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Sponges

Presentation on sponges

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Phylum – PoriferaPhylum – Porifera
The SpongesThe Sponges
Sponges
Sponges
TaxonomyTaxonomy
• Kingdom – AnimaliaAnimalia
• Phylum – PoriferaPorifera (pores)
CharacteristicsCharacteristics
o SimplestSimplest of all animals
o Contain specialized cellsspecialized cells but
no other organization level
o Most are marinemarine
o Saltwater sponges are
brightly coloredbrightly colored
o Freshwater spongesFreshwater sponges are small
and dull green color
o Size – 2 cm to 2 m2 cm to 2 m
CharacteristicsCharacteristics
o PoriferaPorifera means pore-
bearing
o WaterWater enters through
pores bringing in foodfood
and oxygenand oxygen
o Filter feedersFilter feeders on
plankton
o OsculumOsculum – large opening
at the top where excess
water leaves

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Sponges