndKaxG;onfvnf; av;nSdK hudk omomav; wD;cwfaeacsjyD/ irdkufom;&ifarmifav a&Smifedkif &if a&Smifayawmhymk cifcsdK pdwfxJwGif wD;wdk;a&&Gwfaerdonf/ ]oJudk;jzmxJu oJwpfqkyfudkawmh ndKaxG;oHk;cJhjyD xifyg&J h} taqmifodk hjyefa&mufaomtcg zm;zm;a0a0 ydawmuf&Gufrsm;udk ckefcl;&if; r0gu ar;ajymav; ajymonf/ ndKaxG;onf 1mef'gyif&dyfatmufrS cHkpdrf;av;wGif ajcypfvufypf xkdifcs&if; &,favonf/ ]oJwpfrSKef eSpfrSKefyg r0g&,f? wpfqkyfrukefyg1ml;} * * *
  18. 18. rpE´m 17 (6) 'Dae hcifcsdKausmif;rwufjzpfacs/ wufcsifpdwfvnf;r&SdvS/q&mqGJcdkif;xm;aomyHkpHudkqGJí rjyD;ao; aomajumifhq&meSifhvnf; &ifqdkifcsifpdwfr&Sdacs/ xdk hajumifhtcef;xJwGifwpfreufvHk;atmif;aejyD;ausmif; ajy;jzpfavonf/ cifcdsKwdk htaqmifeSifh ydokumXmeonf eD;uyfojzifh tcef;tjyif1mufxGufaevSsif XmerS vSrf;jrifekdifonf/ xkd hajumifh tcef;tjyifudk yif rxGuf&J? taqmifa&S hwGif jzwfoGm;aom q&m rsm; trSwfwrJh vSrf;jrifoGm;rnfudk ajumufaomajumifh jzpfonf/ odk haomf q,fhwpfem&D xdk;aomtcgwGufum; cifcsdKonf raeomawmhacs/ igh0rf;ylqm raeom vdk hxGuf&w,fymk nnf;&if; xrif;pm;aqmif1mufokd hcyfvSsdK;vSsdK; xGufvm&onf/ *sDaymmolrsm; 'Dwpfcg awmh uHqdk;vSonf/ xrif;pm;aqmifeSifh taqmifonf wpfac:omom a0;avonf/ oD;jcm;pD &Sdju onfrdk hxrif;wpfcg pm;&efta&; usJusJylaom aexJrS jzwfjyD; ig;rdepfomomcef hvrf;avSsmuf ju&avonf/ aeylonfurSawmfao;onf/rdk;wGif;tcgwGifum;'l;qpfcef hjrKyfaeaoma&xJwGifw0kef;0kef; eSifh a&ul;usifhjyD;rS xrif;pm;ju&avonf/ ]aym; cifcsdK axG;axG;} pm;aomufqdkifrsm; a1m;rS tjzwfwGif qdkifxJrS ,k,kaqGu vSrf;ac:onf/ ol ha&S hu pm;yGJ ay:wGif 'HaygufyGJudk jrif&ojzifh cifcsdKwkd hajcvSrf;vnf; xrif;pm;aqmifudk arhjyD; 'HaygufqDodk htvdkvdk OD;wnfoGm;avonf/ ]1mmjzpfvdk hausmif;rwufjuwmvJ? q&mjuD; a':uefaew,f} ]tymkwfvm;} cifcsdKa&maxG;axG;yg &ifxJwGif 'dkif;ceJckefoGm;juonf/ wpfcgwpf&Hawmhvnf;cifcsdKwkd hpdwfnpf rdonf/ pmtydk'fwpf&musuf ymkqdkvSsifyif 0D&d,tm;udk;eSifh usufygu jyD;edkifao;onf/ 'DyHkudk 'Dae h pOf;pm;jyD; tjyD;qGJ&rnfymkqkdygu OD;aeSmufu &TifaevSsif jyD;edkifayonf/ wpfcgwpf&H ÚmPfajcmufcef; aomtcgrsm;wGif rnfuJhokd haom yHkpHudk xkwfvkyf&rnfudk pOf;pm;í r&edkif1mJ wpfaeukef&onf/OD;aeSmuf xJrS pOf;pm;ÚmPfymlonf jcpfxkwfaumfxkwfívnf; &aumif;onf rymkwfygacs/ ]'dk hawG 'DZdkif;rxGufao;vdk h} ]tdk 1mmyHkyJjzpfjzpf awG hu&m qGJjyvdkuf&if jyD;wmyJ} ]'DvdkvJ rjycsif1ml;uG? rif;wdk hjrefrmawG nHhvSacsuvm;vdk hxifoGm;&if tcuf}
  19. 19. *sDa[mol 18 axG;axG;u wkd;wdk;av; ajymonf/ cifcsdKwdk h twef;q&monf &yf&Sif;vlrsdK; jzpfavonf/ &k&Sm;rSa&mufvmonfrSm rjumao;ojzifh jrefrmwkd h tavhtx? tusifhp&dkufudkvnf; aumif;pGm em;rvnfao;acs/ awG horSs jriforSsudk pl;prf;avhvmjyD; &k&Sm;eSifh ,SOfjunfhavh&Sdavonf/ cifcsdK hpdwfxJ wGif jrefrmawGudk txifao;rSm pdk;&drfaom tawG;jzifh jynfhaeonf/ cifcsdKwdk htwef;wGif 'kwd,eSpfuwnf;upí &yf&Sifq&mrsm;eSifh a&pufqHkcJh&onf/ OD;qHk;q&m onf tdk*sDaumhjzpfonf/ t&yfjrifhjrifh cg;udkif;udkif;eSifh vufeSpfzufudk vTJjyD; avSsmufavh&Sdaom q&m ymefonf xl;jcm;avonf/ pum;ajymvSsif ol hrkwfqdwf wdkwdkav;udk oyfíoyfí ajymavh&Sdonf/ wpfcgwpf&H jrefrmykqdk;udk cyfwkdwkd 0wfwwfavonf/ jrefrmhtavh? jrefrmhp&dkufudk em;tvnfqHk; q&mymk qdkedkifayonf/ 'kwd,q&monfum; 'dk,dkzD;,uf jzpfonf/ t&yfcyfykyk 00zdkihfzdkifheSifh xm0pOf jyHK;aewwfonf/ &yf&Sifyif jzpfaomfvnf; tar&duef pD;u&ufudkrS aomufwwfonf/ jrefrmjynfrS rdausmif;om;eSifh ajrGom;udk tonf;pGJatmif judkufeSpfoufavonf/ ausmif;om;rsm;udk em;vnfrSK&SdjyD; oa1mmaumif; vSonf/ ,ckaemufqHk;q&monfum; rpöwm t,fvufZjE´d,m; Apf&Sftl&Sm;aumhymk trnfwGifav/ jreffrmjynfa&mufvmonfrSmvydkif;om&Sdao;onf/ cifcsdKwkd hausmif;ajy;vSsifol htoiftjyudk reSpfouf aom ajumifhymk awG;jyD; pdwfraumif; jzpfwwfonf/ pkpkaygif;rS q,fhig;a,mufom &Sdaom cifcsdKwdk h twef;uav;wGifvnf; vlwpfOD;ajy;vSsif ajy;rSef; odomvSacsonf/ ]'Dae hausmif;ajy;wJhvlawG trsm;juD;? 1mmjzpfvdk hrwufwmvJvdk hcsnf; ar;aew,f? aeraumif; jzpfw,fqdk&atmif uvJ wjydKifeufwnf; zsm;wm rsm;vGef;w,f? 1m,fvdk ajz&r,fawmif rod1ml;} ]1m,feSpfa,mufawmif aysmufaevdk hvJ} ]udk;a,muf? 'Dae hausmif;wufwm ajcmufa,mufwnf; &Sdw,f} ]ymdkuf} rwdkifyif1mJeSifh wkdufqdkifukefacsjyD/ twef;xJwGif vlwpf0ufyif r&Sdavawmh q&ma'guef rnfqdk vSsifvnf; uefoifhvSacsonf/ ]naeydkif;awmh vmvdk hrjzpf1ml;xifw,f} ]jyp&m yHkvJ r&Sdao;1ml;} ]uJ pm;rSm pm;ygOD;} &SHK hrJhrJh jzpfaeaom cifcsdKwdk heSpfOD;1mufodk h,k,kaqGonf 'Haygufyef;uefrsm; xdk;ay;onf/ rqvmeH hu oif;ysH hhjyD; a0h0Jvmaom tcgrS wjukwfjukwfjrnfaeaom Adkufudk owd&rdonf/ pufrSKu pm;aomufqkdifrsm;onf emrnfjuD;avonf/ w&kwfpm? ukvm;pm? jrefrmxrif;ymif; tvHk;pHk tqifh twef;rDrDeSifh aumif;rGefonf/ ,kaqGonf pm;í ukefvkeD;aejyD jzpfaomfvnf; cifcsdKwdk hudk apmifhjyD; jznf;jznf;pm;aeonf/ ]aymmawmh OD;a&Taumh}
  20. 20. rpE´m 19 axG;axG;onf o&ufoD;oeyf yef;uefudk vSrf;í cyf,l&if; vufjuD;wef;vef;eSifh &yfoGm;onf/ yg;pyfuav;ymvsuf ezl;jyifwGif csufcsif;yif acGs;rsm; pdk hvmavonf/ ]ym,f} oljunfh&m wpfzufqdkifudk vSrf;junfh&if; cifcsdKonf vufxJrS ZGef;udk a,mifa,mifrSm;rSm; ypfcs vdkufrdonf/ wpfzufqdkifa&S hwGif cifcsdKwdk htac: OD;a&TaumhtrnfcH q&mjuD; rpöwmtl&Sm;aumhonf rm;rm; juD; &yfaeonf/ qdkifxJrS vlrsm;udk wpfOD;pD taotcsm vdkufjunfhaeavonf/ jrefrmjynfa&mufprdk h jrefrmwdk h &kyfudk uGJuGJjym;jym; rrSwfrdao;acs/ 0wfpm;jyifqifyHkrsm; a&maxG;aeojzifh ol hwynfhausmf ausmif;om;rsm; ymkwfrymkwf wpfOD;pD avSsmufjunfhaejcif; jzpfonf/ ]1mm 1mm 1mm vkyfjurvJ} axG;axG;u xpfxpf aighaigh ar;avonf/ xrif;pm;csdefrdk hpm;aomufqdkifxJwGifvnf; vltjynfh jzpfonf/ ajumifvufwGif rdaom juGufuav;rsm; ozG,f ausmif;ajy;zrf;aom q&mjuD;vufxJwGif vla&S hola&S hü trdcH&awmhrnf xifonf/ 0l;0l;0g;0g; qlyljyD; ausmif;cef;wGif;odk hqGJac:jcif;udk cH& ayawmhrnf/ rsufeSmav;rsm; atmufcsjyD; ukyfacsmif;acsmif;vdkufoGm;&rnf xifonf/ ]ym,f ym,f ym,f vmjyD} wpfzufqdkifrS cifcsdKwdk hpm;aeaom qdkif1mufokd hvmaom tcgwGifum; 1mmudkrSs rpOf;pm;ekdifawmh acs/ pm;vufp 'HaygufyGJrsm;udk ypfjyD; qkdifaemufzuf aiGodrf;pm;yGJqDodk h OD;wnfajy;rdjuonf/ ]aymh aeOD; aeOD;av} 'HaygufoHk;yGJeSifh wpfOD;wnf; cef hcef hjuD; xdkifusef&pfaom ,kaqGonfvnf; cifcsdK hvuf udk vSrf;jyD; qGJum; wymkefxdk; vdkufavonf/ tcsdefrD&Hkuav;yif jzpfonf/ oHk;OD;om; aiGodrf;pm;yGJ aemufa&mufjyD; ikwfwkwfxdkifcsjyD;onfeSifh q&mjuD;OD;a&Taumhvnf; qdkifa&S ha&mufvmacsawmhonf/ wpfOD;pDudk taotcsm vdkufjunfhavawmhonf/ cifcsdKwdk haemuf1mufwGif xrif;csufaom avrD;zdkjuD;u w&SJ&SJeSifh jrnfymnf;&if; awmufavmifaeonf/ rD;zdkeSifh uyfaeaomfvnf; axG;axG;vufrsm;onf at;pufaeavonf/ rm;rm;juD;&yfaeaom q&mjuD;tm; taygufjum;rS acsmif;junfh&if; &ifxJwGif wqwfqwf ckefaeonf/ £ajE´rysuf 'Haygufpm;&if;trdcH&onfurSawmfOD;rnf/ pm;yGJaemuf1mufwGif rsufvHk;uv,f uv,feSifh ikwfwkwfuav;awG xkdifaeonfudk rdoGm;ygrS rymmt&Sufawmf vSvSjuD; uGJacsawmhrnf/ ydkíyif &Sufp&m aumif;acsOD;rnf/ ]1mk&m;-1mk&m;-1mk&m;-u,fyg} ,kaqGonf wdk;wdk;av; &Gwfaeonf/ ausmif;wufygvsufeSifh cifcsdKwdk heSifh taygif;aumif; aomajumifh tajcmufwdkuf 0&rf;ajy;jzpf&&Smonf/ qdkifwGif;rS ausmif;om;rsm;onf tl,m;zm;,m; xajy;aom cifcsdKwkd hoHk;OD;eSifh qdkifa&S hwGif &yfaeaom q&mjuD;wdk htjzpfudk &,fcsifjuymef &Sdonf/ vlajymifvlaemuf wpfOD;OD;om ygí pm;yGJaemufokd hvufnSdK;nTefjyvdkufygu w&m;cHajy;rsm;udk ikwfwkwf
  21. 21. *sDa[mol 20 uav;awGawG h&awmhrnf jzpfonf/ odk haomf armifrif;juD;om;rsm; awmf&Smjuygayonf/ £ajE´rysuf qufpm;aejuonf/ wpfOD;rS azmfaumifrvkyf/ ]oGm;jyD oGm;jyD} acsmif;junfhaeaom axG;axG;onf armymkdufoHav;eSifh ajymonf/ oufjyif;udk ymif;ceJ cs&if; pm;yGJpGef;av;udk rSDxm;vdkufonf/ wtHhwjojunfh&if; jyHK;aeaom qkdif&Sifukvm;juD;tm; a,mifcsmcsm oGm;jznf;jyaeaom axG;axG; &kyfuav;onf &,fp&maumif;vSacsonf/q&mjuD; tawmfvGefoGm; aomtcgrS cifcsdKwdk hoHk;OD;om; acgif;axmif&Jawmhonf/ pm;yGJaemufuG,frS ukwfacsmif;acsmif; xGufvm aom cifcsdKwkd htm; junfhum wpfqdkifvHk; jyHK;aejuonf/ &Sufaomt&Sufonf i,fxdyfodk hwufuyfae oa,mif cHpm;&onf/ wpfrsufeSmvHk; xlylaeonf/ ]ausmif;ajy;csifOD; rSwfyvm;} 'Haygufrsm;udkyif qufrpm;edkifjuawmhacs/ qdkifxJrS a,mifayay xGufvmjujyD;aomtcg ,kaqGu qlavonf/ cifcsdKwkd hvnf; qloHudk remcHtm;/ taqmifodk htjrefqHk; jyefajy;cJhjuonf/ taqmifwGif;ü tcef;atmif;aeonfyifvSsif a1m;uif;ayrnf/ jyó'g;rvGwfaomae hrdk hnaeydkif;vnf; ausmif;rwuf&J juawmhacs/ cifcsdKwdk homru a0a0eSifh armfarmfudkvnf; jyó'g; eSdyfpufcJhavonf/ xkdae hxkd&ufwGif udk&ifarmif? rndKaxG;wdk hjyóemtwGuf olwdk hwawG OD;aeSmufajcmufcJhju&avonf/ * * *
