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Presentation
Group D
Group member:
Puja(13)
Rijita(17)
Samjhana(19)
Saru(20)
PRESENTATION ON
Scientific Management Theory
(Frederick Winslow Taylor 1856-1915)
Bureaucratic Theory(Max Weber 1864-1920)
Scientific Management
Theory
Frederick Winslow
Taylor
(1856-1915)
Bureaucratic
Theory
Max Weber (18641920)


Scientific Management
The systematic study of the relationships
between people and tasks for the
purpose of redesignin...
Taylor’s contribution to
management






Frederick Winslow Taylor (20 March 185621 March 1915), widely known as F. W.
...
SCIENTIFIC
MANAGEMENT
It is the art of knowing what exactly you want
from your men to do & then seeing that it is
done in ...
Taylor’s view about
management






Taylor believed that the industrial
management of his day was unprofessional,
that...
Principles of scientific
management




Science not the rule of thumb: scientific
investigation should be used for takin...
CNTD…




Scientific selection training and
development of employees: selection
means to choose the best employee
accord...
CNTD...






Division of work/ responsibility: The
responsibility of workers and
management should be properly divided...
His principles of
management
The four principles of management.
1. The development of a true science.
2. The scientific se...
CRITICISM FOR
SCIENTIFIC
MANAGEMENT







The main argument against Taylor is this
reductionist approach to work
dehu...
How do today’s managers use
Scientific Management




1. It was important because it could
raise countries’ standard of ...
application in the
modern workplace
 Assembly Line Plants as Prototypical Examples
 “Prisoners of Taylorism”
 System of...
DEFINING
BUREAUCRACY


What is Bureaucracy?
A

complex, hierarchically arranged organization
composed of many small subd...
CONCEPT AND
contribution
Communication

and transportation policies
make more efficient administration possible

Hierarc...
FUNCTION OF
BUREAUCRATS
 Five

Functions of Bureaucrats

 Implement

the law
 Provide expertise
 Provide research and ...
BUREAUCRACY



Hierarchy
Division of Labor
Authority
Qualification



Career Commitment



Devotion to Purpose
Advancem...
HIERARCHY


Authority and its flow
 subordination



“Such a system offers the governed the
possibility of appealing th...
DIVISION OF L ABOR
Specialization
 Separation of roles and duties



“’higher’ authority [is not] authorized to
take ov...
Authority
Who has the right to make decisions of
varying importance at different
organizational levels
QUALIFICATION


Training and qualification is the number one
requisite.
 How to manage
 How to carry out duties
 Knowl...
Career commitment
 Both

the employee and the
organization view themselves
committed to each other over the
working life ...
r ationality


The use of the most efficient means available to
accomplish a goal.
application in the
modern workplace
Large

organizations guided by
countless rules are bureaucracies
Linked with ineffic...
LMITATIONS
His

specific explanations for society in his
time are hard to generalize for other
circumstances in society

...
SUMMARY








Classical Theories of Organizations
Taylor’s Theory of Scientific Management
Weber’s Theory of Burea...
principle of management(pom) slide of Scientific Management Theory               (Frederick Winslow Taylor 1856-1915)  Bur...
principle of management(pom) slide of Scientific Management Theory               (Frederick Winslow Taylor 1856-1915)  Bur...
principle of management(pom) slide of Scientific Management Theory               (Frederick Winslow Taylor 1856-1915)  Bur...
principle of management(pom) slide of Scientific Management Theory               (Frederick Winslow Taylor 1856-1915)  Bur...
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principle of management(pom) slide of Scientific Management Theory (Frederick Winslow Taylor 1856-1915) Bureaucratic Theory(Max Weber 1864-1920)

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principle of management(pom) slide of Scientific Management Theory (Frederick Winslow Taylor 1856-1915) Bureaucratic Theory(Max Weber 1864-1920)

