Sea Sponges

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Mallory Anderson
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Sea Sponges

  1. 1. Sea Sponges Mallory Anderson Mrs. Reed Science Spring 2010 http://images.starpulse.com/Photos/Previews/SpongeBob-SquarePants-p74.jpg
  2. 2. Their Habitat <ul><li>Sea Sponges grow in all oceans in the world no matter what temperatures. </li></ul><ul><li>They can be found hundreds of meters under sea, but mostly are found in 5-50 meters deep. </li></ul><ul><li>Most sponges’ optimal pH is around 6.5 because the pH value of the sponge cellular fluid is 6.5. </li></ul><ul><li>Some sponges can live in the outstanding temperatures and pressure. </li></ul>http://tinypineapple.com/a/gallery/spongebobs-house.jpg
  3. 3. Physical Features <ul><li>Sponges come in different striking colors, bright red, purple, yellow, and brown, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>These colors are toxic as well may help them defend from sponge eating invertebrates and some fishes. </li></ul><ul><li>Sponges often have skeleton, which protect and give refuge to small invertebrates . </li></ul><ul><li>Sponges have no tissues or organs, they are just constructed with layers of cells even without nervous system. </li></ul><ul><li>Inside the sponge, the special cells circulate seawater through small pores and absorb planktons and small sea organisms. </li></ul>http://scienceblogs.com/deepseanews/upload/2007/07/SpongeBob-standup.jpg
  4. 4. Types <ul><li>Aplysina </li></ul><ul><li>Location: Caribbean and Mediterranean; shallow rocky substrates exposed to light (1-20m depth) </li></ul><ul><li>Xestospongia </li></ul><ul><li>Location: reef environments of Florida and the Caribbean </li></ul><ul><li>Acanthella </li></ul><ul><li>Location: Caribbean and Australia </li></ul><ul><li>Halisarca </li></ul><ul><li>Location: Sea of Okhotsk and North Pacific (shallow water) </li></ul>
  5. 5. Diversities <ul><li>Various microorganisms have been found in sponges. </li></ul><ul><li>They include a range of green algae, heterotrophic bacteria, cyan bacteria, archaea, cryptophytes, red algae, din flagellates and diatoms. The symbiotic microbial community is a highly diverse society. </li></ul><ul><li>One host sponge can possess different symbionts. </li></ul>http://cartoonsnap.com/blogspot/images/Video14ColoringCartoonLineArtinPhotoshop_7E72/SpongeBobandPatrickBlowingBubbleGumNickMagazineCoverartbyShermCohen.jpg
  6. 6. Fun Facts <ul><li>A sponge is an animal and it wasn't up until 1765 that sponges were thought to be a plant. </li></ul><ul><li>Sponges can contain 16,000 other animals inside of it. </li></ul><ul><li>One of the largest sponges ever was almost 10 feet wide. </li></ul><ul><li>When a part of a sponge breaks off, the broken part will form a new sponge. </li></ul>http://images.starpulse.com/Photos/Previews/SpongeBob-SquarePants-p35.jpg
  7. 7. Bibliography <ul><li>http://microbewiki.kenyon.edu/index.php/Marine_Sponge:_Sponge-Bacteria_Association </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.infobarrel.com/10_Facts_About_Sponges </li></ul>

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