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About TCE blood Donation

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  1. 1. Thiagarajar College of Engineering, Madurai-15 Blood Safety & Blood Donor Motivation
  2. 2. Red Letter Day in your premises <ul><li>Blood Donation Camp at </li></ul><ul><li>Date : 23 th March, 2011 (Wednesday) </li></ul><ul><li>Time: 9.30 AM – 4.30 PM </li></ul><ul><li>Venue: M1 and M2 Halls </li></ul>
  3. 3. Did You Know? <ul><li>450ml of blood can save as many as three lives. </li></ul><ul><li>Every two seconds , someone in India needs blood. </li></ul><ul><li>One out of every three of us will need blood in our life time. </li></ul><ul><li>Even with all of today’s technology, there is no substitute for blood . </li></ul><ul><li>Someone has to give blood </li></ul><ul><ul><li>in order for someone to receive blood . </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Fact Sheet -1 <ul><li>Hospitals predict that the need for blood will increase 5% each year . </li></ul><ul><li>Approximately only 5 % of the eligible population in India donates blood. </li></ul><ul><li>75% of donors donate only ONCE per year. </li></ul><ul><li>If they donated just two times per year there would </li></ul><ul><ul><li>never be any shortages . </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Fact sheet -2 <ul><li>A person has 5 - 6 litres of blood in their body. </li></ul><ul><li>A person can donate blood every 90 days (3 months). </li></ul><ul><li>Body recovers the Blood very quickly: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Blood plasma volume– within 24 - 48 hours </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Red Blood Cells – in about 3 weeks </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Platelets & White Blood Cells – within minutes </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>1 of out 10 hospital patients needs a blood transfusion </li></ul><ul><li>4.5 million Indians lives are saved by blood transfusions each year </li></ul><ul><li>Blood is always needed for, </li></ul><ul><ul><li>accident victims </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>cancer patients </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>blood disorder patients </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>surgery patients </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pre-mature, pre term babies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>and many others……. </li></ul></ul>Some Reasons to Donate Blood
  7. 7. Pre-Donation information <ul><li>It is quick and safe. </li></ul><ul><li>It doesn’t hurt. </li></ul><ul><li>It saves 3 to 4 lives. </li></ul><ul><li>Blood is taken ONLY from Voluntary Donors </li></ul><ul><li>Using sterile, disposable blood bags & </li></ul><ul><li>instruments </li></ul><ul><li>Donated Blood is tested and separated into </li></ul><ul><li>components benefiting 3-4 patients </li></ul><ul><li>It is safe to donate every 3 months </li></ul>
  8. 8. Donor Eligibility Criteria <ul><li>Who can donate? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Age: 18 - 60 years </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Weight : > 45 kg </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hemoglobin level: >12 gm/dl for men and 12.5 gm/dl for women </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>In good health </li></ul></ul>Wt > 45 Kg
  9. 9. Who CANNOT donate? Life long 1 year 6 Months <ul><li>Abnormal bleeding disorder </li></ul><ul><li>Heart, Kidney, Liver Disorder </li></ul><ul><li>Thyroid disorder </li></ul><ul><li>Epilepsy, Mental disorders </li></ul><ul><li>Tuberculosis, Leprosy, </li></ul><ul><li>Asthma </li></ul><ul><li>Cancer </li></ul><ul><li>Insulin dependent diabetics </li></ul><ul><li>Uncontrolled High BP </li></ul><ul><li>Surgery </li></ul><ul><li>Typhoid </li></ul><ul><li>Dog bite </li></ul><ul><li>Unexplained weight loss </li></ul><ul><li>Continuous low grade fever </li></ul><ul><li>Tattooing or body piercing </li></ul><ul><li>Dental extraction </li></ul><ul><li>Root canal treatment </li></ul><ul><li>Malaria </li></ul><ul><li>Vaccination </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>Female donors cannot donate blood…… </li></ul><ul><li>During pregnancy </li></ul><ul><li>After delivery for one year </li></ul><ul><li>When lactating </li></ul><ul><li>During menstrual period and for 7 days thereafter </li></ul><ul><li>Male donors cannot donate blood…… </li></ul><ul><li>If consumed Alcohol in the previous 24 hours </li></ul>
  11. 11. Medical Examination at camp <ul><li>Blood test for: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Blood grouping </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hemoglobin </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Blood pressure </li></ul><ul><li>Pulse </li></ul><ul><li>General physical examination </li></ul>
  12. 12. Blood Donation Procedure Remember! <ul><li>The Donor Must …. </li></ul><ul><li>have had good rest / sleep </li></ul><ul><li>have had light meal </li></ul><ul><li>be mentally prepared </li></ul>
  13. 13. Blood Donation Procedure Volume of blood collection Donor Weight Blood collected Amount Used for 45 kgs -55 kgs 350ml Single bag Whole Blood
  14. 14. Post Donation Advice <ul><li>Drink lot of fluids for next 24 hours </li></ul><ul><li>Avoid smoking for one hour & alcohol till after a meal </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t use elevator to go up immediately after donation as it will make blood rush to your feet & make you dizzy! </li></ul><ul><li>Avoid highly strenuous exercises & games for a day </li></ul><ul><li>If you feel dizzy , lie down & put your feet up. You will be alright in 10-20 minutes. </li></ul><ul><li>Remove band-aid after 4 hours . If it bleeds, apply pressure & reapply band-aid. If bruised and painful, apply cold-pack 4 to 5 times for 5 minutes each. The bruise is due to blood seeping into the surrounding tissue. It will take a few days to get reabsorbed. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Blood Products / Components & their uses <ul><li>Blood collected is screened for TTIs (infections) & IF SAFE, is separated into components & stored for issue to patients. </li></ul><ul><li>Whole blood </li></ul><ul><ul><li>For Exchange Transfusion in Babies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Accident Victims </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Complicated Delivery cases </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Some specific surgeries </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Blood Components </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Red Cells (for anemia) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fresh Frozen Plasma (for clotting disorders, burns) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Platelets/Platelet rich plasma (for cancer, dengue) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cryoprecipitate (for clotting disorders) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cryo Poor Plasma (for burns) </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. What can YOU do? <ul><li>Make Blood Donation a HABIT </li></ul><ul><li>Donate regularly – every 3 months to commemorate special days like birthdays, anniversaries …. </li></ul><ul><li>Motivate others to donate </li></ul><ul><li>Refer your friends and relatives </li></ul>
  17. 17. Benefits to Donor of blood donation <ul><li>Health benefits: </li></ul><ul><li>Regular donation (2-3 times a year….) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lowers cholesterol </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lowers lipid levels </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Decreases incidence of heart attacks, strokes </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Donor is also eligible to receive one FREE unit of blood if needed for </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Self </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Spouse/ Child/ Parents, and </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Even friends </li></ul></ul>
  18. 18. Volunteer’s role <ul><li>Most people who have never donated have never been asked . </li></ul><ul><li>Posters don’t recruit donors…people do </li></ul>
  19. 19. Thank you