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Platform Cities:
The politics & practices
of data-driven urbanism
Dr. Sarah Barns,
Urban Studies Postdoctoral Fellow
Unive...
Imagining the Computer of the
21st century’ Mark Weiser
and colleagues
terox PARC 1980s.
‘Life on Demand’
Media habits in daily life
‘Life on Demand’
Media habits in daily life
Networkd City
Image by SENSEable City Lab
‘Platform Urbanism’
Networkd City
Image by SENSEable City Lab
‘Platform Urbanism’
The study and design of urban practices that respond to new
...
Networkd City
Image by SENSEable City Lab
‘Platform Urbanism’
Urban imaginaries: Ways of understanding the urban
Entrepren...
Re-imagining the city: The Smart City
In 2012, for the first time ever, the TED Prize
went not to an individual, but to an idea on
which our planet's future depe...
Re-imagining the city:
The City as software development kit
Re-imaging the city:
Public Open Data
"In 2012 it made less and less sense to talk about
'the Internet’, 'the PC business,' 'telephones,'
'Silicon Valley,' or '...
Supported by Cloud computing, app ecosystems, mobile user devices and
communities.
Successful platforms can be defined by t...
Networkd City
Image by SENSEable City Lab
Key Questions
How are platform-based business models shaping urban governance?
W...
Fields of Practice: Case studies
2. Digital entrepreneurialism: Platform based business models
1. Digital strategy: Govern...
‘The second wave of digital transformation in government – Gov.Uk’
“
From business to Governance models
CASE STUDY
City-wide digital strategy as digital governance tool
‘Roadmap
for a Digital
New
York’ (2011 –
13)
Digital
Manc...
OPEN DATA
OPEN
GOVERNMENT
‘GOVERNMENT AS PLATFORM’
OPEN APIS
S-A-A-S
GOV
TRANSPERANCY
NEW CIVICS
INSTITUTIONAL
REFORM
OPEN...
2. SOCRATA CASE STUDY
‘A	
  cloud	
  so*ware	
  company	
  focused	
  exclusively	
  on	
  
democra7sing	
  access	
  to	
...
Civic tech
Civic tech
Crowd funding
Funding projects
that enhance public
services and spaces
Collaborative
consumption
Peer to peer sharing of
r...
SOCRATA-POWERED CIVIC DASHBOARD
166%	
  
80%	
  
108%	
  
95%	
  
79%	
  
83%	
  
0%	
   50%	
   100%	
   150%	
   200%	
  
Revenue Growth
Customer Growth...
PLATFORM PLAYS ON CITY GOV
What are the risks?
3. Reflexive interventions
Reflections
Rights to information infrastructure?
Data citizenship, digital ecosystems
Reflexive interventions
Thank you!
s.barns@uws.edu.au
@_sarahbarns
Platform Urbanism: The politics and practices of data-driven cities
Platform Urbanism: The politics and practices of data-driven cities
Platform Urbanism: The politics and practices of data-driven cities
Platform Urbanism: The politics and practices of data-driven cities
Platform Urbanism: The politics and practices of data-driven cities
Platform Urbanism: The politics and practices of data-driven cities
Platform Urbanism: The politics and practices of data-driven cities
Platform Urbanism: The politics and practices of data-driven cities
Platform Urbanism: The politics and practices of data-driven cities
Platform Urbanism: The politics and practices of data-driven cities
Platform Urbanism: The politics and practices of data-driven cities
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Platform Urbanism: The politics and practices of data-driven cities

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Presentation delivered as part of an Urban Studies Foundation event showcasing the work of its first cohort of International Post-doctoral Fellows (of which I am one). Presented at the University of Glasgow, April 30 2015.

