Blood donation


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Blood donation

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  3. 3. FactsAbout Blood Needs<br /><ul><li>More than 38,000 blood donations are needed every day.
  4. 4. Every two seconds someone in the India needs blood.
  5. 5. The blood type most often requested by hospitals is Type O.
  6. 6. One out of every 10 people admitted in a hospital needs blood.
  7. 7. A single car accident victim can require as many as 100 units of blood.
  8. 8. More than 1 million new people are diagnosed with cancer each year. Many of them will need blood, sometimes daily, during their chemotherapy treatment.
  9. 9. Sickle cell disease affects more than 80,000 people in the U.S., 98% of whom are African American. Sickle cell patients can require frequent blood transfusions throughout their lives.</li></li></ul><li>
  10. 10. Who Can Donate Blood<br />Any healthy person with weight above 45 kg., hemoglobin level above 12.5 gm/dl and age between 18 to60 years (for India) can donate blood.<br /> The person should NOT have had:<br /><ul><li>Fever in last one week
  11. 11. Current infection
  12. 12. Malaria in last 3 months
  13. 13. Jaundice in last 1 year
  14. 14. Taken medicines in last 2 days
  15. 15. High blood pressure, High BP controlled with drugs. Acceptable if BP normal
  16. 16. Heart attack/ other heart problem
  17. 17. Cancer
  18. 18. TB and leprosy
  19. 19. High Risk Behavior
  20. 20. AIDS, HBS and HCV positive
  21. 21. Ongoing menstrual period
  22. 22. Transfusion in last 3 months Chronic kidney and liver disease
  23. 23. Major surgery in 6 months and minor surgery, 3 months after recovery acceptable</li></li></ul><li>
  24. 24. Why Blood Donations ? <br /><ul><li>Human beings are the only source of blood.
  25. 25. Blood transfusion is many times a life saving measure, especially in accident cases with blood loss.
  26. 26. Do remember, any one may require blood any time, including ourselves as well as our dear ones.
  27. 27. Blood donation reduces the chances of Ischemic Heart Diseases (beginning of heart problem) as frequent donation reduces the accumulated and unwanted iron load from the body.</li></li></ul><li>
  28. 28. Facts About Donors<br /><ul><li>One donation can help save the lives of up to 3 people
  29. 29. The #1 reason donors say they give blood is because they "want to help others“
  30. 30. Two most common reasons cited by people who don't give blood are: "Never thought about it" and "I don't like needles“
  31. 31. People with O- type blood are universal donors. Their blood can be given to people of all blood types.
  32. 32. If you began donating blood at age 17 and donated every 56 days until you reached 76, you would have donated 48 gallons of blood, potentially helping save over 1,000 lives!
  33. 33. Type O- blood is often used in emergencies before the patient's blood type is known, and with newborns who need blood.
  34. 34. People with AB+ type blood are universal donors of plasma, the liquid portion of blood. AB+ plasma is often used in emergencies, for newborns and for patients requiring massive transfusions</li></li></ul><li>
  35. 35. Any Side Effects Of Blood Donations ?<br /><ul><li>No, not really. Do ask regular blood donor about it.
  36. 36. In fact, there are many people who have donated blood more than 100 times in their life.</li></ul>How Frequently I Can Donate Blood ?<br /><ul><li>Males every 3 months
  37. 37. Females every 4 months</li></ul>What Should I Eat After Blood Donation?<br />Drink some liquid like tea, coffee, cold drink, juice etc. to replenish fluid and eat some biscuits / snacks. Tea / Coffee and biscuits are available at the Blood Bank/donation site.<br />
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  39. 39. Why Should I Become a Regular Donor?<br /><ul><li>There is a scarcity of blood round the year.
  40. 40. The only source of blood is human being.
  41. 41. Therefore, it is the social responsibility of the person to come forward and voluntarily donate blood.
  42. 42. In view of this, there is a risk of paid and professional donor donating blood as replacement/family donors.
  43. 43. Thereby, increasing the risk of transmission of diseases like AIDS, Hepatitis B and Hepatitis C, Syphilis, Malaria and many other diseases in the society
  44. 44. Hence, a donor who donates blood regularly every 3 months (for male) and 4 months (for female) and tests negative for the above disease, would become a source of safe blood</li></li></ul><li>
  45. 45. What Is The Process Of Blood Donation?<br /><ul><li>You will complete a donor registration form.
  46. 46. You will receive a mini physical check up including checking of Hb (Hemoglobin) by CuSO4method.
  47. 47. You will proceed to the donor bed where your arm will be cleaned with antiseptic.
  48. 48. The donation process, will take around 8 to 10 minutes.
  49. 49. A pressure bandage is applied to the donation site which should be kept in place for 3-4 hours.</li></ul>Your gift of life may help as many as three to four people. You can donate blood every 90 days/120 days. And in the end you will have a sense of satisfaction that you are able to help someone by just donating few ml of blood.<br />
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  51. 51. What does a blood bank do to my donation?<br /><ul><li>The blood collected from donor is stored in a blood storage cabinet at 2-6 degree centigrade in CPDA for 35 days and with SAGM bags for 42 days.(CPDA and SAGM are Blood bag system in which blood is stored)
  52. 52. Every unit of blood collected is tested for AIDS, Hepatitis B, Hepatitis C, Syphilis and Malaria.
  53. 53. The blood which tests positive for any of the above mentioned diseases is not used and discarded.
  54. 54. The blood collected from donor, which is negative for the above test, is stored in a blood storage cabinet at 2-6 degree centigrade in CPDA for 35 days, with SAGM bags for 42 days.
  55. 55. The blood is provided FREE OF COST to the poor patient admitted in S.S.G/Government Hospital after compatibility testing.
  56. 56. The blood is issued to patient admitted in private hospital at a charge of Rs. 250 per unit, for thalassemia and hemophilia patient at Rs. 125 per unit.
  57. 57. Whole blood is then separated into its components like RCC (Red Cell Concentrate), PC (Platelet Concentrate), FFP (Fresh Frozen Plasma), and CP (Cryo-Precipitate). This optimizes the utilization of blood and a single unit of blood can meet the requirement of three to four patients.</li></li></ul><li>Blood Stocks Are Running Low. Donate Blood<br />