  22. 22. rpE´m 21 (7) ]rajymcsifawmh1ml;uG,f rajymcsifawmh1ml;} a0a0onf vufxJrS pmtkyfrsm;udk pm;yGJay: 1mkef;ceJ ypfcsvdkufonf/ rsufeSmav;u &SHK hrJh aeaomf vnf; rsufvHk;av;rsm;onf ta&mifawmufyjyD; ymufymufyufyuf &,farmaejuymef &Sdonf/ armfarmfurl jyHK;rvdk? &,frvdkeSifh a&wpfcGuf jynfhjynfhcyfjyD; w&Sdef;xdk;aomufavonf/ xkd haemuf ]tymJ armfarmfwdk hawmh &SHK;rvm; ekdifrvm;rod} ymk ajymonf/ ]rndKaxG; wu,fvsifw,f? uHuvnf; ol h1mufvdkufaevm; rod1ml;} rajymcsifyg1ml;ymk atmfaeaom a0a0onfcifcsdKrar;1mJeSifh tptrStqHk;Zmwfajumif;jyefavonf/ ]ae hcif;u a0a0wkd hawG aEG;at;rSm edk hat;oGm;aomufw,f} aEG;at;onf tyla&m tat;yg&aom pufrSKpm;aomufqdkif jzpfonf/ vufzufokwf? *sif;okwf? tmvl;okwfyg tpHk&aom aEGat;wGif vlrjywfvSacs/ ]ausmif;om;awG ajymjyD; &,faejuw,f? cifcsdKwdk hawG ae hcif;u uJifwif;rsm 1m&kwfvkyfoGm;ju w,fqdk} cifcsdKonf roufromeSifh acgif;jidrhfjy&onf/ olwkd htajumif;uvnf; trSefyif &,fp&mrdk h&,f yGJzGJ haeaom olrsm;tm;vnf; tjypfrwifedkif&Smacs/ ]a0a0wdk hvJ tukefjum;ae&wmaygh? cifcsdKwdk hjzpfyHkuvJ &,fp&mjuD;? 'Dae hawmh cifcsdKwdk h wif 1m&kwfjzpfwmrymkwf1ml;? udk&ifarmifuvJ tlwlwl vkyfoGm;ao;w,f} ]ajymygOD;} a0a0onf pum;qufrajymekdifao;1mJ ol hymmol &,faeonf/ ckwifay:wGif yufvufvSJ tdyfaeaom armfarmfonfvnf; a0a0hudk junfhum ymufymufyufyuf &,favonf/ ]udk&ifarmifeJ hApfwmeJ haygh? 1mmjzpfvmw,f rod1ml;? udk&ifarmifu rsufrSeftxljuD; wyfjyD; qdkifxJudk apmif;ief; apmif;ief; eJ h0ifvmw,f} ]udk&ifarmifu rsufrSefwyfvdk hvm;}
  23. 23. *sDa[mol 22 ]rwyf1ml;av? t&ifu ol hrsufcGufrSm rsufrSefrS r&Sdwm? tckawmh 1mmpdwful;aygufjyD; wyfvm w,f rod1ml;? atmifodyÜHqdkifrSm olwdk htkyfpku xkdifjunfh&if; &,faejuw,f? Apfwmu rsufrSefryg1ml;? udk&ifarmifhvufudk aemuf1mufu wif;wif;qkyfvdk hayuvyf ayuvyfeJ hav} Apfwmonf cifcsdKwdk hpufrSKwuúodkvfwGif rsufrSefyg0gtrsm;qHk; wyf&ol jzpfrnf xifonf/ rsufrSefcGswfxm;vSsif tem;u vludkyif vlvHk;ruGJawmhacs/ ApfwmrsufrSefudk udk&ifarmifu xyfjyD; warmharmheSifh qdkiful;vmjcif; jzpfonf/ ]qdkifa&mufawmh atmufzufrSm acGeufusm; tdyfaewmudk olwdk heSpfa,mufpvHk; rjrif1ml;? Apfwmu acG;udk wnfhwnfhjuD; wufeif;ygava&m} Apfwmu acG;udk wufeif;aomtcg at;at;vlvl Zdrf,l&if; rSdef;aeaom acG;eufusm;onf wudefudefeSifh pl;pl;0g;0g; xatmfavawmhonf/ olwkd h ajcaxmufatmufrS acG;atmfoH wudefudef xGufvmaomtcg eSpfa,mufpvHk; ajrmufceJ aeatmif xckefjuawmhonf/ acG;onf ajumuftm;vef h tm;eSifh wdk;xGufavonf/ acG;oGm;&mvrf;wGifvnf; olwdk heSpfOD; ajcav;acsmif;onf ajrmufjuG ajrmufjuGeSifh &SKyf&Sufcwfaeonf/ acG;wpfaumifeSifh vleSpfa,muf xkwfqD;xdk;wrf; upm;aejuymefESifh wlaeavonf/ w0g;0g;&,faejuaom &,foHrsm;ajumifh acG;onf ajumufvef hwjum; twif;wdk;&if; udk&ifarmif ajcusif;0wfudk ymyfrdoGm;avonf/ ]acG;udkufygw,fqdkrS udk&ifarmifu wpfawmifavmufjrifhatmif 0kef;ceJ xckefao;w,f? aemufjyD; awmhrS ol hajcaxmufudk jyL;wl;jyJwJeJ hukef;junfhaew,f} ajcusif;0wfwGif aoG;rsm; pD;usaeaomfvnf; yg0grsm;vSaom rsufrSefjuD;ajumifh taotcsm jrifyHkr&acs/ acgif;udk qwfceJ jyefarmhum rsufrSefudk jzKwfjyD; ApfwmqDodk h vSrf;ay;avonf/ rsufrSef cGswfvdkufaom udk&ifarmifeSifh rsufeSmjyefwyfvdkufjuaom Apfwmwdk honf wpfOD;udk wpfOD; cyfajumif ajumif junfhaejuonf/ ESpfOD;pvHk; rsufrSefxlpeufajumifh wpfatmifhavmufjumaomtcgrS Apfwmonf tvef hwjum; xatmfavonf/ ]aymhaumif &ifarmif rif;ajcaxmufrSm aoG;awG} ]at;uG} udk&ifarmifonf trl;rajyao;ymeffeSifh rsufpdudk yGwf&if; cyfat;at; ajymavonf/ qdkifxJrS ausmif;om;rsm;onf xkdtcgusrS ajcaxmufrS aoG;udk owdxm;rdjuymefwlonf/ wpfa,mufwpfayguf ajym&if; 0dkif;vmjuonf/ a0a0eSifh twlxdkifaeaom ndKaxG;onf ol hpmtkyfjum;xJwGif nSyfxm;aom vufudkify0gtjzLav;udk xkwf,lvdkufonf/ aoG;rsm;udk vufjzifh oyfcsvdkufrnf ymefjyifaom udk&ifarmifxHodk hurf;ay;vdkufonf/ ]a&mh 'geJ hywfxm;? taqmifudkjyef? uma1mmfvpfqyfjymeJ htemudk aq;vdkuf? jyD;&if q&m0efudk oGm;jyOD;? acG;u &l;ae&if tcuf} ndKaxG;toHu wdk;wdk;av;yif jzpfonf/ wpfa,mufwpfayguf qlaejuolrsm;txJwGif ol h toHat;at;av;u jywfjywfom;om; xGufvmojzifhudk&ifarmifonf ndKaxG;vufudkify0g tjzLav; udk eSajrmovdk junfhaeonf/ csdKat;aomfvnf; wnfjidrfaeonfh ndKaxG; rsufeSmudk wpfcsuf armhjunfhjyD; ndKaxG; ajymovdk temudk cyfzGzG pnf;vdkufonf/
  24. 24. rpE´m 23 ]uHudku ol h1muf az;aewmudk;? udk&ifarmifudk junfhwm ndKaxG;udk tawmfaus;Zl; wifoGm;yHk &w,f} ]igwdk hudku nHhwm? igwdk hvJ vufudkify0gay;ekdifom;yJ? owdawmif r&1ml;} armfarmfonf ajym&if;&,faeonf/ cspfjrm;&Sif ndKaxG;onf tcGifhomcdkufwGifav;nSdK hudk wpfcsuf wD;cwfvkdufjyefjyD xifonf/ ndKaxG;wD;aom av;nSdK hoHuav;rsm;onf nifomvGef;ojzifh a1m;vlrsm; yif vHk;0&dyfrdedkifymef rwlacs/ ]oJwpfrSKef hESpfrSKef hoHk;cJhjyefjyDxifyg&J h? ymkwfvm; ndKaxG;} jyHK;jyHK;av; cifcsdKu ar;aomtcg ndKaxG;onf acgif;cgjyavonf/ jyHK;&Tifaeaom ndKaxG; rsufeSmoG,foG,fav;rSm tjypfuif;vSonf/ ]'Dwpfcg wu,fapwemeJ hay;vdkufwmyg cifcsdK&,f? nKdaxG;xGifwm rymkwfyg1ml;} ndKaxG; wu,fajymjcif; jzpfymefwlonf/ rmea&mif oef;aewwfaom rsufvHk;ndKuav; rsm;wGif u&kPma&mif vJhvJhudk cifcsdK &SmawG hoa,mif xifrdonf/ * * *
  25. 25. *sDa[mol 24 (8) ]cifcsdKa& x x} a0a0onf cifcsdK hudk omomav; vSKyfEddSK;onf/ we*FaEGae hrdk hpdwf&Sdvuf&Sd tdyfvdkufrnfymk pdwful;xm;aom cifcsdKonf rajureyfjzihf vl;vGef h&if; rsufvHk; zGifhvdkuf&onf/ ]eSif;awGrS trsm;juD;yJ? tkyfqkdif;aewmyJ? xjunfhprf;yg} tdyf,mrS rxao;1mJ tjyif1mufodk harSsmfjunfhvdkufonf/ eSif;jrLrsm;onf rdk;aygufuav;rsm; ozG,f wzGJzGJ usaeonf/ cifcsdKonf xdktcgrS tdyf,mrS vl;vJxjyD; tcef;tjyif1muf xGufvmrdonf/ eHeufajcmufem&Dcef h&SdjyDjzpfaomfvnf; ae0ef;onf vHk;0 rxGufjyLekdifao;acs/ eSif;jzLjzL rsm;u tkyfqkdif;xm;onf/ taqmifta&S h1muf a1mmvHk;uGif;xJudkyif taotcsm rjrif&/ ]at} taqmifudkrl a&;a&;av; jrif&avonf/ xrif;pm;aqmifeSifh ausmif; aq;&Hkudkvnf; rawG h&acs/ t&yf&SpfrsufeSm tukefvHk; eSif;rsm;eSifh rSKefrSdKif;aeonf/ ]ym,f aumif;vdkufwm? odyfaumif;wmyJ} ndKaxG;onf ol htcef;0wGif &yf&if; atmfaeonf/ judk hukef;? tif;pdef1mufwGifvlaetdrfrsm;u jrdK h xJvdk rxlxyf1mJ usJyg;avonf/ atmufcHodyfonf;rSKenf;ojzifh eSif;jrLrsm;onf odyfodyf onf;onf; usavh&Sdonf/ ]awmpy,fawG oGm;cl;r,f} ndKaxG;? a0a0eSifh cifcsdKwdk hoHk;OD;om; rsufeSmudk uref;uwef;opfum tajy;xGufvmrdjuonf/ csrf;csrf;pD;pD; eSif;awmxJ wdk;jyD; arT;ysH hysH hpy,fyef;rsm;udk cl;,l&onfrSm aysmfp&m aumif;vSonf/ ]aym; 'dk hvJ vdkufr,f} cifcsdKwdk hudk jrifaomtcg rrcifonf usufvufp pmtkyfudk ypfcsjyD; tajy;tvTm; vdkufvmonf/ *sDaymmaemuf1mufwGif ukef;jrifhuav;eSifh vSdsKrsm; &Sdonf/ xkdukef;jrifhwGif awmpHy,fyifrsm; EG,f,Suf aygufaejuonfh rSdKif;a0aom eSif;rSHKrsm;eSifhtwl py,fyGifh jzLjzLrsm;onf azG;aeatmif yGifhwwfavonf/ twefi,f vljywfojzifh cifcsdKwdk h eHeufapmapmwGif wpfOD;p? eSpfOD;p roGm;&Jjuay/ vltkyfaumif;vSsif tzGJ hvdkuf yef;cl;xGufjuonf/
