RBITC Blood donation ppt 2013 b

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Blood Donation Camp by Rotary Bangalore IT Corridor - Why and How

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RBITC Blood donation ppt 2013 b

  1. 1. Bangalore Medical Services Trust & Research Institute, Rotary TTK Blood Bank, Bangalore
  2. 2.  Blood Donation Camp at  Date :  Time:  Venue:
  3. 3.  450ml of blood can save as many as three lives.  One out of every three of us will need blood in our life time.  Even with all of today’s technology, there is no substitute for blood.  Someone has to give blood ◦ in order for someone to receive blood!
  4. 4.  The process of donating specific blood components – red cells, plasma or platelets – is called apheresis. Specific Components are collected through safe, automated APHERESIS procedure which is similar to blood donation.  APHERESIS Platelets are used for treatment of Dengue & Cancer patients  In 2012, 1600 platelets were collected and issued at Rotary Bangalore TTK Blood Bank, a 465% increase over 2011!
  5. 5.  Hospitals predict that the need for blood will increase 5% each year.  Approximately only 4% of the eligible population in India donates blood.  75% of donors donate only ONCE per year.  If they donate just two times per year there would never be any shortages!
  6. 6.  A person has 5 - 6 litres of blood in their body.  A person can donate blood every 90 days (3 months).  Body recovers the Blood very quickly: ◦ Blood plasma volume– within 24 - 48 hours ◦ Red Blood Cells – in about 3 weeks ◦ Platelets & White Blood Cells – within minutes ◦
  7. 7.  1 of out 10 hospital patients needs a blood transfusion  4.5 million Indians lives are saved by blood transfusions each year Blood is always needed for,  accident victims  cancer patients  blood disorder patients  surgery patients  Pre-mature, pre term babies  and many others…….
  8. 8.  Safety of Blood Donor & Blood Recipient (patient) because “Safe Blood” gives life, “Unsafe blood” gives infections  To ensure “Blood Safety”, ◦ Strict “Donor Screening” at the Camp ◦ “Testing” of collected blood to WHO specified standards ◦ Strict “cross-matching” of blood samples to ensure safe transfusion to patient
  9. 9.  Blood is taken ONLY from Voluntary Donors  Using sterile, disposable blood bags & instruments  Donated Blood is tested and separated into components benefiting 3-4 patients  It is safe to donate every 3 months • It is quick and safe. • It doesn’t hurt. • It saves 3 to 4 lives.
  10. 10.  Pre-Donation ◦ Donor Screening ◦ Donor Eligibility criteria ◦ Deferral Criteria (Donor Consent Form) ◦ Medical examination  Blood Donation ◦ Blood donation procedure  Post donation ◦ Rest, advice & refreshment ◦ Donor Certificate, Donor ID card
  11. 11.  Safe Donor selection involves – ◦ Identification of low risk populations ◦ Donor education and recruitment ◦ Encouraging self deferral based on “Deferral Criteria” ◦ Medical Examination before donation  Voluntary Non-remunerated Repeat Donor (VNRD) is safest
  12. 12.  Who can donate? ◦ Age: 18 - 60 years ◦ Weight : > 45 kgs ◦ Hemoglobin level: >12 gms/dl for men > 12.5 gms/dl for women ◦ In good health Wt > 45 Kg
  13. 13. Life long 1 year 6 Months х Abnormal bleeding disorder х Heart, Kidney, Liver Disorder х Thyroid disorder х Epilepsy, Mental disorders х Tuberculosis, Leprosy, х Asthma х Cancer х Insulin dependent diabetics х Uncontrolled High BP o Surgery o Typhoid o Dog bite o Unexplained weight loss o Continuous low grade fever o Tattooing or body piercing o Dental extraction o Root canal treatment o Malaria o Vaccination
  14. 14.  Postpone donation for 6 months if you have risk factors for HIV/AIDS , such as..  Having sex with more than one partner  without using condom  for vaginal, anal or oral sex  Intravenous drug abuse  Having sex with a person who could have the above risk factors
  15. 15.  Female donors cannot donate blood…… ◦ During pregnancy ◦ After delivery for one year ◦ When lactating ◦ During menstrual period and for 7 days thereafter ◦ Consumption of Alcohol prior to donation
  16. 16.  Blood test for: ◦ Blood grouping ◦ Hemoglobin  Blood pressure  Pulse  General physical examination
  17. 17.  The Donor Must ….  have had good rest / sleep  have had light meal / should not be in empty stomach  be mentally prepared
  18. 18. Donor Weight Blood collected Amount Used for 45 kgs -55 kgs 350ml Single bag Whole Blood > 55 kgs 450 ml Double / Triple bag Blood Components
  19. 19.  Drink lots of fluids for next 24 hours  Avoid smoking for one hour & alcohol till after a meal  Don’t use elevator to go up immediately after donation as it will make blood rush to your feet & make you dizzy!  Avoid highly strenuous exercises & games for a day  If you feel dizzy, lie down & put your feet up. You will be alright in 10-20 mins.  Remove band-aid after 4 hours. If it bleeds, apply pressure & reapply band- aid. If bruised and painful, apply cold-pack 4 to 5 times for 5 mins each. The bruise is due to blood seeping into the surrounding tissue. It will take a few days to get reabsorbed.  If you have any questions, meet camp doctor or call us at 91-80-25287903/ 2529 3486 / 2528 4504
  20. 20.  Blood collected at the BDC is screened using highest quality screening tests for 6 TTIs  HIV 1  HIV 2  Hepatitis B  Hepatitis C  VDRL (syphilis)  Malaria
  21. 21.  If a blood sample tests positive for any TTI, then….  Tests are repeated in duplicate  Complete confidentiality is maintained about the test results  only the donor is informed, counseled & encouraged for further testing  Referrals to health experts are provided along with follow-ups
  22. 22.  Blood collected is screened for TTIs (infections) & IF SAFE, is separated into components & stored for issue to patients.  Whole blood ◦ For Exchange Transfusion in Babies ◦ Accident Victims ◦ Complicated Delivery cases ◦ Some specific surgeries  Blood Components ◦ Red Cells (for anemia) ◦ Fresh Frozen Plasma (for clotting disorders, burns) ◦ Platelets/Platelet rich plasma (for cancer, dengue) ◦ Cryoprecipitate (for clotting disorders) ◦ Cryo Poor Plasma (for burns)
  23. 23.  Make Blood Donation a HABIT  Donate regularly – every 3 months to commemorate special days like birthdays, anniversaries ….  Motivate others to donate  Refer your friends and relatives
  24. 24.  Donor is also eligible to receive one FREE unit of blood if needed for ◦ Self ◦ Spouse/ Child/ Parents, and ◦ Even friends ◦ Satisfaction of saving a life  In case of Apheresis, charges will be levied
  25. 25.  Questions – contact Rajiv Unnikrishnan  uraj113@yahoo.co.in  Email us to setup a safe blood donation camp at your office or residential community and make a difference!

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