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Platform Urbanism: The politics and practices of data-driven cities

  1. 1. Platform Cities: The politics & practices of data-driven urbanism Dr. Sarah Barns, Urban Studies Postdoctoral Fellow University of Western Sydney Urban Studies Foundation Forum University of Glasgow 30 April 2015 April 2014  
  2. 2. Imagining the Computer of the 21st century’ Mark Weiser and colleagues terox PARC 1980s.
  3. 3. ‘Life on Demand’ Media habits in daily life
  4. 4. ‘Life on Demand’ Media habits in daily life
  5. 5. Networkd City Image by SENSEable City Lab ‘Platform Urbanism’
  6. 6. Networkd City Image by SENSEable City Lab ‘Platform Urbanism’ The study and design of urban practices that respond to new configurations between the physical and digital layers of people, networks and urban infrastructures resulting from real-time, ubiquitous technology and platforms
  7. 7. Networkd City Image by SENSEable City Lab ‘Platform Urbanism’ Urban imaginaries: Ways of understanding the urban Entrepreneurial tactics: Ways of selling data-driven services Reflexive interventions: Ways of practising, ways of sensing Data-driven governance: Shaping policy & strategy
  8. 8. Re-imagining the city: The Smart City
  9. 9. In 2012, for the first time ever, the TED Prize went not to an individual, but to an idea on which our planet's future depends: the City 2.0   Re-imagining the city: Participatory Commons
  10. 10. Re-imagining the city: The City as software development kit
  11. 11. Re-imaging the city: Public Open Data
  12. 12. "In 2012 it made less and less sense to talk about 'the Internet’, 'the PC business,' 'telephones,' 'Silicon Valley,' or 'the media,' and much more sense to just study Google, Apple, Facebook, Amazon and Microsoft. These big five American vertically organized silos are re-making the world in their image. ” -Bruce Stirling ‘The Age of the Platform’
  13. 13. Supported by Cloud computing, app ecosystems, mobile user devices and communities. Successful platforms can be defined by the following features: vibrant communities rich-content channels third-party APIs, provision of value-added transactions (such as automated recommendations & personalisation) influence or adapt to constantly evolving devices. Platforms host ‘communities of value’. Platforms: ‘Software-driven innovation ecosystems’  
  14. 14. Networkd City Image by SENSEable City Lab Key Questions How are platform-based business models shaping urban governance? What claims are made? What kinds of alliances, urban experts and coalitions are being established around these platform models? Who benefits? What are the risks?
  15. 15. Fields of Practice: Case studies 2. Digital entrepreneurialism: Platform based business models 1. Digital strategy: Government as Platform 3. Everyday urban sensing: Practical interventions
  16. 16. ‘The second wave of digital transformation in government – Gov.Uk’ “ From business to Governance models
  17. 17. CASE STUDY City-wide digital strategy as digital governance tool ‘Roadmap for a Digital New York’ (2011 – 13) Digital Manchester Digital Vancouver Digital Brisbane
  18. 18. OPEN DATA OPEN GOVERNMENT ‘GOVERNMENT AS PLATFORM’ OPEN APIS S-A-A-S GOV TRANSPERANCY NEW CIVICS INSTITUTIONAL REFORM OPEN INNOVATION ‘OPENNESS’?
  19. 19. 2. SOCRATA CASE STUDY ‘A  cloud  so*ware  company  focused  exclusively  on   democra7sing  access  to  government  data’.  –Socrata        
  20. 20. Civic tech
  21. 21. Civic tech
  22. 22. Crowd funding Funding projects that enhance public services and spaces Collaborative consumption Peer to peer sharing of resident owned good and services Tools for sharing other corporate assets (incl land) Place based rorums Open Government Access to public data Transparency of govermment decision making Source: Knight Foundation 2014 Start ups & Incubators Tech based / VC backed investors Civic tech
  23. 23. SOCRATA-POWERED CIVIC DASHBOARD
  24. 24. 166%   80%   108%   95%   79%   83%   0%   50%   100%   150%   200%   Revenue Growth Customer Growth Employee Growth Retention Rate Upgrade to new services No of datasets 2013   2013 DEMAND FOR SERVICES
  25. 25. PLATFORM PLAYS ON CITY GOV
  26. 26. What are the risks?
  27. 27. 3. Reflexive interventions
  28. 28. Reflections Rights to information infrastructure? Data citizenship, digital ecosystems Reflexive interventions
  29. 29. Thank you! s.barns@uws.edu.au @_sarahbarns

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