  26. 26. rpE´m 25 ]ym,f trsm;juD; trsm;juD;yJ? azG;aewmyJ} a0a0onf jzLazG;El;nHhaom py,fyGifhrsm;udk avm1mwjuD; cl;&if; atmfaeonf/ awmifukef; uav;u odyfrjuD;aomfvnf; py,fyifrsm;onf ymkdem;wpfpk? onfem;wpfpk eSifh tawmfrsm;onf/ py,fyifcsnf;yif jzpfaomfvnf; trsdK;tpm;u rwlacs/ wcsdK hpy,f rsm;onf yGifhzwfcGsefcGsefav;rsm; jzpfonf/ tcsdK honfum; ao;ao; ekyfekyfav;rsm; jzpfonf/ tcsdK honf yGifhzwf0dkif;eSifh eSpfxyfpy,frsm; jzpfavonf/ py,fawmifukef; a&mufonfeSifh ymdkjcHKajy;? onfjcHKajy; cl;rekdifatmif jzpfawmhonf/ ]ymJh cifcsdK jcHKxJ odyfrwkd;eJ h? ajrGyg; uif;yg;vJ owdxm;OD;? a0a0ua&m urf;yg;&HudkwG,fraeeJ h OD;? rsufpda&S hu yef;awGyJ ukefatmif cl;ygOD;? ndKaxG; vSsdKxJ rqif;eJ h} rrcifonf ol h0goemtwkdif; ymdkatmfonfatmfeSifh yef;rsm;udk rJcl;aeonf/ eSif;rsm;ydkí odyfonf; vmonf/ eSif;pufeSif;rSHKrsm;onf pdk&TJaeaom py,fyifrsm; jum;xJwGif wdk;a0S h aeonfh cifcsdKwdk honf vnf; tusF DvHkcsnfrsm; pkdukefawmhonf/ eSif;rSHKrsm;wifum vef;pGifhaeonfh yef;jzLav;rsm;onf arT;judkif oif;ysH hvSonf/ yef;tzl;rsm;aom tcdkifav;rsm;qkdvSsif cifcsdKwdk htm;vHk; rcl;&ufjuacs/ vufusef tzl; enf;jyD; tyGifhrsm;avvSsif tcdkifvdkuf cl;onf/ tzl;rsm;aom tcdkifqdkvSsif tyGifhvdkuf acGscl;onf/ a0a0onf yef;cl;&if; wpfzufuvnf; acGacgufxm;aom qHyifwGif yef;cdkifrsm; xdk;pdkufyefqifaeonf/ awmifwpfcuf ajrmufwpfcuf jzpfovdk a0aeatmif yefqifxm;onf/ ]aym; awmfa&maygh? 'Davmuftrsm;juD;&aerS? wpfaqmifvHk;awmif a0vdk h&w,f awmfa&maygh} rrcifu avmaqmfaomtcgrS cifcsdKwdk htm;vHk; py,fukef;rS rcGmcsif cGmcsif cGmvmcJhju&onf/ vufxJwGif pHy,fyef;rsm; wayG hwydkuf&xm;aomfvnf; tyifwGif usefaeao;onfh yef;av;rsm;udk oHa,mZOf tjrSifrjywfedkif1mJ vufvSrf;rDorSs cl;csifaeao;onf/ ]eSif;awG ydkawmif rsm;vmao;w,f? ausmif;1mufu pG,fawmfawGyg oGm;cl;ju&atmif} a&ajrmif;av;udk ckefausmf&if; ndKaxG;u ajymavonf/ ndKaxG; wpfacgif;vHk; yef;awG a0ae onf/ rsufawmifaumhwGif eSif;pufav;rsm; wGJ&GJcdkaeavonf/ tusF DjzLjzLav;onfum;aywl;aeonf/ xkdtcgrS cifcsdKvnf; udk,fhudk,fudk junfhrdonf/ zHkrsm;ayaeaom opf&Gufay:wGif eSif;pufrsm;usjyD; pdkaepOf jcHKwdk;cJhjuojzifh cifcsdKwdk h wpfudk,fvHk; zHkeSifha& a&mokwfxm;ovdk aywl;wl; jzpfaejuavonf/ ]at; pG,fawmfawGyg oGm;cl;&atmif} rrcifu axmufcHonfhtwGuf cifcsdKwdk hwpfzGJ hvHk; taqmifudk rjyefjzpfao;1mJ ausmif;taemuf 1mufrS ywfjyD; avSsmufvmrdjuonf/ cifcsdKwdk hausmif;onf uHhaumfawmymk rwifpm;edkifaomfvnf; pG,fawmf&dyfndKymk qdkygu qdkekdifonf/ cifcsdKwdk h yxreSpfu eSpfvTmaygif;rS wpf&Gufjzpfaom pG,fawmf &Gufav; rsm;udk cl;jyD;? pmtkyfjum;wGif nSyf&if; &l;cJhjuao;onf/ c&rf;&ifha&mif? yef;&ifha&mif pG,fawmf yef; av;rsm;udk twef; tul;tajymif; oGm;&if; vm&if; cl;jyD yefwwfjuonf/ ]ym 1mmvkyfwmvJ? rda0a0aemf jyefay; jyefay;} &lyaA'Xmeem;odk hta&mufwGif tvpfacsmif;aeaom a0a0onf rrcifvufxJrS yef;rsm;udk qwfceJ qGJvk&if; xGufajy;avawmhonf/
  27. 27. *sDa[mol 26 ]ighyef;awG jyefay; rda0a0 tpkwfyvkwfrav;} ol wyifwyef; cl;vmorSs tukefygoGm;ojzifh rrcifonf aqG haqG hckefaeonf/ tpoefovdk tajy;oefaom a0a0onf eSif;awmxJodk hwymkefxdk; ajy;onf/ yg;pyfrSvnf; ]tysdKjuD;awG ymdkymmr&vdk h vrf;ay: rwfwyfckef py,fyef;awGvJ ukef *sDaymmaqmifjuD;wkef aAxHk aAxHk} ymk &,farm&if; aygufu& atmfoGm;onf/ rrcifonfvnf; vHkcsnfwkdwkd jyif0wf&if; atmfum ympfumeSifh ajy;vdkufavawmhonf/ ausmif;ydwf&uf eHeuf apmapm eSif;rsm; xlxyfcsddefrddk holwdk htoHrSty wpfausmif;vHk; wdwfqdwfaeonf/ vl&dyfol&dyfvnf; rjrif&? vloHolvHvnf; rjum;&/ ]atmifrav;awmh 1mk&m;u,fyg} 1mmrSs rjumvdkuf? rdepf0ufyif &Sdrnf rxif? rrcif atmfoHeSifhtwl vJjydKoHudk jum;&awmh onf/ aemuf1mufrS ajy;vdkufvmaom ndKaxG;eSifh cifcsdKwdk honf a1mmif;1mDwdkav;0wfum av;zuf axmufvsufom; jzpfaeaom 'o*D&dwdk hudk awG h aomtcg r&,f1mJ raeedkifawmhacs/ reufapmapm xjyD; tajy;usifhaom'o*D&donfurl;&SL;xkd;ajy;vdkufaomrrcifeSifha&Smifomwdrf;omaom vrf;us,fwGif ra&Smifedkif rwdrf;ekdif wnfhwnfhjuD; wdk;rdjuymef wlonf/ ]ajomf 'o*D&d} ]cifAsm} rrcifonf ol ha&S hwGif av;zufaxmifaeoltm; junfhum y#doE¦m&pum;qdkavonf/ ol hudk 'o*D&dymk 1mGJ hxl;emrfxl;ay;xm;onfudk rod&Smaom wpfzufom;crsmrSmawmh em;vnfedkifymef rwlacs/ ]1mmjzpfjuwmvJ} a0a0onf &lyaA'Xmeatmuf1muf avSum;rS jyHK;usJusJeSifh xGufvmonf/ avSum;atmufwGif 0ifykef;aejyD; qlqlnHnH jum;rS raeedkif1mJ xGufvmymef &Sdonf/ a0a0hudk jrifaomtcgrS 'o*D&donf owd0ifvmovdk uref;uwef; rwfwyf&yfvkdufavonf/ ]tymJ 'DtoHawG jrifzl;ygw,fvdk hawmh txifom;} 'o*Dd&donf yGef;oGm;aom 'l;udk yGwf&if; ta,mifa,mif trSm;rSm; ajymonf/ a1m;wGif tapmifh ta&Smuf oHkh;a,mufawmifygavawmh a0a0onf tawmfowådaumif;avonf/ ]a0a0uvJ a&S huajy;vmwJhol jum;zl;ygw,fvdk hxifaewm} a0a0onf &,foHav;eSifh ajymaomtcgrS 'o*D&donf ol pum;ajymrSm;oGm;jcif;udk &dyfrdymef &Sdonf/ rsufeSmwpfckvHk; &JceJ jzpfoGm;avonf/ ]oGm;OD;r,f} ymk eSKwfquf&if; wcsdK;wnf; vpfavawmhonf/ ]rSwfyvm;ym 'o*D&d} a0a0onf &,foHav;eSifh judrf;avonf/cifcsdKurl'DwpfcgwGif'o*D&d1mufrSvdkufí ajymjzpfonf/
  28. 28. rpE´m 27 ]ajomf a0a0&,f 'o*D&dvJ tonf;eSvHk;awmh &Sdygw,f vludk rcifayr,fh eSvHk;om;udkawmh todtrSwfjyKoifhygw,f} ]rjyKeJ ha0a0 roem;eJ hrjuifemeJ h? oem;wwfwJh rdef;uav;ymm tcspfyGJrSm ppfcif;jupwrf;qdk&if wyef;&SHK;jyDom rSwfayawmh} ndKaxG;onf rrcif acgif;rS jyKwfusoGm;aom yef;uav;rsm;udk ulaumufay;&if; ajymonf/ ndKaxG;rsufeSmwpfzufodk hvSnfhaeojzifh rmea&mif 0if;aeoavm? u&kPm&dyforf;aeoavm? rcHcsif pdwfeSifh x,faeoavm? cifcsdK taotcsm rodacs/ ndKaxG;onf olpm;rnfh rkef hwGif yk&Gufqdwfrsm; wufaevSsifyif wpfaumifcsif; jznf;jznf;oufom z,favh&Sdonf/ cyfjurf;jurf; z,fxkwfvdkufygu aoajuukefrnfpdk;aomajumifh jzpf/ yk&Gufqdwfudkyif tom;vGwfrowf&ufaom ndKaxG;onf roem; eJ hymk a0a0hudk oifwef;ay;aomtcg cifcsdK &,fcsifonfum; trSefyif/ ndKaxG;onf rmejuD;onfeSifhtrSs u&kPmvnf; juD;onfudk cifcsdKwdk h aumif;aumif; odaomajumifh jzpfonf/ * * *
  29. 29. *sDa[mol 28 (9) ]ndKaxG;} toHu cyfwdk;wkd;yif jzpfonf/ odk haomf udk&ifarmif toHrSef; cifcsdK rSwfrdojzifh vSnfhjunfh rdonf/ udk&ifarmifonf cifcsKdwkd hem;odk hoGufoGufavSsmufvmonf/ aumf&pf'gvloGm;vrf;wGifvltoGm; tvm &SKyfaeojzifh cifcsdKwkd honf a1m;1mufodk huyfjyD; &yfaevdkufjuonf/ ]vufudkify0gav; jyefay;rvdk hyg} tem;a&mufaomtcgrS jyHK;í ajymonf/ jyHK;vdkufaomtcg udk&ifarmifhrsufeSmonf eke,foGm; onf/ cifcsdKwdk hxifoavmuf toufjuD;yHk r&acs/ ]tJ'Dae hu uGsefawmfeJ hApfwm aemufajymifjyD; twwfqef; juwm? acG;udkufvdk haowJh romrsm; ay:&ifawmh 1m,folrS oem;rSm rymkwf1ml;aemf} tdwfxJrS vufudkify0gav;udkrl w&dkwao xkwfay;onf/ tuste jyefavSsmfjyD; rD;yljyef h jyef h wdkufxm;ymef &Sdavonf/ ]acG;&l;aq; xdk;ao;vm;} ndKaxG;onf trSwfwrJhyif vufudkify0gav;udk pmtkyfjum; nSyfvdkufjyD; ar;onf/ cifcsdKwkd ha&S h qufjyD; avSsmufcJhaomtcg udk&ifarmifvnf; vdkufvmonf/ ]acG;u taumif;yJAsm? ol hcrsm rsufpdaemufvGef;vdk hudkufwmyg} udk&ifarmifu roufrom ajymaomtcgwGif cifcsdKa&m ndKaxG;yg tm;rem edkif1mJ jyHK;&,frd juavonf/ ndKaxG;u &,faomtcg udk&ifarmif rsufeSmonf &SufaoG;rTef;ovdk eDoGm;onf/ xkd h aemufrS vdkufa&mjyD; wymm;ymm; &,fawmhonf/ cifcsdKwdk hausmif;atmuf1mufrS tjzwfwGif armfarmfwdk hudk awG h&onf/ pmtkyfawG wayG h wydkufeSifh pmtkyfqkdifrS jyefvmjuymef &Sdonf/ pum;ajym&if; avSsmufvmaom cifcsdKwdk h oHk;OD;udk awG h aomtcg rsufvHk;av;rsm; jyL;oGm;juonf/ udk&ifarmifudk wpfvSnfh? ndKaxG;udk wpfvSnfh rodrom junfh&if; tuJcwfaejuaom olwdk heSpfOD;udk junfh&if; cifcsdK &,fcsifvmonf/ eSpfOD;om; a&S hquf ravSsmuf1mJ aemufajumif;jyefjyD; ndKaxG;em; uyfvmavonf/
  30. 30. rpE´m 29 ]temaysmufjyDvm;} armfarmfonf tpr&Sd tqHk;r&Sd1mJ jAKef;ceJ ESKwfqufvdkufonf/ ]ajomf ymkwfuJ aysmufygjyD} ]1mmaq;xnfhao;vJ} rSefrSefavSsmufaeaom ndKaxG;eSifh udk&ifarmiftjum;odk ha0a0a&m armfarmfyg uef hvef h uef hvef h 0ifvmjuonf/ ndKaxG;onf rodromav;jyHK;í a1m;odk hcsJay;avonf/ tom;vGwfjuD; omoemvdkuf zsufonfudk ajrGajrGcsif;rdk hajcjrifymef &Sdonf/ ukd&ifarmifurl ol hudk wpfcgrS azmfazmfa&Ga&G eSKwfrquf zl;aom a0a0wdk hwawG azmfa&GyHkqefk;aeí tHhjoaeyHk &onf/ armfarmfeSifh a0a0 atmifjrifaeonfymk qkd&avrvm;awmh rodygacs/ udk&ifarmifeSifh ndKaxG;onf qufjyD; pum;ajymcGifhr&onfum; trSefyif/ vrf;cGJa&mufjyD; eSKwfqufjuonftxda0a0eSifh armfarmfwkd h om a&yufr0if pum;ajymjuavonf/ ]armfarmfwdk hudk ndKaxG; aus;Zl;wifvdkufwm} ]ymif 1mmjyKvdk hvJ} ]ndKaxG; udk&ifarmifeJ hpum;&Snf&Snf rajymcsifao;1ml;? a0a0wkd ha&mufvmawmh tawmfaygh} ]ymif 1mmjyKvdk h} ]ajomf a0a0&,f? ppfyGJqdkwm trsdK;rsdK; &Sdw,f? xdk;ppf &Sdw,f? cHppf &Sdw,f? qkwfppf &Sdw,f} ndKaxG;onf udk&ifarmif oleSifh pum;&Snf&Snf ajymcsifonfudk odojzifh rodromav; qkwfvkd ymef &Sdonf/ wpfzufu qkwfvSsif vl ho1mm0t& wpfzufu wufpjrJyifwnf;/ odk haomf xdk;rnfhqif aemufodk hwpfvSrf;qkwfavh&Sdonfudk cifcsdKu jrifaeonf/ olwdk huysuf,ysuf vkyfcgrS ndKaxG;u tjudkufusjyD; aus;Zl;wifygonfymk qdkojzifh a0a0wdk h eSpfOD;om; tawmfyif pdwfysufvufysuf jzpfoGm;juavonf/ olwdk heSpfOD; 0ifa&mjcif;onf ndKaxG;udk wifay;ovdk jzpfaerSef; ,ckrSyif &dyfrdymef &Sdonf/ ]cHayghymm} armfarmfonf ol hezl;udk ol&dkuf&if; &,favawmhonf/ ol h&,foHu us,fojzifh a1m;rS jzwfoGm; olrsm;u junfhoGm;aom tcg yg;pyfudk uref;uwef; ydwfvdkufonf/ taqmifwGif aqmhvSaemufvS aomfvnf; taqmiftjyifa&mufvSsif olawmfaumif; ozG,f £ajE´q,favh&Sdonf/ ]rajymr&SdeJ haymh} cifcsdKwdk hav;OD;om; a,musfm;av;taqmifem;rS tjzwfwGif taqmifxufrS armif;uGJjuD; xkovdk toHukefatmfavonf/ rdef;uav;rsm; jzwfvSsif wpfaqmifvHk;ukef? a&csdK;cef;xJrS vlyg rsufeSm okwf y0gywfjyD; xGufjunfhavh&SdjuonfrSm pufrSK ausmif;om;wdk htusifhjzpfonf/ cifcsdKwdk hausmif; a&mufpu ]rajymr&SdeJ h} toHjum;vSsif ajcvSrf;trSm;rSm;eSifh acgif;ikH hum tjrefavSsmufwwfjuaomfvnf;