  1. 1. Presentation Group D Group member: Puja(13) Rijita(17) Samjhana(19) Saru(20)
  2. 2. PRESENTATION ON Scientific Management Theory (Frederick Winslow Taylor 1856-1915) Bureaucratic Theory(Max Weber 1864-1920)
  3. 3. Scientific Management Theory Frederick Winslow Taylor (1856-1915)
  4. 4. Bureaucratic Theory Max Weber (18641920)
  5. 5.  Scientific Management The systematic study of the relationships between people and tasks for the purpose of redesigning the work process for higher efficiency. Defined by Frederick Taylor in the late 1800’s to replace informal rule of thumb knowledge. Taylor sought(wanted) to reduce the time a worker spent on each task by optimizing the way the task was done.
  6. 6. Taylor’s contribution to management    Frederick Winslow Taylor (20 March 185621 March 1915), widely known as F. W. Taylor, was an American mechanical engineer who wanted to improve industrial efficiency. He is regarded as the father of scientific management, and was one of the first management consultants. He is also called as “Father of Scientific Management”.
  7. 7. SCIENTIFIC MANAGEMENT It is the art of knowing what exactly you want from your men to do & then seeing that it is done in best possible manner.  In simple words it is just an application of science to management Scientific Management  The systematic study of the relationships between people and tasks for the purpose of redesigning the work process to increase efficiency.
  8. 8. Taylor’s view about management    Taylor believed that the industrial management of his day was unprofessional, that management could be formulated as an academic discipline. Best results would come from the partnership between trained and qualified management and a cooperative and innovative workforce. Each side needed the other and there is no need for trade unions.
  9. 9. Principles of scientific management   Science not the rule of thumb: scientific investigation should be used for taking managerial decisions instead of basing on opinion, institution or thumb rule. Harmony not discard/ cooperation between employers and employees: Harmonious relationship between employees and employers. Cooperation of employees that managers can ensure that work is carried in accordance with standards.
  10. 10. CNTD…   Scientific selection training and development of employees: selection means to choose the best employee according to the need. Their skill and experience must match the requirement of the job. Scientific development refers to criteria for promotions, transfers etc.. So that work is done with full efficiency.
  11. 11. CNTD...    Division of work/ responsibility: The responsibility of workers and management should be properly divided & communicated so that they can perform them in an effective way and should be reward for the same. Mental revolution: Acc. To Taylor, the workers and managers should have a complete new outlook; a mental revolution in respect to their mutual relations. Workers should be considered as a part
  12. 12. His principles of management The four principles of management. 1. The development of a true science. 2. The scientific selection of the workman. 3. The scientific education and development of the workman. 4. Intimate and friendly cooperation between the management and the men. 
  13. 13. CRITICISM FOR SCIENTIFIC MANAGEMENT     The main argument against Taylor is this reductionist approach to work dehumanizes the worker. The allocation of work "specifying not only what is to be done but how it is to done and the exact time allowed for doing it" is seen as leaving no scope for the individual worker to excel or think. 1. The belief that increased output would lead to less workers. 2. Inefficiencies within the management control system such as poorly designed
  14. 14. How do today’s managers use Scientific Management   1. It was important because it could raise countries’ standard of living by making workers more productive and efficient. 2. Also it’s important to remember that many of the tools and techniques developed by the scientific.
  15. 15. application in the modern workplace  Assembly Line Plants as Prototypical Examples  “Prisoners of Taylorism”  System of Remuneration (quotas - commission)  Re-Design - Reengineering  Benchmarking  Data are used to refine, improve, change, modify, and eliminate organizational processes  Lean Manufacturing
  16. 16. DEFINING BUREAUCRACY  What is Bureaucracy? A complex, hierarchically arranged organization composed of many small subdivisions with specialized functions  Bureaucracy means “rule by administrative system”  Bureaucracy is complex  Bureaucracy is hierarchical
  17. 17. CONCEPT AND contribution Communication and transportation policies make more efficient administration possible Hierarchical Delineated organization lines of authority in a fixed area of activity Rules are implemented by neutral officials, not the power elite Advancements depend on technical qualifications from organizations not individuals
  18. 18. FUNCTION OF BUREAUCRATS  Five Functions of Bureaucrats  Implement the law  Provide expertise  Provide research and information  Quasi-judicial powers and responsibilities
  19. 19. BUREAUCRACY  Hierarchy Division of Labor Authority Qualification  Career Commitment  Devotion to Purpose Advancement / Seniority    
  20. 20. HIERARCHY  Authority and its flow  subordination  “Such a system offers the governed the possibility of appealing the decision of a lower office to its higher authority”
  21. 21. DIVISION OF L ABOR Specialization  Separation of roles and duties   “’higher’ authority [is not] authorized to take over the business of the ‘lower’”
  22. 22. Authority Who has the right to make decisions of varying importance at different organizational levels
  23. 23. QUALIFICATION  Training and qualification is the number one requisite.  How to manage  How to carry out duties  Knowledge of the rules
  24. 24. Career commitment  Both the employee and the organization view themselves committed to each other over the working life of the employee
  25. 25. r ationality  The use of the most efficient means available to accomplish a goal.
  26. 26. application in the modern workplace Large organizations guided by countless rules are bureaucracies Linked with inefficient, slowmoving organizations Organizations have several characteristics of bureaucracies
  27. 27. LMITATIONS His specific explanations for society in his time are hard to generalize for other circumstances in society Failed to see all the positive aspects of rationalization and deemed society to be doomed and trapped in an “iron cage” of its own making Bureaucratic features of Weber’s ideal society might actually be inefficient (argued by Merton)
  28. 28. SUMMARY     Classical Theories of Organizations Taylor’s Theory of Scientific Management Weber’s Theory of Bureaucracy Two theories attempt to enhance management’s ability to predict and control the behavior of their workers Considered only the task function of communication (ignored relational and maintenance functions of communication) Designed to predict and control behavior in organizations

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