  31. 31. *sDa[mol 30 ,cktcgwGifum; ta&xlaejujyD jzpfí wpfaqmifvHk; ruvdk h1m,feSpfa,muf 0dkif;atmfatmf £ajE´rysuf juawmh? rajumufjuawmhay/ ]odjua&maygh? armfarmf rSefajymif;wpfvufavmuf &atmif &SmOD;r,f} armfarmfonf wdk;wdk;av; judrf;vdkufonf/ rdef;uav;taqmifudk rSefajymif;eSifh junfhavh &Sdonfqdkí cifcsdKwdk htukefvHk; txdwfxdwf tvef hvef hjzpfcJhju&onf/ a,musfm;av; taqmifudkvnf; tjyeftvSef rSefajymif;eSifh acsmif;vdkaom qE´ tm;vHk;wGif &Sdjuavonf/ * * *
  32. 32. rpE´m 31 (10) ]cifcsdKa& 'DrSm junfhprf;} armfarmfonf cifcsdKtcef;wGif;odk hcyfoGufoGuf vSrf;0ifvmonf/ ol hvufxJrS rSefajymif;juD;udk axmifjyavonf/ 1m,fuae 1m,fvdkrsm; &atmif&SmvmcJhavonf rod&acs/ armfarmfh aemuf1mufrS a0a0onf jyHK;pyfpyfeSifh vdkufvmonf/ ]1m,folrS rajymeJ haem} ]at;yg rajymyg1ml;} rdef;uav;awG rSefajymif;wpfvufeSifh a,musfm;av;aqmif1mufodk hjunfhjuonfymlaom owif; udkom taqmifrSL;jum;oGm;vSSsif cifcsdKwdk hwawG oufomrnf rymkwfacs/ xkd hajumifhvnf; a0a0wkd h onf pdwfcs,Hkjunfavmufaom cifcsdKwkd hvlpkavmufom rSefajymif;&Sdajumif; todcHjcif;jzpfymefwlonf/ odk haomf ol hrSefajymif;juD;onf q,fh&Spf&mpku xkwfvkyfcJhaom rSefajymif;jzpfymefwlonf/ a&S;acwf &kyf&Sif um;rsm;xJwGif yifv,f"m;jyrsm; oHk;aom wpfzufjunfhrSefajymif; &SnfjuD;jzpfonf/ ]aym; ymkd;taqmifay:u tusF Dt0gav;eJ hausmif;om;udk junfh&atmif} taqmif ]1mD} tay:qHk;xyfwGif tusF Dt0geSifh &yfaeaom ausmif;om;wpfOD;udk OD;pGm rsufrSef; wef;rdonf/ vlymefudk jrifae&aomfvnf; tawmfuGmvSrf;ojzifh vlvHk;roJuGJacs/ rnfol rnf0grSef; rSef;qí r&acs/ ]yxrqHk; rSefajymif;udkk jidrfaeatmif csddef&r,f} q,fh&Spf&mpkeSpfu rSefajymif;udk toHk;rjyKwwfaom cifcsdKudk a0a0onf rSefajymif;junfhenf; oifay;avonf/ ukvm;xdkifaemufrSDay:wGif acgif;tHk;rsm; ckwifum rSefajymif;udk wifjyD; udk,fjunfhvdk &m1mufokd hOD;pGmcsdef&avonf/ tay:wdk; atmufqkwf? 1m,fa&T hnma&T hESifh csdefrdaomtcgwGif rSefajymif; udk ra&G h&Sm;ap&ef acgif;tHk;rsm;eSifh ckjyD; xdef;xm;vdkuf&onf/ xkd haemuf rSefajymif;udk rxdawmh1mJ a&S h 1mufrS rSef1mDvl;udkom csdefom;udkufatmif wjznf;jznf; vSnfhay;&avonf/ rsufpdwpfzufwnf; junfhae&onfhtwGuf tm;aeaom 1m,f1mufrsufpdudk vuf0g;eSifh tkyfxm;&onf/ olwdk hrSefajymif; juD;udk toHk;jyK&onfrSm tawmfyifyef;vSonf/ ]aymm-aymm-junfvmjyD? junfvmjyD? jrif&jyD? aymm-aymmawmh-tJ'g apmndK&,f}
  33. 33. *sDa[mol 32 nmzufrsufpd wpfzufwnf;jyL;xGufvmrwwf tyef;wjuD; junfhae&SmaomcifcsdKonftusF Dt0g eSifh rif;om;udk taotcsmawG haomtcg yufvufvefoGm;avonf/ apmndKonf cifcsdKwdk hXmerS ausmif;om;jzpfonf/ XmewGif rawG hcsiftqHk; tcsdefjynfh awG hae&oludkrS tyef;wjuD; rSefajymif;eSifh rsufpdprf;rdavojzifh cifcsdK idkcsif&,fcsif jzpfoGm;onf/ xkd hajumifh rSefajymif;pjumudk tenf;i,f a&T hay; vdkufonf/ ]tJ-tJ-'Dwpfcgawmh tom;jzLw,f? 'Drif;om;u a&csdK;jyD;p xifw,f? tusF Dr0wf& ao;1ml;} ]1m,folvJ-1m,folvJ} ]rod1ml;? jrifawmhjrifzl;w,f} cifcsdKwdk honf ausmif;wuf&ifhvSjyD jzpfaomfvnf; wpfausmif;vHk;&Sd ausmif;om;rsm;udk tukef rodacs/ tukefrajymeSifh? av;yHkwpfyHkyif odrnfrxif? wpf0ufavmufudkawmh jrifzl;awG hzl; rsufrSef;wef; rdonf xifonf/ ]tm-'Dvluawmh wpfrsdK;? tcef;tjyifxGufjyD; acgif;zD;aew,f? atmifrm-atmifrm- acgif;zD;&if; jyHK;aew,f? aymm-atmfaew,f? wpfckck atmfaew,f? aumifrav;awG jzwfoGm;vdk hxifw,f? rSwfxm;? rSwfxm;? 'DrsufeSmawmhvm;? *sDaymma&S ha&muf&if taoyJ} cifcsdK hvufrS rSefajymif;udk vkjyD; junfhaeaom a0a0onf yg;pyfrS wwGwfwGwf ajymaeonf/ cifcsdK hvdk wkefwkefcsdcds rymkwf1mJ wpfzufjunfhrSefajymif;udk usifvnfpGm csdefwwfavonf/ *sDaymmaqmifonf ,cifu q&mrsm; aexdkif&ef &nf&G,fcJhjcif;jzpfonfymk qdkonf/ xkd hajumifh tcef;rsm;onf us,fjyD; vif;vSonf/ tcef;wdkif;wGif a&csdK;cef; tdrfom wpfckpD ygonf/tvif; a&mifeSifhav aumif;pGm&jyD; aeí aumif;vSaomfvnf; wHcg;udk zGifhxm;vSsif tcef;wGif;odk hvif;vif; csif;csif; wef;jrif&onfuawmh cufvSonf/ a&csdK;jyD;p xrdef&ifvsm;eSifh ausmif;olrsm;? tdyf&may:wGif ajcaxmufaxmif tdyfaeolrsm;onf ausmif;om;rsm; rSefajymif;'Pfudk rjumcP cH&&Smonfymk tqkd &Sdavonf/ a0a0wdk hu rSefajymif;wpfvufeSifh *vJhpm;acsaejuajumif;om armifausmif;om;wkd hodvSsif ymm;wkdufí &,favrvm;? pdwfysufvufysuf nnf;avrvm;? cifcsdK aumif;pGm rawG;wwfacs/ ]t,f-t,f-'Dwpfa,mufu rSefajymif;juD;eJ h? *sDaymm1mufudk junfhaew,f? tm;-a0a0wdk h1muf udk junfhaewm? tif-tif-t,f-aoygjyD? 'o*D&djuD;awmh} a0a0onf rSefajymif;juD;udk jAKef;ceJ vTwfcsvdkufavonf/ rSefajymif;juD;w0if;0if;eSifh rsufvHk; csif; pum;ajymvdkuf&onfhtwGuf rsufeSmuav;rSm jzLwpf0uf? eDwpf0uf jzpfaeonf/ ]ao ym} rarmfonf ymufymufyufyuf &,f&if; tcef;wHcg;udk wGef;ydwfvkdufonf/ olcdk; olcdk;csif; wpfOD; eSifh wpfOD; qHkaomtcg vef hjzef hjyD; atmfjuonfymk jum;zl;onf/ a0a0h tjzpfonfvnf; xdktjzpfeSifh wlrnf rxifyg/ ]a0a0hudk rSefajymif;juD;junfh&ufeJ hawG hoGm;rSmawmh}
  34. 34. rpE´m 33 ]ymvdk-eSra':? armifa':vJ rSefajymif;juD;eJ hygyJ? udp rpd1ml;? r&SufygeJ heSra':vdk h vSrf;ajymwm rjum;vdkuf1ml;vm;} ymufymufyufyuf &,faeaom armfarmfhudk a0a0onf ajumifpDpDav; junfhaeonf/ xdk haemuf acgif;tHk;juD;udk qGJum 'kef;'dkif;eSifh udkifaygufavawmhonf/ acgif;tHk;wpfvHk;jyD; wpfvHk; udkifayguf&if; ol hymmol raeedkif1mJ &,favawmhonf/ ]at;ym,f-juHjuHzefzef jzpf&w,f} rSefajymif;eSifh qufjunfh&ef tjuHudk vufavSsmhvdkufjuonf/ tcef;xJrS csufcsif;rxGuf&Jao; aomajumifh cifcsdKwdk hckwifay:wGif pkxdkifrdjuavonf/ ajymrdajym&m pyfrdpyf&m ajymaeju&if; a0a0 onf cifcsdK hvufudk qGJjunfhavonf/ vu©Pm ta&;tajumif;rsm;udk em;vnfymefeSifh taotcsm junfhaeonf/ ]a0a0-eifwu,fvJ rwwf1mJeJ h} ]enf;enf;yg;yg;awmh odygw,f} ymdkpyfpyf 'Dpyfpyf 0goemygaom a0a0onf vu©Pmudkvnf; tenf;tyg; junfhwwfonfqkd onfrSm jzpfekdifayrnf/ ]aym;-1mmvkyfaejuwmvJ? atmifr,f-a0a0u vu©Pmjunfhwwfvdk hvm;? ndKaxG;udk junfhay; prf;yg} ndKaxG;onf tcef;xJ vSrf;0ifvmonf/ a0a0ha&S hwGif vuf0g;av;jzef h&if; junfhcdkif;aomtcg jyHK;usJusJeSifh ajymavonf/ ]ndKaxG; wu,f0goemygovm;} ]'gaygh} ]rarmfwkd hwpfcgjukd hukef;&GmxJrSm ar;zl;w,f? ukvm;t1mkd;juD; odyfrSefwmyJ} ]ym,f-ndKaxG; ar;csifvdkufwm} ]tm;wJhae hajymav? vkdufydk hay;r,f} ol hudk tuJcwfymefeSihf junfhaeaom a0a0tm; armfarmfonf rsufpdwpfzufrSdwfjy vdkufonfudk cifcsdK &dyfceJ jrifvdkuf&onf/ wpfckckawmh wpfckckyJ jzpfrnf/ 1mmwpfckrSef;awmh cifcsdK taotcsm rodacs/ * * *
  35. 35. *sDa[mol 34 (11) 1mmwpfckckrSef;rodí cifcsdK hpdwfxJwGif paemifhpeif;jzpfaeaomfvnf; nKdaxG;u aA'ifoGm;ar;& atmifymk tazmfpyfaomtcg vdkufjzpfavonf/ rSwfrSwf&& xdkae honf vjynfhae hjzpfonfymk cifcsdK rSwfrdonf/ ausmif;ydwf&ufjzpfojzifh cifcsdKeSifh ndKaxG;onf eHeufapmapmwGif armfarmfOD;aqmif&m aemufokd hwaumufaumufvdkufvmjuavonf/ a0a0eSifh armfarmfonf judk hukef;&Gmav;xJwGifawmh wu,fhudk uGsrf;usifvSonf/ wpfcgwpf&H &GmxJwGif wpfaeukefavSsmufvnfae havh&Sdonf/ judk hukef;&Gm xJrS vmjyD; cifcsdKwkd htaqmifa&S hwGif qD;oD;? iSufaysmoD;? aumufnSif;aygif;ponfwkd hudk a&mif;aom aps;onfuav;rsm;eSifhvnf; i,faygif;juD;azmfozG,f cifrifvSonf/ acsmifjudkacsmifjum;rS tajumfqdkif? rkef hymif;cg;qdkif tukefvHk; olwkd hodvnf; odekdifvSonf/ ]a0a0yg&if aumif;rSmaemf} ]at;uG,f-'Dae hrS ol hta':uvnf; qGrf;auGs;&Sdw,fwJh} armfarmfonf pdwfysufvufysuf ajymonf/ ol hjunfh&onfrSm a0a0rygojzifh odyfjyD; pdwfygvSyHk r&acs/ pum;tcH&Sdaomajumifhom vdkufydk h&jcif; jzpfymef wlonf/ ]OD;&efuem; &SdrS&Sdyghhrvm;awmif rod1ml;} ]OD;&efuem;wJhvm;} ]tif; armfarmfawmh ol hemrnfudk tJ'DvdkyJ jum;rdw,f xifwmyJ} ]emrnfu &,fp&mjuD;} ]vluvJ &,fp&maumif;w,f? 'gayr,fh oGm;r&,feJ h? olu vu©PmaA'ifomru1ml;? orxvJ aygufw,fwJh? olrsm;pdwfxJrSm jzpfwmudk tvdkvdk odw,fwJh} armfarmfhpum;udk cifcsdKwu,faxmufcHrdonf/ OD;&efuem;onf emrnfomru vlyg &,fp&m aumif; onfrSm trSefyif jzpf/ rnfolrnfrSs tom;rnf;onfqdkqdk OD;&efuem;avmufawmh rnf;ekdifrnf rxifacs/ aq;rnf;okwfxm;ovdk arSmifaeatmif rnf;onf/ qHyifudkrl qm'l;rsm; xHk;ovdk xdyfwnfhwnfhwGif a,mifaypl;ozG,f xHk;xm;onf/ OD;&efuem; qHyifonf jzef hcs vdkufygu ausmwpf0ufavmufawmh &Snfrnf xifonf/ a&Tudkif;rsufrSeft0dkif;av;onf ol htom;rnf;eJ hawmh vdkufzufoa,mif &Sdonf/ um;pGifhaeaom eSKwfcrf;arT;juD;onfum; yknSufaom cE¨mudk,fav;eSifh junfhraumif;vSay/ wpfjcm;pD
  36. 36. rpE´m 35 jzpfaeovdk &,fp&maumif;aeonf/ oleSifh rwefwq yGaeaom &SyftusF Dudk vufju,foD;? &if1muf ju,foD; taphwyfjyD; 0wfxm;onf/ tusF DtjzLeSifh ydwfjzLvHkcsnf wdk hajumifh ol htom;rnf;rnf;rSm ydkí rnf;aeymef wlonfymk cifcsdKawG;rdavonf/ ausmufoifykef;wpfcsyfeSifh ymkdjcpfonfjcpf wGufaeaom OD;&efuem;onf r0Hr&J 0ifvmaom cifcsdKwdk htm; cyfpl;pl; vSrf;junfhonf/ ]&efuem; odw,fav? 'D-oli,fraemf? vu©Pmtm;juD; ar;csifw,f} cifcsdKwdk hwawG juHk hjuHk h,Hk h,Hk hav; xdkifjyD;juaomtcg pl;prf;ymefeSifh junfhaeaom ndKaxG;udk vufnSdK;xdk;í ajymvdkufonf/ emrnfeSifh vlom tcsdK;rusonfrymkwf? ol h toHuvnf; tcsdK;rusvS acs/ toHpl;pl;ao;ao;eSifh cyfav;av;ajymonf/ cifcsdKwdk htaqmifa&S hwGiftusF Daymmif;? vHkcsnfaymmif; eSifh yvwfpwpf ypönf;rsm; vmí vJavh &Sdaom ukvm;rsm; 0JyHkrsdK; 0Jojzifh cifcsdKwdk hawG hzl;aom aA'if q&mrsm;eSifh rwlonfum; trSefyif/ ]'D1mufu oli,frav;aemf? &efuem;udkjunfhjyD; &,fcsifaew,f? raumif;1ml;aemf? r&,fygeJ h? &efuem;pdwfqdk;&ifaemf ydkjyD; raumif;1ml; &Sdr,f} ]ymdkuf} aA'ifq&mudkjunfh&if; yvwfpwpf? ZvHk? cGuf? jcif;rsm; wxkyfwydk;eSifh vmavh&Sdaom ukvm;udk awG;xifjrifa,mifrdaom cifcsdKcrsm ymdkufceJ jzpfoGm;onf/ rsufarSmif rodrom csD&if; cifcsdK hudk cyfapmif;apmif;junfhaom OD;&efuem;onf pdwfwGif;udkvnf; xGif;azmufjrifedkifymef &Sdonf/ cifcsdK hausm xJwGif pdrfhceJ jzpfoGm;jyD; uref;uwef; £ajE´qnfvdkuf&onf/ ]&efuem; odw,fav? t*FgorD;vmyg? a&S hwkd;yg? nm1mufvuf0g;jyyg} ndKaxG;udk t*FgorD;ymk 'ufceJ ajymjyD; a&S hwkd;cdkif;onf/ ndKaxG;onf rsufvHk;uav; t0dkif;om; eSifh uref;uwef; a&S hwdk;um vuf0g;av;jzef hjyavonf/ ]oli,fraemf i,fi,fu tm;juD;aysmfw,f? armifeSr okH;a,muf&Sdw,faemf? oli,fru ti,fqHk;? rSefovm;} ]ymkwf ymkwfygw,f} ]tckavrd1mawGeJ hcGJae&w,f? oli,frtdrfudkowd&w,f?pdwfnpfw,faemfrnpfygeJ htm;vHk; aumif;w,f? ynma&; tm;juD;aumif;w,f? 1mGJ htjuD;juD; &r,faemf &efuem;udk rarhygeJ h? jrefrmjynfrSm wpfck&r,f ymdk;ta0;juD;rSm aemufxyf wpfck&r,f} ]ymkwfuJh} OD;&efuem;onf rsufrSef*dkif;udk udkifum vuf0g;jyifudk taotcsm iHk hjunfhonf/ tcsdK h ta&;tajumif; rsm;onfum; rxif&Sm;ymefeSifh vufeSifh yGwfjunfhonf/ vluom tymef h r&Sd1mJ &,fp&maumif;aeaomf vnf; ol hynmonf ao;yHkr&acs/ ]q,feSpfavmufwkef;uaemf? tjuD;tus,f aeraumif;jzpfzl;w,f? &efuem; odw,f ymkwfovm;}
  37. 37. *sDa[mol 36 ]ymkwfygw,f &efuem; tJ tJ OD;&efuem;} ndKaxG;u tm;wufoa&m ajzavonf/ ndKaxG; i,fi,fu wdkufzGdKufjzpfí aq;&HkwufcJh&zl; onfh tajumif;udk cifcsdKwdk hodonf/ aymmorSs rSefí ,Hkjunfpdwf rsm;jym;vmonf/ OD;&efuem;onf cifcsdKwdk h1mufodk hrodrom apGjunfhjyD; acsmif;wpfcsuf ymef hvdkufonf/ ]armfarmf rajymvm;? OD;&efuem; u odyfrSefwm} ymk armfarmfonf wdk;wdk;av; ajymonf/ ]rmejuD;w,faemf raumif;1ml;? oli,frav tm;juD;rmejuD;w,f} rSefjyD;&if; rSefjyD;rdk hcifcsdKyif OD;&efuem;udk txifjuD;vmonf/ OD;&efuem;onf ndKaxG; 1m,f1muf vufz0g;udkyg jzef hcdkif;jyD; taotcsm junfhaeonf/ xdk haemuf acgif;udk 1m,fnm,rf; cgavonf/ OD;&efuem;a&S hwGif vuf0g;uav;eSpfzufjzef h&if; usHK husHK h av;xkdifaeaom ndKaxG;onf rsufvHk;av; 0dkif;oGm;avonf/ ]a,musfm;awGudk txifao;w,faemf? raumif;1ml; &Sdr,f? olwkd hawGeJ htrsm;juD; qufqHw,f? oli,fr tm;juD; 'ku©a&mifr,f} touf&SL&efyif cifcsdKwpfa,mufarhoGm;onfymk qdkygu ydkonfymk rxifrSwfapvdkyg/ 'ufceJ 'ufceJaeatmif rSefaeaom OD;&efuem;onf ndKaxG; tavmif;tpm;udkyif odaea&mhovm;ymk pOf;pm;aerdonf/ ol htoHpl;pl;ao;ao;av;onf jum;&wdkif; pdrfhceJ jzpfoGm;atmif tpGrf;xufvSonf/ ]olwdk hudk 'ku©jzpfatmif vkyfw,faemf raumif;1ml;? oli,fryg 'ku©rsm;rsm; jzpfr,f &efuem;ajymwm rSwfxm;yg} ndKaxG;rsufeSmav;onf qD;uif;cef hom &Sdawmhrnfxifonf/ rsufeSmi,fav;eSifh cifcsdKudkvSrf; junfh aomtcg oem;p&myif aumif;awmhonf/ OD;&efuem;onf ajym&if; aymm&if; pdwf0ifpm;vmovdk ae&mjyifxkdifjyD; ausmufoifykef;udk vSrf;,lum wukwfukwf wa*smufa*smufeSifh wGufcsufaeavonf/ ]ymif} cifcsdKonf cyfwdk;wdk; atmfvkdufrdonf/ ae&mjyifxkdif&if; wpf0ufwpfysuf ay:oGm;aom OD;&efuem; ajcovHk;om;rsm;onf jzL0if;aeonf/ ajczrdk;eSifh ajcusif;0wfonf tdk;rnf;u t1mac:& atmif t&pfvdkuf rnf;aejyD; ajcovHk;om;rsm; azG;azG;jzLaejcif;onfum; ,kwåd odyfjyD; rwefvSacs/ wpfpHkwpfckawmh rSm;,Gif;aeacsjyD/ ndKaxG;onf ausmufoifykef;av;udkom pl;pdkufjunfhaeojzifh OD;&efuem; ovHk;om; jzLjzLudk owdxm;rdymef rwlacs/ ]cifcsdK wdwfwdwfae &Sdcdk;yg&J h&Sdcdk;yg&J hcifcsdK&,f} cifcsdK pl;pkdufjunfhaeonfhae&mudk vdkufjunfhjyD; armfarmfonf rsufvHk;jyLl;oGm;onf/ cifcsdK h vufudk vSrf;qkwfjyD; wdk;wdk;av; awmif;yefaeavonf/ wusdwfusdwfjzpfaeaom toHrsm;ajumifh OD;&efuem;onf rodrom rsufvHk;apGjunfhaomtcg armfarmfonf toHrxGufatmif jyL;vdkuf? &GJ h vdkufeSifh yGpdyGpd ajym&if; ajcovHk;udk vufnSdK;xdk;jyaeavonf/ xkd hajumifh ndKaxG; rjrifrD OD;&efuem; jzLazG;aom ovHk;om;av;onf ydwfjzLvHkcsnfeSifh jyefvnf tkyfrdoGm;avonf/
  38. 38. rpE´m 37 ]Ak'¨yml;om;eJ hqufqHw,faemf - trsm;juD; raumif;1ml;? oli,fcsif;awG tm;juD;rsm;w,f? aumif;aumif;ulnDr,f? rSwfxm;yg? 'Da1m;u oli,fraemf oleJ haygif;yg? tm;juD;ulnDwwfw,f? trsm; juD; pdwfaumif;&Sdw,f? &efuem; odw,f} OD;&efuem;onf cifcsdK hudkzm;aejyD/ tom;rnf;rnf;eSifh eSKwfcrf;arG; um;um;juD;udk awGawGa0a0 junfh&if; rsufarSmifjukwfaeaom cifcsdK htm; qdkif;rqifh AHkrqifh xí csD;usL;avonf/ ]olrsm;awG 'ku©jzpfatmifaemf? ol1m,fawmhrS rvkyf1ml;? olrsm; raumif;ajumif;aemf rajym1ml;? tomrsufpdrSdwfaew,f trsm;juD; pdwfaumif;w,f} ae hcsif;ncsif; olawmfaumif;jzpfoGm;aom cifcsdKtm; ndKaxG;onf av;av;pm;pm; vSnfhjunfh avonf/ xkdpOfwGif OD;&efuem;onf cifcsdK hudk qvHtxyfxyf ay;aeavonf/ ]ym,f - ym,f - a0 - a0 -&,f} cifcsdKonf pdwfxJrS atmfvdkufrdonf/ rsufeSmcsdKaoG;aeaom OD;&efuem;udk pdwful;xJwGif rsufrSefjzKwf? eSKwfcrf;arT;jzKwfjyD; junfhrdaom tcg aq;rnf;okwfxm;aom a0a0h&kyfudk a&;a&;rSs jrifa,mifvmonf/ wwfvnf; wwfedkifaom oli,frav; jzpfonf/ 0if'grD,mu ol hta':tdrfwGif qGrf;auGs;&SdonfqkdjyD; reuftapmjuD;uwnf;u xGufoGm;aom a0a0ymlonfh oli,frav;onf judk hukef;&GmxJu wJykwfi,fwGif rnf;rnf;wlwleSifh OD;&efuem;jzpfae vdrfhrnfymk cifcsdK vHk;0 rarSsmfvifhrday/ ndKaxG; tvpfwGif 'dk;qvH? wif;qvH ay;um toHwdwfawmif;yef&Smaom &efuem;udk junfh&if; cifcsdKonf &,fcsifvGef;ojzifh vSsmudk ememudkufxm;vdkuf&onf/ ]&efuem;aemf w&m;xkdif&OD;r,f? ar;jyD;&if jyefyg} &,fcsifpdwfudk twif;rsdKodyfxm;&ojzifh eD&Jvmaom cifcsdK rsufeSmudk junfhum OD;&efuem; trnfcH a0a0onf tawmfvef hvmymef &Sdonf/ ESKwfcrf;arT;vSKyfvSKyfjuD;udk rjyKwfap&ef vufeSifh zdxdef;xm;&if; eSifavawmhonf/ ]wpfckawmh ar;yg&apOD;} ndKaxG;onf wpfpHkwpfck ar;vdkymef &Sdao;onf/ odk haomf OD;&efuem;onf ndKaxG;udk pdwf0ifpm; edkifymef rwlawmhacs/ tvdrfay:jyD; ndKaxG; xwD;ygu 1m,ftaygufrS ajy;&rnfenf;ymk ajy;aygufudk &Smaeymef &Sdavonf/ ]w&m;tm;juD; xkdif&r,f? aemufus&ifaemf txufq&mjuD;rsm; pdwfqdk;w,f? jyefyg &efuem; w&m;tm;xkwf&r,f? jyefyg} OD;&efuem;u twGifom; eSifavonfhtwGuf ndKaxG;vnf; rjyefcsif jyefcsifeSifh x&avonf/ ]jyefvdkufygOD;r,f OD;a0uem;} ymk cifcsdKu pum;rSm;oa,mifa,mifeSifh eSKwfqufaomtcg eSkwfcrf;arT;um;um;juD;rsm;yif ukwfusoGm;oa,mif rsufeSmav;i,foGm;onf/ cifcsdKwdk htdrfay:rS qif;aomtcg OD;&efuem;trnfcH a0a0onf oufjyif;uav;csum ajcoHvHk; vHkatmif juHk hjuHk h av;xkdif&if; rsufawmifav; ykwfcwf ykwfcwfeSifh usefcJhavonf/ qHxHk;av;udk i,fxdyfwGif uspfuspfyg
  39. 39. *sDa[mol 38 atmif xHk;jyD; eSKwfcrf;arT;juD; wvSKyfvSKyfeSifh &kyfysufqif;ysuf jzpfaeaom a0a0htm; cifcsdKonf aemufjyefvSnfhjunfh&if; £ajE´raqmifedkifawmh1mJ ymufymufyufyuf &,frdawmhonf/ tom;vGwf&,f aom cifcsdKudk ndKaxG;onf em;rvnfekdifovdk tai;om; junfhaeavonf/ ]wu,frSefw,faemf} ndKaxG;onf wtHhwjoeSifh wD;wdk;csD;usL;aomtcg armfarmfonf oHk;a,muf ,SOfavSsmufae&mrS rodrom aemuf1mufcsefae&pfonf/ &,foHxGufrnfpkd;í ol h yg;pyfudk ol vufeSifh tkyfxm;&if usdwfí &,faernfudk cifcsdK odygonf/ cifcsdKudk,fwdkifvnf; ndKaxG;udk rjunfhrd&ef rsufeSmvTJxm;&onf/ OD;&efuem;onf acsmvSygonf/ ndKaxG;uvnf; aygvSygonf/ &,fcsifpdwfudk rsdKodyfxm;ojzifh rsufeSmuav; eDaeaom armfarmfuvnf; tawmfyif pdwfarmoGm;ymef &Sdonf/ trSefw&m;udk ajymjy&efvnf; tcsdefapmao;onfymk cifcsdKxifygonf/ w&m;oljuD;vm1mfpm;onfymk qdkvSsifvnf; cH&ayawmhrnf/ ndKaxG;qDrS &aom ylaZmfaiG ig;usyfeSifh a0a0wkd hu acgufqGJajumf 0,fauGs;aomtcg cifcsdK rjiif;rqef pm;avonf/ * * *
  40. 40. rpE´m 39 (12) ckwavm ndKaxG;tawmfajcjidrfaeavonf/ ausmif;rSefrSefwufum tcef;atmif;jyD; pmrSefrSef usufaeonf/ pum;juD; pum;us,fawGudkvnf; olrsm; tjrifuyfatmif rajymonfrSm tawmfjum acsjyD/ twef; tul;tajymif;wGif udk&ifarmifeSifh rjumcP qHkrdwwfjuonf/ ndKaxG;onf wwfedkifvSsif rsufeSmcsif;rqdkifrd&ef a&Smifavh&Sdonf/ rwwfomí &ifqdkifwdk;vSsif ryGifhwyGifh av; jyHK;um acgif;ikH h ypfwwfavonf/ ]ndKaxG; qkwfppfu w,faumif;ygvm;? udk&ifarmifawmh zef hwief hief hjzpfaejyD} cifcsdKwdk hvltkyfudkawG hwkdif; ndKaxG;udk rodrom &Smavh&Sdaom udk&ifarmif rsufvHk;rsm;udk OD;pGm owdxm;rdolrSm r0gjzpfonf/ qlnHqlnHeSifh aysmfaysmfyg;yg; aewwfaom ciffcsdKwdk h vlpkxJwGif at;at; aq;aq;jzpfaeaom ndKaxG;onf wpfrljcm;aeonf/ rSdefrSdefav;eSifh vif;aeaom ju,fav;ozG,f tm&Hk pll;pdkufpzG,f jzpfaeavonf/ ]ndKaxG;udk junfh&wm &ifxJrSm wpfrsdK;yJ? ol hrsufeSmav;ymm wnfvJwnfw,f at;vJ at;w,f rmefvJ &Sdw,f &TifvJ &Tifw,fAs} udk&ifarmifu vomaom nwpfnwGif vjynfh0ef;udk junfh&if; ajymonfymk wpfqifhpum; jum;&onf/ v0ef;wGif ndKaxG;rsufeSmav; xifymyfaejyDvm;ymk cifcsdK awG;rdonf/ av;rypf&ao;1mJ av;nSdK hwD;cwf&HkeSifh &efolonf tajc,dkifaejyD xif&onf/ wpfnae xrif;pm;tjyD; cifcsdKwdk hvrf;avSsmufxGufaomtcg ndKaxG;vnf;ygvmonf/ jruf&dkif;eDrsm;onfum; wHk;ukefacsjyD/ teDa&mifaysmufum ndKrnf;rnf;eSifh acG,dkifvJaeonf/ onfvdk qdkjyefawmhvnf; eDeDvGifum vScJhzl;onfymk ,Hkp&myif r&Sdacs/ ]tvStyqdkwm ocFg&ygyJuG,f} ymk rdonf oHa0*pum; qdkaeavonf/ jruf&dkif;eDrsm;udk awG hwkdif; tajy;cl;avh&Sdaom ndKaxG;onf ndKazsmhazsmh jzLavsmfavsmf jrufyifrsm;udk ai;junfh&if;rS ajymaeymef &Sdavonf/ ca&vrf;wGif ca&yifrsm;eSifh a&m,Sufaygufaeaom ]tm&ftdkifwD cs,f&D} rsm;onfum; yifvHk;uGswfyGifhaeonf/ xdkyef;udk rnfuJhodk hac:&rnfymk cifcsdKwdk hwpfa,mufrS aumif;aumif;rodjuacs/ yifvwftrsdK;tpm;jzpfjyD; yef;cdkifyef;yGifhav;rsm;onf yef;a&mifeSifh tjzLa&mum yJyef;eSifh qifqifwlav onf/ cs,f&Dyef;ozG,f yifvHk;uGswf nGwfaeatmif yGifhwwfaomajumifh cifcsdKwdk htm;vHk; oa1mmwlyif ]tm&ftdkifwD cs,f&D} ymk vG,fvG,fulul ac:vdkufjuavonf/ teH hrarT;onfhtwGuf rufrufarmarm yefavh r&Sdjuay/ tcdkifvkdufcl;jyD; yef;tdk;xdk;vSsifrl tvGefvSyavonf/ cifcsdKwdk htwGuf yef;tdk;xkd;&ef yef;r&Sm;vSay/ tm&ftdkifwDcs,f&DwHk;vSsif ikpyfcs,f&D yGifhonf/ xkd haemuf wpfqufwnf; c&rf;a&mif
  41. 41. *sDa[mol 40 ysOf;reSifh ik0gwkdk hyGifhjuavonf/ rdk;wpfjydKuf eSpfjydKuf usvSsif ausmif;t0ifvrf;&Sdd pdefyef;eDwdk hu &J&JeDatmif tvSjyjujyD jzpfonf/ 1mmyef;rS ryGifhaom &moDjzpfapumrl ausmif;ta&S h1mufa&uefwGif 0dkif;pdkufxm;aom yk@&dyfyef;eDeDwdk hurl 'dkifcHjyD; yGifhju&Smavonf/ vrf;ymdk1muf 'D1muf ,SufEG,faeaom cs,f&Dyef;wHwm;atmufu cifcsdKwdk htjzwfwGif rdonf yef;cl;csifpdwfaygufvmymefeSifh cs,f&Dudkif;udk ckefqGJavonf/ ]junfhprf; cifcsdK rdudkjunfhprf;} odrfhceJ nGwfusvmaom yef;udkif;juD;udk qGJcdkxm;&if; rdu atmfaeonf/ rdrsufeSmav;onf yef;cufyef;cdkifrsm; jum;xJwGif 0if;0if;yyav; jzpfaeonf/ yef;uav;rsm;udk &SdKuferf;&if; uav;i,fvdk &,farmaeaom rdudk ndKaxG;onf jyHK;í junfhaeonf/ ]yef;cl;aejuwmvm;} toHjum;rSyif tem;wGif udk&ifarmif a&mufvmrSef; owdxm;rdjuonf/ rdonf yef;cdkifwpfcdkifudk csdK;,lvdkufjyD; yef;udkif;udk vTwfvkdufonf/ rdqHyifay:wGif yef;a&mifyGifhzwfav;rsm; ajuGususef&pf juonf/ ]'Dyef;u wpfrsdK;yJ? odyfjudkufvScsnf&J hvJ rymkwf1ml;? jrifjyefawmhvJ rcl;1mJ raeedkif1ml;? wpfcuf jzpfjzpf? wpfcdkifjzpfjzpf cl;rdwmcsnf;yJ} ]yef;av;awGu vSw,f} ]arT;awmh rarT;1ml;} ]ndKaxG;a&m rcl;1ml;vm;} udk&ifarmifonf jidrfjidrfav;&yfaeaom ndKaxG;1mufodk hvSnfhar;onf/ ndKaxG;onf yg;csdKifhav; ay:&HkjyHK;jyD; acgif;,rf;jyonf/ ]1mmjzpfvdk hvJ rarT;vdk hvm;} ]rymkwfyg1ml;? yef;wdkif; 1m,farT;yghrvJ? yef;wdkif;vJ 1m,fvSekdifyghrvJ} ]wcsdK hyef;av;awGusawmh arT;vJarT;ygw,f? vSvJ vSygw,fAsm} udk&ifarmifpum;udk jum;&aomtcg rdonf rodromav; jyHK;vdkufjyD;rS £ajE´ qnfvdkuf avonf/ udk&ifarmifudk junfh&onfrSm ndKaxG;wpfapmif;wdkufaymm&aom yef;t1md"r®mav;udk owdw& &SdaeyHk&onf/ rxdwxd ypfcwfxm;aom cJcsufao;ao;av;ajumfh *,ufxvmonfudk ndKaxG;vnf; odymefwlonf/ ]rdef;uav;1m0qkdwm yef;av;awGvdkyJ} ]a,musfm;1m0ua&m} ]yef;cl;olaygh}
  42. 42. rpE´m 41 ndKaxG;onf cs,f&Dyef;av;wpfcufudk trSwfrJh yefqifvdkufonf/ ndKaxG;acgif;ay:rS yef;av;udk udk&ifarmifonf ai;junfhaeavonf/ cifcsdKwdk hu pum;jzwfjyD; taqmif1mufodk hvSnfhjyefvmaomtcg ukd&ifarmifonf wpfOD;wnf; qufjyD; avSsmufoGm;avonf/ ]OD;&efuem;u aymmxm;w,faemf? Ak'¨yml;om;eJ hqufqH&if 'ku©jzpfr,fwJh? &ifarmifqdkawmh &- ,-v-0 Ak'¨yml;om;aemf} cifcsdK tawmf&,fcsifoGm;onf/ ndKaxG;wpfa,muf jidrfukwfukwfav;jzpfaejcif;rSm OD;&efuem; vufcsuf jzpfrSef; ,ckrSyif od&awmh/ ndKaxG;ymlonfh oli,frudk cifcsdK u,frS jzpfacsawmhrnf/ ]tJ'DAk'¨yml;om; 'ku©jzpfr,fvdk haymmwmyg} ]tymkwfvm;} ]ymkwfygw,f? Oyg'efajumifh Oyg'fra&mufprf;ygeJ h? ndKaxG; 'ku©jzpfrSm rymkwf1ml;? Ak'¨yml;om; 'ku©jzpfr,fvdk haymmwmyg} cifcsdKtm;ay;pum;udk jum;&aomtcg ndKaxG;rsufeSmav;onf &TifoGm;onf/ cifcsdK hvufudk wif;wif;qkyf&if; tm;wufoa&m ar;avonf/ ]tymkwfaemf-cifcsdK} ]ajomf ymkwfvdkufwmrS ymkwf ymkwfeJ hawmif jrnfao;w,f} ]rodyg1ml; cifcsdK&,f? OD;&efuem;aymmjyD; ndKaxG; awmfawmf pdwfnpfaewm? olaymmwmawGuvJ odyfrSefw,f rymkwfvm;? ndKaxG;av 1mmqufvkyf&r,fawmif rod1ml;? vrf;udk aysmufoGm;wm1mJ? avmif;xm;jyD;rS &SHK;oGm;rSmvJ t&rf;ajumufw,f? vufpowfawmh ndKaxG; t"dyÜm,faumuf vGJwmudk;} a0a0omygvSsif £ajE´raqmifedkif1mJ x&,frnf jzpfonf/ OD;&efuem;aumif;rSK ndKaxG; tawmf yif 'ku©rsm;oGm;ymef &Sdonf/ udk&ifarmifonf Ak'¨yml;eHjuD;udk a&S havSsmuf'ku©ay;&ef tawmfuav; vef h aecJhymef wlonf/ ]tcka&m 1mmvkyf&r,frod} ]tckawmh qufvkyf? uJ&DtGef ndKaxG;aygh] cifcsdKu &,farm&if; ajymvdkufonf/ a0a0wkd hxkd;aom acgifqGJajumf vm1mfoyfyumudk vufcH aomfvnf; ndKaxG;udkvnf; jyefvnf pdwf"mwfjrSifhwifay;ojzifh cifcsdKonf ormorwf usaom w&m;oljuD; jzpfvdrfhrnf xifygonf/ w&m;oljuD; ymlonf csdefcGifudk udkifjyD; rsufpdudk tkyfxm;&onfymk tqkd&Sdonf/ yg;pyfydwf&rnfymk Oya'u rqkdygacs/ xdk hajumifh acgufqGJajumfvnf; pm;edkifonf/ rymkwfwmvnf; ajymekdifonfymk rdrdukd,frdrd tmywfvTwfvdkufonf/ ]&efuem;a& ru,fawmh1ml;vm;}
  43. 43. *sDa[mol 42 ndKaxG;u udk&ifarmihfqDrS arwåm o0PfvTm rjumrDa&mufap&rnfymk ajymaomtcg armfarmf onf xatmfawmhonf/ ]tdk-&efuem;uudk aymmvdkufwmav? ndKaxGG;eJ hqufqHvdk hAk'¨yml;om; 'ku©jzpfr,fwJh? tymif; ymif; ndKaxG;ekdifrSm usdef;udk aovdk h} ]&efuem;a& jrefrmpum;udk jrefrm em;rvnfatmif ajymOD;ymJh} armfarmfonf 'kwd,tjudrf pdwfysufvufysuf atmfjyefonf/ a0a0onf OD;aeSmufajcmufymefeSifh acgif;udkwGifwGifukwfaeonf/ rnfol hya,m*ajumifh ndKaxG;ae hcsif;ncsif;tm;wufvmrSef; pOf;pm;ekdifyHk r&acs/ ]&efuem;av; trsm;juD; acsmufwGef;w,f? 'Doli,fraemf tm;juD; acgif;rmw,f? &nf;pm;pm &atmif ,lr,f ajymw,faemf- &efuem; 1mmvkyf&rvJ trm;] tceff;xJrS ndKaxG; vSnfhxGufoGm;aomtcg a0a0onf juH&mr&ymef &SHK h&SHK hrJhrJh nnf;&Smavonf/ * * *
  44. 44. rpE´m 43 (13) ]apmapmtdyfvdk hapmapmxvdk hapmapmvrf;avSsmufjuygpdk h} xkdoDcsif; a&'D,dkrS rjumcPvmvSsif eSif;rSKHrSKdif;rSdKif;eSifh tm;upm; &moDokd ha&mufjyD jzpfonf/ wpfpdwfwnf;? wpf0rf;wnf;? wpfavwnf; xGufavh&Sdaom r0g? armfarmf? a0a0eSifh rdwdk h pdwfcsif;uGJvGJ juonfrSmum; xdktcdsefyif jzpfonf/ tm;upm;&moDwGif Xmetvdkuf jydKifyGJrsm; jyKvkyfonf/ oli,fcsif; tcsif;csif; 1m,favmufyif cifcif? Xmetvdkuf jydKifaomtcg XmecGJuav;rsm; jzpfvmjuonf/ cifcsdKwdk h pufrSKwuúodkvfwGifvnf; pufrSK? "mwk? vSsyfppf? csnfrSsiffeSifh txnf? jrKd hjy? owåKwl;azmfa&;? Adokum ponfjzifh Xmetcsif;csif; jydKifju&aomtcg cifvSaom oli,fcsif;rsm;onfvnf; oli,fcsif;ymlí rnSm edkif? XmetwGuf aoaoausaus tpGrf;jyjuavawmhonf/ ykí 0aom rrvSyifvSsif a1mmif;1mDwdkav;0wfum a1mmfvDa1mm 0ifykwfavonf/ avwdkufvSsif vJawmhra,mif ydefjyD; &SnfvSaom rat;oG,fonfvnf; oHjym;0dkif; 0ifypfavonf/ vufarmif;&if; udkufaeaom ,kaqGyif raeedkif? y&kyfqDvdrf;jyD; juufawmif&dkufjydKifyGJ 0ifcJhao;onf/ axG;axG;wpfa,mufonfvnf; Xmetvdkuf vGefqGJ&ef vlpkaeonf/ cifcsdKonfum; tm;upm; &moDwGif ]yHk;qGJ} ymlaom trnftopfwpfckudk &cJhavonf/ ol hcrsm 1m0ay;yg&rDajumifh tm;upm; 1mufwGif tawmfyif tusdK;ay;nHh&Smavonf/ juufawmif&dkuf&ef judk;pm;onf? 1mufwHeSifh juufawmif onf &efjzpfxm;juymef wlonf/ wpfckeSifhwpfck xd&ef judk;pm;í r&1mJ wpfvGJpD jzpfaeí vufavSsmh vdkuf &onf/ xkd haemuf a1mmfvDa1mm ykwf&ef tm;xkwfjyefonf/ avxJwGif ysH0Jaeaom abmvHk;ol h qDodk h wef;vmavvSsif ajumufajumufvef hvef heSifh acgif;udk vufeSpfzufjzifh tkyfjyD; uGif;xJwGif avSsmufajy; aeonf/ xkd hajumifh a1mmfvDa1mm toif;uvnf; vufcHvdkymef r&Sdacs/ ydefcsdaom cE¨mudk,fav;ajumifh vGefqGJ&efvnf; rnfolurSs pm&if;xnfhroGif;acs/ xkd hajumifh jydKifyGJ0ifolwdk h tarmajyaomuf&ef oHyk&m &nfazsmfjyD; yHk;juD;wum;um;eSifh o,f,loGm;avh&Sdaom cifcsdKudk ]yHk;qGJ} ymlí uifyGef;wyfxm;juonf/ yHk;qGJuvnf; acawmh racvSygacs/ a1mmfvDa1mmtoif; a&TwHqdyf&aomtcg q,fheSpfck &avonf/ t&Hvl aeaeomom? rdef;uav; &Sm;vGef;í ajcmufa,mufjynfhatmifyif renf;vlpkupm;&aom pufrSKa1mmfvDa1mmtoif;ayrdk hyHk;qGJaom cifcsdKvnf; a&TwHqdyfwpfck&avonf/ ]vGefqGJwm ekdif&if XmetrSwfodyfaumif;rSmaemf} ]qGJuGm ekdifatmifqGJ? rdk&D;,mrif;aomuf? EGm;edk haomuf}
  45. 45. *sDa[mol 44 cifcsdKu twGifom tm;ay;avonf/ udk,fwkdif 0ifqGJ&ef rwwfedkifavawmh tm;ay;&mwGif cifcsdK udk rnfolrSs rDrnf rxifay? oHyk&m&nf wpfyHk;eSifh yGJwdkif;ausmf jzpfavonf/ ]ymm udk&ifarmif vGefqGJr,f xifw,f} a1mmif1mDwkdav;eSifh avSsmufvmaom udk&ifarmifudk awG hojzifh r0gonf cyfwdk;wdk; ajymonf/ a,musfm;av; vGefyGJrsm; t&ifprnfrdk hcifcsdKwdk hrdef;uav;rsm;onf yGJjunfh y&dowfjzpfonf/ cifrif&m cifrifajumif; XmecGJuav;rsm;eSifh udk,feSpfouf&m 1mufodk h tm;ay;juonf/ ]udk&ifarmif vGefqGJrvdk hvm;} ]at;Asm awmfrD&,f zsm;aevdk hvlrjynfh1ml;qdkjyD; zufwD;0if;atmif&,f twif;qGJac:vmw,f} ]qGJ qGJ edkifatmifqGJ} ]tm;ay;juygAsm? tm;vdkygw,f} ndKaxG;udk a0hceJ junfh&if; udk&ifarmifonf cyfjyHK;jyHK; ajymavonf/ ndKaxG;onf eSpfeSpfjcdKuf jcdKuf &,fvdkufonf/ ndKaxG;&,fvSsif cGuf0ifoGm;avh&Sdaom yg;cdsKifhav;rsm;onf pGJrufpzG,faumif; vSonf/ ]zufwD;udk0if;atmif ygaerSawmh udk&ifarmifwdk hr&SHk;ekdifyg1ml;} rnfonfhae&mwGifrS rsufeSmaumif;&avhr&SdaomzufwD;rsm;onfvGefyGJwGifrl txl; rsufeSmyGifhvef; juavonf/ acsmifjudkacsmifjum;rS zufwD;taygif; olawmfaumif;wkd hudk Xmeqdkif&m tm;upm;rSL;rsm;u awmif;awmif;yefyef yifhac:ju&avonf/ ]zufwD;u 0om0wm tm;r&Sd1ml;} ]aemufqHk;u judk;csnfcdkif;aygh} zufwD;udk0if;atmifonfum; cifcsdKwkd hodorSs wuúodkvf&Sd vl0rsm;xJwGif t0qHk;jzpfonf/ ol h vufeSpfzufudk a1m;okd h&dk;&dk;csxm;vSsif olrsm;vdk wef;wef;rwfrwf usraeacs/ 0xpfaeaom tom;rsm; ajumifh um;um;juD; jzpfaeonf/ tom;jzLjzL? eSmwHay:ay:? rsufcHk;xif;xif;ESifh rsufeSmudkcsnf; junfhvSsif vlacsmwpfOD;ymk ajymedkifonf/ rwefwq 0aom udk,fcE¨majumifh ol hcrsm ckxdawmh rpGHedkif&Sm ao;acs/ ]zufwD;uG - zufwD;? judk;pm;ay;} udk&ifarmifwdk htzGJ hwGif zufwD;udk0if;atmifonf t"du& jzpfaeonf/ aemufqHk;rS aejyD; vGefjudk;vGwfrxGufap&ef cg;udk judk;eSifh ywfjyD; csnfxm;onf/ judk;wif;vGef;vSsif tom;xJjrKyfjyD; yGef;rnfpdk;aomajumifh xifonf/ cg;eSifh judk;tjum;wGif uif;Awfpf 1mdeyftjzLrsm; cHxm;onf/ cg; ywfvnfwGif zdeyfrsm; pD&&DESifh 0onfxuf 0aeaom udk0if;atmifudk junfhum vlwdkif; yGJusaejuonf/ udk0if;atmifonf y&dowfu xyfwvJvJ awmif;qdkjcif; cH&aom Zmwfrif;ozG,f tm;&yg;& jyHK;jyD; cg;uav;ukef;um OD;nGwfjyaomtcgwGifum; w0g;0g; jzpfukefjuawmhonf/
  46. 46. rpE´m 45 zufwD;ta&S heSpfa,mufausmfwGif udk&ifarmifudk awG h&onf/ vlrjynfhojzifh qJGoGif;xm;olrdk h olwkd htzGJ hxJwGif tydefqHk; jzpfaeonf/ ]aymhaumif - &ifarmif? rif;eH&dk;awGu ywåvm;wD;vdk h&w,faymh} vltkyfxJrS ApfwmtoHudk jum;&onf/ vl0rsm;tjum;xJwGif ydefaeaom udk&ifarmifonfvnf; vl&,fp&m jzpfaeonf/ ]vGefyGJom ekdifatmifqGJ? tcspfyGJrSmvJ ekdifap&yghr,f armifarmif&,fwJh? olu ajymw,f? olu ajymw,f} y&dwfowfxJrS toHajumifajumifeSifh wpfOD;u xatmfjyefonf/ vGefyGJrprcsif; atmfympfoH aemufajymifoHrsm;eSifh qlnHaeonf/ ]udk&ifarmifu Avrqdk;1ml;q&m/ t&yfjrifh? tom;ndKwJh vlcef h acsmqkdwm ol hvdkvlrsdK; xifyg&J h} ymk axG;axG;u wkd;wdk;av; rSwfcsufcsaomtcg ndKaxG;onf jyHK;ae avonf/ ]0rf;-wl;-qGJ-0rf;-wl;-qGJ} aoewfypfazmufvdkufonfeSifh vGefjudk;onf wHk hceJ wif;oGm;jyD; tjydKiftqdkif qGJjuavawmh onf/ awmufavSsmufjuD; tm;ukefatmif rqGJ1mJ csdefom;udkufum aqmifhí aqmifhí qGJaom udk&ifarmif wdk htzGJ honf vuf&nfomavonf/ ]ymm;-ymm;-junfh-cifcsKdjunfh-&,fp&mjuD;} tHjudwfum &SHK hrJhrJhjzpfaeolrsm;udk junfhum axG;axG;onf tm;rem yg;rem &,faeonf/ rnfol rnfrSs acsmonfqkdqdk? vSonfajymajym vGefwpfcgqGJcdkif;vSsif vSorSs ysufavawmhonf/ tm;oGefcGefpdkuf qGJ&avonfrdk hrdrdudk,fudkvnf; arh? ywf0ef;usifudkvnf; arhwwfjuavonf/ tvStyudk tom a1m;ypfcsxm;jyD; rJhvdkuf? &GJ hvdkuf? tHjudwfvdkufeSifh tedkiftxuf judk;pm;juawmhonf/ rsufeSmu &SHK hav onfeSifh trSs rsufvHk;eSpfzufu jyL;xGufvmaomtcgum; vlysuf&kyfaygufukefjuavawmhonf/ ]'grS 'dk hzufwD;uG- ekdifiHausmf zwfwD;? urÇmausmfr,fh zufwD;} zufwD;0if;atmifrsufeSmonf c&rf;csOfoD;rSnfhvdk wGwfwGwf&Jaeonf/ ajrjyifudk ajcuefumwHk h ceJ wpfcsuf qGJwdkif; wpfzufrS vlrsm; idkufceJ jzpfoGm;wwfavonf/ vGefjudk;onf zufwD;wdk hzuf wjznf;jznf; ygvmonf/ wpfzuftoif;rS ausmif;om;rsm; arSmufvJolvJ? '&GwfqGJolqGJ jzpfukefju aom tcg Apfwmonf vufckyfvuf0g;wD;jyD; rsufrSefjuD; w0if;0if;eSifh xuavawmhonf/ ]igwdk hu vleJ hqGJ&rvm; atmufarhygw,f? rif;wdk hu EGm;awG 0ufawG xGufvmwmudk;} judk;juD;udk rvTwf1mJ arSmufvsufom; '&GwfqGJygvmaom udkoef;armifaX;onf ajrjyifay:wGif ikwfwkwfjuD; xkdifumatmfaeonf/ zufwD;0if;atmifonf ol ha&S hwGifaqmifhajumifhav;xkdifumvuftkyf csDvdkufavonf/ ]XmetwGufrdk hyg a,mufz&,f? vGefyGJ&SHK;ayr,fh eSrawmh ay;ygaemf}
  47. 47. *sDa[mol 46 eSracsmav;rsm; &Sdaom udkoef;armifaX;? ae&mrS txwGif zufwD;onf &kwfceJ xum ajy;av onf/ odk haomf ol hcrsm vGeftqGJaumif;aomfvnf; tajy;roef &SmavonfhtwGuf pGefokwfcH&aom 0uf0HjzLjuD; ozG,f udkoef;armifaX;vufwGif rdjyD; Zufydk;tkyf cH&avonf/ ]tm;ay;wJh vlawG aumif;vdk hedkifwmygAsm} ukd&ifarmifu cifcsdKwdk hqDrS oHyk&m&nf awmif;aomuf&if; ajymonf/ cifcsdKwdk hvlpk uvnf; ol h a1m;rS toHukefatmfjyD; tm;ay;cJhjuavonfhtwGuf tawmfauseyfaeymef &Sdonf/ atmifyGJ& vGeftzGJ h wGif qk&aom oGm;wdkufaq;1ml;av;rsm;udk a&S hwGifaxmifjyD; aqmifhajumifhav;rsm;xkdifum "mwfyHk&dkuf juaom tcg ndKaxG;wdk htem;a&mufaeaom udk&ifarmifudk atmfympfac:,lju&avonf/ ]aymhaumifjuD; &ifarmif? rr,frudk &Smaeovm;? "mwfyHk&dkuf&atmif juGygOD;} zufwD;udk0if;atmifonf toHjyJjuD;eSifh ukef;atmfaomtcg udk&ifarmifrsufeSmonf &JceJ jzpfoGm;jyD; ndKaxG;udk zsufceJ cdk;junfhvdkufonfudk cifcsdKjrifvkdufonf/ ndKaxG;url 1mmudkrSs trSKrxm; rdovdk junfjunfvifvifuav;yif &,faeonf/ ]udk&ifarmif "mwfyHkxJrSm toHygoGm;atmif &,faemf} ymkyif vSrf;íaemufvdkufao;onf/ ]rr,frqdkwm 1mmudk ajymwmvJ} r0gonf jrefrm0w¬Krsm; zwfavhzwfxr&Sdojzifh ]armif&ifarmif? rr,fr} tajumif; odymef rwlacs/ ]armif&ifarmif? rr,fr}onf *sdrf;vSausmfa&;aom 0w¬KacwfOD;u 0w¬K jzpfajumif;/ rdef;uav; rsm;em;wGif a&mufaeaom ukd&ifarmifudk ]rr,frudk &Smaeovm;} ymk0w¬KxJrS emrnfoHk;um aemufajymif jcif; jzpfajumif;udk cifcsdKu &Sif;jyae&avonf/ ]'Dvkdqdk&if ndKaxG;udk rr,frvdk hajymwmxifw,faemf} ]tdk 1mmjzpfvdk h} 1mkrod 1mrod xifaju;eSifh rSwfcsufcsaom axG;axG;udk ndKaxG;uacgif;uav;cgjyonf/ a0a0 eSifh armfarmfurl ]'dk hudkajymwm xifw,f] ymk oHjydKif 0ifajymonf/ ]ymkwfyg1ml;-axG;axG; 'Davmufawmh vsifygw,f? udk&ifarmifu ndKaxG;qdk&if uGufjunfh uGufjunfheJ hymif;-odwmaygh? uJ-rr,fr eufjzef a1mmfvDa1mm yGJus&if udk&ifarmifjuD; vmtm;ay; ygvdrfhr,f} axG;axG;u tydkifajymaomtcg ndKaxG;onf 1mmrSrjiif;omawmh1mJ jyHK;aeavonf/ ndKaxG;onf xkdae hrSpí ]rr,fr} ymlaom emrnfajymifav;udk &&SdoGm;&Smavonf/ axG;axG; twyfaymmouJhodk hyif ndKaxG;wdk ha1mmfvDa1mmyGJodk hudk&ifarmif a&mufvmcJhonf/ ndKaxG;eSifh cifcsdKonf ydefrom vdrfrom jzpfonf/ tm;upm;zufwGif eSpfOD;vHk; yg&rD enf;&Smjuonf/ odk haomf ndKaxG;onf cifcsdKxufawmh owådaumif;w,f qkd&ayrnf/ olwdk hXmeu upm;&efvlrjynfhí 0if&yf&Hkuav; &yfay;yg/ vljynfhvSsif awmfygjyDymk twif;ac:aomtcg ndKaxG;uGif;xJodk hqif; &avonf/ r0Hhr&JeSifh a1mmfvDa1mmuGif;xJwGif ajumif;pDpDav;&yfaeaom ndKaxG;onf &,fp&m aumif;aeonf/ axG;axG;url ndKaxG;udk junfh&if; wcGD;cGD;eSifh usdwfí &,faeavonf/ cifcsdKwdk huJhodk h
  48. 48. rpE´m 47 yif a1mmvHk;udk junfh&if; wcGD;cGD;eSifh usdwfí &,faeonf/ cifcsdKuJhodk hyif a1mmvHk;udk ajumufjyD; vufeSpfzufeSifh acgif;udk tkyfum uGif;xJwGif avSsmufajy;avh&Sdaom ndKaxG; t&nftcsif;udk twGif;od tpif;odrdk hymefymefyefyef uGif;xJ0if&yfaeaomtcg &,fcsifpdwfudk xdef;edkifymef rwlacs/ wpfzuf toif;wGif a0a0? armfarmfeSifh rrcifwdk hygonf/ ndKaxG;1mufwGif r0geSifh rdygavonf/ eSpfoif;pvHk; cifrifolcsnf;rkd hcifcsdKwdk hvnf; eSpfzufvHk;udk tm;ay;ju&rnf jzpfonf/ ]ndKaxG;u upm;rvdk hvm;} ]ymkwfuJh} cifcsdKwdk ha1m;wGif 0if&yfaom udk&ifarmifonf ndKaxG;udk vSrf;ar;onf/ ndKaxG;onf jyHK;a&miforf;a,mifa,mifeSifh acgif;ndwfjyD; £ajE´q,faeonf/ jyHK;pyfpyfvkyfaeaom axG;axG;udk rsufapmif;wpfcsufxkd;um cyfwnfwnfvkyfaeaom ndKaxG;onf ydkjyD; &,fp&m aumif;aeonf/ ]cgwdkif; ndKaxG; upm;wm rawG h1ml;} ]1m,fupm;rvJ olu pufrSKuvlawGeJ hvuf&nfwlw,fxifwm rymkwf1ml;? csdKxm;wm? tckrS ynmawGjyr,fav? apmifhjunfh} axG;axG;pum;udk ,Hkovm;? r,Hkovm;awmh rod? udk&ifarmifonf ndKaxG;udk txifwjuD; vSrf;junfhaomtcgwGif ndKaxG;onf taecufymefeSifh udk,fuav; usHK h oGm;&Smonf/ ]apmifhjunfh apmifhjunfh} axG;axG;ajymovdkyif apmifhjunfhaeaom udk&ifarmifonf ndKaxG;csdKxm;aom ynmrsm;udk jrif&aomtcg tawmfyif &,fcsifvmymef &Sdavonf/ olwdk hwpfzGJ hvHk;wGif ndKaxG;onf tcsmqHk;rSef;odojzifh awmfaom vleSpfOD;jzpfonfh r0geSifh rdwdk h jum;xJwGif nSyfjyD; xm;onf/ a1mmfvDa1mmuGif;xJ0ifjyD; a1mmvHk;ajumufaeaom ndKaxG;udk a1m;eSpf zufrS 0kdif;uljuonf/ ndKaxG;qD a1mmvHk; ta&mufrcH/ olwdk hu 0dkif;ykwfay;onf/ wpfzuftoif;rS a0a0wdk huvnf; ndKaxG;qDudkrS csdefjyD; ypfwwfjuonf/ ndKaxG; qDvmorSs a1mmvHk;udkvnf; r0geSifh rdwdk hu tajy;tvTm; 0ifzrf;juonf/ ndKaxG;onf olwdk h0ifvmatmif ymdkwdrf;? onfwdrf;eSifh qkwfvdkuf? a&Smifvdkuf? vrf;&Sif;ay;avh&Sdonf/ a1mmfvDa1mmuGif;xJwGif a1mmvHk;udk a&Smifajy;aeaom ndKaxG;tjzpfudk junfhum y&dowf tm;vHk; tlwufaejuonf/ ]ymkd1mufudk a&muf&if ig;jym;ay;r,f} ]judk;pm;uG,f ESro,fav;a&? tpfudku wpfrwfay;r,f} ndKaxG; qmAifay;&rnfhtvSnfhwGif ausmif;om;rsm;u 0dkif;aemufaejuonf/ XmetwGufrdk h r&Sufrajumuf vlysufvkyfae&aom ndKaxG;onf rsufeSmuav; eDaeonf/ rsufeSmuav;ysufum tawmftm;i,faeymef &Sdonf/ ol htjzpfuvnf; wu,fyif &,fp&mrdk htlwufatmif &,faeolrsm;udk tjypfwifvdkymef r&Sdacs/ ol hymmol vnf; &,fcsifidkcsif jzpfaeymef &Sdonf/ ]&SL; wdk;wdk; r&1ml; ajymedkifvm;}
  49. 49. *sDa[mol 48 axG;axG;u £ajE´qnfum ajymaomtcg jidrfoGm;ju/ odk haomf ndKaxG; wkd;xkwfvkdufaom a1mmvHk;onf t&Sdefjyif;jyif;eSifh a&S hodk hoGm;&rnfhtpm; 1mkef;ceJ aemufzufvGifhoGm;aomtcg wGifum; wpfcsdefvHk; jidrfaeaom udk&ifarmifyif Adkufudk eSdyfjyD; vdrfhaeatmif &,fawmhonf/ a1mmvHk;udk a&S hodk h xdk;&rnfudk a,mifuef;uef;eSifh aemufjyef xdk;xkwfvkdufjcif; jzpfymef wlonf/ ]zrf; zrf; ndKaxG; rdatmif zrf;} ndKaxG;qDodk hwef;wef;rwfrwf csdefvTwfvkdufaom a1mmvHk;udk 0ifykwf&ef rrDojzifh r0gu ajy;vm&if; atmfaeonf/ ndKaxG;onf a1mmvHk;udk ykwfvkduf&rnfhtpm; rdrd&& zrf;udkifum ajumifpDpD &yfaeaom ndKaxG;udk junfh&if; r0geSifh rdwdk honf pdwfrqdk;ekdif1mJ ajcjypfvufjypfxkdifcsum &,fju avawmhonf/ aA'ifar;p&m rvdk/ xkdyGJwGif ndKaxG;wdk h1mufu r&SKrvS &SHK;avonf/ yGJjyD;aomtcg cifcsdKwdk h tm;vHk; Adkufemaejuygonf/ ]ndKaxG;ajumifh &SHK;wm} ndKaxG;onf rsufeSmi,fav;eSifh ajymonf/ ol hjunfh&onfrSm wu,fyif pdwfraumif;jzpfaeymef wlavonf/ XmetwGufrdk hvlysufvkyfcJh&aom ndKaxG;udk udk&ifarmifonf u&kPmruif; junfhaeonf/ ]&SHK;vJ 1mmjzpfvJ? &,f&wm tjrwfaygh} r0gu ajymaomtcg ndKaxG;rsufeSmav;onf &SHK hoGm;&Smonf/ ]ndKaxG;udk uGsefawmf wu,fcsD;usL;w,f? uGsefawmfom qdk&if 'Dvdkowåd&SdrSm rymkwf1ml;? udk,frwwfwmudk yGifhyGifhvif;vif; rwwfajumif; jy&Jwm enf;wJhowådrS rymkwfwm} udk&ifarmifonf &,f&Sdefrowfekdifao;aomfvnf; csD;usL;pum;ajymonf/ &Sufvnf; &Suf? &,fcsif idkcsifvnf; jzpfaeaom ndKaxG;rsufeSmav;onf ezl;jyifay:rS acGs;rsm;udk vufeSifh oyfcs&if; jzwfceJ rsufvTmcsvdkufavonf/ rsufeSmav;i,fi,feSifh jyHK;rJhrJhjzpfaeaom ndKaxG;udk udk&ifarmifonf trSwfrxif ai;junfh aeavonf/ * * *
  50. 50. rpE´m 49 (14) ]udk&ifarmifu wu,fcifp&maumif;w,faemf? t&ifu ol hudk 'Davmufcifp&maumif;vdrhf r,f awmif rxifrd1ml;} axG;axG;onf tkef;oD;tcGHrmay:&Sd tkef;qHrsm;udk 'g;yg;eSifh jcpfypfae&if; pum;rpyfajymonf/ ndKaxG;onf ocsFmwpfyk'fudk ukef;wGufae&mrS rodromav; apmif;junfhavonf/ ]1mmjzpfvdk h} ]cifp&maumif;w,fqdkwm tao;tzGJav;awGudk ajymwmxifw,f? ol hjunfh&wm ulnDwwf w,f? &dk;w,f? tm;emwwfw,f? ymdkae hu uGif;xJrSm ndKaxG;vlysufvkyfaewkef;u junfhygvm;? ol h junfh& wm &,fwm&,fae&w,f? ndKaxG;udk oem;aeovdkyJ} ]atmifrm rvdkyg1ml;? 1mmvdk hoem;&rSmvJ} ndKaxG;onf azmifwdeftzHk;udk ydwfvdkufjyD; xvm avonf/ rcHcsifovdk rsufeSmav; ndKae onf/ rmejuD;aom rdef;uav;rsm;onf toem;cH&rSm tvGefajumufwwfjuonf/ ol htjzpfuvnf; wu,fhudk oem;p&m &,fp&m jzpfcJhí emvdkcHcuf jzpfoGm;ymef &Sdonf/ ]oem;wm pdwfqkdk;p&mvm; ndKaxG;&J h} ]tdk qkd;w,f} ]tymJ cspfjcif;tp oem;jcif;uwJh? jum;zl;wmyJ} r0geSifh rdonf xif&mjrif&m pGwfawmaeaom axG;axG;udk cyfai;ai;junfhaeavonf/ tysuf tysufeSifh pcJhaom udk&ifarmihf tonf;cGJa&; pDrHudef;juD;onf eSmacgif;aoG;xGufavatmif taumif txnfay:vmrnfhta&;udk awG;rdjyD; &ifav;aejuymef &Sdonf/ ndKaxG;url cyfaxhaxhav; jyHK;aeonf/ ]aemufjyD; udk&ifarmifu pmodyfawmfwmyJ? pmar;yGJvJ eD;vSjyD? pifoD,mwdk hu udk&ifarmifudk rodwmawG ar;&tHk;r,f wJh} ]tJ'g 1mmjzpfvJ} ]udk&ifarmifuawmh ndKaxG; pmawGvdkufekdif&J hvm;wJh tymJ}
  51. 51. *sDa[mol 50 ]wjcm;tajumif;ajymprf;yg axG;axG;&,f? 1mmvdk hw&ifarmifxJ &ifarmifae&wmvJ? ay;prf;r0g? qufcGm ay;r,f} r0gu pdwfr&Snfovdk cyfaigufaigufav; 0ifajymonf/ cifcsdKwpfcgu rdef;rrm,m tajumif; pmtkyfxJwGif zwfzl;onf/ xrD0wfwmu tp? ajcaxmufum;xdkifwma&m? aygifaphxkdifwma&m? uav; csDwmtqHk; vSKyf&Sm;rSKrSeforSs 1mmrSrvGwf1mJ rm,mxJ ygaeí tawmfpdwfnpfoGm;onf/ ckawmh ,Hk&rvkd jzpfaeonf/ ndKaxG;onf udk&ifarmifudk wpfcgrS odomavmufatmif tcGifhta&;ay; azmfa&Gjcif; r&Sdao;ay/ oGm;&if;vm&if; c&D;oGm;ymefvTJeSifhyif aeSmifjudk;eSifh iifcJhonf/ rdef;uav;wdk honf a,musfm; om;rsm;udk &dk;&dk;wef;wef; oGm;vmvSKyf&Sm;&if; rodromav; qGJaqmifedkifpGrf; &Sdjuymef wlavonf/ xkd h ajumifhvnf; tawmifeSpfq,frif;a,musfm;rsm; tvef hjuD; vef hjyD; rdef;uav;wkd hvSKyf&Sm;avorSs trlt,mrSeforSsudk rm,mymk owfrSwfcJhjuymef wlavonf/ ndKaxG;onf jrm;udk cGsefjyD; axmifxm;&m? udk&ifarmifu jrm;OD;odk h wjznf;jznf; wkd;vmaeonfeSifh wlaeonf/ ]OD;&efuem;uawmh aymmxm;w,f? ndKaxG;eJ haygif;&if Ak'¨yml;om; 'ku©a&mufr,fwJh} ]OD;&efuem;wJhvm; 1m,folvJ} judk hukef;&GmxJu aA'ifq&mjuD;av odyfrSefwm1mJ} OD;&efuem;toHudk jum;&aomtcg cifcsdKonf &,fcsifvGef;í rsufeSmudk wpfzufodk h vSnfhxm; vdkufonf/ jyóemuawmh oyGwftlvdkufaeayjyD/ OD;&efuem; ay:vmonfhtwGuf w&m;oljuD; acgufqGJpm;&avonf/ rymkwfwmvnf; ajymcJhayjyD/ w&m;oljuD; ya,m*ajumifh ndKaxG;tm;wufjyD; tonf;cGJa&; tpDtpOfudk qufvuf vkyfaqmifcJhhonf/ 1mmvdkvdkeSifh w&m;oljuD;onf w&m;cH1m0odk h a&mufrSef;rod a&mufaeacsjyD/ cifcsdKonf &,fcsif&ufu pdwfvnf; t&SKyfjuD; &Skyfrdonf/ ]axG;axG;a&m ar;rvm;? odyfrSefwm} ]tymkwfrSefvm;} ]ar;raeeJ h? OD;&efuem; r&Sdawmh1ml;} ]ymif 1mmjzpfvdk h} ]ymdk; ykyÜm;awmifrSm w&m;tm;xkwfzkd hxGufoGm;jyD? odyfvJaeraumif;1ml;wJh? tJ'DrSmyJ xGuf&yf ayguf&if aygufoGm;rSm...} &efuem;Zmwfodrf;rS jzpfawmhrnfrdk hcifcsdKonf twnfaygufeSifh 0ifí ajymrdonf/ ]ym,f emvdkufwm? axG;axG;awmif rar;vdkuf&1ml;? pmar;yGJrSm trSwfaumif;yghrvm;? tqifh 1m,favmufeJ hatmifrvJ? ar;csifvdkufwm} ]ewfwif eifwwf&if atmifrSmaygh rdaxG;&,f} r0gonf pdwfr&Snfedkifovdk 0ifajymonf/ a0a0&efuem;tajumif;udk odxm;ojzifh jumvSsif r&,fedkif1mJ x&,frdrnf pkd;aomajumifh jzpfymefwlonf/ axG;axG;onf 1mmrS qufrajymawmh1mJ ukwifay:wGif rwfwyf&yfvkdufonf/ tkef;oD;xJrS t&nfrsm;udkvnf; azmufxkwfjyD; jzpfojzifh

×